Garments Quality SOP

Garments Quality SOP

Garments quality SOP is the standard operating procedure for quality control in Garments manufacturing. Setting Standard procedure for garments is very much important to get up to the mark of readymade garments. In a garments quality SOP, a clear description for every working system and requirement to get the best possible result is written. Following SOP, we can do any work in a standard way and know what to do to complete the whole operation. Garments buyer also gives SOP for handling their order. It is makers responsibility to follow while making their garments. Every garments factory has own SOP for every process they are involved with. Basically, a garments quality SOP is the written guidelines of standard procedure to do a particular work for making garments. Time to time standard process may change because garments involve with making different garments different times. Actually, a good standard operating procedure increases productivity by reducing the system loss or operating losses. In a garments factory a quality control department is responsible for ensuring the best quality of garments, so they always follow a standard process for monitoring and controlling process and products.

Garments Quality SOP, Garments Quality Standard Operating Procedure

List of SOP Needed for Garments Quality

Listed SOP hyperlinked with needed SOP, you can read by clicking.

  1. Fabrics inspection SOP
  2. Shade band procedure
  3. Fabrics process before cutting
  4. Trim and accessories inspection SOP
  5. Garments pattern making SOP
  6. Fabrics relaxation, spreading and cutting procedure SOP
  7. Sewing quality procedure
  8. Garments measurement SOP
  9. Needle controlling SOP
  10. Sharp edge controlling SOP
  11. Button pull test SOP
  12. Button pinch setting SOP
  13. Metal detection SOP
  14. Mold prevention SOP
  15. Finishing SOP
  16. Quality control manual or SOP

If you need any SOP for a specific process/ task related with quality or you want to develop a quality manual or any technical thing of garments manufacturing, please feel free to contact with me through sending mail to the following address.

Garments quality SOP pdf

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Garments Quality Control Procedure

Garments Quality: Every garment buyer have own quality manual or procedure, a standard quality procedure should maintain in garments manufacturing industry to reach up to the mark in quality control. Every person related to apparel manufacturing need to know about garments quality procedures, especially for them who work in the quality department. Here I wrote all general garments quality control procedure of Garments manufacturing from cutting to finishing that’s how we do to maintain quality procedures.

Garments Quality Control Procedure

Garments Quality Control Procedure

  1. Checking fabrics, trims, and accessories as per buyer requirement.
  2. Make size set sample and review in PP meeting
  3. Pattern correction based on size set garments measurement
  4. Cut 300 pcs as a pilot run from all size range after PP meeting to ensure all size measurement is correct then proceed to cut for bulk.
  5. Keep pattern library of a printed pattern in the CAD room
  6. If fabrics shrinkage differs more than 2 %, a different pattern will be made
  7. Ensuring that fabric with accessories as per consumption okay to proceed bulk then start cutting
  8. Cutting will be started after buyer QC approval of bulk cutting
  9. Ensure all cut panels should be double check with pattern & maintain your record as per SOP
  10. All cut panels to be quality inspected before inputting to sewing section.
  11. Checking fabrics bonding strength with interlining after fusing, fusing attached temperature record with thermal paper.
  12. Keeping Go by sample for every running style to confirm garments styling is accurate as per sample.
  13. Ensure all marking instrument should be invisible especially pen & chalk mark pencil use light mark but it should be erased able daily basis, follow up oil leakage from the machine by put blotting paper or fabric under the pressure foot, also double check all the machine inside have any extra needle by the magnet.
  14. Ensure all machine tension with feed rock set up properly  by our actual fabric quality on daily basis & keep a record with mock-up
  15. Needle control and Needle change record maintain properly.
  16. 100% garments quality inspection in both sewing and finishing
  17. 100% garments to be measured in finishing
  18. Button pull test checking and record daily
  19. Garments pass through metal detector machine
  20. Keep packing accuracy as per buyer approval, check daily and take buyer approval for folding and packing

Garments Quality Control Procedure pdf

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Overlock Sewing Machine Types, Specifications and Technical Adjustment

Overlock Sewing Machine

The overlock machine is different from the lockstitch sewing machine, cut the edge of fabrics and cover two parts of fabrics by stitching. Overlock machine has different types of specification, from 2/3 to 6 threads can be used. Here in this article, we will have detail discussion of Overlock Sewing Machine Types, Specifications and Technical Adjustment.

