GPQ Job Responsibilities in Apparel Industry

GPQ Job Responsibilities in Apparel Industry

GPQ in Garments: GPQ stand for ‘guideline for production and quality’, work to implement buyer quality requirement in the garments factory.  Generally, GPQ works as a helping hand of buyer QC (Quality Control) in garments from the factory end. To get the best quality product and to confirm availability of buyer final audit requirement for smooth final inspection. A garments factory should maintain buyer wise GPQ separately if they have many buyers. Complete buyer quality procedure in garments manufacturing is GPQ job responsibility. So importance is given because of the extent of GPQ Job Responsibilities in Apparel Industry.

GPQ Job Responsibilities in Apparel Industry

Job Description of Garments GPQ

  1. Arrange PP meeting with buyer QC and do necessary task of PP meeting.
  2. Follow up buyer quality requirement in cutting, sewing, and finishing of garments.
  3. Follow up buyer sample requirement, ensure sample quality and deliver in right time to the buyer.
  4. Especially check all quality points in sewing and finishing of garments.
  5. Doing section wise quality inspection to keep garments defect in the control.
  6. Deliver any quality controlling message of buyer end to related section.
  7. Ensure end product quality before buyer final quality inspection.
  8. Arrange final inspection with all requirement of the buyer.
  9. Ensure everything of QC file and sample in bulk garments.
  10. Taking sample approval from buying house.
  11. Work with the buyer in QC at the time of final inspection.
  12. Contact with buyer QC about any quality issue.
  13. GPQ implement of his buyer quality manual in the factory quality management system.
  14. Work as a buyer QC representative in the garments factory.

GPQ Job in Garments

Generally, GPQ work under these designations and this can vary factory by factory. Most factories have a post available for GPQ job. Job title of GPQ can be:

  1. GPQ
  2. Senior GPQ
  3. GPQ In-charge
  4. GPQ officer
  5. Executive GPQ
  6. Executive-GPQ
  7. Assistant GPQ manager
  8. GPQ Manager

GPQ Job Responsibilities in Apparel Industry pdf

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Job Description of a Sewing Operator

Job Description of a Sewing Operator and Training of Sewing Operator

The operator is the driver of a garments factory. Operator sews garments to produce the final product. Sewing operators have some certain job responsibility. The job responsibilities of a sewing operator need to mention in the job description of a sewing operator so that they can actually know their core job functions. As sewing operators play a very important role in making readymade garments, they should be properly trained so that productivity can be increased. And also improve the quality of garments products. Here in this article, you will have an idea of what are the job responsibilities of a sewing machine operator and what type of training they make require to perform the job.

Job Description of a Sewing Operator, Responsibilities of sewing machine Operator, training of sewing machine operator

Sewing Operator in Apparel

Sewing operators are the workers who operate the sewing machine in Garments. Every sewing operator has a defined sewing operations/tasks and they are responsible to do so.

Job Description of Sewing Operator in Apparel Industry

  1. Fill up hourly basis production target
  2. Keeping clean sewing machine and floor
  3. Use all personal protective equipment (PPE). ex. Mask, gloves, glass
  4. Follow mock-up or operator JQS (Job quality standard) for every process
  5. Keeping the quality standard of his sewing process
  6. Knock sewing maintenance team for machine breakdown or any mechanical problem in the sewing machine
  7. Ensure alteration of his produced defect
  8. Report sewing supervisor for any types of problem
  9. Keeping available of all necessary tools for a sewing machine. Example: Needle, Bobbin case, Guide, thread example SPI, Stitch tension
  10. Proper machine handling, elimination of unwanted motion and correct pickup, sew and dispatch method
  11. Follow 5S method

Sewing Operator Training in Garments

More than 50% of total manpower are sewing operator in Garments. So sewing operator training is very much necessary in Garments. Here I am giving operator training matters in Garments in the below list.

  1. How to increase productivity
  2. How to improve stitching quality
  3. How to increase garments quality
  4. Why need to use personal protective equipment
  5. How to keep machine and workplace clean
  6. How to implement 5S
  7. How to increase workplace safety
  8. How to maintain discipline in the workplace

Job Description of a Sewing Operator and Training of Sewing Operator pdf

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

12 Qualities of a Fashion Designer

12 Qualities of a Fashion Designer

The fashion designer is the key persons responsible for bringing stylish clothing. Although the style is based on region, culture, religion, and individual choices. But there are many things, a fashion designer can offer by using their creative mind. Many people born with the talent for designing. And many people learn through the academic process. You may find several institutions around the world who are offering fashion designing degree. To become a successful fashion designer, you will be required special qualifications. Either you born with these qualifications or you adopt from different means. According to our research if you want to become a fashion designer then you will be required to have 12 Qualities of a Fashion Designer. A fashion designer can also work as a fashion merchandiser.

12 Qualities of a Fashion Designer

  1. Understand Fashion Trends
  2. Good Communication Skills
  3. Ability to Critically Think
  4. Ability to Visualize
  5. Proper Fabric Knowledge
  6. Good Sense of Color
  7. Expert of Drawing
  8. Efficient Operator of Computer
  9. Creative Mind
  10. Knowledge of Sourcing of Materials
  11. Ability to Perfectly Measure
  12. Good Presentation Skill

Qualities of Successful Fashion Designer

A successful fashion designer goes through many critical processes and attains some core qualifications which actually works behind their success.

Understand Fashion Trends

Trends in fashion always changing which is part of our lifestyle. As a fashion designer, you must concern and keep an update of change in fashion trends around the world. So that you can develop your own ideas and design. Offering fashionable clothing based on market demand is a challenging task. If you can successfully provide a design which meets the expectation of your apparel items, then you must get appreciation.

