Supply Chain Management in Apparel Industry

Supply Chain Management in Apparel Industry

Now supply chain management working as a key success factor for the apparel industry. That’s why the core focus of top management is to develop an effective supply chain management system. Supply Chain Management is the process of managing resources, the movement of resources from one party to another, one place to another place, one department to another department, and one section to another section. Here, movement of resources should be in a way so that the availability of the right resources in the right place, at the right time, with adequate quantity, where the process cost is least. Here in this article, you will have a broad idea of supply chain management in apparel industry and what are the things you need to be careful when you work with Supply Chain Management for Textile and Garments.

Supply Chain Management in Apparel Industry

The important thing is supplying the required resources at a minimum cost. Manage the flow of goods and services through the supply chain network and it is mainly related to logistic. For this reason, logistic planning is one of the key focus. In a supply chain management, the management of resources in every stage of manufacturing.

Why Supply Chain Management in the Apparel Industry

The apparel industry is a vast industry producing millions of garments every day. One of the toughest challenges faced by this industry is increasing the cost of garments making and the price of both local and imported raw materials also increasing.

Manufacturers make garments both for local and export market but industrial scale production is for export. You know the export market is highly competitive because China, Bangladesh, Vietnam, India all are fighting for offering a better price to the garments buyers to hold the export share high. You can compete in the market but first of all, you need to minimize your direct and indirect cost associated with your garments production. And the right solution is to use of supply chain management by which optimal sourcing is possible where cost is minimum. And this is the reason why supply chain management is important for the apparel industry.

Another thing is, we know about supply chain management but many of us are not sure of how to apply and how to plan for proper supply chain management. Apparel manager should carefully develop their supply chain and they will be successful only if they have a proper planning for supply chain management. Future is very much competitive for garments business. Those who manage Supply Chain (SC) properly will get a competitive advantage over its competitors.  It is the right time to hire some Supply Chain Management (SCM) professionals and develop supply chain management for your garment’s factory.

Supply Chain Management is Applicable to

  • Manpower
  • Machine
  • Materials
  • Money

Basic Components of Supply Chain Management In Apparel Industry

Supply Chain Management is Everywhere

You can find the scope of supply chain management in every single place within your garment’s factory. In your factory, you may require to supply, receive of materials from one department to another, one section to another section and one location to another location. So, there must be a proper planning for designing and setup of an effective supply chain management in apparel industry.

Importance of Supply Chain Management in Apparel Industry

  1. Create flexibility in operation
  2. The positive effect of mobility of resources
  3. Minimization of Total Cost of owing (TCO)
  4. Properly utilization of available resources
  5. Ensure logistics management in terms of both raw materials sourcing and delivery of final product.

Things you need to know about supply chain management

  • In every function/process/operation you can apply supply chain management
  • Supply chain management ensures the right time delivery of product/resources/services to the right place for a minimum cost.
  • SCM will provide you a better logistic solution
  • Everything is interconnected in an organization, all you need to do is to identify the elements and process, analyze them and plan for a better connection.
  • Always a logical innovation in supply chain management will give you a reward for an efficient business operation which will ultimately lead you to success.

    Supply Chain Management in Apparel Industry pdf

    Written by

    Md. Nahian Mahmud Shaikat

Shade Band Submission and Approval Procedure in Garments Factory

Shade Band Submission and Approval Procedure in Garments Factory

Before discussing Shade Band Submission and Approval Procedure in Garments Factory first let have some idea of what is shade band and why we need shade band so that you can understand the importance of shade band submission.

What is Shade Band?

Shade band is a color standard range for color evaluation process of finished garments to get garments within buyer standard color range.

Why need Shade Band?

To ensure consistent shade, swatches from every roll & lot must be collected and placed on the “Color Continuity Card” for color assessment. Garments maker need to complete the bulk fabric shade band submission. No bulk production can begin until the merchandiser has signed off the Color Continuity.

Shade Band Submission and Approval Procedure in Garments Factory

Shade Band Submission Procedure in Buying House

  1. Submit the Color Continuity Cards to QC/Wash or fabrics QC or merchandisers.
  2. Buying house is responsible for the sign off of Color Continuity Cards.
  3. Collect swatches: Samples must be taken from every bulk lot of main and trim fabric. During the fabric inspection, the factory should cut the color samples from each roll or each dye lot displaying the range of color variation. Swatches must be taken from the front and end of the roll. Write the corresponding lot/roll number for identification.
  4. Garment wash: The swatches may be sent to a washing factory to check the color changes under one wash batch, which is subjected to the washing/ after treatment.
  5. Sorting the swatches into color batches – Put the swatches under the lightbox using TL84 and D60 to assess for any color variation. The swatches are compared to the fabric approval card and trim approval card. Group the swatches to different shade lots such as A, B, C, D, E… Mark the lot number on each swatch.
  6. Prepare the Color Continuity card: A 15 cm by 15 cm cutting from the swatches of each lot should be mounted on the Color Continuity Cards and fill in the appropriate column with an appropriate “lot number”. The total yardage of each dye lot is then recorded.
  7. Approval of Color Continuity card: The Color Continuity Card is prepared in a 3 duplicate set. Buying house responsible QC or merchandiser review these shade bands. Once the shade band has been agreed, a respective person should sign off one of the duplicate copies and return to factory for a record. Such copy should be kept in the factory laboratory for reference and the warehouse computer program is updated for roll shade identification. One of the duplicates may be sent to customers for approval or for reference. One of the duplicates will be kept in QC file. QC will use this as a standard for inspections.
  8. Agree with shade band: To control the color variation, an acceptable shade band should be agreed between buying house, buyer and garments maker prior to the cutting process. The color of bulk production must fall within the agreed shade band. In case the shade band is out of standard, advise the factories to contact their dying mills for improvement. Should there be extreme cases of shade variations, this will then be raised to QC manager and Merchandise Manager for decision making or eventually to customers.
  9. Generally, 4 sets of Shade Band approve by buying house, 1 keeping in buying house, 1 for wash factory and two for garments maker
  10. Shade/color evaluation of garments with buying house approved shade band should be under lightbox, at least 1000 lx light should be of buyer required light.

