List of Machinery and Their Functions of Apparel Industry

List of Machinery and Their Functions of Apparel Industry

Various types of machine use in the apparel industry from Warehouse to finishing. In this article, you will get a list of machinery and their functions of apparel industry.  Hopefully, this list of all the machinery of the apparel industry with their uses will help you to understand the different machine functions. This list contains all types of Garments machinery.

 List of Machine Used in Garments Factory

List of Machine Used in Garments Factory

  1. Fabrics inspection machine
  2. Plotter printing machine
  3. Cutting machine
  4. Fusing machine
  5. Embroidery machine
  6. Sewing machine
  7. Thread Trimmer machine
  8. Thread sucking machine
  9. Iron machine
  10. Pull test machine
  11. Metal detector machine
  12. Barcode scanning machine
  13. Heat seal joining the machine
  14. Case label printing machine
  15. Moisture checking machine
  16. Digital Hygrometer
  17. Air compressor machine
  18. Boiler machine
  19. Generator
  20. Water pump

List of Machinery and Their Functions of Apparel Industry

Functions of Machinery Used in Garments

List of Machinery and Their Functions of Apparel Industry
SL Name of Machine Functions of Machine Using department
1 Fabrics inspection machine Use to do fabrics inspection to check fabrics defects Fabrics inspection
2 Plotter printing machine Print Garments marker CAD
3 Cutting machine Cut fabrics as per marker Cutting
4 Fusing machine Fuse interlining Fusing-Sewing
5 Embroidery machine To set Embroidery in garments Embroidery
6 Sewing machine Sew garments Sewing
7 Thread Trimmer machine Thread trimming of garments uncut thread Finishing
8 Thread sucking machine Reduce loose and unnecessary thread from garments. Finishing
9 Iron machine Pressing garments to get good appearances Finishing
10 Pull test machine To determine the pulling strength of any type of button Finishing
11 Metal detector machine o get a metal-free final product in carton Packing and Finishing
12 Barcode scanning machine Scan sticker and ticketing of garments Finishing
13 Heat seal joining machine Set up heat seal label in Garments Finishing
14 Case label printing machine Print case label of garments carton Merchandising-Packing
15 Moisture checking machine Find out moisture percentage of finished garments Packing
16 Digital Hygrometer Determine  RH% for every section All section-specially warehouse
17 Air compressor machine Produce compressed air for machine and maintenance department Utility section
18 Boiler machine Generate hot steam for Iron machine Utility section
19 Generator Produce electricity Utility section
20 Water pump Pick water for factory Utility section

List of Machinery and their functions of the apparel industry pdf

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Mold Prevention Checklist in Garments

Mold Prevention Checklist in Garments

Mold is a fungus that grows naturally. Excessive moisture is the main reason for growing mold. Mold prevention is very much important for any types of the factory. Mold harms garments product. This is the reason we have to make a mold prevention checklist in garments. So that we can prevent mold in a garments factory. We have another article which you may like Mold prevention in the apparel industry

Mold Prevention Checklist in Garments

Mold Prevention Checklist for Garments Warehouse

  1. Make sure there are no leaks in roofs and walls (including doors and windows).
  2. Thoroughly clean all warehouse and production areas twice a year (better between mid -December to mid-January / between early April to early May), including walls, floors, ceilings, fans & equipment (inside & out). A thorough cleaning is also required after any factory flooding.
  3. All raw materials, components, and hardware should be on pallets or racks 12 cm above the floor, 60 cm away from exterior walls, and 100 cm away from windows.
  4. To prevent exposure to dust, all materials must be covered or sealed.
  5. Make sure to have functioning fans for good air circulation and ventilation.

