Before sewing, you have to cut fabrics parts by parts according to measurement and sewing allowance. The function of cutting fabrics in accordance with the sewing allowance and required measurements are done by the cutting section of the garments. Cutting is the first step basically we may find in garments making. When cutting started we can say that garments production is also started that means starting cutting also indicates the starting of production. Flow chart of garments cutting section is the interrelated sequence of the following.
Production order sheet => Pattern receive => Marker making => Fabric receive => Fabric spreading => Marker placing => Cutting => Sorting => Numbering and checking => Bundling => and finally Input to sewing.
Flow Chart of Garments Cutting Section
Keep in mind that as the fabrics cutting is one of the crucial parts of the production you have to be more careful to ensure proper measurement. If you cut the fabrics into the wrong measurement then the production garment will be considered as defected items because you will be failed to produce according to the specified size or shape. It is a quality control department to check whether every process is maintained in a right way.
In garments it is required to go through several processes for producing garment products. There are three main processes involve in garments. These are cutting, sewing and finally finishing. But among these three finishing is very important in apparel/garments sector. Although these processes are simple enough to do but careful monitoring and quality control is ensured because quality is the first and most important priorities in garments sectors.
Flow chart of Garments Finishing Process followed by the steps of finishing input => sorting (Style, color & size wise) => thread cutting => ironing => quality inspection => insert button and other accessories => measurement check => hang tag => billboard (product code) => folding => packing => final inspection and finally => shipment of garments.
Flow Chart of Garments Finishing Process
This type of process is one of the commonly used way in most of the garments but this may varies company to company in accordance with their objectives. Inspection is done every single process to ensure the quality of the garments.
Garment can be made in both in tailor and in garments industry. What is the basic difference of these two ways of garment manufacturing process? Here mentioning the difference between the tailor and garments.
In tailors, it takes 1 or 2 person to make a garment.
Generally garment is made for a particular person in tailor.
Garment is made according to the body measurement of a person.
In tailor no grading is done.
In tailor garment can be made from a machine.
Initial cost is relatively low.
Single ply of fabric is used.
In this way fabric wastage is high.
Risk of loss is least.
No need of pattern.
It takes a few hours to make a garment.
In garments, it takes many persons to make a garment.
A garment is made for many people.
Garment is made according to standard body measurement.
Grading is done in garments.
Generally many machines are needed for making a garment.
Initial cost is relatively high.
Multiple ply of fabric is used.
Fabric wastage is low.
Risk of loss is more.
Pattern must be required.
It takes less than one minute to make a garment.
Comparison picture of tailor & garments
Garments manufacturing is done with a long process in garments industry which can never be cleared in a single article. But today here I am going to present about the major sections of garments.
Different section of garments
There are mainly four sections in garments manufacturing industry. They are as follows.
The main function of this section is to make approve sample. This section is the first and important section. This section includes, “ Designing to marker making”.
This section includes process starting from “ Marker making” to “sorting & bundling”. The main function of this section is to cut fabric according to the marker dimension.
The function of this section is to make a complete garment by using all of the cutting components for a particular style of garments.
This section includes process from “Ironing to send to buyer”. After making sample, it should be treated by steam, iron and use in it all of the finishing accessories and ultimately make the garments attractive as per buyers approved sample.
Engineer Sheikh Nurja
B.Sc engineer of textile
Merchandiser at buying house
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