If you have any question of Shade Band Submission and Approval Procedure in Garments Factory please let me know. I will try to give you more details.

Shade Band Submission and approval procedure in Garments factory pdf

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Potentiality of Digital Marketing in Apparel Industry

Potentiality of Digital Marketing in Apparel Industry

Before starting with the main topics have a look what is marketing and digital marketing. Marketing is the process of identifying customer needs and satisfy the customer by providing a product or solution for that particular need. Digital marketing is the new dimension of marketing which added an extra edge to reach to the customer where digital communicating device and media are used. Digital communication is mainly depending on the internet and electronic devices. The apparel industry is now a very much competitive industry, especially if you want to do a retail business of apparel. Apparel manufacturers mainly target large buyer who will buy bulk quantity. It is easy to get a customer for old manufacturers those doing business for a longer period of time. But for newcomers, it is too tough to make an entry into this competitive business. For them, digital marketing can be the cost-effective solution. Through social media or any other Internet-based service, you can promote your products and reach to the target audience. Internet marketing is the cheapest source of digital marketing. I personally see there is a huge Potentiality of Digital Marketing in Apparel Industry in the upcoming periods.

Potentiality of Digital Marketing in Apparel Industry

You may find that the suppliers of textile and garments raw materials and accessories are using digital marketing tools to reach to you. Why not you try digital marketing for reaching your target industrial buyers.

Nowadays digital marketing, especially using the social network you can bring the best cost-effective marketing solution. Many popular brands around the world already switch to digital marketing from the traditional one for retail business. If you produce a small number of garments which is specialized or customized product and your target market is the retail store or retail market, then digital marketing is right now the best solution. This is the time we need to think of it and how we can apply and get the benefit because future challenges of the apparel industry are to be the diversification of products.

The process of Using Digital Marketing in the Apparel Industry

=> Online Promotion => Reach to the target audience => Create Interest => Communicate => Induce to Purchase => Convert into Sales => Generate Revenue => Make Profit

Benefits of Internet Marketing for Apparel Retail Business

  • The easiest way to reach the target customer through google ads, social media ads, and promotion, android apps based ads.
  • Online marketing is the most popular form of marketing because you can promote your business for exact target customer using customized promotion. Here through customization, you can be reached to your demographic customer (target age, sex, location, interest, levels of income).
  • Apparel Retailers using digital marketing platform for their flexibility and lower operational cost.
  • Social media ads are the cheapest form of promotional media.
  • Boost your sales and get instant customer feedback.
  • Easy to maintain a record and monitor the buying behavior of the target customer group.

Different Dimension of Digital Marketing for Apparel Industry

  • Social media advertisement (facebook ads)
  • Search engine advertisement (google search ads)
  • Popular Website advertisement
  • Phone apps based advertisement
  • Email Marketing

Finally, if you are smart enough then you must try digital marketing for promoting and selling your apparel items both for wholesale or retail. Both for bulk selling or customized product selling. By this, you can reach your target audience faster at a lower cost, which will boost your profit and customer basket. There is a correlation between applying digital marketing and getting a more fruitful customer. As Potentiality of Digital Marketing in Apparel Industry is huge, so we must think of it.

Written by

Md. Nahian Mahmud Shaikat

Operation Breakdown and SMV of Cargo Short Pant without Bone Pocket

Operation Breakdown and SMV of Cargo Short Pant without Bone Pocket

Cargo short pant without bone pocket, use patch pocket instead of Bone Pocket and cargo pocket placed in side-seam position. This article has size-wise SMV, SMV increase as waist size increase, less SMV than bone cargo short pant. Hopefully, after reading you will have details ideas of sizewise Operation Breakdown and SMV of Cargo Short Pant without Bone Pocket.