Overlock Sewing Machine

Overlock Sewing Machine Types, Specifications and Technical Adjustment

Overlock Stitch

Types of Overlock Sewing Machine

An overlock / over edge machine is a high-speed sewing machine. This is the quickest performing machine for giving overedge stitches. Overlock Machines Are available in following Specifications

  1. 2 Thread Overlock machine
  2. 3 Thread Overlock Machine
  3. 4 Thread Overlock Machine
  4. 5 Thread Overlock Machine
  5. 6 Thread Overlock Machine

Overlock Sewing Machine Types, Specifications and Technical Adjustment

The Relationship between Overlock Machine and Number of Thread Used

Serial No. Machine Name No. Of Threads use Total threads use
Needle Looper
1 2 Thread Overlock Machine 1 1 2
2 3 Thread Overlock Machine 1 2 3
3 4 Thread Overlock Machine 2 2 4
4 5 Thread Overlock Machine 2 3 5
5 6 Thread Overlock Machine 3 3 6

Features of Overlock Sewing Machine

  1. Maximum Machine speed 6500 SPM (vary operation wise)
  2. Stitch can be made using 2,3,4,5 or 6 threads, depending on the no. of needles and looper
  3. Stitch length 2 to 4 mm
  4. Stitching type- Overlock stitch
  5. Used feed is Deferential feed
  6. Oil lubrication system- Automatic
  7. Used in Woven, knit; all types of garments

Technical Adjustment of Overlock Machine

Technical adjustments which are to be taught while dealing with OVERLOCK machines are given below. Trainers should keep the following points in mind during the session of OVERLOCK machine

  • First, demonstrate the adjustment then ask trainee to practice on the machine.
  • Use the Instructional manual given by the machinery supplier during Session
  • Make sure, all the trainees are able to understand the Instructional manual.
  • The practice of sewing on a machine is also necessary.

Technical Adjustments Points of Overlock Machine

  1. Basic Machine Practice
  2. Technical Specification
  3. Installation of needle
  4. Needle bar Height adjustment
  5. Needle to lower looper timing
  6. Upper Looper Timing
  7. Chain looper timing (Safety Stitch)
  8. Upper Knife Adjustment
  9. Lower Knife adjustment
  10. Feed Dog Height adjustment
  11. Cam Timing
  12. Thread Adjustment

Overlock Sewing Machine Types, Specifications and Technical Adjustment pdf

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Production Planning and Control in Garments

Production Planning and Control in Garments

Production Planning and Control (PPC): To ensure proper execution of production in the right time and on time delivery/shipment production planning is required. Production planning department’s responsibility is very sensitive to the apparel manufacturing point of view. Production planner distributes line wise production from buyer order list, set target to meet on time shipment date and execute everything for production. A wrong production plan can not ensure right time delivery, which is not a good sign of the apparel industry. Production planner distributes line wise production from buyer order list. Here in this article, we will have detail discussion of what are the things required Production Planning and Control in Garments and how you can execute it.

Production Planning and Control in Garments

Benefits of Production Planning in the Apparel Industry

  1. Keeping a sequence of production order
  2. Estimating production as per line wise capacity
  3. Achieving targeted production
  4. On time production and delivery to the customer

Things to Follow up by Planning Department

A production planner has to follow up below-mentioned work to implement production planning to progress production step by step.

  1. Fabrics, trims, and accessories in-house status
  2. Fabrics, trims and accessories inventory and inspection report
  3. QC file and approved sample receiving
  4. Size set /sampling requirement of the buyer
  5. PP meeting result; pass or fail
  6. Bulk cutting approval from buyer
  7. Cutting production
  8. Embroidery production
  9. Sewing production
  10. Washing production
  11. Finishing production
  12. Backlog of finishing
  13. Shipment

Factors of Garments Production Planning

These factors are key to develop a production plan for the apparel industry.

  1. Style name
  2. PO number
  3. Color
  4. Product category/type
  5. Style Description
  6. Order Quantity
  7. Price of every single unit Garments
  8. Ex-factory/shipment date
  9. Current Production status
  10. Planned final audit date
  11. Goods input date to sewing
  12. Planned Capacity / Day / Line
  13. Line Efficiency
  14. Number of Lines
  15. Name of a line for production
  16. Working Hour/Day
  17. Production Unit
  18. Weekend / Holidays during prod
  19. No of Working Day Required of every style
  20. Sewing Output Finish Date
  21. Wash Input Date
  22. Planned Capacity Per Day of washing
  23. Production Unit of washing
  24. No of Working Day Required to complete washing
  25. Wash Completing date
  26. Dry Process; apply or not apply
  27. Goods Finishing Start Date
  28. Planned Capacity Per Day of finishing
  29. Weekend/Holiday during production in finishing
  30. No of Working Day Required to complete finishing
  31. Goods Will Ready for final Audit
  32. Factory Wise Planned Production Capacity Sewing
  33. No Of line /Production Unit in the facility
  34. Factory Wise Planned Production Capacity Wash
  35. The quantity of Dry Process / Normal Wash

Implementation of Garments Production Planning

Implementation of production is not a very easy task for the garments industry as its change with time. Production plan implementation starts with cutting and finish with the packing of garments, long working between start and finish. A factory may get fabrics delay or trims or may fabrics can be failed in inspection for shade or visual defects, these problems hamper time and production planner has to change plan, may input next lot for production because you cannot keep line stop from production. So anything delay, next lot can be inputted for production keeping shipment date in mind. Plan updates every day depending on the current situation.

Finally, Production planning is a continuous process as the production of a different lot is going on but you also required to maintain a good control system. By monitoring, you can identify whether your planning is perfectly working or not, if not then a control is required to take corrective action.