Mold Prevention Checklist for Garments Production Floor

  1. Clean factory floors, all machinery, and packing surfaces daily with chlorine (5% chlorine bleaching powder & 95% water) quickly wipe them dry with clean cloths. Do not reuses wipe towels unless it had been laundered and bleached.
  2. All packing workers must wear freshly washed work aprons and clothing every day.
  3. All packing workers must not use any cotton gloves.
  4. All packing workers must keep hands clean of grease & oil by washing hands with soap & water before returning to work.
  5. All packing workers must use paper towels or dryers to dry hands after washing. Do not use shared cloth towels for drying.
  6. Must have good air circulation & ventilation in the production area.
  7. Cut pieces should be stored in plastic bags prior to stitching.
  8. Stitched parts should be stored in plastic bags prior to next process.
  9. Ensure the iron temperature and the ironing time is high enough and long enough to dry out all the moisture.
  10. Do not pack immediately after ironing. Ensure enough time to dry up before packed.
  11. Use fans instead of air conditioning during the ironing process to minimize moisture
  12. Heat chamber with UV light was installed properly right before the packaging section.
  13. Run all garments & packaging materials (polybags, hangtags, tissue paper) through the Heat chamber with UV light at 40 degrees Celsius for a minimum of 1 minute (the longer the better) to remove any moisture.
  14. The last step in the packing process is to seal the polybag then quickly pack into a shipping carton and make carton sealed as early as possible.
  15. Polybags must punch with air holes for good ventilation.

Mold Prevention Checklist for Garments Production Floor

Checklist Finished Goods Warehouse

  1. Keep shipping cartons dry. Damaged cartons should not be used. Make sure to securely seal cartons.
  2. Stack packed finished goods on pallets, a non-wooden pallet is better. Keep cartons 12 cm. above the floor, 60 cm away from exterior walls, and 100 cm (or more) away from outside windows or doors. Fix all broken windows.
  3. Must have functioning fans/dehumidifiers for air ventilation in order to maintain a relative humidity of below 60%. A humidity gauge and thermometer should be present so temperature & humidity can be monitored & recorded daily
  4. Containers & closed trucks must be undamaged, dry, mold free & sealed. Take photos to record the container condition, during loading and before closing.

Mold Prevention Checklist in Garments pdf

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Preventive Machine Maintenance Checklist for Sewing Machine

Preventive Machine Maintenance in Garments

Preventive maintenance refers to regular, routine maintenance to help keep equipment up and running, preventing any unplanned downtime and expensive costs from unanticipated equipment failure. Preventive maintenance reduces cost, reduce machine downtime. These are the reasons why preventive machine maintenance in garments is required. A sewing machine is one of the key machinery used in garments industry to make garments. Because of sewing machine breakdown, or any other mechanical problem may stop your factory production. So to reduce this problem it will be useful if you do maintenance of machine regular basis. For your convenience, I made a Preventive Machine Maintenance Checklist for Sewing Machine. Hopefully, this will help you to make a checklist and continue your sewing machine maintenance to minimize the problem. Here is the list is given below:

Preventive Machine Maintenance Checklist for Sewing Machine

Preventive Machine Maintenance Checklist for Sewing Machine

  1. Thread stand clean & tight
  2. Bobbin winder proper check
  3. Feed dog check
  4. Pressure foot check
  5. Needle plate check
  6. Needle screw check
  7. V-belt check
  8. Belt cover clean & tight
  9. Pully & pully cover check
  10. Hookset check
  11. Oil level check properly & clean
  12. Needle guard check
  13. Moving knife check
  14. Fix knife check
  15. Footrest check
  16. Headrest pin check
  17. Kneepad check
  18. Paddle mat check
  19. Ubt machine proper working & check
  20. Stand shoe check
  21. Fabric guide check
  22. Pedal chain check
  23. Looper check
  24. Waste tube check
  25. Lower knife check
  26. Upper knife check
  27. Eyeglass check
  28. Tabletop condition check
  29. Machine condition check
  30. Gauge set check
  31. Top feed dog check
  32. Gear bearing check
  33. Pressure bar/regulator check
  34. Bobbin case check
  35. Oil lubrication system checking
  36. Oil change
  37. Moto & control box clean by air pressure
  38. All moving parts checking/replacement
  39. Gear and bearing checking/replacement
  40. Hook for sharp surfaces and burrs on the hook point
  41. Check the oil levels in the machines

If you have any confusion then please let me know. I will try to clarify for your better understanding.