Operation Breakdown and SMV of Cargo Short Pant without Bone Pocket

Operation Breakdown and SMV of Cargo Short Pant without Bone Pocket
SL Operation Description Aux Time Size wise SMV
Size_29 Size_30 Size_32 Size_33 Size_34 Size_36 Size_38 Size_40 Size_42 Size_44 Size_46 Size_48
1 Small part input Pkt 1.5 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.17
2 Atach2 vlcro to c PKT Flp 1.338 0.39 0.39 0.39 0.39 0.39 0.39 0.39 0.39 0.39 0.39 0.39 0.39
3 Crease Cargo Pkt Flap 1 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.82 0.82 0.82 0.82 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85
4 Crease hip pkt 1 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.76 0.76 0.76 0.76 0.76 0.76 0.76 0.76
5 Form & Top sts  Cargo Flp 0.8958 0.759 0.759 0.759 0.759 0.772 0.772 0.772 0.793 0.793 0.793 0.793 0.793
6 Deco Cargo Flap 1.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
7 Set cell pkt to R C flp 1.15 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
8 Set lbl to C.flap 1.2 0.2376 0.2376 0.2376 0.2376 0.2376 0.2376 0.2376 0.2376 0.2376 0.2376 0.2376 0.2376
9 Serge Left Fly 1 0.088 0.088 0.088 0.088 0.088 0.088 0.088 0.088 0.088 0.088 0.088 0.088
10 Attach Zipper to Left Fly 1 0.246 0.246 0.246 0.246 0.246 0.246 0.246 0.26 0.26 0.27 0.27 0.28
11 1N Hem Rt Fly 1 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.17
12 Fold & atach r/fly with l/fly 0.993 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.26 0.26 0.26 0.26 0.27 0.27
13 Set Facing to Wht Pkt 2.072 0.276 0.276 0.276 0.276 0.276 0.276 0.276 0.276 0.276 0.276 0.276 0.276
14 Close Wht Pkt 1.334 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28
15 Tack Wht Pkt 1.334 0.218 0.218 0.218 0.218 0.218 0.218 0.218 0.218 0.218 0.218 0.218 0.218
16 1N Hem cargo pkt 1.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
17 Set mbl pkt to R cargo pkt 1.5 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.72 0.72 0.72 0.72 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.77
18 Top sts Cargo Pkt Bellow 0.896 0.507 0.507 0.507 0.507 0.507 0.513 0.513 0.513 0.519 0.519 0.519 0.519
19 Atach velco to Cargo Pkt 0.8958 0.42 0.42 0.42 0.42 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.46 0.46 0.46
20 2N Hem R mbl pkt 1.1 0.223 0.223 0.223 0.223 0.223 0.223 0.223 0.223 0.223 0.223 0.223 0.223
21 Stay Cargo Pkt eight Pleat 0.8958 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.35 0.35 0.35 0.35
22 Tack chess pkt & Crgo pkt pleat 0.8958 0.2495 0.2495 0.2495 0.2495 0.2495 0.2495 0.2495 0.2495 0.2495 0.2495 0.2495 0.2495
23 Input Fly and Zipper 1.5 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03
24 Hem Hip Pkt 0.8958 0.41 0.41 0.41 0.41 0.41 0.41 0.43 0.43 0.43 0.43 0.43 0.43
25 Input Fnt,Bk part & Wht pkt 1 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13
26 Set Front Pkt 1.9 0.54 0.54 0.54 0.54 0.56 0.56 0.56 0.56 0.59 0.59 0.59 0.59
27 Blank
28 Set Lf Fly 1.37 0.233 0.233 0.233 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25
29 J-Stitch Fly 1.5 0.249 0.249 0.26 0.26 0.26 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.3 0.3
30 Set Rt Fly and Join Crotch 2.1 0.55 0.55 0.57 0.57 0.57 0.57 0.57 0.57 0.57 0.58 0.58 0.58
31 1N Tack Front Pkt 0.896 0.543 0.543 0.543 0.543 0.543 0.565 0.565 0.565 0.565 0.565 0.565 0.565
32 Tack fly & label 1.595 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24
33 2N Set Hip Pkt 0.9167 1.273 1.273 1.273 1.273 1.273 1.273 1.273 1.273 1.273 1.273 1.273 1.273
34 Attach Riser 1.879 0.42 0.42 0.42 0.42 0.42 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.46 0.46 0.46 0.46
35 Fullfell Seatseam 1.458 0.36 0.36 0.36 0.36 0.365 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.38 0.38 0.4 0.4
36 Tack Hip Pkt 1 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24
37 Mark Back pkt position 0.8 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
38 Safety Stitch Outseam 1.8 0.62 0.62 0.62 0.62 0.62 0.62 0.62 0.62 0.64 0.64 0.64 0.64
39 TopStitch Outseam 1.312 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.52 0.52 0.52 0.52 0.54 0.54 0.54 0.54
40 Input Cargo pkt,Flap,Wst Bnd 1 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12
41 Set Mobile pkt 1.2 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.8 0.8 0.8
42 Set Cargo Pkt Flap 1 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98 1 1
43 2N Set Cargo pkt 1.5 1.65 1.65 1.65 1.65 1.68 1.68 1.68 1.68 1.71 1.71 1.71 1.71
44 1N Set Cargo pkt 1.2 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.8 0.8
45 Tack Cargo, Mbl Pkt & Flap 1 0.58 0.58 0.58 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.62 0.62 0.62 0.62 0.62
46 Safety Stitch Inseam 1.247 0.44 0.44 0.46 0.46 0.46 0.48 0.48 0.48 0.48 0.5 0.5 0.5
47 Attach Band 2.787 0.38 0.38 0.38 0.38 0.385 0.385 0.385 0.395 0.395 0.395 0.395 0.395
48 Cut thread WB 0.8 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18
49 Unstitch Band 1 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.37
50 Finish Band End 1.471 0.72 0.72 0.72 0.72 0.72 0.725 0.725 0.725 0.725 0.729 0.729 0.729
51 1N Hem Bottom 1.58 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.81 0.81 0.81 0.81 0.83 0.83 0.83
52 Make Loop 1.78 0.135 0.135 0.135 0.135 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.185 0.185
53 Tack loop 2.795 0.499 0.499 0.499 0.499 0.5589 0.5589 0.5589 0.5589 0.5589 0.7 0.7 0.7
54 Tack Front Pkt & crotch 1 0.38 0.38 0.38 0.38 0.38 0.38 0.388 0.388 0.388 0.388 0.388 0.388
55 Sew Eyelet Hole 1.165 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12
56 Body Turning 0.8 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.16
Total   23.726 23.726 23.777 23.814 24.062 24.22 24.338 24.403 24.639 24.884 24.999 25.029

