What is Denim

What is Denim?

Many people ask me what is denim fabric and what is the difference between denim and jeans. For your better understand I have written this article. Actually, denim is a special type of fabric made from 100% cotton fiber but sometimes denim is blended with spandex and polyester. Denim is manufactured by twill weave. Blended denim fabric has a very good stretchability, comfortable wear. The denim fabric was introduced by Levis Strauss.

Denim Production

Basically, denim is used for making jeans (pants, jacket). Blue indigo color is normally used for coloring denim. The popularity of denim product is increasing day by day. Because denim is fashionable and comfortable to wear. Teenagers prefer denim as a part of their commonly used garments.

Denim Manufacturing

Lots of research and development has been done on denim and now you are getting world class fashionable, stylish denim jeans, and jackets. It will give you a classic look. You may eagerly want to know how denim fabric is made and what are the steps involved. The difference between denim and jeans is, the fabric used for making jeans is known as denim.

What is Denim

You can also have a look at our another article on Features of Denim Fabric, Parts of Jeans Pant

Denim Manufacturing Process

The denim manufacturing process starts with using cotton and finally get denim fabric which actually passes the quality check. The process is as follows: Cotton, Blending, Spinning, Dyeing, Weaving, Coating & Shrinkage, and Quality Control.

Denim Manufacturing Process

Collection of Cotton

The route cotton comes from fields all over the world. The length of cotton fibers determines the toughness of the denim fabric. However, the length of the fibers is different from one bale to another.

Blending the Cotton

To ensure consistent quality the cotton is blended the layer scraped off each bale and drawn into the mixer. Here all impurities such as seeds and weeds are filtered out. The pure blended cotton fibers are then combined and poured into a thick rope called a sliver. Now cotton is clean and consistent but not very strong.

Spinning of Cotton

Six cotton slivers are stretched and combined creating one strong yet slimmer sliver. This sliver is then pulled and twisted into a strong thread. For stretch denim elastase which is a kind of rubber is twisted into the thread creating a thread with stretching ability. The threads are collected on large barrels to prepare it for dyeing.

Dyeing or Coloring of Thread

Most jeans are colored in the characteristic blue indigo color. Indigo is among the oldest dyes used for textile dyeing and originates from the Indigo Ferrer plant. The threads are dipped in large tubs with indigo color and pulled up in the air on large drums when indigo reacts with the oxygen it turns blue the threads are dipped repeatedly until the cotton threads have an intense dark blue color. The color creates a coating around the thread. The thread is still white inside giving denim its characteristic faded white look when worn.

Denim Thread

Weaving of Denim

In this stage, colored threads are weave to make denim. If you look closely at your own pair of jeans you can see the twill pattern of blue and white threads the blue threads called the warp is pulled up and down on the loom and a white thread called the weft is shot back and forth from the entire length of the loom creating the denim pattern.

The most common weave is a three by one meaning that three warp threads are visible for every weft thread that is why the weft is more visible on the back side of the fabric.

Denim Weaving

Another type of weaving is Salvage used in RDD collection, salvaged denim is made the original way on old shuttle looms dating back to the 1950s. The production speed is much slower than modern looms reducing the tension on the yarn creating a softer feel and more durable fabric. These old looms require more skilled workers and are only produced in Japan and Italy because of their long tradition and jeans manufacturing.

Coating and Shrinkage of Denim

To prevent the fabric from twisting after it’s sewn into jeans its softened and stretched. The denim is also heated and shrunk to make sure the jeans stay the same size after it’s sold.

Denim Coating and Shrinkage

Quality Control of Denim

Before the denim leaves the fabric mill it undergoes a strict quality control here any defects or variations of color and the fabric is detected at consistent quality denim is necessary to jack and jones quality in jeans.

Quality Control of Denim

Hopefully, after reading this you understand what is denim and how denim is made. If you have any confusion then please let me know.

