Classification of Dyes

Before discussing about the classification of dyes lets have some idea of dyes and what can be the basic characteristics of dyes.


A dye is a such type of colorant substance which is capable of imparting it’s color to a given substance, by being soluble in the application medium (usually water) at some points during the coloration process.

classification of dyes

Direct Dyes

In most textile dyeing process, the process initially involves transfer of the colored chemical from the aqueous solution onto the fiber surface which called adsorption process. From there the dye slowly diffuses into the fibre. Depending on internal structure of the fibre, this occurs down pores, or between fibre polymer molecules. The overall process of adsorption and penetration of the dye into the fibre is called absorption. Absorption is a reversible process. The dye can therefore return to the aqueous medium from the dyed material during washing which is called desorption.

Major characteristics of dyes

  • Intense color.
  • Solubility in water at some point during the dyeing cycle.
  • Some substantivity for the fibre being dyed.
  • Reasonable fastness properties of the dyeing produced.
dyed finished fabric

Dyed Finished Fabric

Classification of dyes (according to textile usage)

  • Acid dyes
  • Azoic dyes
  • Basic dyes
  • Direct dyes
  • Disperse dyes
  • Mordant dyes
  • Pigments
  • Reactive dyes
  • Sulpher dyes
  • Vat dyes


Engineer Sheikh Nurja

B.Sc engineer of textile

Merchandiser at buying house

If you like this article please do not forget to share on facebook and put your valuable comments.