Operation Breakdown and SMV of Cargo Short Pant without Bone Pocket Excel

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)

Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Operation Breakdown and SMV of Cargo Short Pant with Bone Pocket

Operation Breakdown and SMV of Cargo Short Pant with Bone Pocket

Bone pocket making is the most critical operation for a pant, normally it makes manually by lockstitch machine but nowadays an automatic machine is used. This operation breakdown for their factory who APW machine in their facilities. Two bone pocket set in the backside of pant and cargo pocket in side-seam position. A good practice is to follow size wise SMV for garments because the size-wise operation can be bigger or smaller. Here in this article, I will share different sizewise Operation Breakdown and SMV of Cargo Short Pant with Bone Pocket.

Operation Breakdown and SMV of Cargo Short Pant with Bone Pocket

Operation Breakdown and SMV of Cargo Short Pant with Bone Pocket
Serial Operation Description Aux Size wise SMV
Size_30 Size_32 Size_33 Size_34 Size_36 Size_38 Size_40 Size_42 Size_44 Size_46 Size_48
1 Small part input Pkt 0.8 0.152 0.152 0.152 0.152 0.152 0.152 0.152 0.152 0.152 0.152 0.152
2 Atach2 vlcro to c PKT Flp 1 0.42 0.42 0.42 0.4375 0.4375 0.4375 0.46 0.46 0.46 0.46 0.46
3 Crease Cargo Pkt Flap 1 0.92 0.92 0.92 0.92 0.92 0.92 0.94 0.94 0.94 0.94 0.94
4 Form & Top sts  Cargo Flp 1.2 0.92 0.92 0.92 0.92 0.93 0.93 0.93 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.95
5 Set lbl to C.flap 1 0.22 0.22 0.22 0.22 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.26 0.26 0.26 0.26
6 Hem chess pkt 1 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23
7 Input Fly and Zipper 0.8 0.1025 0.1025 0.1025 0.1025 0.1025 0.1025 0.1025 0.1025 0.1025 0.1025 0.1025
8 Serge Left Fly 1.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15
9 Attach Zipper to Left Fly 1.2 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.26 0.26 0.26 0.26
10 1N Hem Rt Fly 1 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14
11 Fold & atach r/fly with l/fly 1 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.32 0.32 0.33
12 Set bone facing to bk w pkt 1.4 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28
13 Set Facing to Wht Pkt 1.5 0.65 0.65 0.65 0.65 0.65 0.65 0.65 0.65 0.65 0.65 0.65
14 Close Wht Pkt 1.4 0.27 0.27 0.27 0.27 0.27 0.27 0.275 0.275 0.275 0.275 0.275
15 Tack Wht Pkt 1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
16 Run & Ts 1/4 cargo pkt 0.9 1.27 1.27 1.27 1.27 1.28 1.28 1.28 1.29 1.29 1.29 1.29
17 1N Hem cargo pkt 0.8 0.55 0.55 0.55 0.55 0.55 0.55 0.56 0.56 0.56 0.56 0.56
18 Atach velco to Cargo Pkt 0.8 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.44
19 Crease cargo pkt 1 0.586 0.586 0.586 0.586 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.62 0.62 0.62 0.62
20 1N Set front pkt 1.8 0.58 0.58 0.58 0.58 0.58 0.6 0.6 0.62 0.62 0.62 0.62
21 Set Front Pkt 1 0.68 0.68 0.68 0.68 0.68 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.72 0.72 0.72
22 Set Lf Fly 1 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.3
23 J-Stitch Fly 0.89 0.32 0.32 0.32 0.32 0.34 0.34 0.34 0.37 0.37 0.38 0.38
24 Set Rt Fly and Join Crotch 1.3 0.54 0.54 0.54 0.56 0.56 0.57 0.57 0.585 0.585 0.6 0.6
25 1N Tack Front Pkt 1 0.66 0.66 0.66 0.66 0.68 0.68 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.72 0.72
26 Tack fly & label 0.85 0.254 0.254 0.254 0.254 0.254 0.254 0.254 0.254 0.254 0.254 0.254
27 1N Tack care label 1 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.35 0.35 0.35
28 2N TS  front plate 1.4 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.518 0.518 0.518 0.52 0.52 0.52 0.52
29 Cut thread FP 0.75 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
30 Input Fnt,Bk part & Wht pkt 1 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15
31 Pleat to back panel 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.62 0.62 0.62 0.63 0.63
32 1N middle TS side pkt 0.8 0.64 0.64 0.64 0.66 0.66 0.66 0.68 0.68 0.68 0.7 0.7
33 2N bone pocket make 1 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.63 0.63 0.63 0.63 0.63
34 Fullfell Seatseam 1.4 0.36 0.36 0.36 0.36 0.38 0.38 0.38 0.4 0.4 0.42 0.42
35 Set upr bon facing bk pkt 0.8 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
36 Close bk wht pkt 1.4 0.57 0.57 0.57 0.57 0.59 0.59 0.59 0.61 0.61 0.61 0.63
37 Lower bone top sts 1 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.82 0.82 0.82 0.84 0.84 0.85 0.85 0.87
38 Upper bone top sts 1 0.68 0.68 0.68 0.68 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.74 0.74 0.76 0.76
39 2N TS back panel 1 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.62 0.62 0.62 0.62 0.64 0.64 0.64
40 Tack bk wht pkt 1 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.32 0.32 0.32 0.32
41 Tack Hip Pkt 1 0.26 0.26 0.26 0.26 0.26 0.26 0.26 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28
42 Insert care label 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
43 Safety Stitch Outseam 1 0.68 0.68 0.68 0.68 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.72 0.72 0.74 0.74
44 TopStitch Outseam 1.2 0.54 0.54 0.54 0.54 0.56 0.56 0.56 0.58 0.58 0.6 0.6
45 Input Cargo pkt,Flap,Wst Bnd 0.8 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.22 0.22 0.22 0.22 0.24 0.24
46 2N top sts cell pkt 1 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.32 0.32 0.32 0.34 0.34 0.34
47 tack cell welt pkt 1 0.55 0.55 0.55 0.55 0.57 0.57 0.57 0.59 0.59 0.6 0.6
48 Mark Cargo Pkt 0.8 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
49 Set Crgo Pkt Flp & mbl pkt 1.9 1 1 1 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.06 1.06
50 1N set cell pocket 1.3 0.6995 0.6995 0.6995 0.6995 0.715 0.715 0.715 0.735 0.735 0.75 0.75
51 2N Set Cargo pkt 1.8 1.72 1.72 1.72 1.75 1.75 1.75 1.75 1.8 1.8 1.85 1.85
52 Tack Cargo,Mbl Pkt & Flap 1.1 0.62 0.62 0.62 0.62 0.64 0.64 0.64 0.64 0.64 0.64 0.64
53  waist bnd join to body 1.02 0.88 0.88 0.88 0.88 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.92 0.92 0.94 0.94
54 Stay sts waist band 1 0.66 0.66 0.66 0.66 0.68 0.68 0.68 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.72
55 1/4 Round stay sts waistband 1 0.77 0.77 0.77 0.77 0.77 0.79 0.79 0.79 0.81 0.81 0.81
56 Cut thread WB 0.8 0.245 0.245 0.245 0.245 0.245 0.245 0.245 0.245 0.245 0.245 0.245
57 TS waistband 1 0.69 0.69 0.69 0.72 0.72 0.72 0.72 0.74 0.74 0.77 0.77
58 Finish Band End 1 0.62 0.62 0.62 0.62 0.62 0.64 0.64 0.64 0.64 0.64 0.64
59 Safety Stitch Inseam 1.4 0.48 0.48 0.48 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.52 0.52 0.52 0.55 0.55
60 Body Turning 0.8 0.175 0.175 0.175 0.175 0.175 0.175 0.175 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
61 2 N Hem Bottom 1 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.82 0.82 0.84 0.84
62 Make Loop 0.85 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.15 0.15 0.15
63 Waist tack band end 0.89 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.27 0.27 0.27 0.29 0.29 0.31 0.31
64 Tack loop 1.8 0.57 0.57 0.57 0.64 0.64 0.64 0.64 0.64 0.75 0.75 0.75
65 Tack Front Pkt & crotch 1 0.38 0.38 0.38 0.38 0.38 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
66 Sew Eyelet Hole 1 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14
Total SMV 31.624 31.624 31.624 31.9215 32.329 32.479 32.7265 33.3285 33.5885 33.9785 34.0685