Production planning and control in Garments pdf

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Shade Band Submission and Approval Procedure in Garments Factory

Shade Band Submission and Approval Procedure in Garments Factory

Before discussing Shade Band Submission and Approval Procedure in Garments Factory first let have some idea of what is shade band and why we need shade band so that you can understand the importance of shade band submission.

What is Shade Band?

Shade band is a color standard range for color evaluation process of finished garments to get garments within buyer standard color range.

Why need Shade Band?

To ensure consistent shade, swatches from every roll & lot must be collected and placed on the “Color Continuity Card” for color assessment. Garments maker need to complete the bulk fabric shade band submission. No bulk production can begin until the merchandiser has signed off the Color Continuity.

Shade Band Submission and Approval Procedure in Garments Factory

Shade Band Submission Procedure in Buying House

  1. Submit the Color Continuity Cards to QC/Wash or fabrics QC or merchandisers.
  2. Buying house is responsible for the sign off of Color Continuity Cards.
  3. Collect swatches: Samples must be taken from every bulk lot of main and trim fabric. During the fabric inspection, the factory should cut the color samples from each roll or each dye lot displaying the range of color variation. Swatches must be taken from the front and end of the roll. Write the corresponding lot/roll number for identification.
  4. Garment wash: The swatches may be sent to a washing factory to check the color changes under one wash batch, which is subjected to the washing/ after treatment.
  5. Sorting the swatches into color batches – Put the swatches under the lightbox using TL84 and D60 to assess for any color variation. The swatches are compared to the fabric approval card and trim approval card. Group the swatches to different shade lots such as A, B, C, D, E… Mark the lot number on each swatch.
  6. Prepare the Color Continuity card: A 15 cm by 15 cm cutting from the swatches of each lot should be mounted on the Color Continuity Cards and fill in the appropriate column with an appropriate “lot number”. The total yardage of each dye lot is then recorded.
  7. Approval of Color Continuity card: The Color Continuity Card is prepared in a 3 duplicate set. Buying house responsible QC or merchandiser review these shade bands. Once the shade band has been agreed, a respective person should sign off one of the duplicate copies and return to factory for a record. Such copy should be kept in the factory laboratory for reference and the warehouse computer program is updated for roll shade identification. One of the duplicates may be sent to customers for approval or for reference. One of the duplicates will be kept in QC file. QC will use this as a standard for inspections.
  8. Agree with shade band: To control the color variation, an acceptable shade band should be agreed between buying house, buyer and garments maker prior to the cutting process. The color of bulk production must fall within the agreed shade band. In case the shade band is out of standard, advise the factories to contact their dying mills for improvement. Should there be extreme cases of shade variations, this will then be raised to QC manager and Merchandise Manager for decision making or eventually to customers.
  9. Generally, 4 sets of Shade Band approve by buying house, 1 keeping in buying house, 1 for wash factory and two for garments maker
  10. Shade/color evaluation of garments with buying house approved shade band should be under lightbox, at least 1000 lx light should be of buyer required light.

If you have any question of Shade Band Submission and Approval Procedure in Garments Factory please let me know. I will try to give you more details.

Shade Band Submission and approval procedure in Garments factory pdf

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Potentiality of Digital Marketing in Apparel Industry

Potentiality of Digital Marketing in Apparel Industry

Before starting with the main topics have a look what is marketing and digital marketing. Marketing is the process of identifying customer needs and satisfy the customer by providing a product or solution for that particular need. Digital marketing is the new dimension of marketing which added an extra edge to reach to the customer where digital communicating device and media are used. Digital communication is mainly depending on the internet and electronic devices. The apparel industry is now a very much competitive industry, especially if you want to do a retail business of apparel. Apparel manufacturers mainly target large buyer who will buy bulk quantity. It is easy to get a customer for old manufacturers those doing business for a longer period of time. But for newcomers, it is too tough to make an entry into this competitive business. For them, digital marketing can be the cost-effective solution. Through social media or any other Internet-based service, you can promote your products and reach to the target audience. Internet marketing is the cheapest source of digital marketing. I personally see there is a huge Potentiality of Digital Marketing in Apparel Industry in the upcoming periods.

Potentiality of Digital Marketing in Apparel Industry

You may find that the suppliers of textile and garments raw materials and accessories are using digital marketing tools to reach to you. Why not you try digital marketing for reaching your target industrial buyers.

Nowadays digital marketing, especially using the social network you can bring the best cost-effective marketing solution. Many popular brands around the world already switch to digital marketing from the traditional one for retail business. If you produce a small number of garments which is specialized or customized product and your target market is the retail store or retail market, then digital marketing is right now the best solution. This is the time we need to think of it and how we can apply and get the benefit because future challenges of the apparel industry are to be the diversification of products.

