What is Pigments

What is Pigments?

Pigments are such colorants which composed of particles that are insoluble in the application medium. They have no substantivity for the material since the particles are too large to penetrate into the substrate. They are generally present on the surface of the substrate. That’s why pigments are made fixed with an adhesive to the surface so that they are not being removed easily.What is pigments

Pigment-Dyed Fabric

A pigment is a material that changes the color of reflected or transmitted light as the result of wavelength-selective absorption. This physical process differs from fluorescence, phosphorescence, and other forms of luminescence, in which a material emits light.

Required Properties of pigments

  1. Pigments should be opaque in such a way that they may have good covering power.
  2. Pigments should be chemically inserted so that after use remain stable and get long life.
  3. They should have the proper to freely mix.

General Classification of Pigments

Natural or Mineral Pigments

These are pigments such as

  • Iron
  • Ores
  • Clays
  • Chalk etc.

Chemical or Synthetic Pigments

These mainly include

  • Zinc oxide
  • White lead
  • Titanium dioxide
  • A larger number of inorganic and organic colors

Reactive Pigments

Some pigments on account of their chemical character react with oil, fatty acid, and soaps, e.g

  • Zinc oxide
  • Red lead

Inert pigment: As for example titanium dioxide

Classification of Pigments in Textile

Pigments are used in textile may be broadly classified as

  1. Azoic pigments
  2. Vat pigments
  3. Miscellaneous pigments

Of all the Azoic pigments are occurring major places in pigments.

Advantages of Pigment Dyeing and Printing

  • No wet treatment so it is so simple to do dry and curing
  • It is applicable to all fibers
  • Extensive color range with a high lightfastness

Disadvantages of Pigment Dyeing and Printing

  • It has an adverse effect due to binders
  • Chemical and physical properties of binders influence in dyeing and printing
  • Using a solvent like kerosene, Spirit, etc. produce the problem of flammability, pollution, etc.
  • It covers the high cost.
What is Pigments

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