Good Communication Skills

Whatever you do, communication is necessary. A good communication not only helps to interconnect but also manage business dealings. As a fashion designer, you may have to communicate with your customers, wholesaler, retailers, outlets, fashion house etc. Both oral and written communication is required for a fashion designer.

Ability to Critically Think

A critical thinker always tries to bring new design, ideas. Successful ideas actually push the market trends of fashionable cloth. For a successful fashion designer, it is required to have the qualities of critical thinking. Always think out of the box so that new things may generate. So that marketers can offer new stylish garments items.

Ability to Visualize

For the fashion show, or for designing store layout, visualization of ideas and then implement accordingly is one of the key tasks of a fashion designer. A successful fashion designer has the ability to visualize. Visual effect generates more customer attraction.

Proper Fabric Knowledge

Without fabric, you cannot make any cloth. So first thing is you need to collect your required fabric. A proper knowledge of fabric has you to identify and select the right fabric for your cloth. You may acquire knowledge of fabric from the export who always deals with fabric. At the time of buying fabric it is required to select the right materials otherwise your garments item may not give your expected comfort.

Good Sense of Color

Color is one of the main factors which actually attract the customer. Color may vary according to the season, occasion, taste, and gender. Before making a fashionable cloth you need to keep in mind all these factors otherwise your objective may not be fulfilled.

Fashion Designing Drawing

Expert of Drawing

Fashion designer always works with a new design; before final design, they work with the sketch. As a fashion designer if you can draw whatever you want then it will add extra value with your other qualifications. Through practice, you can be an expert at drawing anything.

Efficient Operator of Computer

The new different software is available for designing cloth or drawing sketch. A good knowledge of computer and designing application software will make your job easier. You can use adobe illustrator, Autodesk or any other applications.

Creative Mind

Your Creative mind will help you to develop a new product which may create enormous demand in the market. Ultimately you will gain because of your demand. So if you are planning to become a fashion designer, first of all, think whether you have a creative mind or not, then decide what you should become.

Knowledge of Sourcing of Materials

To make your fashionable cloth you will be required to source and collect fabric, trims and accessories and any other materials. So proper knowledge of these think should be there otherwise your garments will be as good as you were thinking. Also, the cost of your fashionable cloth will be increased which is not expected. Based on your least cost fashionable cloth your market demand will dependent.

Ability to Perfectly Measure

A good finish product depends on the proper cutting of fabric and for proper cutting, a perfect measurement is required. So as a fashion designer you need to have the ability to perfectly measure each and every component of making a dress.

Good Presentation Skill

After making fashionable cloth if you are interested to offer it for the customer or you want to attend a fashion show then you must have a good presentation skill of presenting your products to the audiences. A better presentation skill will make your product more attractive and people will order your design.

Written by

Md. Nahian Mahmud Shaikat

Sewing Machine Maintenance in Garments

Sewing Machine Maintenance in Garments

Maintenance is the routine job for keeping sewing machine fit for garments manufacturing. Every factory assign maintenance team to ensure the proper functioning of a sewing machine. Sewing Machine maintenance team make Schedule and take preventive action. Proper maintenance of sewing machine will ensure the long-lasting service. For this reason, sewing cost per unit will be less. This is the reason importance is given for sewing machine maintenance in garments.

Sewing Machine Maintenance in Garments

Objectives of Sewing Machine Maintenance in Garments

  1. To get good quality product/garments
  2. Reduce sewing machine downtime
  3. Ensure long-lasting of sewing machine
  4. To save time
  5. Increase productivity of garments
  6. Stop unwanted machine breakdown

List of Work for Preventive Sewing Machine Maintenance

Here, I have listed 15 prevented work need to do schedule basis for decreasing the frequency of sewing machine maintenance

  1. The machine should clean every day before factory breaking up
  2. Needle thread, bobbin thread or looper thread should be threaded correctly and their tension should adjust properly.
  3. Essential parts of the machine should be lubricated or oiled regularly.
  4. Using correct needle number by pre-experiment with fabric before bulk production and needle adjustment should be correct.
  5. SPI, stitch tension should be correct
  6. The machine should be covered and needleless when idle
  7. The machine should be handled according to instructions provided by the suppliers
  8. The hand wheel should always be rotated towards the operator
  9. Electrical and compressed air supply of sewing machine should be safe
  10. During fabric feed and with a drawl, the needle should be picked at the topmost position and the pressure foot is lifted.
  11. Bobbin thread should be wound, in uniform tension
  12. The 1/5th portion of bobbin should always remain empty after winding thread
  13. Switching to stop the machine and start machine should be proper
  14. Keeping a schedule of every work and report actual vs schedule
  15. Follow maintenance checklist and work routine wise

Hopefully, this article will be helpful for a person who works with a sewing machine and who is responsible for the maintenance of the sewing machine.

Sewing machine maintenance in Garments pdf

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Cutting, Sewing, Washing and Finishing Defects in Garments

Cutting, Sewing, Washing and Finishing Defects in Garments

Garments quality depends on controlling defects created in different parts of garments manufacturing. Because of the complex manufacturing system in the apparel industry, defects are generated. So it’s a very big deal to control the quality in the apparel industry. Though Trims & accessories, and fabrics supplied by the third party, its responsibility of garments maker to check and ensure a quality of all raw materials they are using. The quality inspection system is available for all incoming raw materials which are provided by the third-party supplier. In this article, you will know about section wise all defects list of the apparel industry that is Cutting, Sewing, Washing and Finishing Defects in Garments.