The process of Using Digital Marketing in the Apparel Industry

=> Online Promotion => Reach to the target audience => Create Interest => Communicate => Induce to Purchase => Convert into Sales => Generate Revenue => Make Profit

Benefits of Internet Marketing for Apparel Retail Business

  • The easiest way to reach the target customer through google ads, social media ads, and promotion, android apps based ads.
  • Online marketing is the most popular form of marketing because you can promote your business for exact target customer using customized promotion. Here through customization, you can be reached to your demographic customer (target age, sex, location, interest, levels of income).
  • Apparel Retailers using digital marketing platform for their flexibility and lower operational cost.
  • Social media ads are the cheapest form of promotional media.
  • Boost your sales and get instant customer feedback.
  • Easy to maintain a record and monitor the buying behavior of the target customer group.

Different Dimension of Digital Marketing for Apparel Industry

  • Social media advertisement (facebook ads)
  • Search engine advertisement (google search ads)
  • Popular Website advertisement
  • Phone apps based advertisement
  • Email Marketing

Finally, if you are smart enough then you must try digital marketing for promoting and selling your apparel items both for wholesale or retail. Both for bulk selling or customized product selling. By this, you can reach your target audience faster at a lower cost, which will boost your profit and customer basket. There is a correlation between applying digital marketing and getting a more fruitful customer. As Potentiality of Digital Marketing in Apparel Industry is huge, so we must think of it.

Written by

Md. Nahian Mahmud Shaikat

Operation Breakdown and SMV of Cargo Short Pant without Bone Pocket

Operation Breakdown and SMV of Cargo Short Pant without Bone Pocket

Cargo short pant without bone pocket, use patch pocket instead of Bone Pocket and cargo pocket placed in side-seam position. This article has size-wise SMV, SMV increase as waist size increase, less SMV than bone cargo short pant. Hopefully, after reading you will have details ideas of sizewise Operation Breakdown and SMV of Cargo Short Pant without Bone Pocket.

