Classification of Textile Fiber

What is the Classification of textile fiber?

Textile fiber is anything that is that raw material of yarn. To be useful in textile fiber must have some properties such as strength, length, elasticity, absorbency. In this article, we will have a discussion on the Classification of Textile Fiber.

Classification of Textile Fiber

Fiber can be collected or created from different natural sources such as animal hair, insect cocoons as with silkworm and as well as semi-synthetic methods. The textile industry required several types of fiber according to its objectives. Various types of fiber found around the world collected from diversified sources such as byssus fiber, chiengora, qiviut, yak, rabbit, wool, lambswool, cashmere wool, mohair wool, camel hair, angora wool, lima wool, silk, coir, cotton, jute, bamboo, hemp, modal, sisal, ramie, lurex, acrylic, etc.

classification of textile fibre
Flax Fibre

Classification of Textile Fiber

There are generally two types of textile fiber

  1. Natural fiber
  2. Synthetic/Manmade fiber

Natural fiber

Natural fiber is the type of fiber which are produced naturally. Those produced from plants, animals, and geological origin.

Natural fiber can be classified according to their origin as follows

Classification of Fiber According to the Vegetable Origin

  • Cotton
  • Jute
  • Linen/Flex
  • Hemp
  • Ramie
  • Sisal
  • Coir
  • Pine

Classification of Fiber  According to Animal Origin

  • Wool
  • Silk
  • Hair

Classification of Fiber According to Mineral Origin

  • Asbestos

Synthetic/Manmade Fiber

Synthetic fibers are produced by the polymerization of various monomers. It is made by the man, for this reason, it is so-called.

Classification of Manmade Fiber


  • Rayon
  • Acetate
  • Triacetate


  • Nylon
  • Aramide
  • Polyester
  • Acrylic
  • Modacrylic
  • Spandex
  • Olefin
  • Vinyon


  • Azlon


  • Rubber


  • Metal


  • Glass, Ceramic, Graphite
Classification of Textile Fiber

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