What is RFT, RFT Factors and Calculation in Apparel Industry

What does Right First Time (RFT) Mean?

Right First Time is lean tools that mean doing the thing right in the first time which can remove eliminate or repair and defects producing in garments manufacturing. RFT percent is one of the key performance indicator tools in Garments quality control. In this article, we will discuss What is RFT, RFT Factors and Calculation in Apparel Industry.

What is RFT, RFT Factors and Calculation in Apparel Industry

What is RFT, RFT Factors and Calculation in Apparel Industry

Advantages/Benefits/Importance of Producing Right the First time

  1. Reduce cost and penalty of quality failure
  2. Improve quality and productivity
  3. Remove re-work and repairing
  4. Save time and energy
  5. Save defects rectification cost
  6. Improve work accuracy

RFT calculation for Cutting, sewing, finishing, and Quality Control

Right First Time = (Number of passed goods or Lot / Number of total produced Garments or Lot) x 100

For example, If 200 pcs Garments is produced in the sewing section, found 13 pcs defect by QC then first pass quantity is =(200-13)= 187 pcs.

So, Sewing RFT will be = (187/200*100) % = 93.5%

Date RFT Defect %
4/11/2017 95.67% 4.33%
5/11/2017 96.54% 3.46%
6/11/2017 96.57% 3.43%
7/11/2017 95.80% 4.20%
8/11/2017 96.20% 3.80%
9/11/2017 96.74% 3.26%

Actual and Target RFT

Date Actual RFT Target RFT Total Check Quantity
1-Jul 93.40% 96% 2500
2-Jul 93.50% 96% 2600
3-Jul 93.10% 96% 2400
4-Jul 94.20% 96% 3000
5-Jul 94.60% 96% 3500
6-Jul 93.50% 96% 2500

RFT Key Factor Areas of Garments Manufacturing

There may have others area you need to count RFT, I am giving here what I know. Surely RFT is a performance measuring tool of quality control.

  1. Cutting panels quality
  2. Sewing output garments quality
  3. Finishing packed garments quality
  4. Final Audit RFT.

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Kanban Board in Garments Manufacturing Production Floor

Kanban Board in Garments Manufacturing Production Floor

What is Kanban? Kanban is a visual card or billboard; Japanese word which meaning Cards or board, a tool of lean manufacturing for visualization entire production teamwork to control production focusing on creating a production system more effective and efficient, focusing mainly in the production and logistics activities. Kanban is a visual system as ‘Signal card’ indicate what to do, items will put when needed, Kanban cards order necessary task, update with time and surely reduce wastage. In this article, you will have an idea of how kanban board in garments manufacturing production floor is used.

Kanban Board in Garments Manufacturing Production Floor

Types of Kanban System

Generally, two types of Kanbans or Kanban Cards used in the apparel industry:

Production Kanban

Production Kanban is the first step of Kanban implementation, production Kanban takes the place of standard production orders in material requirements planning (MRP) push.

Transportation Kanban

Transportation Kanban system is very important that carried on the trolley, containers that are associated with the transportation to move through the loop again.

Importance of Implementation Kanban Board in Apparel Industry

  1. Reduce idle time in a production process.
  2. Increase productivity, more effective and efficient production
  3. Visualize work and optimize the flow of the work
  4. Reduce WIP (Work in Process)
  5. Improve workflow
  6. Avoidance of over-production and limitation of stocks
  7. Higher availability of materials
  8. Reduce inventories
  9. Improve communication between management and operational staff

Garments Kanban Board Information Includes

  1. Backlog
  2. To do list
  3. Doing List/ work-in-process List
  4. Work completed List
  5. Plan list
  6. Lot name
  7. Process name

This content also have the answer of below points

  • Kanban system in Apparel manufacturing
  • Set up Kanban board in the production floor
  • Kanban board in sewing floor

If you have any confusion then please let me know.

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Management Levels and Their Functions in Textile and Apparel

Management Levels and Their Functions in Textile and Apparel Industry

If you are involved with the apparel industry or you have an interest in working in any levels of management, then you must know the Management Levels in Garments Factory. When you clearly know the Management Levels and Their Functions in Textile and Apparel industry, you can easily decide who is responsible for what. Generally, you can find three levels of management in the Apparel Industry.

  1. Top level management in Apparel Industry
  2. Middle-level management in Apparel Industry
  3. Lower level management in Apparel Industry

Management Levels and Their Functions in Textile and Apparel

Top Level Management in Textile and Apparel Industry

Top level management has the Supreme authority and most of owning a share in a garments factory. Their designation titled as MD (Managing Director), Director, Chairman, CEO (Chief executive officer), COO (Chief operating officer). They are mainly responsible for setting company policy, objective, ethics and employee code of conduct of employees as their job role.