Operation Breakdown and SMV of Cargo Short Pant without Bone Pocket

Operation Breakdown and SMV of Cargo Short Pant without Bone Pocket
SL Operation Description Aux Time Size wise SMV
Size_29 Size_30 Size_32 Size_33 Size_34 Size_36 Size_38 Size_40 Size_42 Size_44 Size_46 Size_48
1 Small part input Pkt 1.5 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.17
2 Atach2 vlcro to c PKT Flp 1.338 0.39 0.39 0.39 0.39 0.39 0.39 0.39 0.39 0.39 0.39 0.39 0.39
3 Crease Cargo Pkt Flap 1 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.82 0.82 0.82 0.82 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85
4 Crease hip pkt 1 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.76 0.76 0.76 0.76 0.76 0.76 0.76 0.76
5 Form & Top sts  Cargo Flp 0.8958 0.759 0.759 0.759 0.759 0.772 0.772 0.772 0.793 0.793 0.793 0.793 0.793
6 Deco Cargo Flap 1.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
7 Set cell pkt to R C flp 1.15 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
8 Set lbl to C.flap 1.2 0.2376 0.2376 0.2376 0.2376 0.2376 0.2376 0.2376 0.2376 0.2376 0.2376 0.2376 0.2376
9 Serge Left Fly 1 0.088 0.088 0.088 0.088 0.088 0.088 0.088 0.088 0.088 0.088 0.088 0.088
10 Attach Zipper to Left Fly 1 0.246 0.246 0.246 0.246 0.246 0.246 0.246 0.26 0.26 0.27 0.27 0.28
11 1N Hem Rt Fly 1 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.17
12 Fold & atach r/fly with l/fly 0.993 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.26 0.26 0.26 0.26 0.27 0.27
13 Set Facing to Wht Pkt 2.072 0.276 0.276 0.276 0.276 0.276 0.276 0.276 0.276 0.276 0.276 0.276 0.276
14 Close Wht Pkt 1.334 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28
15 Tack Wht Pkt 1.334 0.218 0.218 0.218 0.218 0.218 0.218 0.218 0.218 0.218 0.218 0.218 0.218
16 1N Hem cargo pkt 1.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
17 Set mbl pkt to R cargo pkt 1.5 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.72 0.72 0.72 0.72 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.77
18 Top sts Cargo Pkt Bellow 0.896 0.507 0.507 0.507 0.507 0.507 0.513 0.513 0.513 0.519 0.519 0.519 0.519
19 Atach velco to Cargo Pkt 0.8958 0.42 0.42 0.42 0.42 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.46 0.46 0.46
20 2N Hem R mbl pkt 1.1 0.223 0.223 0.223 0.223 0.223 0.223 0.223 0.223 0.223 0.223 0.223 0.223
21 Stay Cargo Pkt eight Pleat 0.8958 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.35 0.35 0.35 0.35
22 Tack chess pkt & Crgo pkt pleat 0.8958 0.2495 0.2495 0.2495 0.2495 0.2495 0.2495 0.2495 0.2495 0.2495 0.2495 0.2495 0.2495
23 Input Fly and Zipper 1.5 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03
24 Hem Hip Pkt 0.8958 0.41 0.41 0.41 0.41 0.41 0.41 0.43 0.43 0.43 0.43 0.43 0.43
25 Input Fnt,Bk part & Wht pkt 1 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13
26 Set Front Pkt 1.9 0.54 0.54 0.54 0.54 0.56 0.56 0.56 0.56 0.59 0.59 0.59 0.59
27 Blank
28 Set Lf Fly 1.37 0.233 0.233 0.233 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25
29 J-Stitch Fly 1.5 0.249 0.249 0.26 0.26 0.26 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.3 0.3
30 Set Rt Fly and Join Crotch 2.1 0.55 0.55 0.57 0.57 0.57 0.57 0.57 0.57 0.57 0.58 0.58 0.58
31 1N Tack Front Pkt 0.896 0.543 0.543 0.543 0.543 0.543 0.565 0.565 0.565 0.565 0.565 0.565 0.565
32 Tack fly & label 1.595 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24
33 2N Set Hip Pkt 0.9167 1.273 1.273 1.273 1.273 1.273 1.273 1.273 1.273 1.273 1.273 1.273 1.273
34 Attach Riser 1.879 0.42 0.42 0.42 0.42 0.42 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.46 0.46 0.46 0.46
35 Fullfell Seatseam 1.458 0.36 0.36 0.36 0.36 0.365 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.38 0.38 0.4 0.4
36 Tack Hip Pkt 1 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24
37 Mark Back pkt position 0.8 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
38 Safety Stitch Outseam 1.8 0.62 0.62 0.62 0.62 0.62 0.62 0.62 0.62 0.64 0.64 0.64 0.64
39 TopStitch Outseam 1.312 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.52 0.52 0.52 0.52 0.54 0.54 0.54 0.54
40 Input Cargo pkt,Flap,Wst Bnd 1 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12
41 Set Mobile pkt 1.2 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.8 0.8 0.8
42 Set Cargo Pkt Flap 1 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98 1 1
43 2N Set Cargo pkt 1.5 1.65 1.65 1.65 1.65 1.68 1.68 1.68 1.68 1.71 1.71 1.71 1.71
44 1N Set Cargo pkt 1.2 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.8 0.8
45 Tack Cargo, Mbl Pkt & Flap 1 0.58 0.58 0.58 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.62 0.62 0.62 0.62 0.62
46 Safety Stitch Inseam 1.247 0.44 0.44 0.46 0.46 0.46 0.48 0.48 0.48 0.48 0.5 0.5 0.5
47 Attach Band 2.787 0.38 0.38 0.38 0.38 0.385 0.385 0.385 0.395 0.395 0.395 0.395 0.395
48 Cut thread WB 0.8 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18
49 Unstitch Band 1 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.37
50 Finish Band End 1.471 0.72 0.72 0.72 0.72 0.72 0.725 0.725 0.725 0.725 0.729 0.729 0.729
51 1N Hem Bottom 1.58 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.81 0.81 0.81 0.81 0.83 0.83 0.83
52 Make Loop 1.78 0.135 0.135 0.135 0.135 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.185 0.185
53 Tack loop 2.795 0.499 0.499 0.499 0.499 0.5589 0.5589 0.5589 0.5589 0.5589 0.7 0.7 0.7
54 Tack Front Pkt & crotch 1 0.38 0.38 0.38 0.38 0.38 0.38 0.388 0.388 0.388 0.388 0.388 0.388
55 Sew Eyelet Hole 1.165 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12
56 Body Turning 0.8 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.16
Total   23.726 23.726 23.777 23.814 24.062 24.22 24.338 24.403 24.639 24.884 24.999 25.029

Operation Breakdown and SMV of Cargo Short Pant without Bone Pocket Excel

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)

Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Operation Breakdown and SMV of Cargo Short Pant with Bone Pocket

Operation Breakdown and SMV of Cargo Short Pant with Bone Pocket

Bone pocket making is the most critical operation for a pant, normally it makes manually by lockstitch machine but nowadays an automatic machine is used. This operation breakdown for their factory who APW machine in their facilities. Two bone pocket set in the backside of pant and cargo pocket in side-seam position. A good practice is to follow size wise SMV for garments because the size-wise operation can be bigger or smaller. Here in this article, I will share different sizewise Operation Breakdown and SMV of Cargo Short Pant with Bone Pocket.