Preventive Machine Maintenance Checklist of Sewing Machine pdf

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Job Responsibilities of Quality Manager in Apparel Industry

Job Responsibilities of Quality Manager in Apparel Industry

The apparel industry is one of the growing industry because of higher demand for garments items. Buyers always expect to get a quality product from the garment’s maker. So to ensure production and supply of quality product, every factory has their own quality control department. A quality control department is planned and controlled by a quality manager. As a garments maker or as a potential quality manager you must need to be aware of the job responsibilities of quality manager in apparel industry.

Job Responsibilities of Quality Manager in Apparel Industry

Quality Control/Assurance Manager in Garments

Quality manager in the apparel industry is a person who manages quality control and assurance. He is responsible for developing quality controlling procedure for the whole factory and ensure required quality. It is a big responsibility to work as a quality manager, have to control quality issues and getting a quality product. Quality Manager is responsible for satisfying customers by providing a quality product. So for textile and garments factory, it is very important to have a post for a quality manager. In this article, I am sharing a list of job responsibilities of Quality Manager (QC/QA) of an Apparel Industry.

Skills of Quality Manager in Apparel Industry

  1. Skills of problem-solving of quality issues
  2. Garments measuring skill
  3. Quality controlling
  4. Good leadership skill
  5. Customer feedback
  6. Quality assurance

Job Description of a Garments Quality Manager

  1. Develop, manage implement, communicate and maintain a quality plan to bring the Company’s Quality Assurance Systems and Policies into compliance with quality system requirements.
  2. Effectively interact with Technical, Development and Production team to maintain product quality; ensuring that targets are achieved.
  3. Assisting technicians with checking patterns/specification and construction, identifying and resolving production impracticalities in an appropriately timely manner, and to make a final decision on quality according to company standards and requirements.
  4. Supervise in the handling of sample evaluation and production approval by reviewing the measurement, workmanship, fitting, accessories, etc., and giving comments on production.
  5. Monitored QA/QC performance by gathering relevant production data and producing statistical reports to be communicated with all related departments. Identifying relevant quality-related training needs and delivering training.
  6. Responsible for each aspect of quality control and product assembly in the factory
  7. Provide enough quality control seminars and coaching for company trainees
  8. Ensuring all quality & production issue by Auditing & Controlling
  9. Production planning & machine maintenance and also proper utilized MMR
  10. To give size set sample approval
  11. To conduct a pre-production meeting
  12. Doing In-line inspection to check the quality
  13. Follow up Pre- Final inspection
  14. To keep all necessary documents and quality SOP
  15. To provide approval such as print, embroidery, wash & as per required by the buying house.
  16. To maintain all discipline and compliance issue
  17. Lead all quality staff and GPQ
  18. Ultimately ensure final product quality

Capabilities of QC or QA Manager in Apparel Industry

Here is the list of capabilities of a quality control manager in the apparel industry. Which are the prerequisite capabilities to become a successful quality control manager

  1. Operation Services
  2. Report Making in Line/ Final Process inspection
  3. Factory problem report
  4. Technical Idea Above sample & bulk Production
  5. Quality Inspectors Training
  6. Decision making
  7. Production Status, Shipment Schedule
  8. Q.L. Final Inspection before shipment

Job Responsibilities of Quality Manager in Apparel Industry pdf

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Apparel Industry SOP

Apparel Industry SOP

Now one of the most growing industry in the world is the apparel industry. As the apparel industry is growing it is required to increase its operating efficiency. For increasing operating efficiency in textile and garments must need to ensure the use of Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) in every operating section. Apparel industry SOP is necessary because it is a written step by step guidelines or as a form of flow diagram with proper explanation. If you are involved with the apparel industry (textile and garments) you must know what is Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) in Garments. Actually, SOP is one type of manual which provides guidelines for operating procedure or working procedure. Earlier it is not mandatory to follow standard operating procedure but now because of the huge benefits, each and every industry trying to use. One problem is there are many people who do not have a proper idea of how to develop an SOP for their textile and garments and how they can make a functional SOP. So it will be a good decision if you hire an experienced professional who can develop a standard operating procedure for your factory. SOP should be put in a working place where it will be easily visible. SOP should be printed form with proper lamination on it to avoid damage.

