Our study found that about 48 Common Sewing Machine Parts and its functions you need to know. Earlier people used to sew by hand but after the industrial revolution mechanical machine was created which is a handheld. Because of continuous development now we have automated sewing machines available for home use, commercial use and industrial use.
Modern Sewing Machine Parts and Functions
Although basic sewing functions remain the same, the pattern of stitches is different. By using the modern machine, you can put different types of a stitch as required. For a good finished product, you need to buy a good quality machine, either you can buy a manual or automated. For personal use, you can buy a handheld machine.
Now with a modern machine, you can not only sew your cloth but also can do embroidery. A good quality thread is required for getting better finishing and sewing strength. Here I will discuss all the different parts of a sewing machine both for the traditional and modern, manual and automatic machines.
Choice of Right Brand of Sewing Machine
You may think about what brand you should choose among available brands. My suggestion for you first determines for what purpose you are going to purchase. There are many popular brands available out there.
If it is for home use then the singer machine you can purchase. For industrial garments production Juki and Brother these two brands are highly used all over the world because of its good quality.
Therefore to get long-term service from a sewing machine, you have to take care of it. Regular maintenance and cleaning are necessary. You also need to put lubricants or oil into the required parts. Sewing Machine Parts can be imported from China, Europe or buy from the local market. Needle, bobbin, bobbin case, oil, and lubricants are commonly needed parts and require regular maintenance. Buy a good quality sewing machine to ensure long-lasting service.
Popular Sewing Machine Brands
All Parts of Traditional and Modern Sewing Machine
All parts of the sewing machine with pictures are giving below for your better understanding.
List of Parts of a Sewing Machine
- Balance Wheel
- Bobbin Winder
- Face Plate Thumb Screw
- Feed Dog
- Needle Bar Bushing
- Needle Bar Thread Guide
- Needle Clamp Thumb Screw
- Needle Clamp
- Presser Bar Lifter
- Presser Foot Thumb Screw
- Presser Foot
- Pressure Regulating Thumb Screw
- Spoon Pin
- Tension Discs
- Tension Spring
- Thread Guide
- Thread Take-Up Lever
- Thread Take-Up Spring
- Throat Plate
- Stitch Indicator Plate
- Stitch Regulator
- Stitch Regulator Thumb Screw
- Bobbin Winder Thread Tension
- Bobbin Winder Spool Pin
- Needle Plate
- Bobbin Case
Here, we are giving details of 14 common parts of a sewing machine which we found common parts of a singer sewing machine, Juki sewing machine, and another common sewing machine. So that you can know the function and repair and maintenance mechanism and as well as the sourcing of the parts.
In a traditional handheld sewing machine and a semi-auto sewing machine, you can see that there is a wheel on the top right corner of a sewing machine. Basically, it is used to run the machine manually.
Sewing Machine Needle
A needle is a sharp metal, very sharp in nature which has a small hole (eye) in which a thread goes through. Basically, a needle is used for sewing. In a sewing machine, a needle is attached. In a needle, you may find 5 parts. They are a shank, Shaft, Front Groove, Point Scarf, and eye. However, for woven fabric and denim, lather, knit fabric, different types of Needle are used and Needle made of steel coated with chrome or titanium.
Different Size of Sewing Machine Needle
According to the purpose, Different sizes of a needle are used for different types of fabric.
Sourcing of Sewing Machine Needles
Sewing machine needle is mainly sourced from China because of a cheap price. So you can also source it locally if the order quantity is less.
Spool pin in a sewing machine is placed vertically or horizontally which actually used for holding the spool of threads and this is a fixed part of a sewing machine.
Sewing Machine Bobbin
In a sewing machine bobbin is one of an integral part and it is non-electrical parts. Bobbins can be found in different electric devices. In a bobbin, threads are wired which is used for sewing. You need to set the required thread into a bobbin. After finishing you have to refill the bobbin to continue the sewing process.
Sourcing of Sewing Machine Bobbin
There are many popular brands of bobbin manufacturer, you can collect bobbin from them. You can source either by importing or if locally available then purchase it locally because it will be cheaper. Different manufacturers of sewing machine bobbins are:
- Boby Lock
- Handi Quilter
Bobbin holder is used to holding the bobbin into the machine. Bobbin holder also is known as the bobbin case which is one of the key parts. Time to time you may need to conduct cleaning and maintenance or change of bobbin case. It is one of the commonly used spare parts.
Presser Foot of Sewing Machine
A presser foot is used in a sewing machine to hold the fabric in the right place on the throat plate so that fabric cannot slip around. Sometimes it may require to change the pressure foot if you use your machine for commercial garments production or small household business.