Operation Breakdown and SMV of Cargo Short Pant with Bone Pocket excel

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Inventory Management in Apparel Industry

Inventory Management in Apparel Industry

Management of inventory is not an easy task; you need to be careful when you work with inventory management. Textile and garments industry is huge in terms of volume of production as the demand for clothes is increasing day by day. In an apparel industry, you may have to keep inventory in different forms. It can be of raw materials or finished goods. Because of the extra burden of improper inventory planning every year apparel industry incurring a huge cost which ultimately decreasing the profitability of that company. Sometimes they lost their price competitiveness because of poor inventory management. I was talking with a manager of renowned garments, he told me that because of improper inventory management system we had too much wastage or damaged inventory. Which ultimately decreases our profit margin. Now we are concern about it and trying to develop a good inventory management system. Here in this article, I will try to give you a general guideline of how you can ensure a good inventory management in apparel industry.

Inventory Management in Apparel Industry

List of Inventories in Textile and Garments Industry

  1. Raw Materials (Yarn, Dyes Chemicals, Packing Materials, Trims and Accessories etc.)
  2. Semi Processed Materials (Gray Fabric)
  3. Finished Goods (Garments Products)

 General Guidelines of Inventory Management in Apparel Industry

  1. First of all, you can calculate economic order quantity (EOQ), but here the problem is to determine the annual demand. It is too tough but if you were doing business for many years and you have all your previous year demand records then you can decide what will be the future demand. All you have to do is to increase the value of demand with the annual growth of your business. Here economic order quantity indicates a specific order quantity where the total cost of ordering and storing is minimum.

EOQ in Apparel Industry

Example: Suppose last few years your annual demand of a particular material was 200 MT. And with the increase in your production, this demand is increasing by 20%. So for next year, you can assume that your annual demand will be 200 + (200 x 20%) = 240 MT.