Apparel Industry SOP

Remember Two Things when You Develop an SOP for Apparel Industry

  1. Make it Concise: Proper Description must be given to clarify the process or working procedure.
  2. Make it as written and as well as visual: Use easy language so that worker can understand and side by side hang a flow chart also to make it visual.

Textile and Garments Should Develop SOP for Each and Every Operating Section

  1. SOP for Spinning
  2. SOP for Knitting
  3. SOP for Dyeing
  4. SOP for Printing
  5. SOP for Garments Cutting
  6. SOP for Sewing
  7. SOP for Finishing
  8. SOP for Quality Check (Q.C)
  9. SOP for Packing
  10. SOP for Store Management
  11. SOP of Sampling
  12. SOP for Every Other Functional Operation

Benefits of Using Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) in Apparel Industry

  1. Ensure Standardized in Operation
  2. Provide Standard Guidelines
  3. Easy to Understand the Process and Adaptation
  4. Fastness in Operation
  5. Ensure Consistency of Output
  6. Helps to solve basic problem and take effective actions
  7. Reduce wastage of materials

SOP for Textile and Garments pdf

Sewing Defects Solve with Root Causes

Sewing Defects Solve with Root Causes and Corrective Actions

Reducing sewing defect is the key task for garments quality management and it is one of the challenging jobs. This article is all about solving sewing defects/faults. Here I have listed total 15 defects of garments, root causes and corrective action to reduce them. After reading this article hopefully, you will be able to know how it is possible to reduce Sewing Defects Solve with Root Causes.

Sewing Defects Solve with Root Causes

Sewing Defects Solving Process

In a sewing defects solving process you may commonly find the following process. This one is a continuous process where you need to follow to solve your sewing defects problem in a garments industry.

  1. Find out top defects respective areas
  2. Find out Root causes by the 6M method
  3. Taking corrective action
  4. Assign work of a responsible person
  5. Keep statistical data
  6. Follow up improvement

Sewing Defects Solving Process

Root Causes of Garments Defects

Manufacturers have to find out all causes behind defect to work on it. As a quality control person, you need to do practical work in defect occurring place to find out all the reasons behind every defect. The best method is to follow the 6M method for Cause and Effect Analysis. 6M is finding root causes against 6 criteria. 6M’s are

  • M – Machinery
  • M – Manpower
  • M – Mother-nature
  • M – Method
  • M – Materials
  • M – Measurement

Corrective Action of Sewing Defects

Corrective action is to solve or correct the problem which considers as a defect. Action should be specific and work should be divided to related responsible person. This is a very effective way to solve defects. In this article, I gave corrective action against each and every defect those normally visible. Total fifteen defects are there and for these defects what are the root cause and how we can minimize these problems are also given below in a chart.

  1. Broken stitches
  2. High-low
  3. Puckering
  4. Oil / stain / dirt / rust/spot
  5. Fullness
  6. Stitches skipped
  7. Incorrect operation
  8. Untrimmed threads
  9. Crooked
  10. Shining mark
  11. Poor repair
  12. Hole
  13. Washing effect poor
  14. Off shade
  15. Puckering

