48 Sewing Machine Parts and Functions [2019]

Our study found that about 48 Sewing Machine Parts and Functions [2019] you need to know to replace them. Earlier people used to sew by hand but after the industrial revolution mechanical machine was created which is a handheld sewing machine. Because of continuous development now we have automated sewing machines available for home use, commercial use and industrial use. Although basic sewing functions remain the same, the pattern of stitches is different and improved. By using the modern sewing machine, you can put different types of stitch as required. For a good finished product, you need to buy a good quality sewing machine, either you can buy a manual or automated. For personal use, you can buy a handheld sewing machine.

Sewing Machine Parts and Functions

Now with a modern machine, you can not only sew your cloth but also can do embroidery. A good quality thread is required for getting better finishing and sewing strength. Here I will discuss all the different parts of a sewing machine both for the traditional and modern, manual and automatic sewing machine.

Different Parts of Sewing Machine

Choice of Right Brand of Sewing Machine

You may think about what brand you should choose among available sewing machine brands. My suggestion for you first determines for what purpose you are going to purchase the sewing machine. There are many popular sewing machine brands available out there.

  • Brother
  • Juki
  • Janome
  • Singer
  • Zoje
  • Siruba

If it is for home use then the singer machine you can purchase. For industrial garments production Juki and Brother these two brands are highly used all over the world because of its good quality.

Therefore to get long-term service from a sewing machine, you have to take care of it. Regular maintenance and cleaning are necessary. You also need to put lubricants or oil into the required parts. Sewing Machine Parts can be imported from China, Europe or buy from the local market. Needle, bobbin, bobbin case, oil, and lubricants are commonly needed parts and require regular maintenance. Buy a good quality sewing machine to ensure long-lasting service.

Popular Sewing Machine Brands

Top Sewing Machine Brands 2019
Top Sewing Machine in 2019

All Parts of Traditional and Modern Sewing Machine

All parts of the sewing machine with pictures are giving below for your better understanding.

Sewing Machine Parts, All parts of Sewing Machine

List of Parts of a Sewing Machine

  1. Balance Wheel
  2. Bobbin Winder
  3. Face Plate Thumb Screw
  4. Feed Dog
  5. Needle Bar Bushing
  6. Needle Bar Thread Guide
  7. Needle Clamp Thumb Screw
  8. Needle Clamp
  9. Needle
  10. Presser Bar Lifter
  11. Presser Foot Thumb Screw
  12. Presser Foot
  13. Pressure Regulating Thumb Screw
  14. Spoon Pin
  15. Tension Discs
  16. Tension Spring
  17. Thread Guide
  18. Thread Take-Up Lever
  19. Thread Take-Up Spring
  20. Throat Plate
  21. Stitch Indicator Plate
  22. Stitch Regulator
  23. Stitch Regulator Thumb Screw
  24. Bobbin Winder Thread Tension
  25. Bobbin Winder Spool Pin
  26. Needle Plate
  27. Bobbin Case
  28. Bobbin

Different Parts of a Sewing Machine with Functions

Here, we are giving details of 14 common parts of a sewing machine which we found common parts of a singer sewing machine, Juki sewing machine, and another common sewing machine. So that you can know the function and repair and maintenance mechanism and as well as the sourcing of the parts.

Balance Wheel of Sewing Machine

In a traditional handheld sewing machine and a semi-auto sewing machine, you can see that there is a wheel on the top right corner of a sewing machine. Basically, it is used to run the machine manually.

The Needle of Sewing Machine

A needle is a sharp metal, very sharp in nature which has a small hole (eye) in which a thread goes through. Basically, a needle is used for sewing. In a sewing machine, a needle is attached. In a needle, you may find 5 parts. They are a shank, Shaft, Front Groove, Point Scarf, and eye. However, for woven fabric and denim, lather, knit fabric, different types of Needle are used and Needle made of steel coated with chrome or titanium.

Needle

Different Size of Sewing Machine Needle

According to the purpose, Different sizes of a needle are used for different types of fabric.

Different Size of Needle for Different Types of Fabric

Sourcing of Sewing Machine Needles

Sewing machine needle is mainly sourced from China because of a cheap price. So you can also source it locally if the order quantity is less.

Spool Pin of Sewing Machine

Spool pin in a sewing machine is placed vertically or horizontally which actually used for holding the spool of threads and this is a fixed part of a sewing machine.

The Bobbin of Sewing Machine

In a sewing machine bobbin is one of an integral part and it is non-electrical parts of a sewing machine. Bobbins can be found in different electric devices. In a bobbin, threads are wired which is used for sewing. You need to set the required thread into a bobbin. After finishing you have to refill the bobbin to continue the sewing process.

Sourcing of Sewing Machine Bobbin

There are many popular brands of bobbin manufacturer, you can collect bobbin from them. You can source either by importing or if locally available then purchase it locally because it will be cheaper. Different manufacturers of sewing machine bobbins are:

  1. Brother
  2. Juki
  3. Janome
  4. Singer
  5. Boby Lock
  6. Bernina
  7. Consew
  8. Elena
  9. Kenmore
  10. Riccar
  11. Handi Quilter

Bobbin Holder of Sewing Machine

Bobbin holder is used to holding the bobbin into the sewing machine. Bobbin holder also is known as the bobbin case which is one of the key sewing machine parts. Time to time you may need to conduct cleaning and maintenance or change of bobbin case. It is one of the commonly used spare parts of a sewing machine.

Presser Foot of Sewing Machine

presser foot is used in a sewing machine to hold the fabric in the right place on the throat plate so that fabric cannot slip around. Sometimes it may require to change the sewing machine pressure foot if you use your machine for commercial garments production or small household business.

Tension Discs and Tension Spring

The tension discs used to control the thread tension to give proper stitch on the fabric. If there is a problem of tension then you may see that stitch is not placing properly, it may loose or tight. Tension spring is added to control the pressure so that two different fabrics can join together with proper stitch. Tension discs and spring may need to change if it is damaged. Sourcing options are local or source it from China or any other region if you need a large quantity.

Tension Discs and Spring

Remember that you have to clean dust from time to time from the tension discs otherwise, you may find improper stitch.

Face Plate Thumb Screw

The faceplate thumb screw is used for attaching the faceplate of a sewing machine. You may find it a traditional sewing machine but normally this part is not required to replace.

Thread Guide

Thread guide is a small part of a machine that has a hole inside, is responsible for properly guide the threads from the spool pin to the hole of a needle. Thread guide is made of steel or metal.

Throat Plate

Throat plate is placed between pressure foot and bobbin case. This plate also is known as needle plate. It is made of metal and at the time of sewing, pressure foot is placed on top of the throat plate.

Stitch Indicator Plate

Stitch Indicator plate indicates the stitching type where different stitching number is written. This plate is a fixed part of the machine that is not required to change but you should clean the surface of the plate so that the written number is visible.

Stitch Regulator

By using a stitch regulator you can regulate the type of stitch on the fabric. In accordance with your requirements, you can switch into a different stitch or adjust your sewing stitch.

Bobbin Winder

Bobbin winder basically ensures the right direction of the threads from the spool to the bobbin. An automated mechanical process works inside the machine.

Feed Dog

Feed dog helps to feed the fabric to the required direction, either backward or forward using its teeth. It is a metal-based product. Normally it is not a visible part of a machine. But if you look closely into the needle plate then you can see. If the feed dog is damaged then you must need to change it.

Juki Industrial Sewing Machine Parts

Following spare parts may need to source for your machine

  1. Adjusting Lever
  2. Assy Cloth Dust Plate
  3. Balance Thread Guide
  4. Bobbin
  5. Bobbin Case
  6. Bobbin Device Asm
  7. Bobbin Thread Tension Asm
  8. Bushing Lms Middle
  9. Clutch Sleeve Left (Assy)
  10. Clutch Sleeve Right (Assy)
  11. Collar Lifter Lever
  12. Connecting Rod
  13. Crank Rod All Asm
  14. Ctl Pcb Assy (Sc510)
  15. Feed Lifter Rod
  16. Fork Rear Ndl Guard
  17. Front Ndl Guard
  18. Guide Support Asm
  19. Holder Front Ndl Guard
  20. Intermediate Presser A
  21. Lever
  22. Lifter Lever Link Short
  23. Looper Bar
  24. Manifold Valve Assy
  25. Needle Thread Strike Off
  26. Needle Bar Thread Guide H
  27. Needle Bearing (A)
  28. Needle Bearing (B)
  29. Needle Bearing (C)
  30. Needle Bearing (D)
  31. Oil Pump Asm
  32. Oil Seal
  33. Pedal Sensor Asm
  34. Pedal Sensor Unit C Assy
  35. Pre Tension Controller Asm
  36. Pwr Circuit Board A Asm
  37. Rear Needle Guard
  38. Roller Drive Arm
  39. Roller Drive Link
  40. Sapcer 1
  41. Sapcer 2
  42. Screw
  43. Shuttle (H)
  44. Take Up Base
  45. Tension Lever
  46. Tension Post
  47. Thread Tension Assy
  48. Top Cover Gasket

Siruba Sewing Machine Parts

  1. Cam Thread Guide Set
  2. Differential Feed Dog
  3. Double Side Cut Presser Foot C.Set
  4. Eccentric
  5. Looper Thread Take-Up Guide
  6. Lopper Connecting
  7. Lower Looper Holder
  8. Main Feed Dog
  9. Needle Clamp
  10. Needle Thread Takeup
  11. Spring Plate for Pressure Foot(Left)
  12. Presser Foot Spring Plate (Right)
  13. Sewing Head Cover (Left)
  14. Stitch Plate

Maintenance of Sewing Machine

Finally, a machine should be properly maintained to get long-lasting service. If you do not clean and add lubricant properly then you may find a technical problem or not functioning properly. Different defects you may identify and how you can ensure proper maintenance?

  1. First, read the manual provided with the sewing machine and follow the guidelines for setting the machine and starting sewing.
  2. Please clean after using it if there is any dust.
  3. Do not give extra pressure if a thread is stuck in the bobbin case
  4. Use good quality accessories
  5. Regularly put good quality lubricants to the right place

Purchase Sewing Machine Parts Online

In addition to the option of physically going and buying You can purchase sewing machine parts through an online platform which can be easier for your sourcing. Commonly available solutions are:

  1. Amazon
  2. eBay
  3. Stitch Spares
  4. Alibaba
  5. Other Popular online platforms

Please note that, before purchasing check the seller’s background, years of experience and customer feedback. So that you can select the right supplier of your machine parts.

In conclusion, if you think you have any confusion or you want to add value to this article then please let me know.

Written by
Md. Nahian Mahmud Shaikat
Email: [email protected]


What is a Sewing Machine?


A sewing machine is a unique designed machine that is used for stitching different parts of fabric together to make garments products. Sewing machines are used in both the lather and apparel industries. The main functions of the sewing machineĀ are sewing fabric or any other parts of the materials.

Nahian Mahmud Shaikat

About Nahian Mahmud Shaikat

Experienced Financial Analyst with a demonstrated history of working in different industries. Skilled in Feasibility Study, Business Planning, Business Modeling , Strong finance professional with a Advanced Certificate Course on Business Administration (ACBA) focused in Business Administration from Bangladesh Institute of Management (BIM) and Masters of Business Administration (MBA) focused in Finance & Banking and Marketing from Institute of Business Administration (IBA-JU).
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  1. Is very best

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