  1. Calculate reorder point: Place order when inventory stock reaches to a particular level.
  2. Calculate lead time and make a decision: Calculate how much time is required to place an order and receiving those goods to the factory.
  3. The requirement of safety stock of investors: Identify is there any requirement of keeping safety stock or not. If safety stock is required then how much should we keep is to be determined.
  4. Whether there are any materials you can deliver real-time basis or not. If it is possible for some raw materials then please make a list of it.
  5. A proper record should be kept both manual (bin card, registry book), and computer-based database.
  6. Every issues and receive must be recorded properly
  7. Ensure a good warehouse condition for inventories so that no bug can spoil your valuable materials.
  8. Proper inventory valuation method needs to be used and keep records of all valuation data
  9. Inventories of different level should be kept in separate room or areas so it is not mixed-up
  10. One most important thing is, overproduction will create an extra burden of selling and unsold items will occupy our store. Management of this inventory will be extra work. So proper planning is required to ensure the production of the right quantity, not over not under.

If you want to learn details calculations of different inventory management tools then please let me know. I will try to provide you detail clarification with examples.

Inventory Management in Apparel Industry.pdf

Written by

Md. Nahian Mahmud Shaikat

Buyer Job Description: Responsibilities of Buyer

Buyer Job Description

Before discussing buyer job description lets have an idea of who is a buyer. A buyer is a person or a company who is responsible for buying required product or services for their own use or for reselling. In other words, a buyer is an entity which actually sources and buys a solution for a particular problem. Here in this article, I will discuss the roles and responsibilities of buyers and what qualities will be required to become a good buyer.

Buyer Job Description

Responsibilities of a Buyer

In a buyer job description, you may find several responsibilities are mentioned. If you want to become a professional buyer for a company, then you must perform the following responsibilities:

  1. Sourcing/ buying the right products as per the requirement of the company.
  2. Continuously monitoring market demand and supply for your required products.
  3. Negotiate with supplier/ manufacturer to get the product with the best price.
  4. Make procurement contract with the supplier as per future demand, the contract can be long term or short term which is based on product type.
  5. Communicate with sales/ Production manager about their requirements.
  6. Submit a report to the top management of an organization where you are working as a buyer.
  7. Work for developing a good supply chain so that you can buy your required product easily.
  8. Analyzing each and every buying opportunities available for a particular situation.
  9. Place purchase order to the seller of a particular product or services
  10. Estimate future buying needs of your company.
  11. Follow up buying process and update the buying status of your product.
  12. Collecting sample product and analyze them in terms of price, quality, and availability for different suppliers and then make a buying decision.
  13. Develop and maintain a buying database were you need to keep records of every buying product and update a status of every requisition placed by the different department.
  14. Check and verify all the required specification of purchased products.

Job Description of Garments Buyer

As a garments buyer basically we mean, person or company buying bulk quantity of garments products from the manufacturers or suppliers. But this is not only applicable to buying garments products but also buying is required for the manufacturers of garments product. A manufacturer needs to source yarn, fabric, trims and accessories, a coloring agent, printing materials, packing materials etc. All these buying requirements are fulfilled by the procurement department of a garments factory.

Job Description of Buyer of Garments Seller

As a garments product seller, you may purchase products for your own retails store to sell it to the other selling agents. A commonly used garments buyer job description includes:

  • You will be responsible for sourcing garments from around the world or locally.
  • Sourcing should be done from a quality manufacturer or your company nominated suppliers.
  • Negotiate with the supplier for sells terms and conditions and buying price.
  • Conduct audit in garments factory as a garments buyer, which is commonly known as the buyer’s audit.
  • You are responsible for ensuring 100% quality requirement made by the company.
  • Collecting garments sample and evaluate accordingly
  • Place buying order for bulk quantity and follow up the production and receiving process.

Job Description of Buyer of Garments Manufacturer

If you are a garments manufacturer, then for your garments factory you must source your raw materials from local or international sources. As a buyer, you are responsible to purchase all the necessary item for your company and buyer job description may include:

  • You will be responsible to find out all prospective suppliers from local and international.
  • Identify which supplier will be good for our buying of raw materials. Here good in terms of quality, cost, availability and lead time.
  • Collect sample, evaluate and finally buy the product (yarn, fabric, dyes chemicals, trims, and accessories) from the suppliers.
  • Develop a good supply chain for buying textile and garments materials.

Qualities of a Good Buyer

As a good buyer, you need to have 6 different types of qualities and skills. Following qualities may include in buyer job description which is expected by the employer.

  1. Negotiation Skills
  2. Adequate Product Knowledge
  3. Proper Understanding of Market
  4. Good Communication Skills
  5. Ability to Buildup Link
  6. Analytical Ability

Qualities of a Good Buyer

Negotiation Skills

Negotiation skills are the topmost priority given quality required for the buyer. Because the employer believes that a good negotiation will help to get the least price for the product. In general, a buyer negotiates with the seller with the price and quality. If you want to become a good negotiator, then you must acquire some key negotiation qualities. Garments buyers give more focus on negotiation as they purchase bulk amount and manufacturer/ supplier has less bargaining power.

Adequate Product Knowledge

As a buyer when you want to buy a product you should have proper knowledge of that particular product. So that you can buy the right product, the right quantity at a right price. Product knowledge is all about knowing, where this product is available, how many suppliers deal with this product, how much it can cost and finally how to evaluate its quality.

Proper Understanding of Market

Understanding market demand and supply will be helpful to make buying decision and negotiation. As a good buyer, you always choose the source or time where the product price is low. Always keep in mind local and international market so that you can compare the cost associated with the sourcing of that product and choose the right decision.