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SL Defects Root Causes  Corrective Action 
1 BROKEN STITCHES 1. Tension is too tight 1. Correct machine adjustment
2. Poor thread quality 2. Take initiative to ask the supplier for a better quality thread.
3. The wrong thread size 3. Machine maintenance team have to check every machine speed routine wise.
4. The machine running in over speed
2 HIGH / LOW 1. Operator negligence 1. Train up sewing operator for stitching incorrect seam point.
2. Marking up down 2. Marking to marked correctly, sewing supervisor is responsible for it.
3. Incorrect cut mark 3. Correct cut mark and proper use of sewing guide will be ensured.
4. Some operator not using guide
3 OIL / STAIN / DIRT / RUST/SPOT 1. Poor garments handling at Cutting and sewing 1. Proper fabrics/garments handling from fabric inspection to finishing to get rid of a spot
2. Poor machine maintenance as a result of oil leakage   2. Correct machine maintenance and oil leakage checking will be ensured by sewing maintenance team
3. A spot in washing 3. Especially spot checking after washing and keeping clean work area
4. Dirty workplace
4 FULLNESS 1. Tension too tight 1. Correct machine tension and adjustment                                                                       
2. Incorrect machine adjustment 2. Train up sewing operator of proper handling of sewing
3. Unskilled operator 3. Checking machine speed regularly
4. The machine running in over speed
5 STITCHES SKIPPED 1. Failure of hook or looper and needle to enter the loop at correct time 1. Proper hook, looper, and needle to enter the loop at a correct time
2. Irregular thread tension on upper or lower loop 2. Proper thread tension on upper and lower loop
3. Due to needle deflection 3. Needle change as per procedure
4. Wrong Seam Width 4. Keeping right seam width
6 INCORRECT OPERATION 1. Inefficient operator. Not following the approved sample 1. Proper education and counseling of Supervisor to each and every operator during the start of any operation. Ensure that stitching should follow the approved reference sample.
2. Operator not checking his own work before passing to next process  2. The supervisor should advise the operator to do self-inspection. In line, QC should check on this and make a record on those operators not doing self-inspection to check their performance.
3. Mishandling of cut panels during stitching. 3. Ensure that Sewing Supervisors are giving proper instruction to the operator for proper sewing technique
4. Negligence of Supervisor and they do not check the work of the operator. 4. Sewing QA in-charge and supervisor with coordination with GPQ team should ensure that all any operations are confirmed before bulk production to avoid any mistake.
5. In line QC not doing proper checking per operation during the in-line audit. 5. In line, QC should strictly follow the procedure of inspection.
6. Machine not properly adjusted 6. Ensure that mechanic adjust properly the machines before bulk production.
7 OIL STAIN/ DIRT/RUST 1. Poor housekeeping and handling of garments. 1. Maintain good housekeeping in the working area. Sewing & Finishing In Charge should ensure their working place is in order, neat and clean.
2. Some machines with oil leakage     2. Educate and train quality inspector for the proper inspection method.
3. Lacking proper machine maintenance  3. Maintenance department should ensure that every machine will have a maintenance checkup once a week. Ensure proper oiling level to be maintained to prevent leaking of machine oil.
4. Dirty workplace  4. Application of scrap paper under the presser foot of sewing machines after the day’s work so that machines will oil leakage can be traced.
5. Negligence of Quality Inspector to identify the defect during final checking 5. No idle machines in Sewing Line & Cover all the idle machines
6. No garments to put around the machine head
7. An operator should clean the machine before and after use
8. Cover input box and machines after working time
9. Do not sleep on top of garments
8 UNTRIMMED THREADS 1. Carelessness of Quality inspector. Not following the proper method/sequence of inspection 1. Motivation and training of quality Inspector for proper work attitude
2. If found excess thread operators/workers are pulling and breaking it instead of cutting the excess thread ends 2. Conduct training for all quality for proper inspection method. Ensure to follow the proper sequence of inspection in order not to miss any process
3. Operator not doing self- trimming after the process is finished 3. QAD In charge should check and monitor the work of inspectors. All garments found with the uncut thread based on inspection report must be advised to all concerned operators  and sewing supervisors for proper corrective action to avoid garments passed to next process with the uncut thread
4. Improper method of trimming. 4. Ensure that workers are following the proper method of trimming and operators are doing self-trimming. The quality inspector should check this during the in-line audit
5. Not following the proper method
6. Improper finishing
9 CROOKED 1. Mishandling of the operator. 1. Proper training for an operator for correct material handling technique. Ensure that pattern and marking guide is accurate. Ensure appropriate presser foot is used
2. Not maintain the proper sewing procedure 2. Motivation and training of Quality Inspector on proper work behavior. Ensure that proper method of inspection is being followed all the time.  GPQ and QAD In charge should conduct an audit every hour to check the quality.
3. Lack of concentration of quality inspector
10 SHINING  1. Carelessness of presser. Lack of concentration 1. Motivation and training of presser for proper ironing method and technique
2. Overheated iron and steam control sometimes malfunctioned 2. Before start ironing garments, first, check if the iron surface is clean. Ensure that the ironing board is well padded
3. Ironing is too heavy and applies too much pressure 3. Use proper temperature during iron. Ensure that steam amount is appropriate and functioning properly
4. Iron must heat completely before use. Ensure to use iron shoes at all times
5. Follow correct iron method and ensure not to put heavy pressure
11 POOR REPAIR 1. Unskilled repairing operator 1. Train up repairing operator
2.Poor superstation 2. Strengthen supervision  and quality checkpoint
3.Production pressure 3. Reduce workload
12 HOLE 1. Poor garments handling at Cutting and sewing 1. Proper garments handling in every section up to finishing
2. A sharp edge in the washing machine and scratch 2. Checking with washing about sharp tools and scratch using in the washing machine
13 WASHING EFFECT POOR 1. Improper washing 1. Train up washing team especially on bottom washing
2.Unskilled washing operator 2. Strengthen quality checkpoint in washing factory
3. Poor washing quality checkpoint 3. Will arrange a meeting with washing factory management to improve washing quality
14 SHADE OFF 1. Improper washing 1. Train up washing team especially on bottom washing
2. Unskilled washing operator 2. Strengthen quality checkpoint in washing factory
3. Denim wash performance not in up to the mark 3. Will arrange a meeting with washing factory management to improve washing quality
4. Fabrics team working to fix shading issue in fabrics stage and as well as bulk washing
15 PUCKERING 1. Incorrect machine adjustment 1. Need correction of machine adjustment
2. Tension too tight 2. Keep accurate stitch tension
3. Machine not adjusted with fabric thickness 3. Machine adjust with fabric thickness