Functions of Top Management in Garments Factory

  1. To establish company policies, define goal and objectives
  2. Set up company structure and form a company’s core ethics
  3. Leading Middle-level management
  4. Appointing mid-level management
  5. Taking strategic decisions and giving direction in a critical situation
  6. Take the decision about Staff increment, employee promotion
  7. Follow up factory profits loss and giving decision any types of financial matters
  8. Keeping good relation with the buyer (Customer)
  9. Follow up factory productivity and quality performance

Middle-Level Management in Textile and Apparel Industry

Middle-level management is called executory level subordinate of senior management but above of lower level management. Generally, in the Textile and Apparel industry, their job titles are Production manager (PM), Executive officer, Officer, Manager etc. Company performance depends on Middle-level management.

Functions of Middle Management in Garments Factory

  1. Lead low-level management /operational staff directly.
  2. Manage both top and lower level management
  3. Appoint low-level management employees
  4. Set production target and taking responsibility of production
  5. Implement company goals, strategy, and policies
  6. Implement all types of customer requirement
  7. Responsible for company profit, losses, and performance to the buyer
  8. Working for top level and customer satisfaction
  9. Contact with all level of management

Lower Level Management in Textile and Apparel Industry

Lower level management is in supervisory level, supervise worker directly. They also are known as operational staff who report directly to the mid-level management. In textile and Apparels industry their job title as Supervisor, controller and in-charge. Low-level management directly connected with work and ultimately responsible for company performance.

Functions of Lower Level Management in Textile and Apparels

  1. Supervise all Worker directly
  2. Fulfill the production target
  3. Follow buyer SOP
  4. Report Middle-level management
  5. Solve any problem of worker

Management levels and their functions in Apparel Industry pdf

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

12 Qualities of a Fashion Designer

12 Qualities of a Fashion Designer

The fashion designer is the key persons responsible for bringing stylish clothing. Although the style is based on region, culture, religion, and individual choices. But there are many things, a fashion designer can offer by using their creative mind. Many people born with the talent for designing. And many people learn through the academic process. You may find several institutions around the world who are offering fashion designing degree. To become a successful fashion designer, you will be required special qualifications. Either you born with these qualifications or you adopt from different means. According to our research if you want to become a fashion designer then you will be required to have 12 Qualities of a Fashion Designer. A fashion designer can also work as a fashion merchandiser.

12 Qualities of a Fashion Designer

  1. Understand Fashion Trends
  2. Good Communication Skills
  3. Ability to Critically Think
  4. Ability to Visualize
  5. Proper Fabric Knowledge
  6. Good Sense of Color
  7. Expert of Drawing
  8. Efficient Operator of Computer
  9. Creative Mind
  10. Knowledge of Sourcing of Materials
  11. Ability to Perfectly Measure
  12. Good Presentation Skill

Qualities of Successful Fashion Designer

A successful fashion designer goes through many critical processes and attains some core qualifications which actually works behind their success.

Understand Fashion Trends

Trends in fashion always changing which is part of our lifestyle. As a fashion designer, you must concern and keep an update of change in fashion trends around the world. So that you can develop your own ideas and design. Offering fashionable clothing based on market demand is a challenging task. If you can successfully provide a design which meets the expectation of your apparel items, then you must get appreciation.

Good Communication Skills

Whatever you do, communication is necessary. A good communication not only helps to interconnect but also manage business dealings. As a fashion designer, you may have to communicate with your customers, wholesaler, retailers, outlets, fashion house etc. Both oral and written communication is required for a fashion designer.

Ability to Critically Think

A critical thinker always tries to bring new design, ideas. Successful ideas actually push the market trends of fashionable cloth. For a successful fashion designer, it is required to have the qualities of critical thinking. Always think out of the box so that new things may generate. So that marketers can offer new stylish garments items.

Ability to Visualize

For the fashion show, or for designing store layout, visualization of ideas and then implement accordingly is one of the key tasks of a fashion designer. A successful fashion designer has the ability to visualize. Visual effect generates more customer attraction.

Proper Fabric Knowledge

Without fabric, you cannot make any cloth. So first thing is you need to collect your required fabric. A proper knowledge of fabric has you to identify and select the right fabric for your cloth. You may acquire knowledge of fabric from the export who always deals with fabric. At the time of buying fabric it is required to select the right materials otherwise your garments item may not give your expected comfort.

Good Sense of Color

Color is one of the main factors which actually attract the customer. Color may vary according to the season, occasion, taste, and gender. Before making a fashionable cloth you need to keep in mind all these factors otherwise your objective may not be fulfilled.

Fashion Designing Drawing

Expert of Drawing

Fashion designer always works with a new design; before final design, they work with the sketch. As a fashion designer if you can draw whatever you want then it will add extra value to your other qualifications. Through practice, you can be an expert at drawing anything.

Efficient Operator of Computer

The new different software is available for designing cloth or drawing sketch. A good knowledge of computer and designing application software will make your job easier. You can use adobe illustrator, Autodesk or any other applications.

Creative Mind

Your Creative mind will help you to develop a new product which may create enormous demand in the market. Ultimately you will gain because of your demand. So if you are planning to become a fashion designer, first of all, think whether you have a creative mind or not, then decide what you should become.