Defects List of the Apparel Industry

Cutting, Sewing, Washing and Finishing Defects in Garments

Garments Defects Inspection Areas for Quality control in the Apparel Industry

  1. Trims and Accessories quality Inspection
  2. Fabrics Inspection
  3. Cutting and Spreading Quality checking
  4. Sewing Quality Inspection
  5. Washing defects
  6. Finishing Quality inspection

Garments Defects Inspection

List of Defects Found in Section Wise Garments Quality Inspection

Controlling defects is the key factor for garments quality control. As mentioned in this article, these 6 areas have quality checkpoints to find out all types of defects that found in the apparel industry. Cutting, sewing, washing and finishing all section have specific defect which effect on whole garments quality. Here I am giving a list of every section wise defects to understand easily.

List of Trims and Accessories Defects

  1. Print Problem
  2. Color Problem
  3. Code Mistake
  4. Fitness Problem
  5. Print Spot
  6. Measurement Problem
  7. Size Mistake
  8. Print Mistake
  9. Color Verify
  10. Gum nil
  11. Running Color
  12. PO Mistake
  13. Style Mistake
  14. Latter Mistake
  15. Cutting Problem
  16. Spot
  17. Broken
  18. Logo Mistake

List of Fabrics Defect Found in Quality Inspection

  1. Hole
  2. Slab
  3. Knot
  4. Others
  5. Spot
  6. Line mark
  7. Big Thread
  8. Miss Yarn
  9. Color Yarn
  10. Stop Mark
  11. Color Out
  12. Thick Yarn
  13. Running Shade
  14. Fabric Skew
  15. Stain
  16. Fabric Hand feel
  17. Fabric Way
  18. Uneven Dye
  19. Uneven Print
  20. Running shade
  21. Selvedge shade

List of Cutting and Spreading Defects Found in Quality Inspection

  1. Miss cut
  2. Running shade
  3. Matching plies
  4. Number &bundling
  5. Bowing
  6. Notch mark
  7. Narrow goods
  8. Rugged cut
  9. Fabric way
  10. Measurement
  11. Leaning
  12. Tension Loose
  13. Bias
  14. Alignment
  15. Skew

Spreading Defects of Garments

List of Sewing Defects found in the Quality Inspection

  1. Uncut thread
  2. Raw edge out
  3. Uneven lob
  4. Uneven top stitch
  5. Down stitch
  6. Puckering
  7. Overstitch
  8. Broken stitch
  9. Loop slanted
  10. Short stitch
  11. Skip stitch
  12. Open stitch
  13. Up-Down position
  14. Rejected
  15. Visible joint
  16. label displace
  17. Wrong embroidery
  18. Checkup down
  19. Mouth Close Up Down
  20. Untrimming Thread

List of Washing Defects Found in Washed Garments

 We have separate details article to you may follow:

Garments washing defects List

List of Finishing Defects Found in Quality Inspection

  1. Uncut thread
  2. Iron problem
  3. Broken stitch
  4. Button alter
  5. Skip stitch
  6. Bartack Defect
  7. Oil / Dirty
  8. shading
  9. Runoff stitch
  10. Process mistake
  11. Raw edge out
  12. Fabric faults
  13. Sewing reject
  14. Size mistake
  15. Checkup down
  16. Oil Strain/Dirty Stain
  17. Damage
  18. Needle Mark/Cut
  19. OverStitch
  20. Stone in garments
  21. Shading

Cutting, Sewing, Washing and Finishing Defects in Garments .pdf

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Visual Merchandising

Visual Merchandising

Now visual merchandising is a widely used tool to bring success to the retail business. Visual Merchandising is getting higher acceptance because of its ability to visualize the idea. Attract the target customer through creating a visual effect on their mind. which induce to buy a product from the store.

3 Phases of Visual Merchandising

Three phases of visual merchandising help to clearly define the functions of visual merchandising. The phases are

  • Visualize
  • Attract and
  • Convert into Sales

What is Visual Merchandising

Merchandising

Merchandising is a set of activities Merchandisers do to sell the product or services to the target customers. Here merchandising is done by the merchandiser. And visual merchandising is one of the popular tools used by merchandiser.

What is Visual Merchandising?

Visual merchandising is a process of creating a visualization of marketing ideas. For the purpose of creating attraction and interest in the mind of customers by visual means. Sometimes visual merchandising helps to make people better-understood the product and service type of a business.

Visual Merchandising

Examples of Visual Merchandising

Suppose you are planning to buy a new dress. For buying you normally go to a particular place. But you did not yet select the shop or brand from where you will purchase your dress. After reaching there you saw a well-decorated shop with beautiful dolls is placed. Gorgeous dresses are displayed. salespersons are well dressed and outside display is showing they are offering a 50% discount. You saw all of these and become interested to go inside the shop/stall. So your mind induces to visit their shop and purchase a few items. Here the main focus thing is, you were first influenced. And this influence is created by their visualization which is as a result of visual merchandising. They successfully influence you to buy their product and merchandisers are actually working for selling goods and services.

Let See Another Example of Visual Merchandising

Example of Visual Merchandising

Look into this picture, a company trying to sell their product “Fresh Drinking Water”. so they put this image for promoting their product. Here they were trying to use the emotion of health conscious people by showing the sugar level in a particular product. People know that too much sugar is not good for health, and they are showing their drinks is sugar-free. Actually, they are using visual merchandising for sales promotion of their product which will help them to sell their product.