Written by

Md. Nahian Mahmud Shaikat

Different Parts of Jeans Pant

This article will help you to learn about jeans pant and answer the question of what are the different parts of jeans pant.

Parts of Jeans Pant

Pant is one of the common forms of garments which ware by both male and female to cover waist to lower part of our body. Although jeans are one type of casual dress it is becoming more popular because of comfortability, affordability, durability, availability, and style. The consumption of jeans is increasing around the world. As the demand for jeans increasing in the Asian subcontinent, many industries already established in this region. Jeans pants are made from denim, a special type of fabric. World consumption of denim is for Jeans pant is much compared with other forms of dresses. So if you want to get into the market or you want to involve in jeans pant business then you must know the different parts of jeans pant. If you have detail knowledge of parts of pant, then it will be helpful for you to make stylish and comfortable jeans pant for man.

Different Parts of Jeans Pant

There are fifteen different parts of jeans pant you can identify from the following anatomy analysis of jeans pant

Different Parts of Jeans Pant

  1. Waist Band
  2. Belt Loop
  3. Button
  4. Fly
  5. Watch Pocket
  6. Front Pocket
  7. Back Pocket
  8. Jeans Rivets
  9. Crotch Point
  10. Back Yoke
  11. Bottom Hem
  12. Back Rise
  13. Side Seam
  14. Inseam
  15. Zipper

parts of jeans pant 

Waistband

The waistband is made from denim fabric which surrounds our waist when we wear jeans pant or any other pants. On this waistband, we basically wear a belt to fit properly. A jeans pant contains only 1 waistband on it.

Belt Loop

Belt loops are added with jeans pant so that belt can fix on it and hold the pant where we supposed to hold. There are five to seven loops are there in a jeans pants. But most of the designer prefer five loops onto the waistband.

Button

The button is used to close the top of the fly of jeans pant.

Fly of Jeans Pant

The fly is the opening part of the middle of the pant which is used to hide the zipper or button attached in there.

Watch Pocket

Watch pocket is the small pocket which places in the upper part of the front right pocket of jeans pants. Watch pocket is also known as a key holder which make the jeans pant more attractive. There is only 1 watch pocket for Jeans pant.

Pocket

In clothing, a pocket is mainly used for holding small materials but it also increases the attractiveness of cloth. A pocket is one of the main part of jeans pant where there is four pocket. Two-pocket are in front side and other two are on the back side of the jeans pant.

Jeans Rivets

In a jeans pant, you may find rivets which are made of metal. Rivets actually used in the joining point of pockets of each side which not only holds the denim fabric together but also increase the attractiveness of that jeans pant.

Crotch Point

Crotch point is the joining point of two parts below the fly of jeans pant.

Back Yoke

In a jeans pant, you may find yoke which is located in the back side of the pant, attached with the waistband. Back yoke ensures the close fitting of jeans pant to our body.

Bottom Hem

Bottom hem is in the bottom of jeans pant which is folded and attached by sewing.

Back Rise

Back rise is the middle back joining point of jeans pant.

Seam

Side seam and Inseam basically the part of jeans pant where two parts joint together by sewing.

Zipper

A zipper is used to close the front opening part of the jeans pant where both chain and button system can be used in jeans pant. Two buttons can be used instead of using a chain system zipper.

Parts of Jeans Pant

There is not much difference between parts of jeans pant and parts of normal pant or trouser. You may find many similarities among parts of pants and jeans pant/trouser. Here we list out 13 different parts of a basic pant. The main difference between jeans and normal pant is the fabric used for making. For jeans denim fabric is used and for pant normal fabric is used which is not categorized under the denim.

Parts of Pant

  1. Waist Band
  2. Belt Loop
  3. Button
  4. Fly
  5. Front/Side Pocket
  6. Back Pocket
  7. Crotch Point
  8. Back Yoke
  9. Bottom Hem
  10. Back Rise
  11. Side Seam
  12. Inseam
  13. Zipper

Pants Parts List

Parts of Pant

Written by

Md. Nahian Mahmud Shaikat

Present Situation of Denim Business in Bangladesh

Before discussing the Present Situation of Denim Business in Bangladesh let have some idea of global market trends of denim.