Knowledge of Sourcing of Materials

To make your fashionable cloth you will be required to source and collect fabric, trims and accessories and any other materials. So proper knowledge of these think should be there otherwise your garments will be as good as you were thinking. Also, the cost of your fashionable cloth will be increased which is not expected. Based on your least cost fashionable cloth your market demand will dependent.

Ability to Perfectly Measure

A good finish product depends on the proper cutting of fabric and for proper cutting, a perfect measurement is required. So as a fashion designer you need to have the ability to perfectly measure each and every component of making a dress.

Good Presentation Skill

After making fashionable cloth if you are interested to offer it for the customer or you want to attend a fashion show then you must have a good presentation skill of presenting your products to the audiences. A better presentation skill will make your product more attractive and people will order your design.

Written by

Md. Nahian Mahmud Shaikat

Compliance Audit Checklist in Apparel Industry

Compliance Audit in Apparel Industry

A compliance audit is one kind of audit which is specially designed for auditing the compliance issues related with the apparel industry. Different regulatory authorities set different type of regulatory issues. And buyers of garments ask from the company whether they are following their required compliance or not. These issues are checked by the auditing process which is known as compliance audit. After a compliance audit, they provide/ issue certificate. From the Compliance Audit Checklist in Apparel Industry a garments makers will be able to know what are the things buyers may ask from the company.

Compliance Audit in Apparel Industry

Compliance Audit Checklist in Apparel Industry

Compliance Audit is very important for garments manufacturing factory. To get an order from the buyer, your company must have to pass social Compliance Audit. Buyer may cancel the order if your company fails to pass the Compliance Audit. In this article, I am giving a checklist for any buyer Compliance audit preparation.

Compliance Audit Checklist in Apparel Industry

Areas/Categories of Garments Compliance Audit

  1. Licenses, permits and Facility Information
  2. Child and under-aged worker
  3. Forced labor and Discrimination
  4. Freedom of Association and collective bargaining
  5. Right of worker
  6. Disciplinary Practice
  7. Working Hours
  8. Wages, Benefits & Compensation
  9. Workplace Safety
  10. Occupational Health & Welfare
  11. Environment Management
  12. Management Practice & Sub-contractor /supplier control
  13. Training records
  14. Company Policies

Licenses, Permits and Facility Information

  • Factory profile
  • Architectural & Structural Drawing Approval
  • Soil Test Report Approval
  • Trade license
  • Factory license
  • Fire license
  • Boiler license
  • Generator permission
  • Electrical permission/ Sub-station permission
  • TIN certificate
  • Export registration certificate and Import registration certificate
  • Export promotion bureau certificate
  • Bond license
  • Rent agreement

Child and under-aged worker

  • Child labor remediation process
  • Recruitment policy
  • Personal file
  • Agreement with the service provider/sub-contract

Forced labor and Discrimination

  • Any harassment or discrimination issues
  • Policy on a prohibition of forced labor
  • Awareness/Training register
  • Job responsibility of security guard

Freedom of Association and Collective Bargaining

  • Policy on freedom association
  • Awareness/Training register
  • Formation procedure of worker association/trade union
  • Meeting minutes of worker participatory committee
  • Register for complain /Suggestion
  • Grievance handling procedure

Right of Worker

  • Personal file of worker
  • Service book
  • Employee ID card

Disciplinary Practice

  • Policy on disciplinary practice or rules
  • Leave Record
  • Orientation training on factory code of conduct & legal requirement
  • All kind of policy
  • Disciplinary action log & record
  • Awareness/training register
  • Final settlement
  • Others legal facilities

Working Hours

  • Working hour Approval
  • Working hour record for all section
  • Overtime hour record
  • Attendance Register
  • Declared holiday list
  • Manpower list

Wages, Benefits & Compensation

  • Wages/payroll sheet (last 1 year)
  • Overtime wages sheet (last six months)
  • Payslips (last 1 year)
  • Wages Increment record
  • Maternity Benefit register & Record
  • Group Insurance with manpower update list
  • Policy on wages, overtime, payment date, calculation method, leaves & holidays etc.

Workplace Safety

  • Sub-soil/Geological investigation report
  • Building structural plan/approval
  • 3rd party assessment report
  • Firefighting training record
  • Fire drill record
  • Firefighting team
  • Firefighting equipment list
  • Fire safety plan
  • Personal file of Fire Officer
  • Electrical & Mechanical Equipment periodical checklist
  • Competency certificate of Electrician
  • Competency certificate of Boiler Operator
  • Chemical Handling Training
  • Health checkup record
  • Chemical list
  • Safely machine operating training register
  • Needle stock register, Broken & Missing Register
  • Sharp tool policy
  • Emergency evacuation diagrams
  • Emergency exit doors
  • Building structure safety
  • PPE (personal protective equipment) use
  • Aisle or Stairway