Characteristics of Visual Merchandising

From the above description of visual merchandising, you can identify the following characteristics of visual merchandising:

  • Visual merchandising is used for creating a visual effect
  • This help to attract the customer and create an intention to the customer mind
  • This idea is mainly applicable to a retail store of different products. But now you can see various uses of visual merchandising.
  • Success depends on how well you convert your ideas into the visual outcome
  • One form of popular merchandising widely used in cloth shop/apparel industry

Where Can Visual Merchandising be Used

The scope of visual merchandising is broadening day by day. The main reason is a worldwide improvement in living standard, earning power, spending capability, technological development, innovation etc. If you have money then you will have end number of things to buy. And marketers are targeting people those have smart earnings power. High rise shopping mall are made, thousands of different shops are in there. And to display their varieties of product, they are taking help of visual merchandising. They decorate their shop in a way that anyone can easily identify what product they are offering. If you look around then you can see all the popular brands creating a visual effect in their shop. This is possible they applied visual merchandising. Now the question is, where we can use visual merchandising? The answer is in the following list:

  1. Apparel Store/Shop
  2. Electronic Device Shop (Mobile, Computer Equipment, Accessories etc.)
  3. Luxuries item (Diamond, Gold, Platinum, Jewelries)
  4. Foot Wear
  5. Ornaments
  6. Hotel & Restaurant
  7. Car, Motorcycle, Cycle
  8. Furniture
  9. Specialized Equipment and Machinery and
  10. Super shop etc.

Importance of Visual Merchandising

  1. Helps to Create brand awareness
  2. Get the intention of Customer
  3. Bring Target Customer
  4. Share Idea of Product

Helps to Create Brand Awareness

In early days, visual merchandising was used by the popular brands. But now this trend is followed by the small business. Because of the advantage of creating brand awareness among the individuals.

Get Intention of Customer

It is easy to get the intention of the customer and influence them. People will be interested to visit your store with the help of visual merchandising. You made a design for your outlet in a way that looks attractive. You can expect that definitely, people will come to visit your store. And then all you need to offer your customer a better product and services.

Bring Target Customer

Through visual merchandising, you can design your store layout in an attractive way. That will bring your more target customer and increase your revenue. A proper merchandising planning is required to offer a better service.

Share Idea of Product

You may find both inside and outside of the store is decorated based on a particular product idea. The product which means the major value of your product. It can be in terms of value or in terms of quality. Share your product idea through visual merchandising will give you an extra edge of getting market competitiveness. Merchandising displays is the easiest way of sharing your product ideas.

Challenges of Visual Merchandising

  • Costly Process
  • Higher Need of Applying Creativity
  • Time Consuming

Higher Need of Applying Creativity

To ensure effective business there is a requirement of creativity. A creative mind can design a perfect visualization of promotional ideas. Without creativity in the visual merchandising field, it is not possible to get your desired outcome.

Costly Process

As the design of outlet is one of the costly operations of initial business startup so money should spend carefully. A proper planning is required for initiation to the execution of merchandising ideas.

Time Consuming

Design of store and construct accordingly is a time-consuming process. You may require at least two weeks for interior design. Setup of furniture, a fixture of furniture and then arrange your product. Another thing is, when you design your outlet you must need to find out a good interior designer.

Three Forms of Visual Merchandising

  1. Retail Store
  2. Online (Virtual)
  3. Trade Fair

Visual Merchandising for Retail Store

You already know that; visual merchandising is mostly applicable to the retail store. Because here visibility is important to attract the target customer. Normally retail store is to be a physical store rather than virtual. Business owner spends millions of dollars on the design and outlook of their store. Apparel retailers are now more concern about visual merchandising. The reason is higher competition in the market. The retail store is a point of sale where a customer can experience the products.

Retail Store Visual Merchandising

Visual Merchandising for Online Store

Earlier people thought that visual merchandising is only applicable for retails store. That’s why their core focus was for applying it to a retail store. But now because of the expansion of digital communication. And the flexibility of online transaction the demand for e-commerce is increasing day by day. People are now using online shopping facilities and shifting from traditional to digitalized. But the question is how visual merchandising can be used in the online shop? The idea is applying your visualization idea is through your website. Make a perfect design, which is attractive, user-friendly, auto responsive and also have an online payment option. As long as you provide the best product and services to your store customer, you will be successful.

Visual Merchandising in Trade Fair

Visual merchandising in trade fair is another dimension. Where for local and international trade fair thousands of business owner participate, just to share their product and services. And also do some business through selling. But here they focus on visualization and induce visitors to come and see their products. If you closely look around at a trade fair, you must notice that how organizers applied the visual merchandising. They use the visual merchandising concept to decorate the whole trade fair.

Visual Merchandising Process

The Visual Merchandising Process

  1. Product Selection
  2. Identify Target Customer
  3. Select Location of Store
  4. Design Layout of Store
  5. Plan for Promotional Activities
  6. Create Visualization
  7. Attract Customers
  8. Induce to Buy
  9. Sell the Product
  10. Satisfy the Customer

The Process of visual merchandising involves 10 steps and these are explained below:

Product Selection

The first step is to select or identify your product for which you want to do merchandising. Based on the product type you need to develop a strategy for sales and marketing. So this one is the crucial step in starting visual merchandising.

Identify Target Customer

Identify target customer is the second stage. In this stage, you must work for identifying and selection of target customer. Whether your target customers are child, adult, male, female or any other group. Based on your target customer you need to design your store layout. Because of different things preferred by the different group of people.

Select Location of Store

Store location is one of the key success factors because a good location will give you more customer exposure. Store location can be in highly populated areas. Or it can be in the middle of the market. Or in a huge mall or any other place where your target customers are moving around. At the time of selecting your store location, you must consider store cluster.