Good Communication Skills

As a price negotiator, you must have the quality of effective communication. Buyers communicate with suppliers or sellers through the mail, phone call, or direct visit (face to face communication). So where to use which language you should know and how an effective buying is to be done through right communication skills you need to be aware.

Ability to Build up Link

Here link building means, building your supply chain (procurement channel). If you successfully build up your own channel/link, then it will be easy for you to purchase a right product with giving minimum efforts with maximum benefit.

Analytical Ability

This skill is required to evaluate the suppliers whether they are giving right products or not, whether they are charging an accepted market price or not. A good analytical skill will help you to analyze the market and buying decision making.

Buyer Job Description.pdf

Operation Breakdown and SMV of Trouser

Operation Breakdown and SMV of Trouser

Very commonly manufacturing product is trouser in knit garments, generally made by fleece fabric or single jersey, popular clothing in this generation.  Trouser sewing total SMV is 8.13 in knit garments. Here in this article, I am going to share Operation Breakdown and SMV of Trouser with all necessary data.

Operation Breakdown and SMV of Trouser
NO OPERATION M/C S.M.V TGT MAN REQ MAN ALCT Plan Work Station 
1 Front Rise Take with stripe match SNL 0.3 200 0.81 1 1
2 Front Rise Join 5OL 0.32 188 0.87 0.5 1
3 Back Rise Join 5OL 0.32 188 0.87 1 1
4 Front Rise Ts& Fly Shape Stitching W/Deco SNL 0.45 133 1.22 1 1
5 Care Label Attach SNL 0.15 400 0.41 0.5 1
6 Front & back Sticker Match MNL 0.25 240 0.68 1 1
7 Side Seam Join (Long) 5OL 0.7 86 1.89 2 2
8 Inseam Join (Long) 5OL 0.5 120 1.35 1.5 1
9 Elastic Open & Give Steam MNL 0.15 400 0.41 0.5 1
10 Elastic Measure & Cut MNL 0.12 500 0.32 0.5
11 Elastic Ring Make &Tk SNL 0.2 300 0.54 0.5 1
13 Elastic Mark For Attach MNL 0.2 300 0.54 0.5
12 Mark Hole Position & Sew BH 0.25 240 0.68 1 1
14 Waist Belt Join 4OL 0.5 120 1.35 1 1
15 Elastic Fold &Tk SNL 0.4 150 1.08 1 1
16 Waist Belt Ts KS 0.6 100 1.62 1 1
17 Drawstring Measure & Cut MNL 0.12 500 0.32 0.5 1
18 Insert Drawstring & Middling MNL 0.6 100 1.62 2 2
19 Drawstring Btk BT 0.35 171 0.95 0.5 1
20 Drawstring Mid Btk & Cross Btk BT 0.35 171 0.95 1 1
21 Bottom Hem DNL 0.6 100 1.62 2 2
22 Thread Trimming W/Waist Tk Remove MNL 0.7 86 1.89 1.5 1
Total 8.13   22 22 23

Operation Breakdown and SMV of Trouser

You may also love to read: Fabric Consumption of a Trouser

Summary of Trouser SMV and Operation Bulletin

Summary of Trouser SMV and Operation Bulletin
Inline S.M.V
SEWING 5.99
MANUAL 2.14
IRON 0
TOTAL 8.13
Man level 22
Tact time 0.37
100% Tgt/h 162
75% Tgt/h 122
65% Tgt/h 106
Machine Type Requisition
5OL 5
4OL 1
SNL 4
DNL 2
KS 1
BT 2
FL 0
BH 1
Total 15.5
Manpower Requisition
Operator 15.5
Iron Man
MANUAL 6
Total 21.5

Summary of Trouser SMV and operation bulletin

Operation Breakdown and SMV of Trouser excel

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Roles of Industrial Engineering in Garments Factory

Roles of Industrial Engineering in Garments Factory

Industrial engineering (IE) plays a vital role in the apparel industry, that’s why Industrial engineering job roles are very important for garments factory. When we need to reduce cost and improve work efficiency in this competitive era, the apparel industry hires an Industrial Engineer to do that job smartly. Apparel manufacturing industry is growing quickly by applying IE in their facility. I this article I am giving a list of IE activities in garments factory which will help you to understand the Roles of Industrial Engineering in Garments Factory.

Roles of Industrial Engineering in Garments Factory

Objectives of Industrial Engineering (IE) in the Apparel Industry

  1. To increase productivity
  2. Process improvement by motion reducing.
  3. Reduce work in process (WIP) and remove the bottleneck.
  4. Increase efficiency of operations
  5. Reduce man machine ratio
  6. Process improvement to reduce cost, waste and rejection Reduce wastage and defects
  7. Fill up Key Performance Indicator (KPI) target.
  8. Keep workplace and environment safe
  9. Production planning and implementation
  10. Evaluate operator and staff performance, disciplinary matters, training needs, and their career development.
  11. Set the target and make a draft, layout design of the machine requirement, material flow, and workstation to bring the best possible efficiency. Modern tools are used to design of the layout.
  12. Monitor factory performance in terms of quality, delivery, cost-efficiency and target improvements with the internal factory team and taking necessary corrective action.
  13. Manpower balancing, target setting, and monitoring achievements.