Occupational Health & Welfare

  • Personal file of Welfare officer
  • Drinking water test report
  • First aid training & List of the first aider
  • Medical agreement
  • Competency certificate of Doctor
  • Competency certificate of Nurse
  • Personal file of care governance
  • Childcare register
  • Canteen committee

Environment Management

  • Environmental risk assessment as per section
  • Emergency procedure to reduce risk
  • Environmental clearance certificate
  • Waste disposal agreement /procedure
  • Wastewater test report in-house and outside
  • Energy survey/ Assessment record

 Management Practice & Sub-contractor /Supplier Control

  • Awareness training record for new & old workers
  • Mid Management training record
  • Internal Audit record
  • Policy on Sub-contract control
  • Sub-contract control procedure & record

Training Records

  • Emergency evacuation & fire drill record
  • List of firefighters trained by fire service/BGMEA
  • Disciplinary Rules communication
  • First Aid training record
  • Chemical Training record
  • Machinery safety training record
  • Health and safety training record
  • Training on KIABI compliance

Company Policies

  • Child Labor Policy
  • Child labor Remediation Policy
  • Disciplinary Rules/Policy
  • CSR Policy
  • Anti-Corruption/Bribery policy
  • Sub-contractor/Supplier Monitoring
  • Grievance Procedure
  • Environmental Policy
  • Energy efficiency plan
  • Environment emergency procedure
  • Deduction for late/after lunch assentation

Compliance Audit Checklist in Apparel Industry

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Garments Washing Defects

Garments Washing Defects

Garments washing is the process to improve hand feel, appearance and better outlook of garments. That’s why washing plays a vital role in garments manufacturing. Because of various washing defect, rejection of garments increases. We need to reduce the rate of washing defects/faults at a minimum level. Rejection increases the cost of overall manufacturing. For this reason, reducing washing faults is the major concern for all apparel manufacturing industry. One major KPI points are to reduce washing rejection in the apparel industry. I made a list of all types of garments washing defects so that you may have a better idea of garments defects.

Garments Washing Defects

List of Garments Washing Defects

  1. Garments Discoloration
  2. Poor Hand Sanding
  3. Care Label Fading/Damage
  4. Off Shade
  5. Shade Variation
  6. Over Washing
  7. Washing Damage
  8. Washing Spot
  9. High pH Level
  10. Poor Grinding
  11. Lycra Out
  12. Poor Sand Blasting
  13. High Abrasion Effect
  14. Color Bleeding at Pocket Bag and Label
  15. Washing Mark
  16. Poor Hand Feel

Washed Garments

Washing Defect Description

Garments Discoloration

If garments or any parts of garments discolored in washing it’s called discoloration. It is one of the common defect problems.

Garments Discoloration

Poor Hand Sanding

Because of improper hand sanding, more or less hand sanding than the actual requirement.

Hand Sanding

 

Care Label Fading or Damage

Care label is an important part of garments. Sometimes label fades or damage in washing.

Off shade

All garments have an original buyer required shade/color standard. If washing fails to meet shade standard then it is considered as off shade defect.

Off Shade Washing Defects

Shade Variation

Various types of shade in a lot, when fabrication and washing are the same for a whole lot.

Shade Variation Defects

Over Washing

There a certain limit of garments washing time and temperature. Crossing washing limit is considered as over washing and defects have arisen for this is known washing defects of over washing.

Washing Damage

Garments damage in washing is called washing damage.

Washing Damage

Washing Spot

Creating a spot in washing is called washing spot defect.

High pH Level

pH level crossed the level of higher pH limit. pH level is the most important factor in garments washing. For higher level, pH quality of garments may reduce.

Poor Grinding

Because of improper grinding, more or less grinding than the requirement.

Lycra Out

Damage Lycra or Lycra coming out in the washing of spandex fabric.

Poor Sand Blasting

Improper sandblasting, more or less sandblasting than the requirement.

High Abrasion Effect

Much abrasion effect than the requirement.

Color Bleeding at Pocket Bag and Label

Generally, different fabric uses for a pocket bag and labels in any garments. Due to garments body, fabric and pocket bag fabric is different, color bleeding occurred frequently in pocket bag and label.

Washing Mark

Garments marked in different washing stages, by the different washing machine, dryer. Long spot mark created in any process of washing is called washing mark defects.

Washing MarkPoor hand Feel

If you find Rough hand feels after washing of garments then that considered as a poor hand feel defects of garments washing.

Garments Washing Defects pdf

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Ready Made Garments Export of Bangladesh

The condition of RMG Ready Made Garments Export of Bangladesh 2018

Bangladesh is now one of the developing countries in the world. Ready Made Garments (RMG) has a huge contribution to the economic growth of this country. The current condition of RMG – Ready Made Garments Export of Bangladesh seems good because there is a positive growth of export earnings. According to Export Promotion Bureau of Bangladesh (EPB), for the year 2017 to 2018 (July 2017 to April), Bangladesh Apparel Export is growing at the rate of 9% which seems a significant amount.

RMG Export Growth Over the Year 2010 to 2018

Here you can see that the growth rate of RMG export is always fluctuating, the reason behind this is a change in market demand, increase in the cost of making, political condition, market competitiveness, and the exchange rate of USD to BDT.

Year

Total Export Million USD

Growth
2010 14855 25%
2011 19214 29%
2012 19788 3%
2013 23501 19%
2014 24584 5%
2015 26603 8%
2016 28668 8%
2017 29213 2%

Export Growth of Ready Made Garments (RMG) of Bangladesh

Bangladesh RMG Growth for the Year 2017-2018

Ready Made Garments industry is growing at the rate of nine percent compared with the previous year. But in 2016-17 this growth rate was only 2%. So there is a significant positive change in the export.

Total RMG Export Growth 2017-2018
Year Woven Knit Total Growth
2016-2017 10,785 10,144 20,929           –
2017-2018 11,513 11,321 22,834 9%

Broad RMG Export Category of Bangladesh

Product Type Million USD Percent
Woven 11,513 50.42%
Knit 11,321 49.58%
Total 22,834 100%

We mainly divide our apparel product into two broad categories. One is knit and other is woven.

Ready Made Garments Export of Bangladesh

Monthly RMG Export Growth for the year 2017-2018

Although the growth of Ready Made Garments increased in every month there was an exception for the month of September 2017. It is not clear why suddenly growth rate reached to a negative figure.

Monthly Ready Made Garments Export Growth 2018

Main Apparel Export Items of Bangladesh for the Year 2016-2017

Bangladesh is mainly exporting Shirts, T-shirt, Trousers, Jackets Sweater among these Trousers and T-Shirt are exporting a huge amount, which is contributing at the rate of 29% and 28%. So these two products added significant value to the export earnings of Bangladesh.

Item

Million USD

Percent
Shirts 2108 10%
Trousers 6027 29%
Jackets 3547 17%
T-Shirt 5862 28%
Sweater 3362 16%
Total 20905 100%

Bangladesh Main RMG Export Product Type

Bangladesh RMG Export to the World 2017-2018

Most of our RMG is Exported to the European Union, where we export about 65% of our total export of apparel. Our second biggest client is the USA and the third one in Canada.

Region

Million USD

Percent
EU Countries 14735 65%
USA 3929 17%
Canada 713 3%
Others 3457 15%
Total 22834 100%

Bangladesh RMG Export to the World

Top 10 European Union (EU) Countries Bangladesh Export their RMG

  1. Germany
  2. UK
  3. Spain
  4. France
  5. Italy
  6. Netherlands
  7. Poland
  8. Belgium
  9. Denmark
  10. Sweden

Top European Union Ready Made Garments (RMG) Buyers of Bangladesh

Export of RMG by Bangladesh in European Union (EU)

Here look into this list that for the last 10 month EU countries is contributing 14734.69 million dollars. So there is no question of EU is the largest buyers of garments in our country.

EU Countries Million USD Percent
Germany 4205 28.537%
U.K. 2847 19.322%
Spain 1714 11.633%
France 1328 9.012%
Italy 1086 7.371%
Netherlands 717 4.866%
Poland 645 4.381%
Belgium 534 3.626%
Denmark 504 3.420%
Sweden 395 2.679%
The Czech Republic 352 2.386%
Ireland 131 0.890%
Slovakia 64 0.433%
Portugal 50 0.338%
Slovenia 44 0.298%
Greece 40 0.270%
Finland 22 0.152%
Austria 22 0.147%
Romania 13 0.086%
Croatia 10 0.069%
Malta 5 0.033%
Bulgaria 2 0.013%
Hungary 2 0.012%
Lithuania 2 0.011%
Cyprus 1 0.006%
Estonia 1 0.006%
Latvia 0.5 0.004%
Total 14735 100%

RMG Export Market of Bangladesh Source: Export Promotion Bureau of Bangladesh, BGMEA

Written by

Md. Nahian Mahmud Shaikat

Email: [email protected]

Qualities of a Fashion Merchandiser

Qualities of a Fashion Merchandiser

In the early days of human history, people were not concern about fashion. But with the improvement of living standard around the world people are becoming fashion conscious. People are ready to pay a higher price for a fashionable dress. But the question is how we can make a fashionable dress and how we can meet customer’s desire through delivering the right product. Here the responsibility goes to the fashion merchandisers and the person who is responsible for merchandising of fashionable dress is known as a fashion merchandiser. To become a successful fashion merchandiser a merchandiser, need to have qualities of a fashion merchandiser which may help to deliver the right product to the right customer at the right place for a right price and by this process business of fashionable dress expanding.

Qualities of a Fashion Merchandiser

The demand for fashion merchandiser is increasing over the years in the Indian subcontinental areas. People have more desire for fashionable clothes that’s why fashion merchandising getting preference. Near future, this will create a huge job opportunity. So this is the right time to take a degree in fashion designing and apparel merchandising.