Design Layout of Store

In this stage, you can hire a professional or you can do on your own if you have enough expertise. When you design your store layout you must consider the following things:

Use of Glass

If you want to make your store more visible from the outside. You must choose a glass of different design which may increase attractiveness. For a multi-story store, you should have proper floor plans. So that you can decorate using glass or any other means.

Window Displays

Window displays are one of the popular and commonly used techniques of creating attractive store layout design. Because of the window displays, prospective buyers can see from a long distance, what kind of product and service they are offering. And what is the key benefit of that product is also displayed in windows. Here for designing window displays, visual merchandiser use a high quality printed sticker. Which is attached on the outside and inside of the store wall.

Window Displays

Digital Displays

Because of flexibility in displaying advertisement and all other promotional activities digital displays are heavily used. A high-quality big monitor/ digital displays are set in the store through which people easily can get attracted. People also able to know the features of a particular product from the displayed information. The cost of digital displays is decreasing that’s why the demand and use of this product are increasing for visual merchandising. Digital displays are now more visually appealing for driving customers.

Color

The color of wall, window, door, and shelf everything matters in visual merchandising. Because this will increase the visibility of your store and your product. Color preference for both male and female is different, so you have to keep in mind who is your target customer. The color scheme is one of the preferential parts of visual merchandising.

Height

If you are targeting child then your inside decoration should be different. Your shelf should be set in a way that child can see their desired cloth items. Eye level of different height should be carefully maintained.

Horizontal or Vertical Positioning of Products

Your product can be a position like horizontal form or vertical form. It is all about your choice. If you go to a superstore. You may have seen that product is displayed horizontally and vertically based on the product type. Evry furniture store should be placed with proper planning. Right furniture should be in right place.

View

Here, the view is the outside look of your store. If your store looks attractive from the outer view then you must definitely get a lot of customers visiting your store. A three-dimensional view will add an extra edge to your design. You can offer customer experience from the outside view also.

Lightning

Most of the time sunlight is not enough. so you must depend on lightening but here the important thing is, the color of light and extent of lightning. You can use moderate lightening rather than heavy lightening for your apparel store.

Temperature

If your store is always remaining hot then this is the problem. So, it will be better if you set air conditioning. But keep in mind that, before setting AC you need to calculate the air-cooling amount required for your store. A suitable temperature is preferable for the customer of the store.

Plan for Promotional Activities

After layout design and required activities, you can plan for promotional activities. That is how you are going to promote your product or services. For promotion, you will be required to make a promotional tagline which you can use for creating a visual effect. People will see your promotional message from outside and if they become interested then definitely they will visit your store.

Create Visualization

It’s time to create a visualization effect in your store. If you can successfully create a visual effect which will help you to attract your target customer. The visualization effect will come from your interior and exterior design, your product setup and all other promotional activities.

Attract Customers

A positive visualization effect will attract your target customer. And it depends up to you whether your customer converts into a loyal customer or not.

Induce to Buy

Your store, your product, your price and the attitude of your salesperson will induce the customer to buy your product.

Sell the Product

When you convert your target customer into an actual customer through visual merchandising. You must get your desired revenue and profit from your business. All your hard work will pay off to you as a reward.

Satisfy the Customer

You know a long-term success of a business is depends on the satisfaction of a customer. A customer will be loyal if you provide prompt service. And your product quality is good enough to meet the customer satisfaction for the price they had paid. And as a visual marketer, it is your responsibility to ensure the satisfaction of your customer.

The demand for Visual Merchandising in Apparel Industry

The demand for visual merchandising is increasing day by day. Because you can get your target customer by creating a visual effect of your apparel store and your garments item. All local and international brands are trying their best to display their product in an attractive manner. So that we get influenced by their promotional activities. And go there to buy their product. And for displaying their product is a best possible way would be a visual merchandising policy.

Qualities of Visual Merchandiser

If you want to be a good visual merchandiser then you must have the following qualities:

  • Ability to Visualize
  • Ability to Think Out of the Box
  • Creative Mind
  • Understand Customer Needs

After all these discussions, hopefully, you can now clearly understand the idea of visual merchandising. And how it works for boosting your business. If you have any query, then please let me know.

Visual Merchandising pdf

What does visual Merchandiser do?

The question may arise in your mind that what does visual merchandiser do. Here is the answer, actually the overall function of a visual merchandiser is to market their product. By creating a visual effect and the ultimate objective is to sell the product.

If you talk about retail visual merchandise then their function is limited to retail merchandising. For making a retail store with a beautiful design, create attractiveness and stimulate the positive buyer’s behavior.

On the other hand, online or web-based visual merchandising is depends on website design and product offering. It is your responsibility to ensure the right product in right place with adequate promotional offers.

What does visual Merchandiser do

Visual Merchandiser do the Followings

  • Design of window display
  • Do whatever required to plan and design for in-store displays
  • Set promotional tagline for business
  • Communicate with the prospective buyers
  • Negotiate with buyers to bring best possible revenue for the company
  • Display product in the right place with the right quantity
  • Motivate buyers to influence the buying decision making
  • Provide suggestion and tips to buy a best suitable product for them
  • Forecast future trends of product
  • Monitor the overall visual implications, how buyer’s reaction to our visual merchandising efforts.

What is Retail Visual Merchandising

One of the popular forms of visual merchandising in retail visual merchandising. Where visual merchandising focused on the retail store or retail sales point. Actually, all the efforts of merchandiser are to meet the customers demand at the retail store. And persuade them to buy more and more to become a loyal customer of the business. With the help of this, maximize the company’s revenue and profit will be easy.