If You like this article then please do not forget to give your valuable feedback.

Sewing Defects Solve with Root Causes and Corrective Actions pdf

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

GPQ Job Responsibilities in Apparel Industry

GPQ Job Responsibilities in Apparel Industry

GPQ in Garments: GPQ stand for ‘guideline for production and quality’, work to implement buyer quality requirement in the garments factory.  Generally, GPQ works as a helping hand of buyer QC (Quality Control) in garments from the factory end. To get the best quality product and to confirm availability of buyer final audit requirement for smooth final inspection. A garments factory should maintain buyer wise GPQ separately if they have many buyers. Complete buyer quality procedure in garments manufacturing is GPQ job responsibility. So importance is given because of the extent of GPQ Job Responsibilities in Apparel Industry.

GPQ Job Responsibilities in Apparel Industry

Job Description of Garments GPQ

  1. Arrange PP meeting with buyer QC and do necessary task of PP meeting.
  2. Follow up buyer quality requirement in cutting, sewing, and finishing of garments.
  3. Follow up buyer sample requirement, ensure sample quality and deliver in right time to the buyer.
  4. Especially check all quality points in sewing and finishing of garments.
  5. Doing section wise quality inspection to keep garments defect in the control.
  6. Deliver any quality controlling message of buyer end to related section.
  7. Ensure end product quality before buyer final quality inspection.
  8. Arrange final inspection with all requirement of the buyer.
  9. Ensure everything of QC file and sample in bulk garments.
  10. Taking sample approval from buying house.
  11. Work with the buyer in QC at the time of final inspection.
  12. Contact with buyer QC about any quality issue.
  13. GPQ implement of his buyer quality manual in the factory quality management system.
  14. Work as a buyer QC representative in the garments factory.