Operation Breakdown and SMV of Cargo Short Pant with Bone Pocket

Operation Breakdown and SMV of Cargo Short Pant with Bone Pocket
Serial Operation Description Aux Size wise SMV
Size_30 Size_32 Size_33 Size_34 Size_36 Size_38 Size_40 Size_42 Size_44 Size_46 Size_48
1 Small part input Pkt 0.8 0.152 0.152 0.152 0.152 0.152 0.152 0.152 0.152 0.152 0.152 0.152
2 Atach2 vlcro to c PKT Flp 1 0.42 0.42 0.42 0.4375 0.4375 0.4375 0.46 0.46 0.46 0.46 0.46
3 Crease Cargo Pkt Flap 1 0.92 0.92 0.92 0.92 0.92 0.92 0.94 0.94 0.94 0.94 0.94
4 Form & Top sts  Cargo Flp 1.2 0.92 0.92 0.92 0.92 0.93 0.93 0.93 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.95
5 Set lbl to C.flap 1 0.22 0.22 0.22 0.22 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.26 0.26 0.26 0.26
6 Hem chess pkt 1 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23
7 Input Fly and Zipper 0.8 0.1025 0.1025 0.1025 0.1025 0.1025 0.1025 0.1025 0.1025 0.1025 0.1025 0.1025
8 Serge Left Fly 1.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15
9 Attach Zipper to Left Fly 1.2 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.26 0.26 0.26 0.26
10 1N Hem Rt Fly 1 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14
11 Fold & atach r/fly with l/fly 1 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.32 0.32 0.33
12 Set bone facing to bk w pkt 1.4 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28
13 Set Facing to Wht Pkt 1.5 0.65 0.65 0.65 0.65 0.65 0.65 0.65 0.65 0.65 0.65 0.65
14 Close Wht Pkt 1.4 0.27 0.27 0.27 0.27 0.27 0.27 0.275 0.275 0.275 0.275 0.275
15 Tack Wht Pkt 1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
16 Run & Ts 1/4 cargo pkt 0.9 1.27 1.27 1.27 1.27 1.28 1.28 1.28 1.29 1.29 1.29 1.29
17 1N Hem cargo pkt 0.8 0.55 0.55 0.55 0.55 0.55 0.55 0.56 0.56 0.56 0.56 0.56
18 Atach velco to Cargo Pkt 0.8 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.44
19 Crease cargo pkt 1 0.586 0.586 0.586 0.586 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.62 0.62 0.62 0.62
20 1N Set front pkt 1.8 0.58 0.58 0.58 0.58 0.58 0.6 0.6 0.62 0.62 0.62 0.62
21 Set Front Pkt 1 0.68 0.68 0.68 0.68 0.68 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.72 0.72 0.72
22 Set Lf Fly 1 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.3
23 J-Stitch Fly 0.89 0.32 0.32 0.32 0.32 0.34 0.34 0.34 0.37 0.37 0.38 0.38
24 Set Rt Fly and Join Crotch 1.3 0.54 0.54 0.54 0.56 0.56 0.57 0.57 0.585 0.585 0.6 0.6
25 1N Tack Front Pkt 1 0.66 0.66 0.66 0.66 0.68 0.68 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.72 0.72
26 Tack fly & label 0.85 0.254 0.254 0.254 0.254 0.254 0.254 0.254 0.254 0.254 0.254 0.254
27 1N Tack care label 1 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.35 0.35 0.35
28 2N TS  front plate 1.4 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.518 0.518 0.518 0.52 0.52 0.52 0.52
29 Cut thread FP 0.75 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
30 Input Fnt,Bk part & Wht pkt 1 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15
31 Pleat to back panel 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.62 0.62 0.62 0.63 0.63
32 1N middle TS side pkt 0.8 0.64 0.64 0.64 0.66 0.66 0.66 0.68 0.68 0.68 0.7 0.7
33 2N bone pocket make 1 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.63 0.63 0.63 0.63 0.63
34 Fullfell Seatseam 1.4 0.36 0.36 0.36 0.36 0.38 0.38 0.38 0.4 0.4 0.42 0.42
35 Set upr bon facing bk pkt 0.8 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
36 Close bk wht pkt 1.4 0.57 0.57 0.57 0.57 0.59 0.59 0.59 0.61 0.61 0.61 0.63
37 Lower bone top sts 1 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.82 0.82 0.82 0.84 0.84 0.85 0.85 0.87
38 Upper bone top sts 1 0.68 0.68 0.68 0.68 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.74 0.74 0.76 0.76
39 2N TS back panel 1 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.62 0.62 0.62 0.62 0.64 0.64 0.64
40 Tack bk wht pkt 1 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.32 0.32 0.32 0.32
41 Tack Hip Pkt 1 0.26 0.26 0.26 0.26 0.26 0.26 0.26 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28
42 Insert care label 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
43 Safety Stitch Outseam 1 0.68 0.68 0.68 0.68 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.72 0.72 0.74 0.74
44 TopStitch Outseam 1.2 0.54 0.54 0.54 0.54 0.56 0.56 0.56 0.58 0.58 0.6 0.6
45 Input Cargo pkt,Flap,Wst Bnd 0.8 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.22 0.22 0.22 0.22 0.24 0.24
46 2N top sts cell pkt 1 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.32 0.32 0.32 0.34 0.34 0.34
47 tack cell welt pkt 1 0.55 0.55 0.55 0.55 0.57 0.57 0.57 0.59 0.59 0.6 0.6
48 Mark Cargo Pkt 0.8 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
49 Set Crgo Pkt Flp & mbl pkt 1.9 1 1 1 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.06 1.06
50 1N set cell pocket 1.3 0.6995 0.6995 0.6995 0.6995 0.715 0.715 0.715 0.735 0.735 0.75 0.75
51 2N Set Cargo pkt 1.8 1.72 1.72 1.72 1.75 1.75 1.75 1.75 1.8 1.8 1.85 1.85
52 Tack Cargo,Mbl Pkt & Flap 1.1 0.62 0.62 0.62 0.62 0.64 0.64 0.64 0.64 0.64 0.64 0.64
53  waist bnd join to body 1.02 0.88 0.88 0.88 0.88 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.92 0.92 0.94 0.94
54 Stay sts waist band 1 0.66 0.66 0.66 0.66 0.68 0.68 0.68 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.72
55 1/4 Round stay sts waistband 1 0.77 0.77 0.77 0.77 0.77 0.79 0.79 0.79 0.81 0.81 0.81
56 Cut thread WB 0.8 0.245 0.245 0.245 0.245 0.245 0.245 0.245 0.245 0.245 0.245 0.245
57 TS waistband 1 0.69 0.69 0.69 0.72 0.72 0.72 0.72 0.74 0.74 0.77 0.77
58 Finish Band End 1 0.62 0.62 0.62 0.62 0.62 0.64 0.64 0.64 0.64 0.64 0.64
59 Safety Stitch Inseam 1.4 0.48 0.48 0.48 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.52 0.52 0.52 0.55 0.55
60 Body Turning 0.8 0.175 0.175 0.175 0.175 0.175 0.175 0.175 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
61 2 N Hem Bottom 1 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.82 0.82 0.84 0.84
62 Make Loop 0.85 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.15 0.15 0.15
63 Waist tack band end 0.89 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.27 0.27 0.27 0.29 0.29 0.31 0.31
64 Tack loop 1.8 0.57 0.57 0.57 0.64 0.64 0.64 0.64 0.64 0.75 0.75 0.75
65 Tack Front Pkt & crotch 1 0.38 0.38 0.38 0.38 0.38 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
66 Sew Eyelet Hole 1 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14
Total SMV 31.624 31.624 31.624 31.9215 32.329 32.479 32.7265 33.3285 33.5885 33.9785 34.0685

Operation Breakdown and SMV of Cargo Short Pant with Bone Pocket excel

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Inventory Management in Apparel Industry

Inventory Management in Apparel Industry

Management of inventory is not an easy task; you need to be careful when you work with inventory management. Textile and garments industry is huge in terms of volume of production as the demand for clothes is increasing day by day. In an apparel industry, you may have to keep inventory in different forms. It can be of raw materials or finished goods. Because of the extra burden of improper inventory planning every year apparel industry incurring a huge cost which ultimately decreasing the profitability of that company. Sometimes they lost their price competitiveness because of poor inventory management. I was talking with a manager of renowned garments, he told me that because of improper inventory management system we had too much wastage or damaged inventory. Which ultimately decreases our profit margin. Now we are concern about it and trying to develop a good inventory management system. Here in this article, I will try to give you a general guideline of how you can ensure a good inventory management in apparel industry.

Inventory Management in Apparel Industry

List of Inventories in Textile and Garments Industry

  1. Raw Materials (Yarn, Dyes Chemicals, Packing Materials, Trims and Accessories etc.)
  2. Semi Processed Materials (Gray Fabric)
  3. Finished Goods (Garments Products)

 General Guidelines of Inventory Management in Apparel Industry

  1. First of all, you can calculate economic order quantity (EOQ), but here the problem is to determine the annual demand. It is too tough but if you were doing business for many years and you have all your previous year demand records then you can decide what will be the future demand. All you have to do is to increase the value of demand with the annual growth of your business. Here economic order quantity indicates a specific order quantity where the total cost of ordering and storing is minimum.

EOQ in Apparel Industry

Example: Suppose last few years your annual demand of a particular material was 200 MT. And with the increase in your production, this demand is increasing by 20%. So for next year, you can assume that your annual demand will be 200 + (200 x 20%) = 240 MT.

  1. Calculate reorder point: Place order when inventory stock reaches to a particular level.
  2. Calculate lead time and make a decision: Calculate how much time is required to place an order and receiving those goods to the factory.
  3. The requirement of safety stock of investors: Identify is there any requirement of keeping safety stock or not. If safety stock is required then how much should we keep is to be determined.
  4. Whether there are any materials you can deliver real-time basis or not. If it is possible for some raw materials then please make a list of it.
  5. A proper record should be kept both manual (bin card, registry book), and computer-based database.
  6. Every issues and receive must be recorded properly
  7. Ensure a good warehouse condition for inventories so that no bug can spoil your valuable materials.
  8. Proper inventory valuation method needs to be used and keep records of all valuation data
  9. Inventories of different level should be kept in separate room or areas so it is not mixed-up
  10. One most important thing is, overproduction will create an extra burden of selling and unsold items will occupy our store. Management of this inventory will be extra work. So proper planning is required to ensure the production of the right quantity, not over not under.

If you want to learn details calculations of different inventory management tools then please let me know. I will try to provide you detail clarification with examples.

Inventory Management in Apparel Industry.pdf

Written by

Md. Nahian Mahmud Shaikat

Buyer Job Description: Responsibilities of Buyer

Buyer Job Description

Before discussing buyer job description lets have an idea of who is a buyer. A buyer is a person or a company who is responsible for buying required product or services for their own use or for reselling. In other words, a buyer is an entity which actually sources and buys a solution for a particular problem. Here in this article, I will discuss the roles and responsibilities of buyers and what qualities will be required to become a good buyer.

Buyer Job Description

Responsibilities of a Buyer

In a buyer job description, you may find several responsibilities are mentioned. If you want to become a professional buyer for a company, then you must perform the following responsibilities:

  1. Sourcing/ buying the right products as per the requirement of the company.
  2. Continuously monitoring market demand and supply for your required products.
  3. Negotiate with supplier/ manufacturer to get the product with the best price.
  4. Make procurement contract with the supplier as per future demand, the contract can be long term or short term which is based on product type.
  5. Communicate with sales/ Production manager about their requirements.
  6. Submit a report to the top management of an organization where you are working as a buyer.
  7. Work for developing a good supply chain so that you can buy your required product easily.
  8. Analyzing each and every buying opportunities available for a particular situation.
  9. Place purchase order to the seller of a particular product or services
  10. Estimate future buying needs of your company.
  11. Follow up buying process and update the buying status of your product.
  12. Collecting sample product and analyze them in terms of price, quality, and availability for different suppliers and then make a buying decision.
  13. Develop and maintain a buying database were you need to keep records of every buying product and update a status of every requisition placed by the different department.
  14. Check and verify all the required specification of purchased products.

Job Description of Garments Buyer

As a garments buyer basically we mean, person or company buying bulk quantity of garments products from the manufacturers or suppliers. But this is not only applicable to buying garments products but also buying is required for the manufacturers of garments product. A manufacturer needs to source yarn, fabric, trims and accessories, a coloring agent, printing materials, packing materials etc. All these buying requirements are fulfilled by the procurement department of a garments factory.

Job Description of Buyer of Garments Seller

As a garments product seller, you may purchase products for your own retails store to sell it to the other selling agents. A commonly used garments buyer job description includes:

  • You will be responsible for sourcing garments from around the world or locally.
  • Sourcing should be done from a quality manufacturer or your company nominated suppliers.
  • Negotiate with the supplier for sells terms and conditions and buying price.
  • Conduct audit in garments factory as a garments buyer, which is commonly known as the buyer’s audit.
  • You are responsible for ensuring 100% quality requirement made by the company.
  • Collecting garments sample and evaluate accordingly
  • Place buying order for bulk quantity and follow up the production and receiving process.

Job Description of Buyer of Garments Manufacturer

If you are a garments manufacturer, then for your garments factory you must source your raw materials from local or international sources. As a buyer, you are responsible to purchase all the necessary item for your company and buyer job description may include:

  • You will be responsible to find out all prospective suppliers from local and international.
  • Identify which supplier will be good for our buying of raw materials. Here good in terms of quality, cost, availability and lead time.
  • Collect sample, evaluate and finally buy the product (yarn, fabric, dyes chemicals, trims, and accessories) from the suppliers.
  • Develop a good supply chain for buying textile and garments materials.

Qualities of a Good Buyer

As a good buyer, you need to have 6 different types of qualities and skills. Following qualities may include in buyer job description which is expected by the employer.

  1. Negotiation Skills
  2. Adequate Product Knowledge
  3. Proper Understanding of Market
  4. Good Communication Skills
  5. Ability to Buildup Link
  6. Analytical Ability

Qualities of a Good Buyer

Negotiation Skills

Negotiation skills are the topmost priority given quality required for the buyer. Because the employer believes that a good negotiation will help to get the least price for the product. In general, a buyer negotiates with the seller with the price and quality. If you want to become a good negotiator, then you must acquire some key negotiation qualities. Garments buyers give more focus on negotiation as they purchase bulk amount and manufacturer/ supplier has less bargaining power.

Adequate Product Knowledge

As a buyer when you want to buy a product you should have proper knowledge of that particular product. So that you can buy the right product, the right quantity at a right price. Product knowledge is all about knowing, where this product is available, how many suppliers deal with this product, how much it can cost and finally how to evaluate its quality.

Proper Understanding of Market

Understanding market demand and supply will be helpful to make buying decision and negotiation. As a good buyer, you always choose the source or time where the product price is low. Always keep in mind local and international market so that you can compare the cost associated with the sourcing of that product and choose the right decision.

Good Communication Skills

As a price negotiator, you must have the quality of effective communication. Buyers communicate with suppliers or sellers through the mail, phone call, or direct visit (face to face communication). So where to use which language you should know and how an effective buying is to be done through right communication skills you need to be aware.

Ability to Build up Link

Here link building means, building your supply chain (procurement channel). If you successfully build up your own channel/link, then it will be easy for you to purchase a right product with giving minimum efforts with maximum benefit.

Analytical Ability

This skill is required to evaluate the suppliers whether they are giving right products or not, whether they are charging an accepted market price or not. A good analytical skill will help you to analyze the market and buying decision making.

Buyer Job Description.pdf