Written by

Md. Nahian Mahmud Shaikat

Compliance Audit Checklist in Apparel Industry

Compliance Audit in Apparel Industry

A compliance audit is one kind of audit which is specially designed for auditing the compliance issues related with the apparel industry. Different regulatory authorities set different type of regulatory issues. And buyers of garments ask from the company whether they are following their required compliance or not. These issues are checked by the auditing process which is known as compliance audit. After a compliance audit, they provide/ issue certificate. From the Compliance Audit Checklist in Apparel Industry a garments makers will be able to know what are the things buyers may ask from the company.

Compliance Audit in Apparel Industry

Compliance Audit Checklist in Apparel Industry

Compliance Audit is very important for garments manufacturing factory. To get an order from the buyer, your company must have to pass social Compliance Audit. Buyer may cancel the order if your company fails to pass the Compliance Audit. In this article, I am giving a checklist for any buyer Compliance audit preparation.

Compliance Audit Checklist in Apparel Industry

Areas/Categories of Garments Compliance Audit

  1. Licenses, permits and Facility Information
  2. Child and under-aged worker
  3. Forced labor and Discrimination
  4. Freedom of Association and collective bargaining
  5. Right of worker
  6. Disciplinary Practice
  7. Working Hours
  8. Wages, Benefits & Compensation
  9. Workplace Safety
  10. Occupational Health & Welfare
  11. Environment Management
  12. Management Practice & Sub-contractor /supplier control
  13. Training records
  14. Company Policies

Licenses, Permits and Facility Information

  • Factory profile
  • Architectural & Structural Drawing Approval
  • Soil Test Report Approval
  • Trade license
  • Factory license
  • Fire license
  • Boiler license
  • Generator permission
  • Electrical permission/ Sub-station permission
  • TIN certificate
  • Export registration certificate and Import registration certificate
  • Export promotion bureau certificate
  • Bond license
  • Rent agreement

Child and under-aged worker

  • Child labor remediation process
  • Recruitment policy
  • Personal file
  • Agreement with the service provider/sub-contract

Forced labor and Discrimination

  • Any harassment or discrimination issues
  • Policy on a prohibition of forced labor
  • Awareness/Training register
  • Job responsibility of security guard

Freedom of Association and Collective Bargaining

  • Policy on freedom association
  • Awareness/Training register
  • Formation procedure of worker association/trade union
  • Meeting minutes of worker participatory committee
  • Register for complain /Suggestion
  • Grievance handling procedure

Right of Worker

  • Personal file of worker
  • Service book
  • Employee ID card

Disciplinary Practice

  • Policy on disciplinary practice or rules
  • Leave Record
  • Orientation training on factory code of conduct & legal requirement
  • All kind of policy
  • Disciplinary action log & record
  • Awareness/training register
  • Final settlement
  • Others legal facilities

Working Hours

  • Working hour Approval
  • Working hour record for all section
  • Overtime hour record
  • Attendance Register
  • Declared holiday list
  • Manpower list

Wages, Benefits & Compensation

  • Wages/payroll sheet (last 1 year)
  • Overtime wages sheet (last six months)
  • Payslips (last 1 year)
  • Wages Increment record
  • Maternity Benefit register & Record
  • Group Insurance with manpower update list
  • Policy on wages, overtime, payment date, calculation method, leaves & holidays etc.

Workplace Safety

  • Sub-soil/Geological investigation report
  • Building structural plan/approval
  • 3rd party assessment report
  • Firefighting training record
  • Fire drill record
  • Firefighting team
  • Firefighting equipment list
  • Fire safety plan
  • Personal file of Fire Officer
  • Electrical & Mechanical Equipment periodical checklist
  • Competency certificate of Electrician
  • Competency certificate of Boiler Operator
  • Chemical Handling Training
  • Health checkup record
  • Chemical list
  • Safely machine operating training register
  • Needle stock register, Broken & Missing Register
  • Sharp tool policy
  • Emergency evacuation diagrams
  • Emergency exit doors
  • Building structure safety
  • PPE (personal protective equipment) use
  • Aisle or Stairway

Occupational Health & Welfare

  • Personal file of Welfare officer
  • Drinking water test report
  • First aid training & List of the first aider
  • Medical agreement
  • Competency certificate of Doctor
  • Competency certificate of Nurse
  • Personal file of care governance
  • Childcare register
  • Canteen committee

Environment Management

  • Environmental risk assessment as per section
  • Emergency procedure to reduce risk
  • Environmental clearance certificate
  • Waste disposal agreement /procedure
  • Wastewater test report in-house and outside
  • Energy survey/ Assessment record

 Management Practice & Sub-contractor /Supplier Control

  • Awareness training record for new & old workers
  • Mid Management training record
  • Internal Audit record
  • Policy on Sub-contract control
  • Sub-contract control procedure & record

Training Records

  • Emergency evacuation & fire drill record
  • List of firefighters trained by fire service/BGMEA
  • Disciplinary Rules communication
  • First Aid training record
  • Chemical Training record
  • Machinery safety training record
  • Health and safety training record
  • Training on KIABI compliance

Company Policies

  • Child Labor Policy
  • Child labor Remediation Policy
  • Disciplinary Rules/Policy
  • CSR Policy
  • Anti-Corruption/Bribery policy
  • Sub-contractor/Supplier Monitoring
  • Grievance Procedure
  • Environmental Policy
  • Energy efficiency plan
  • Environment emergency procedure
  • Deduction for late/after lunch assentation

Compliance Audit Checklist in Apparel Industry

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Trainee Merchandiser Job Description

Trainee Merchandiser Job Description

A trainee merchandiser post is an entry-level post of a merchandiser. A trainee merchandiser will be promoted as a merchandiser and then senior merchandiser. Sometimes a trainee merchandiser is known as a junior merchandiser. The post title varies from company to company. Before recruiting a trainee merchandiser, the recruiter must disclose what will be the job responsibilities for that position. Although a trainee merchandiser will do all merchandising task as they are junior, their job responsibilities will be less than the senior post. If you want to be a merchandiser for apparel industry then you must know trainee merchandiser job description so that you can have an idea of your future responsibilities.