GPQ Job in Garments

Generally, GPQ work under these designations and this can vary factory by factory. Most factories have a post available for GPQ job. Job title of GPQ can be:

  1. GPQ
  2. Senior GPQ
  3. GPQ In-charge
  4. GPQ officer
  5. Executive GPQ
  6. Executive-GPQ
  7. Assistant GPQ manager
  8. GPQ Manager

GPQ Job Responsibilities in Apparel Industry pdf

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Job Description of a Sewing Operator

Job Description of a Sewing Operator and Training of Sewing Operator

The operator is the driver of a garments factory. Operator sews garments to produce the final product. Sewing operators have some certain job responsibility. The job responsibilities of a sewing operator need to mention in the job description of a sewing operator so that they can actually know their core job functions. As sewing operators play a very important role in making readymade garments, they should be properly trained so that productivity can be increased. And also improve the quality of garments products. Here in this article, you will have an idea of what are the job responsibilities of a sewing machine operator and what type of training they make require to perform the job.

Job Description of a Sewing Operator, Responsibilities of sewing machine Operator, training of sewing machine operator

Sewing Operator in Apparel

Sewing operators are the workers who operate the sewing machine in Garments. Every sewing operator has a defined sewing operations/tasks and they are responsible to do so.

Job Description of Sewing Operator in Apparel Industry

  1. Fill up hourly basis production target
  2. Keeping clean sewing machine and floor
  3. Use all personal protective equipment (PPE). ex. Mask, gloves, glass
  4. Follow mock-up or operator JQS (Job quality standard) for every process
  5. Keeping the quality standard of his sewing process
  6. Knock sewing maintenance team for machine breakdown or any mechanical problem in the sewing machine
  7. Ensure alteration of his produced defect
  8. Report sewing supervisor for any types of problem
  9. Keeping available of all necessary tools for a sewing machine. Example: Needle, Bobbin case, Guide, thread example SPI, Stitch tension
  10. Proper machine handling, elimination of unwanted motion and correct pickup, sew and dispatch method
  11. Follow 5S method

Sewing Operator Training in Garments

More than 50% of total manpower are sewing operator in Garments. So sewing operator training is very much necessary in Garments. Here I am giving operator training matters in Garments in the below list.

  1. How to increase productivity
  2. How to improve stitching quality
  3. How to increase garments quality
  4. Why need to use personal protective equipment
  5. How to keep machine and workplace clean
  6. How to implement 5S
  7. How to increase workplace safety
  8. How to maintain discipline in the workplace

Job Description of a Sewing Operator and Training of Sewing Operator pdf

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Sewing Machine Maintenance in Garments

Sewing Machine Maintenance in Garments

Maintenance is the routine job for keeping sewing machine fit for garments manufacturing. Every factory assign maintenance team to ensure the proper functioning of a sewing machine. Sewing Machine maintenance team make Schedule and take preventive action. Proper maintenance of sewing machine will ensure the long-lasting service. For this reason, sewing cost per unit will be less. This is the reason importance is given for sewing machine maintenance in garments.

Sewing Machine Maintenance in Garments

Objectives of Sewing Machine Maintenance in Garments

  1. To get good quality product/garments
  2. Reduce sewing machine downtime
  3. Ensure long-lasting of sewing machine
  4. To save time
  5. Increase productivity of garments
  6. Stop unwanted machine breakdown

List of Work for Preventive Sewing Machine Maintenance

Here, I have listed 15 prevented work need to do schedule basis for decreasing the frequency of sewing machine maintenance

