Process Sequence of Fabric Cutting

In garments manufacturing fabric cutting means to cut out the garments pieces from lays of the fabric with the help of cutting template or marker. Cutting is one the major step to make a complete garment. For cutting of fabric generally the marker is applied to the top ply of a lay.

Process Sequence of Fabric Cutting Section

In garments manufacturing industry the term cutting is used in different meaning. Here the term cutting is used in the sense of cutting room which indicates an area which normally includes the activities of marker planning, spreading and preparation for sewing.

Stages of fabric cutting

Generally fabric cutting is carried out with two stages. They are as follows:

  1. Cutting (Separating the individual pieces.)
  2. Final cutting ( accurate cutting of the individual shapes)

Objectives of Cutting

  • To separate fabric parts from the spread of lay according to the dimension of the marker.
  • To make the garments according to required design and shape.
  • To prepare garments pieces to go forward with next process of garments manufacturing.
process sequence of fabric cutting section

Cutting Section in a Garment Factory

Requirement of fabric cutting

To achieve the required objectives by cutting of fabric in garments manufacturing process, the following requirements must be fulfilled.

  • Precision of cut.
  • Clean edges
  • Unscorhed , infused edges
  • Support of the lay
  • Consistent cutting

Different types of fabric cutting

There are mainly three types of cutting techniques. They are as follows:

  1. Completely by manual
    1. By hand operated Scissor.
  1. Manually operated powered knife
    1. Straight knife
    2. Band blade
    3. Round blade
    4. Die cutter
    5. Notcher
    6. Drill
  1. Computerized technique
    1. Knife cutting
    2. Cutting by water jet
    3. Laser cutting
    4. Plasma torch cutting

Flow Chart of fabric cutting

flow chart of fabric cutting

Flow Chart of Fabric Cutting

Working procedure in fabric cutting section

  1. By following production planning at first sample is collected from sample section with pattern and garments approved.
  2. Lay order sheet/ratio sheet fill up by cutting section
    1. e Item, fabric width, color etc.
  3. After putting all information in order sheet then send to CAD section for marker making. Or if it is to do manually than make marker manually.
  4. Checking marker after getting marker.
  5. Sending fabric requisition from cutting section to store for cutting according to plan.
  6. Receiving fabric in cutting table as per marker and cutting plan.
  7. Matching fabric to trim card by merchandiser approved fabric.
  8. Then starting layering manually or with machine.
  9. Completing layering then spread marker upon on the fabric.
  10. Marker checking by quality people & keep all document of style , size wise report to send to store & sewing section.
  11. Before cutting attaching clamp and gum tape on the layer.
  12. If there is any drill mark in marker then need to drill.
  13. Starting cutting by cutter man.
  14. Then dividing group and ratio wise.
  15. Make bundle chart as per lay order sheet and sending for bundle card printing.
  16. Numbering as per bundle chart wise.
  17. Panel checking.
  18. If there is any fault need to replace cut bundle roll and shade wise then bundle and send to sewing section.
  19. If there is any fusing or embroidery then send for this process.

So, hopefully it was helpful for you to understand. If you like it do not forget to put down your valuable comment and share on facebook

Written by

Engineer Sheikh Nurja

B.Sc engineer of textile

Merchandiser at buying house

1 Comment

  1. Denise

    Please tell me what type of clamp and where it is placed on the fabric (step #11). a photo would be appreciated.
    Thank you very kindly
    DD

Leave a Reply