The history of upholstery goes back to ancient Roman and Egypt, when furniture was a symbol of luxury. These luxurious furniture items like large comfortable sofas, substantial 6-door wardrobe, large beds were reserved only for royalties. With the passing times when ordinary people started using furniture, wooden benches were being used for sitting purposes. But with time, people are beginning to use different types of soft materials to cover furniture for comfort and decoration purposes.
How Sofa Fabrics Are Prepared
When furniture becomes standard for furnishing homes, they started using different materials to cover individual furniture for decoration purposes. Interior designing begins with the Germans invention of horse padding, which is now part of every sofa or chair. Italians contribution is not less here as they introduced the backrest and arms of the couch. Over time more additions make these sofas in the form which today we see.
Materials Used in Sofa
Today sofa fabrics are of various types, and you can choose according to your requirements. There are leather sofas for your living room if you want stain-resistant material. Suppose you want washable fabric for your sofas, then linen sofas are the best. These are easy to remove and wash and are breathable. If you wish for luxurious sofas, then velvet is an ideal material for your sofas, which comes in various colors.
Woolen sofas are another luxury form of sofas as these are comfortable and durable as well. Along with these materials, many other materials are used in sofa making, like Acrylic and polyester. These are cheap but need replacement after some time. You can use the one that suits you best.
Making a Sofa
It takes a lot of effort and time to complete the making of an average size sofa. From its frame to the fabric making, it’s a time-consuming task. Every step here needs to be done carefully to get a durable and stunning sofa set.
First, the sofa frame is made with wood which should be thick enough to held weight. As it is the central part of the sofa on which it stands, its durability is most important here. It is the structure of the couch on which it stands.
After making the frame, it’s time for padding. Filling or padding is an essential part after frame, as it makes the sofa less or more comfortable and durable. Foam and fiber wrapped are the best filling material for sofas. These are not only super soft and comfortable but also have a long life. Other materials like polyester filling are less expensive, but they need you to change more often.
After the frame and filling compete, it’s time to cover it with fabric to give a final look. There are thousands of fabric types that we can use as sofa fabric. But the most important thing here is to choose the one that suits your requirements. No one wants to change sofa fabrics frequently as it is not cost-effective and also creates hassle.
So, before choosing your sofa fabric, you should know about the use of the sofa. How you will use it if you want to place it in your sitting room, then use durable and easy to wash. But for the guest room, you can choose fancy cloth as these sofas are less used and do not need cleaning often.
After choosing the suitable fabric, it’s time to measure and sew it. Measurements are taken carefully according to each part of the front and back of the sofa. These are sewn together to attach the padded frame after cutting panels and pieces according to the sofa frame. Sofa seats are also covered with panels for platforms by joining the front part. The covering is fitted over the back or platform end and secured. Now it’s time to cover the sofa arms with pleated panels to give them a classic look.
Fabric fitting is a complex process as some of its parts need hand stitching, like pleated arms or seat panels. Other features like the back or its sections require machine stitching. Before stitching the final layer of fabric, a cotton batting is layered on as well, and then the panel fabric is laid on a padded layer, stretched and fixed with tacks.
The final part is covering the sofa with stitched fabric on the top and taking place on front and back. The final panel that stayed open at the end is the back panel. Before tacking the backside, it is required to stuff any gaps left with padding. In the end, they will edge this part of the sofa with decorative stuff made of matching fabric. Then, the covering is stitched at the top and tacked at the bottom.
Furnishing a home needs effort and lots of money. Everyone wants to decorate their homes lavishly, but you need to spend money wisely while buying furniture’s; focus on quality, not quantity. Buying a sofa for your living room does not require a luxurious look; instead, go on an excellent quality anti-stain fabric that is durable and hassle-free. It will save you the cost which you spend on washing the material; also do stay longer.