To become a trainee merchandiser, you are not required to have a textile engineering degree. You can work as a merchandiser if you are from a marketing background also. In real life, you may find people came from a different background but working in the apparel industry as a merchandiser. There is nothing wrong to become surprised because if you have the qualification of merchandiser then you can be a successful merchandiser, your degree does not matter in this case.

A trainee merchandiser or junior merchandiser works as a probationer where he/she will get on the job training. Step by step they will learn how a merchandising process is going on as a normal basis and how to manage all the tasks.

Remember one thing that at the early stage of merchandising career you will have to go through many tough situations as you are to work will all the responsibilities of merchandiser but the extensity of responsibility will be lower.

Trainee Merchandiser Job Description

Now come to the point of the job description of trainee merchandiser or junior merchandiser or garments merchandiser or merchandiser.

Merchandiser Job Description

As a garments merchandiser, your job description may include the following responsibilities.

  1. Search for a new buyer
  2. Communicate with existing buyers
  3. Costing of Garments
  4. Negotiate with buyers/customers
  5. Develop Sample
  6. Take an Order
  7. Follow up order status
  8. Make liaison among factory and exporter
  9. Regular Factory Visit
  10. Look for Sub Contractor
  11. Maintain and update Buyers Database
  12. Promoting Products
  13. Market Study and Demand Forecast
  14. Supply Chain Management
  15. Support Senior Merchandisers

The job responsibilities of apparel merchandiser are not limited to these but there may have many more tasks assigned by the managers or your supervisors.

Search for New Buyer

As a trainee merchandiser, your boss may ask you to look for a new buyer. So that company can enlarge their buyer basket. Although it is a challenging task to get new buyers from the competitive market. But sometimes a trainee merchandiser can manage new small buyers. Take it as a challenge and as well as opportunities.

Communicate with Existing Buyers

A good merchandiser always plays an active role in communicating with the buyers. If buyers have any queries, then you need to give them the information. If you do not have the answer, then definitely you need to talk with your seniors or supervisor. Basically, for foreign buyers, communication is done through a phone call or through email.

Costing of Garments

This task is one of the main tasks. As a merchandiser, you need to know all the basic costing related to garments and accessories, so that you can calculate the offering price for a particular product to the buyer. Costing may include; fabric costing, trims and accessories costing, knitting cost, washing cost, dyeing cost, printing cost, garments cost of making etc. For calculating cost you may use formulas and textile and garments conversion factors.

Negotiate with Buyers/Customers

A proper price negotiation may help to satisfy both maker and the buyers. It is your responsibility, first, do the costing of final garments and then negotiate with the buyers to offer a competitive price.

Develop Sample

Before placing an order, it is required to develop a sample for the buyers. Based on the sample garments if it meets the buyer’s requirements then they place an order. So, as a merchandiser, you need to work on developing sample according to the buyer’s specifications.

Take Order

When garments buyers are satisfied with your sample garments, they will place an order and as a merchandiser, it is your responsibility to take an order on behalf of a company.

Follow up Order Status

After receiving an order, you have to follow up order status from time to time with the buyer’s so that they can have a proper idea of what actually going on. This will help to ensure the on-time delivery of the product.

Make Liaison among Factory and Exporter

It is merchandisers responsibility to ensure a proper liaison among factory/garments maker or exporter if you are working in a buying house, they do not have any factory of their own.

Regular Factory Visit

Whether you work in a buying house or garments factory, you are required to visit factory regularly just to check the garments production status which must be as per the specifications of the buyers.

Look for Sub Contractor

If your company does not have enough capacity to make all the order garments then you must look for sub-contractor those will work for making your garments. But this will be a challenging job for a merchandiser to choose a right sub-contractor who will offer a better price with the best quality product.

Maintain and Update Buyers Database

Every garments export maintains their buyer’s database so that they can evaluate and prioritize their buyers according to their values. It is merchandisers responsibility to maintain proper record of buyers and update database time to time.

Promoting Products

Your sales will depend on the promotion of your products. You know the demand for fashionable garments is increasing worldwide. As a trainee merchandiser if you are targeting a large number of future buyers then you must work for promoting your products.

Market Study and Demand Forecast

Merchandising job is one of the challenging jobs in apparel industry because to become successful in merchandising career you must collect market data, study and analyze the data and forecast accordingly so that you can be prepared for the future challenges.

Supply Chain Management

Now a day’s properly managed supply chain is one of the success factors of garments industry. The reason behind this is, an effective supply chain management will help you to minimize your product cost. Your supply chain will help you to source your product from least cost sources and deliver your product through least cost channel.

Support Senior Merchandisers

As a trainee merchandiser or junior merchandiser, you need to support your seniors if they require your support. On time support will increase your companies operating efficiency.

After these discussions hopefully, you understand what can be the responsibilities of merchandiser and what may include in trainee merchandiser job description. If you have still question then you may ask through a comment.

Merchandiser Job Description pdf

Written by

Md. Nahian Mahmud Shaikat

What is Merchandising

What is Merchandising?

Merchandising is a process of selling goods and services. The process of merchandising starts with identifying target customers, setting a price for a particular product, do negotiation and finally deliver the product to the customer. I asked the question what is merchandising to several people who are involved with apparel industry just to hear from them how they actually define merchandising. Most of them said that all the activities to sell a product is merchandising. So, the scope of merchandising is not limited to how we define merchandising is rather than all activities are related to selling is merchandising.

As a process of merchandising in the apparel industry, wholesaler/manufacturer use merchandiser to communicate with the buyer of garments or to bring new customer, negotiate with them and make them induce to place an order. So, in this case merchandising is related with wholesale of merchandise (garments).

What is Merchandising

Example of Apparel Merchandising

Suppose H & M buy different types of garments from Epyllion and those people responsible for communicating, placing the order, bargaining, receiving an order, sampling etc. are merchandiser and all together these tasks are merchandising.

So, the process by which a merchandiser sells their products to the target customer is called merchandising. Merchandising is a commonly used term, mostly applicable in the apparel industry. Every year in apparel industry many merchandisers are recruited for the purpose of merchandising.

The demand for merchandising is increasing for-profit motive organization but the question is who will deal with merchandising for the organization. A person deals with the selling of products who is known as a merchandiser. Remember one thing that it is not necessary to involve merchandising for an export purpose it also can be used for local business.

There are basically two forms of Merchandising

  1. Retail Merchandising
  2. Visual Merchandising

Recently Another two forms of Merchandising are visible from the functional characteristics of merchandising. These are

  1. Virtual Merchandising (Online Selling)
  2. Wholesale Selling (Merchandising on behalf of Wholesaler or manufacturer)

Garments Merchandising

Garments merchandising is both applicable for wholesale and retail merchandising in the apparel industry. Where merchandisers work for manufacturer, wholesaler and retail store. Garments Merchandising is one of the popular forms of merchandising because of its extensive use in the apparel industry. Merchandising process make it easier to meet the buyer’s requirement through time to time follow up and ensuring on-time delivery of garments items.

Garments Merchandiser

Garments merchandiser is the person who is responsible for merchandising of garments products and services. Merchandising is the core function of a merchandiser. A garments merchandiser need to have several qualifications to become a successful merchandising. Garments merchandiser basically contact with garments buyers, negotiate with them, take orders, manage samples and send it to the buyers, take the order and finally, ensure the delivery of the product to the buyers at the right time.

Difference Between Merchandising and Marketing

Many people become confused about whether marketing and merchandising are similar or different. There is a difference between merchandising and marketing. Marketing is a broad area of business where merchandising is a part of marketing activities, which deals with the selling of goods and services.

Finally, briefly, we can define merchandising as a set of activities we (Merchandisers) do to sell our product and services to the target customers for the purpose of generating revenue and satisfy our customer.

Merchandising is a set of activities for selling products, merchandise, service to the target customer with the help of merchandiser.

 

Written by

Md. Nahian Mahmud Shaikat

Sample Quality Check List for Apparel Industry

Sample Quality Check List for Apparel Industry

The sample represents bulk garments, for any type of quality check, the quality control manager chooses garments as a sample basis rather than checking of the whole amount. Sampling plays a very important role in the garments manufacturing. By approving sample, buyer approves to start bulk production of garments. Sample quality checking is mandatory functions required by the customer (buyer) for the apparel industry. Every factory has a sample section to make sample garments. Sample quality has to be the best product as much as possible because based on sample garments buyers will place an order. A checklist follows for checking sample quality of garments. For your better understanding, I made a Sample Quality Check List for Apparel Industry. Hope this will be helpful for you to do a quality check of your sample garments.

Garments Sample

You may also like: PP Meeting checklist of the apparel industry

Key Points of Sample Quality Check List of Garments

  1. PO sheet
  2. Approved trim card
  3. Approved sample
  4. Production PDM
  5. Measurement
  6. Defects
  7. Visual outlook

Sample Quality Check List for Apparel Industry

Quality Check List for Apparel Industry

Order Details/QA Style File

  1. PO Sheet
  2. Production PDM/Bulk PDM
  3. Approved Sampling
  4. Approved Trim Cards
  5. Body Fabric
  6. Trim/Contrast Fabric
  7. Pocketing Fabric
  8. Twill Tape/Drawstring

Approved Label

  1. Main Label/Heat Seal Label
  2. Size Label
  3. Care Label
  4. Cargo pocket Label

Approved Trims

  1. Fusible Interlining
  2. All Sewing Thread
  3. Button
  4. Zipper
  5. Velcro

Embellishment

  1. Embroidery
  2. Print
  3. Rhinestone

Approved Ticketing/Finishing Trims

  1. UPC
  2. Size Stripe
  3. Billboard
  4. Hang Tag
  5. Marketing Tag
  6. Hanger/Sizer

Wash Verification Report

  1. Approved Wash Standard/V-Code
  2. Shade band/ Leg Panel
  3. SHADE (B – base color) Light or dark
  4. A- (abrasion) Less or heavy
  5. T- (Tint) Heavy or less
  6. C- (coverage all dry process)
  7. H- (Hand feel) Hard or soft

Lab Test Report

  1. Button Pull Test Report
  2. Button Torque Test Report
  3. Garments Test Report
  4. In-house Lab Test Report

Finishing, packing, and Folding

  1. Ironing/Pressing
  2. Folding & Packing
  3. Polybag
  4. Folding Method
  5. Review Summary
  6. Top Defects

Download: Sample Quality Check List for Apparel Industry (excel)

Sample Quality Check List for Apparel Industry (pdf)

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam