What is a Sewing Machine?
A sewing machine is a uniquely designed machine that is used for stitching different parts of fabric together to make garments products. It is used in both the lather and apparel industries. The main function of the sewing machine is sewing fabric or any other parts of the materials.
Our study found that about 27 Parts of a sewing machine. Earlier people used to sew by hand but after the industrial revolution, a mechanical machine was created which a handheld. Because of continuous development now we have automated one both for home and industrial use.
Common Sewing Machine Parts and Functions
Although basic sewing functions remain the same, the pattern of stitches is different. You can put different types of stitches with the modern machine. For well-finished garments, you need to buy a good quality machine, either you can buy manual or automated. For personal use, people used to buy handheld machines.
Now with a modern machine, you can not only sew your cloth but also can do embroidery. A good quality thread is required for getting better finishing and strength.
Choice of Right Brand of Sewing Machine
You may think about what brand you should choose among available brands. My suggestion is, first determines the purpose and then decide the purchase decision. There are many popular brands available out there.
If it is for home use, then the singer machine you can purchase. For industrial garments production Juki, Janome, and Brother these two brands are highly used all over the world because of their good quality.
Therefore, to get long-term service from a sewing machine, you have to ensure regular cleaning and maintenance. Put lubricants or oil into the required parts which are functional. Sewing Machine Parts can be imported from China, Europe or bought from the local market. Needle, bobbin, bobbin-case, oil, and lubricants are commonly needed parts and require regular maintenance.
List of All the Parts of a Sewing Machine with Picture
All parts of the sewing machine with pictures are given below for your better understanding.
- Balance Wheel
- Bobbin Winder
- Face Plate Thumb Screw
- Feed Dog
- Needle Bar Bushing
- Needle Bar Thread Guide
- Needle Clamp Thumb Screw
- Needle Clamp
- Presser Bar Lifter
- Presser Foot Thumb Screw
- Presser Foot
- Pressure Regulating Thumb Screw
- Spoon Pin
- Tension Discs
- Tension Spring
- Thread Guide
- Thread Take-Up Lever
- Thread Take-Up Spring
- Throat Plate
- Stitch Indicator Plate
- Stitch Regulator
- Stitch Regulator Thumb Screw
- Bobbin Winder Thread Tension
- Bobbin Winder Spool Pin
- Needle Plate
- Bobbin Case
Here, we are giving details of 14 common parts of a sewing machine which we found coHere, the details of 14 common parts of a sewing machine among 27 parts which we found common parts of a singer sewing machine, Juki sewing machine.
In a traditional handheld machine and in a semi-auto machine, you can see that there is a wheel on the top right corner of a sewing machine. Basically, it is used to run the machine manually.
A needle is a sharp metal, very sharp in nature which has a small hole (eye) in which a thread goes through. Basically, a needle is used for sewing. A needle consists of 5 parts. They are a shank, Shaft, Front Groove, Point Scarf, and eye. However, for woven fabric and denim, lather, knit fabric, different types of Needle are used and Needle made of steel coated with chrome or titanium.
Different Size of Sewing Machine Needle
According to the purpose, Different sizes of a needle are used for different types of fabric.
Sourcing of Needles
The needle is mainly sourced from China because of a cheap price. So you can also source it locally if the order quantity is less.
A spool pin is placed vertically or horizontally which actually used for holding the spool of threads and this is a fixed part of a sewing machine.
A bobbin is one of an integral part and it is non-electrical parts. Bobbins can be found in different electric devices. In a bobbin, threads are wired which is used for sewing. You need to set the required thread into a bobbin. After finishing you have to refill the bobbin.
Sourcing of Bobbin
There are many popular brands of bobbin manufacturer, you can collect bobbin from them. You can source either by importing or if locally available then purchase it locally because it will be cheaper. Different manufacturers of sewing machine bobbins are:
- Boby Lock
- Handi Quilter
Bobbin holder is used to holding the bobbin into the machine. Bobbin holder also is known as the bobbin case which is one of the key parts. Time to time you may need to conduct cleaning and maintenance of the bobbin case. It is one of the commonly used spare parts.
A presser foot is used to hold the fabric in the right place on the throat plate so that fabric cannot slip around. Sometimes it may require to change the pressure foot if you use your machine for commercial garments production or small household business.
Tension Discs and Tension Spring
The tension discs used to control the thread tension to give proper stitch on the fabric. If there is a problem of tension then you may see that stitch is not placing properly, it may loose or tight. A tension spring is added to control the pressure so that two different fabrics can join together with proper stitch. Tension discs and spring may need to change if it is damaged. Sourcing options are local or source it from China or any other region if you need a large quantity.
Remember that you have to clean dust from time to time from the tension discs otherwise, you will get an improper stitch on the fabric.
Face Plate Thumb Screw
The faceplate thumb screw is used for attaching the faceplate of a sewing machine. You may find it a traditional machine but normally this part is not required to replace it.
Thread guide is a small part of a machine that has a hole inside, is responsible for properly guide the threads from the spool pin to the hole of a needle. Thread guide is made of steel or metal.
The throat plate is placed between the pressure foot and bobbin case. This plate also is known as a needle plate. It is made of metal and at the time of sewing, a pressure foot is placed on top of the throat plate.
Stitch Indicator Plate
Stitch Indicator plate indicates the stitching type where different stitching number is written. This plate is a fixed part of the machine that is not required to change but you should clean the surface of the plate so that the written number is visible.
By using a stitch regulator, you can regulate the type of stitch on the fabric. In accordance with your requirements, you can switch into a different stitch or adjust your sewing stitch.
Bobbin winder basically ensures the right direction of the threads from the spool to the bobbin. An automated mechanical process works inside the machine.
Feed dog helps to feed the fabric to the required direction, either backward or forward using its teeth. It is a metal-based product. Normally it is not a visible part of a machine. But if you look closely into the needle plate then you can see. If the feed dog is damaged then you must need to change it.
Maintenance of Sewing Machine
Finally, a machine should be properly maintained to get long-lasting service. If you do not clean and add lubricant properly then you may find a technical problem or not functioning properly. Different defects you may identify and how you can ensure proper maintenance.
- First, read the manual provided with the machine and follow the guidelines for setting and start sewing.
- Please clean after using it if there is any dust.
- Do not give extra pressure if a thread is stuck in the bobbin case
- Use good quality accessories
- Regularly put good quality lubricants in the right place
Please note that, before purchasing check the seller’s background, years of experience, and customer feedback. So that you can select the right supplier.
In conclusion, if you think you have any confusion or you want to add value to this article then please let me know.
Md. Nahian Mahmud Shaikat