Global Market Trend of Denim

Since the commencement, worldwide market of denim remains evergreen. Centuries ago, denim had a limited usage but with the versatility of its utility now the demand for denim is always sky high in the global market. Irrespective of any market condition, denim gets ready for acceptance to the consumers.

present situation of denim business in bangladesh

The Present Situation of Denim Business in Bangladesh

In 2013, three countries clearly stood out from the mass of jeans suppliers to the European Union: Turkey, Bangladesh, and China. Together they supply two thirds (62%) of jeans imports in terms of value and 69% in terms of pairs of jeans. These three suppliers are followed by Pakistan and Tunisia, then trailed by Morocco and Cambodia fairly far behind.

top denim consumers

Top Denim Consumers

One of the significant differences in 2013 is that China ceded its place as a prime supplier to the European Union, which is still occupied in 2012; it was overtaken not just by Turkey but also by Bangladesh. China, however, remains top-ranked in terms of numbers of pairs, with 142 million pairs of jeans exported to the European Union in 2013 Many other countries, Asian ones, in particular, export jeans to the European Union. Some, like India, is on the wane while other suppliers like Cambodia or Vietnam are advancing rapidly.

top denim consumers

Top Denim Consumers

The Export Market of Denim

Bangladesh is the second largest exporter of denim after China; denim has been playing a significant role in our economic development over the last few years. Usually, denim is used for making stylish clothes for all the seasons. Most of the people of our country are familiar with denim. Usually, Bangladesh exports it to the European countries, including England, Russia, Norway, Italy, Poland, Germany, Romania, and many countries of Latin America, including Brazil, Argentina etc. Apart from USA and EU, the BD denim apparels are also shipped to African countries and Australia.

 In 2013, Bangladesh exported about 74 million pieces of denim apparel to the US market and around 140 million to Europe. The country was also the largest exporter of men’s jeans to Europe in 2013 with 89 million pieces compared to 65 million from China.

Conclusion

The global market for denim is projected to reach a mammoth sixty-five billion dollars by 2015. Though the United States were the major denim producer throughout the years but now with the emergence of the Asia Pacific countries like China, India, Pakistan and Bangladesh you can say denim is not anymore an American product. So, to meet the demand of both the requirements of our country as well as abroad country we should come forward to produce quality denim products.

Written By

Engineer Sheikh Nurja

B.Sc Engineer in Textile

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Denim Market Overview in Bangladesh

Denim Market Overview in Bangladesh

Nowadays denim product is a very important product of garments sector all over the world. Beside Bangladeshi, foreigner investors are also increasing investment in the denim production related sector. And for increasing business environment of denim in Bangladesh different types of the exhibition are organizing in Bangladesh.

From last 15th October 2014, there are going on an exhibition of denim for two days in hotel Radisson.

Denim pant

Denim Pant

Till now Bangladesh is not in a good position of producing denim fabric. Maximum time we are importing denim fabric from China, India, and Pakistan.

Recently in a survey, we have come to know that in EU country we are in the second position in exporting of Jeans and in the United States of America we are in the third position.

In denim product which is included to be exported are shirt, Pants, Jacket, Blazer etc.

Denim Market Overview in Bangladesh

A Beautiful Denim Jacket

In Bangladesh, there are about twenty-five institutes which are producing denim fabric. But this is not enough as the requirement of denim fabric. We are in the back position of producing denim fabric rather than other countries. Beside ready-made garment of denim, if we want to increase our profit from denim section than we should try to increase denim fabric production. Because among all backward linkage (backward linkage means these which are related to making ready-made garments) fabric plays the vital role.

As denim product is a very potent part of garment sector so we should be more careful about its production. But for increasing denim related investment in the textile sector, there also should have proper gas and power supply system. And in that purpose Government should come forward.

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