Daily Activities and Duties of an Industrial Engineer in the Apparel Industry

  1. Collect line loading plan from the Planning Department
  2. Attend in Pre-Production (PP) meeting
  3. Collect size set sample and make operation bulletin accordingly.
  4. Collect Operation Bulletin and make a paper layout
  5. Discuss with Maintenance in-charge regarding machine, folder, attachment and Technical personnel for technical issues.
  6. Make discussion with a floor in-charge about layout according to paper layout
  7. Check Daily Non-productive time (NPT) and reduce machine breakdown time.
  8. Make layout according to paper layout
  9. Make line balancing according to target and capacity study during 2 – 3 days of layout
  10. Find out the bottleneck process and solve it
  11. If needed make 1-hour production study in required process
  12. Everyday input and output monitoring
  13. Give daily production target and follow up production achievement.
  14. Hourly production follow-up
  15. Everyday 5S related activities monitoring
  16. Cross check thread consumption for every new style.
  17. Ensure up to 65%-70% efficiency.
  18. Workstation design
  19. Operators motion development by correcting faulty motion.
  20. Reduce worker absenteeism and turnover rate
  21. 5 pcs flow by reducing WIP
  22. Reduce line setting time or throughput time.
  23. Proper utilization of manpower by reducing unnecessary helping process.
  24. Establish a meeting in-between QC and operators regarding critical points of the style while layout.
  25. Prepare daily Man/ Machine report
  26. Developing cut to ship ratio.
  27. Work to reduce absenteeism and operator turnover

Roles of Industrial Engineering in Garments Factory pdf

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Operation breakdown and SMV Polo Shirt

Operation breakdown and SMV Polo Shirt

Polo shirt is a special type of shirt which has a collar and a placket with two or three buttons, different from a T-shirt, also have a pocket. Polo is also made of knit fabric like T-shirt but different types of design. Total SMV of Polo Shirt is 10.39. This operation breakdown includes a list of operation, machine list, SMV of every single operation, the production target of polo shirt manufacturing in the sewing section. Hopefully, after reading this article you will have an idea of detail Operation breakdown and SMV Polo Shirt.

Operation breakdown and SMV Polo Shirt

Operation Breakdown and SMV Polo Shirt
NO OPERATION M/C S.M.V TGT MAN REQ MAN ALCT Plan Work Station
1 CARE LABEL CUT, ARRANGE & ATT SNL 0.35 171 0.98 1 1
2 PLACKET & BODY STICKER MATCH MNL 0.12 500 0.33 0.5 1
3 PLACKET ROLLING & MARK SNL 0.35 171 0.98 1 1
4 PLACKET ATTACH SNL 0.42 143 1.17 1 1
5 PLACKET SCISSORING & NOSE TACK SNL 0.32 188 0.89 1 1
6 BK MOON IRON IRN 0.32 188 0.89 1 1
7 MAIN & SIZE LABEL ATTACH SNL 0.4 150 1.12 1 1
8 MOON ATTACH SNL 0.35 171 0.98 1 1
9 FRT & BK STICKER MATCH MNL 0.15 400 0.42 0.5 1
10 SHOULDER JOIN & cut OL 0.3 200 0.84 1 1
11 COLLAR  SERVICING OL 0.2 300 0.56 1 1
12 COLLAR MARK MNL 0.15 400 0.42
13 COLLAR ATT W/BK TAPE SNL 0.37 162 1.03 1 1
14 BK TAPE TS SNL 0.33 182 0.92 1 1
15 LOWER PLACKET CLOSE SNL 0.22 273 0.61 0.5 1
16 UPPER PLACKET TS SNL 0.2 300 0.56 0.5
17 PLACKET BOX SNL 0.4 150 1.12 1 1
18 CUFF JOIN OL 0.4 150 1.12 1 1
19 CUFF TS FL 0.27 222 0.75 0.5 1
20 Slv Pair Match MNL 0.15 400 0.42 1 1
21 Slv& Body Sticker Match MNL 0.25 240 0.7
22 SLEEVE JOIN OL 0.42 143 1.17 1 1
23 ARMHOLE TS FL 0.32 188 0.89 1 1
24 BTM HEM FL 0.32 188 0.89 1 1
25 SIDE SPLIT TK SNL 0.27 222 0.75 1 1
26 SIDE SPLIT ROLLING BY TS SNL 0.5 120 1.4 1.5 2
27 SIDE SEAM OL 0.57 105 1.59 1.5 2
28 SLEEVE OPEN & CLOSE TK & RAW EDGE TK SNL 0.45 133 1.26 1 1
29 SEW BTN HOLE BH 0.3 200 0.84 1 1
30 BTN ATTACH POSITION MARK MNL 0.15 400 0.42 0.5 1
31 BTN ATTACH BA 0.27 222 0.75 1 2
32 BTN PUSH MNL 0.2 300 0.56 0.5 2
33 STICKER REMOVE (4) MNL 0.15 400 0.42 0.5 1
34 FINAL THREAD CUT MNL 0.45 133 1.26 1 1
 Total   10.39   29 29 35

Summary of Operation Breakdown and SMV Polo Shirt

Summary of Operation breakdown and SMV Polo Shirt
Inline S.M.V
SEWING 8.3
MANUAL 1.77
IRON 0.32
TOTAL 10.39
Man level 29
Pitch time 0.358
100% Tgt/h 167
75% Tgt/h 126
70% Tgt/h 117
Machine type Requisition
OL 6
SNL 14
VT 0
BA 1
BH 1
FL 3
BT 0
Total 24
Manpower Requisition
Operator 24
Iron Man  0
MANUAL 5
Total 29

Operation breakdown and SMV Polo Shirt excel

Summary of Operation breakdown and SMV Polo Shirt

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam