Flow chart of textile Processing
Textile manufacturing process is consist of different types of manufacturing stages. Here presenting basic manufacturing process in a flow chart.
Textile fibers :
Fiber means any substance that have high length to width ratio. But textile fibre means any substance which have high length to width ratio with suitable charateristics for being processed into fabric
In a spinning mill from textile fibre yarn is made. Spinning from fibre to yarn is a very complex procedure. If we consider of yarn spinning process then we will see that there are two types of cotton yarn according to their manufacturing process. One is combed and another one is carded.
Yarn is a continuous strand which is made by natural or synthetic fibre or material twisted or laid together that can be made into a textile fabric. So, a continuous twisted strand of natural or synthetic fibres used in weaving or knitting to produce fabric. The yarn can be different types depending on which types of fibre is using.
Yarn may be divided into two groups according to their use:
- Weaving yarn
- Knitting yarn
A cloth of flexible planar substance constructed from solutions, fibres, yarns in any combination. Textile fabrics can also be produced directly from webs of fibres by bonding fusing or interlocking to make non-woven fabrics and felts.
Grey fabric is the fabric before finishing such as dyeing, printing or any other finishing terms. Generally grey fabric is not ready to make garment.
Finished fabric is that fabric which we get after dyeing, printing or finishing process. Finished fabric is used to make garments.
We find finished fabric from dyeing section, printing section or finishing section.
It is the final step of textile processing. Garments section is also consist of some many section i.e. pattern making, cutting, sewing finishing etc.