Difference Between Apparel Merchandising and Fashion Merchandising

The main difference between apparel merchandising and fashion merchandising is, fashion merchandising is a specific area of apparel merchandising. Where fashion merchandiser focus is only a part of that specific area. Although if you consider the functional qualities the job is more or less similar. But here the sense of fashion is more focused rather than normal apparel goods.

Qualifications Required to be a Fashion Merchandiser

To become a fashion merchandiser, you need to have knowledge of fashion, fashion designing and how it works. If you have a good perception of fashion trends, then you can be a better fashion merchandiser. It will add value if you have merchandising and fashion designing degree.

List of Qualities of a Fashion Merchandiser

To become a successful fashion merchandiser, you need to have the following qualities

  1. Ability to Communicate
  2. The Ability of Understand Fashion Trends
  3. Ability to Convince People
  4. Ability to Visualize Market Needs
  5. Ability to Analyze
  6. Ability to Negotiate
  7. Knowledge of Costing
  8. Ability to Apply Creativity
  9. Language Skills
  10. Active Learner
  11. Being Self Motivated
  12. Ability to Work Under Pressure
  13. Team Player
  14. Think Out of the Box
  15. Ability to Meet Customer Satisfaction

Ability to Communicate

The first thing is a merchandiser need to have good communication skill because in every stage of merchandising a communication media is required. Communication can be oral, written, or digital communication. Fashion merchandiser should be smart enough to deliver the message clearly.

The Ability of Understand Fashion Trends

As a fashion merchandiser, you need to understand fashion trends. How current trends are moving and what can be in the future. So it is necessary to collect all the information related to that particular fashion you are working with. Although the apparel industry is huge, it is better to work in a particular field so that you can focus accordingly. To become successful in the fashion industry as a merchandiser this quality of understanding fashion trends is must. Because the better you understand the trends then better you will work to deliver. In this case, fashion merchandisers have to have the trait of pro-activeness.

Ability to Convince People

Merchandiser always works for the convincing of their clients. You can use a different strategy to convince because it varies from person to person, company to company. Convince about the design of cloth, price offering and finally induce to buy that particular product from you. This is also one of the key qualities of fashion merchandiser.

Ability to Visualize Market Needs

Based on market needs, we want to meet the desirability of the customer. Market needs of fashionable dress are influenced by the season and occasional change. So as a fashion merchandiser you need to be careful about the market needs.

Ability to Analyze

Analyze each and every factor which is related to the merchandising of goods. The better you understand the better you will be able to deliver to the customer. For understanding what the customer is demanding and what you have to meet that demand, if you able to analyze the situation quickly then you can deliver the service quickly.

Ability to Negotiate

Your employer always wants from you that you will get a competitive price of your fashionable cloth. So as a fashion merchandiser you must work as a good negotiator. If a person has this quality, the owner of that fashion clothes will generate much profit for their company.

Knowledge of Costing

Before offering a price you need to know the costing of that fashion products. Every time you cannot get other people to support, so it will be better for you if you have enough knowledge of cost. I think there will not be much problem if you understand the costing method properly because the costing method will remain the same but the amount will vary.

Ability to Apply Creativity

In fashion designing creativity brings success. A fashion merchandiser needs to be creative to apply creative ideas for getting more buyers attention. Creativity is the outcome of creative ideas and it is generated from a creative mind. As a fashion merchandiser, you will have more scope to apply your own creativity.

Language Skills

As a fashion merchandiser, you need to communicate with different parties. If you have a good language skill of a different region, then you may get extra benefit from it.

Active Learner

One of the key qualities of a successful fashion merchandiser is an active learner. Active learner person basically learns fast and apply their learning for selling the merchandise. This behavior also helps to improve the knowledge and skill of an individual.

Being Self Motivated

If you are self-motivated then no one can stop, you from what you want to do. As a fashion merchandiser, it is not necessarily that every time you become one of the top successful people. Sometimes you may not be successful but if you learn from your previous experience and motivated by your own then definitely success is yours.

Ability to Work Under Pressure

Everyone cannot work under pressure. If you can work under pressure, then you have the quality of becoming a successful fashion merchandiser.

Team Player

A team player has the advantage of working together. You may learn a lot of things from the members of a team. If you work in a fashion house as a merchandiser, then definitely you will be required to work with your team.

Think Out of the Box

The new idea came when you think out of the box. A new idea can bring a new fashion and a new fashion can bring success to a fashion merchandiser. Critically thinking is not bad if critical thinking generates new ideas.

Ability to Meet Customers Expectation

Merchandiser always works for the purpose of meeting customer expectation. So you must be able to provide what your customer is desiring from you and your product. The more you meet customer demand the more your customer will grow and become loyal towards your fashion brand which is one of the pre-condition of becoming a successful fashion merchandiser.

After reading this hopefully, you already understood what are the qualities are required to become a successful fashion merchandiser.

Written by

Md. Nahian Mahmud Shaikat

Email: [email protected]

List of Machinery for Knit Composite Dyeing and Garments Factory

List of Machinery for Knit Composite Dyeing and Garments Factory

List of Machinery for Knit Composite Dyeing and Garments Factory

 

Knit Composite Factory

Generally knit composite receive yarn from spinning. The process starts with yarn dyeing and finishes with fully knitted garments ready to send to the customer. Different stages and process involved in a knit composite factory. In this article, I made a List of Machinery for Knit Composite Dyeing and Garments Factory which will be required for doing the process of a composite factory. Machinery and Equipment may have different brands sourcing from the different country, its varies from factory to factory but working principle is more or less same.

Process List of Knit Composite Factory

Process of Knit Composite Factory

  1. Yarn Dyeing
  2. Knitting section
  3. Knit fabrics dyeing
  4. Dyeing finishing
  5. Washing section
  6. Allover print section
  7. Screenprint
  8. Embroidery section
  9. Knit Garments Cutting section
  10. Knit Garments sewing section
  11. Knit Garments Finishing section
  12. Factory utility section

List of Machine for Yarn Dyeing

  1. Yarn Dyeing
  2. Hydro
  3. Dryer
  4. Random Winding
  5. Soft Winding
  6. Sewing Thread
  7. Lab Dyeing
  8. Lab Dryer
  9. Lab Washing

List of Machine for Knitting Section

  1. Single Jersey
  2. Rib / Interlock
  3. Three Thread Fleece & Heavy Jersey
  4. Auto Stripes
  5. Flat Knit
  6. Fabrics Inspection

List of Machine in Knit Fabrics Dyeing

Only dyeing machine is used in this section

  1. Dyeing

List of Machine in Knit Fabric Dyeing Finishing

Not only in garments, finishing is mandatory after fabrics dyeing as well

  1. Stenter
  2. Compactor
  3. Dryer
  4. Active Stabilizing Dryer
  5. Slitter
  6. Squeezer
  7. Fabric Turning
  8. Seuding
  9. Raising
  10. Fabric Heat Setting
  11. Enzyme Cleaning
  12. Fabric Inspection

List of Machine for Knit Washing Section

  1. Washing M/c
  2. Sample Washing
  3. Deep Dyeing
  4. Ozone
  5. Jeanologia
  6. Tonello
  7. Tumbler Dryer
  8. Oven Dryer
  9. Hydro M/c

List of Machine in Allover Print Section

  1. Rotary Print Machine
  2. Flat Bed Print
  3. Loop Steamer
  4. Wash Machine
  5. Stenter Machine
  6. Compactor Machine
  7. Screen washing Dry Machine
  8. Flat Screen Dryer Machine
  9. Flat Screen Coating Machine
  10. Screen Engraver
  11. Screen Banding
  12. Luscher Blu Diod Exposing
  13. Fimafe Screen Preparation Units
  14. Rotary Sample Paint Machine
  15. Color Kitchen Units

List of Machine in Screen Print

  1. Light Expose
  2. Grunig
  3. Mixer Unit
  4. Flash Cure
  5. V-2002 EX
  6. Easy
  7. Manual
  8. Curing Oven
  9. Hit Press
  10. Traveling Carriage
  11. Stone

List of Machine in Embroidery Section

  1. Sun Star
  2. Wuhan Golden
  3. Wuhan Golden
  4. Yueming
  5. Hashima
  6. Dichi
  7. Laser Cutter

List of Machine of Knit Garments Section

As like woven Garments, there cutting, sewing and finishing section in knit garments. Please see below section wise machine list.

List of Machine in Knit Cutting Section

  1. Cloth Cutter
  2. Plotter
  3. Auto Cutter
  4. Auto Spreader
  5. Spreader
  6. Plotter
  7. Pattern Cutter

List of Machine in Knit Sewing Section

  1. Single Needle Lock Stitch machine
  2. Two Needle Vertical
  3. Two Needle Lock Stitch machine
  4. Three thread Over Lock Machine
  5. Four thread Over Lock Machine
  6. Six thread Over Lock Machine
  7. Flat Lock Cylinder Bed
  8. Flat Lock Small Head
  9. Flat Lock Fabric Trimmer
  10. Flat Lock Tape Binding
  11. Flat Lock Narrow Head
  12. Flat Lock Top Feeder
  13. Flat Bed Machine
  14. Latch Attaching
  15. Back Tape Attaching
  16. Single Needle –Two Thread Overlock machine
  17. Single Needle Chain stitch machine
  18. Button Attaching
  19. Cycle Sewing
  20. Picoting & Fagoting
  21. Buttonhole machine
  22. Single Needle Zigzag
  23. Bartack
  24. Snap Button
  25. Rib Cutter
  26. 4 Needle Flat Seamer
  27. VT Fit of the Arm (Flat-Lock)
  28. 2 Needle Fit of the Arm
  29. 3 Needle Fit of the Arms
  30. Shirring & Smoking Machine
  31. 11 Needle Plan Machine
  32. 18 Needle Pre-Close Elastic Machine
  33. Elastic Attaching Machine

List of Machine in Knit Garments Finishing Section

  1. Iron
  2. Vacuum board
  3. Thread sucking matching
  4. Needle defect machine
  5. Strapping machine

List of Machine in Garments Utility Section

  1. Generator
  2. Boiler
  3. Air Compressor
  4. Air Dryer
  5. Water Pump

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin

Calculate Garments Cost of Making

One of the highest manufacturing industry is garments manufacturing industry where different types of garments are manufactured. Calculate Garments cost of making time to time is the right decision because the main motive of garments manufacturer is to make a profit where they manufacture garments and then sell it. But the problem is, what should be the required price of that item and how to calculate garments cost of making. To solve this problem first, you have to know the cost of garments making then add your markup price to set the selling price. Here cost of making means cost of manufacturing garments. Monitoring garments making cost is necessary so that trends of the cost of making can be identified and you can actually know whether your garments making cost is increasing or decreasing. Based on your change in garments cost of making you may take decision accordingly.

Calculate Garments Cost of Making

How to Calculate Garments Cost of Making

Pre Requirement of Calculation of  Garments Cost of Making

Before you start your costing you need to know the followings:

  1. Total Cost (TC) = Fixed Cost (FC) + Variable Cost (VC)
  2. Production Capacity of Your Machine (Hourly)
  3. Total Effective Working Hours Per Day
  4. Number of Days Operation in a Month

Fixed Cost of Garments Making

Fixed Cost are those cost of garments manufacturing which are fixed in nature. With the increase of a number of unit of production, your per unit fixed cost will be reduced. Some example of fixed cost is; salaries and wages, interest expense of bank loan, a rental expense of your factory building, depreciation expense of your fixed assets etc.

Variable Cost of Garments Making

Variable cost is the cost which is change over an additional number of unit of production. But per unit variable cost is fixed. The variable expense of garments making is; Utility (Electricity cost, Water cost, steam cost, Air cost) Expenditures, transportation cost, repair, and maintenance expense etc. Here the most crucial variable cost is utility cost. We need to carefully handle utility section to minimize utility cost.

Hourly Total Production Capacity of  Garments Machinery

To identify hourly total production capacity, you need to identify the total number of machine and capacity of each machine. After that, you need to multiply the hourly capacity with machine number.

Daily Production Capacity of  Garments

For calculating daily production of your garments, you need to multiply your hourly effective production capacity into working hours each day.

Monthly Production Capacity of Garments

To calculate monthly production capacity you have to multiply your daily production capacity with the number of working days in a month.

Costing of Utility of Garments

  • Electricity: To get electricity cost you need to identify total kW consumption of your factory and then multiply total KW with Price of per Kw electricity. Remember the cost of electricity is much higher in case of fuel generator and local REB compared with Gus Generator.
  • Water: Water cost is the cost of collecting water and the filtering cost. Normally in textile and garments, De-Mineralized (DM) water is used.
  • Steam: First identify total consumption of steam per machine each hour and then multiply with the number of machines.
  • Compressed Air: In case of air you have to identify the compressed air cost for per cubic meter then multiplies with the total consumption.

The formula of Calculating Garments Cost of Making

Monthly Garments Cost of Making (GCM) = (Monthly Total Cost of Garments Operation)/Monthly Total Output Produced by the Factory.

  • Here Total Cost include both fixed and variable Cost of your garments factory for one month
  • Monthly total Production is the output produced by the factory.

Example: Suppose Your Factory Costing Related Information are;

  • Salary & Wages Expense Tk. 20,000,000
  • Monthly Interest on Bank Loan Tk. 100,000
  • Depreciation Expense is Tk. 50,000
  • Rental Expense of Building is Tk. 200,000
  • Transportation Cost is Tk. 150,000
  • Repair & Maintenance Expense is Tk. 50,000
  • Utility Expense is Tk 100,000, where Electricity Cost is Tk 500,000, Steam Tk. 200,000, Water Cost is Tk. 100,000, Chiller Cost Tk. 100,000, Compressed Air Cost is Tk. 100,000.
  • Total Number of Machine is 150
  • Hourly Production Capacity of Each Machine 30
  • The total Working hour is 8 hours per day
  • The number of working days in a month is 26 Days.

Total Cost = 20,000,000 + 100,000 + 50,000 + 200,000 + 150,000 + 50,000 +1,000,000 = 21,550,000

Total Production = 150 * 30 * 8 * 26 = 936,000

Cost of Garments Making Per Piece of Garments = (21,550,000/936,000) = Tk. 23.02 (Piece)

After reading this hopefully you understand how to calculate garments cost of making. If you have any confusion then please let me know, I will try to clarify further.

Note: All these costing information is arbitrarily taken, so these values are not actual costing value.