Tension Discs and Tension Spring
The tension discs used to control the thread tension to give proper stitch on the fabric. If there is a problem of tension then you may see that stitch is not placing properly, it may loose or tight. Tension spring is added to control the pressure so that two different fabrics can join together with proper stitch. Tension discs and spring may need to change if it is damaged. Sourcing options are local or source it from China or any other region if you need a large quantity.
Remember that you have to clean dust from time to time from the tension discs otherwise, you may find improper stitch.
Face Plate Thumb Screw
The faceplate thumb screw is used for attaching the faceplate of a sewing machine. You may find it a traditional machine but normally this part is not required to replace it.
Thread guide is a small part of a machine that has a hole inside, is responsible for properly guide the threads from the spool pin to the hole of a needle. Thread guide is made of steel or metal.
Throat plate is placed between pressure foot and bobbin case. This plate also is known as needle plate. It is made of metal and at the time of sewing, pressure foot is placed on top of the throat plate.
Stitch Indicator Plate
Stitch Indicator plate indicates the stitching type where different stitching number is written. This plate is a fixed part of the machine that is not required to change but you should clean the surface of the plate so that the written number is visible.
By using a stitch regulator you can regulate the type of stitch on the fabric. In accordance with your requirements, you can switch into a different stitch or adjust your sewing stitch.
Bobbin winder basically ensures the right direction of the threads from the spool to the bobbin. An automated mechanical process works inside the machine.
Feed dog helps to feed the fabric to the required direction, either backward or forward using its teeth. It is a metal-based product. Normally it is not a visible part of a machine. But if you look closely into the needle plate then you can see. If the feed dog is damaged then you must need to change it.
Juki Industrial Machine Parts
Following spare parts may need to source for your machine
- Adjusting Lever
- Assy Cloth Dust Plate
- Balance Thread Guide
- Bobbin Case
- Bobbin Device Asm
- Bobbin Thread Tension Asm
- Bushing Lms Middle
- Clutch Sleeve Left (Assy)
- Clutch Sleeve Right (Assy)
- Collar Lifter Lever
- Connecting Rod
- Crank Rod All Asm
- Ctl Pcb Assy (Sc510)
- Feed Lifter Rod
- Fork Rear Ndl Guard
- Front Ndl Guard
- Guide Support Asm
- Holder Front Ndl Guard
- Intermediate Presser A
- Lifter Lever Link Short
- Looper Bar
- Manifold Valve Assy
- Needle Thread Strike Off
- Needle Bar Thread Guide H
- Needle Bearing (A)
- Needle Bearing (B)
- Needle Bearing (C)
- Needle Bearing (D)
- Oil Pump Asm
- Oil Seal
- Pedal Sensor Asm
- Pedal Sensor Unit C Assy
- Pre Tension Controller Asm
- Pwr Circuit Board A Asm
- Rear Needle Guard
- Roller Drive Arm
- Roller Drive Link
- Spacer 1
- Spacer 2
- Shuttle (H)
- Take Up Base
- Tension Lever
- Tension Post
- Thread Tension Assy
- Top Cover Gasket
Siruba Machine Parts
- Cam Thread Guide Set
- Differential Feed Dog
- Double Side Cut Presser Foot C.Set
- Looper Thread Take-Up Guide
- Lopper Connecting
- Lower Looper Holder
- Main Feed Dog
- Needle Clamp
- Needle Thread Takeup
- Spring Plate for Pressure Foot(Left)
- Presser Foot Spring Plate (Right)
- Sewing Head Cover (Left)
- Stitch Plate
Maintenance of Sewing Machine
Finally, a machine should be properly maintained to get long-lasting service. If you do not clean and add lubricant properly then you may find a technical problem or not functioning properly. Different defects you may identify and how you can ensure proper maintenance?
- First, read the manual provided with the machine and follow the guidelines for setting and start sewing.
- Please clean after using it if there is any dust.
- Do not give extra pressure if a thread is stuck in the bobbin case
- Use good quality accessories
- Regularly put good quality lubricants to the right place
Purchase Sewing Machine Parts Online
In addition to the option of physically going and buying You can purchase parts through an online platform which can be easier for your sourcing. Commonly available solutions are:
- Stitch Spares
- Other Popular online platforms
Please note that, before purchasing check the seller’s background, years of experience and customer feedback. So that you can select the right supplier parts.
Frequent Asked Questions
What is a Sewing Machine?
A sewing machine is a unique designed machine that is used for stitching different parts of fabric together to make garments products. Sewing machines are used in both the lather and apparel industries. The main functions of the sewing machine are sewing fabric or any other parts of the materials.
What are the Most Popular Sewing Machine Brands?