  1. The machine should clean every day before factory breaking up
  2. Needle thread, bobbin thread or looper thread should be threaded correctly and their tension should adjust properly.
  3. Essential parts of the machine should be lubricated or oiled regularly.
  4. Using correct needle number by pre-experiment with fabric before bulk production and needle adjustment should be correct.
  5. SPI, stitch tension should be correct
  6. The machine should be covered and needleless when idle
  7. The machine should be handled according to instructions provided by the suppliers
  8. The hand wheel should always be rotated towards the operator
  9. Electrical and compressed air supply of sewing machine should be safe
  10. During fabric feed and with a drawl, the needle should be picked at the topmost position and the pressure foot is lifted.
  11. Bobbin thread should be wound, in uniform tension
  12. The 1/5th portion of bobbin should always remain empty after winding thread
  13. Switching to stop the machine and start machine should be proper
  14. Keeping a schedule of every work and report actual vs schedule
  15. Follow maintenance checklist and work routine wise

Hopefully, this article will be helpful for a person who works with a sewing machine and who is responsible for the maintenance of the sewing machine.

Sewing machine maintenance in Garments pdf

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Cutting, Sewing, Washing and Finishing Defects in Garments

Cutting, Sewing, Washing and Finishing Defects in Garments

Garments quality depends on controlling defects created in different parts of garments manufacturing. Because of the complex manufacturing system in the apparel industry, defects are generated. So it’s a very big deal to control the quality in the apparel industry. Though Trims & accessories, and fabrics supplied by the third party, its responsibility of garments maker to check and ensure a quality of all raw materials they are using. The quality inspection system is available for all incoming raw materials which are provided by the third-party supplier. In this article, you will know about section wise all defects list of the apparel industry that is Cutting, Sewing, Washing and Finishing Defects in Garments.

Defects List of the Apparel Industry

Cutting, Sewing, Washing and Finishing Defects in Garments

Garments Defects Inspection Areas for Quality control in the Apparel Industry

  1. Trims and Accessories quality Inspection
  2. Fabrics Inspection
  3. Cutting and Spreading Quality checking
  4. Sewing Quality Inspection
  5. Washing defects
  6. Finishing Quality inspection

Garments Defects Inspection

List of Defects Found in Section Wise Garments Quality Inspection

Controlling defects is the key factor for garments quality control. As mentioned in this article, these 6 areas have quality checkpoints to find out all types of defects that found in the apparel industry. Cutting, sewing, washing and finishing all section have specific defect which effect on whole garments quality. Here I am giving a list of every section wise defects to understand easily.

List of Trims and Accessories Defects

  1. Print Problem
  2. Color Problem
  3. Code Mistake
  4. Fitness Problem
  5. Print Spot
  6. Measurement Problem
  7. Size Mistake
  8. Print Mistake
  9. Color Verify
  10. Gum nil
  11. Running Color
  12. PO Mistake
  13. Style Mistake
  14. Latter Mistake
  15. Cutting Problem
  16. Spot
  17. Broken
  18. Logo Mistake

List of Fabrics Defect Found in Quality Inspection

  1. Hole
  2. Slab
  3. Knot
  4. Others
  5. Spot
  6. Line mark
  7. Big Thread
  8. Miss Yarn
  9. Color Yarn
  10. Stop Mark
  11. Color Out
  12. Thick Yarn
  13. Running Shade
  14. Fabric Skew
  15. Stain
  16. Fabric Hand feel
  17. Fabric Way
  18. Uneven Dye
  19. Uneven Print
  20. Running shade
  21. Selvedge shade

List of Cutting and Spreading Defects Found in Quality Inspection

  1. Miss cut
  2. Running shade
  3. Matching plies
  4. Number &bundling
  5. Bowing
  6. Notch mark
  7. Narrow goods
  8. Rugged cut
  9. Fabric way
  10. Measurement
  11. Leaning
  12. Tension Loose
  13. Bias
  14. Alignment
  15. Skew

Spreading Defects of Garments

List of Sewing Defects found in the Quality Inspection

  1. Uncut thread
  2. Raw edge out
  3. Uneven lob
  4. Uneven top stitch
  5. Down stitch
  6. Puckering
  7. Overstitch
  8. Broken stitch
  9. Loop slanted
  10. Short stitch
  11. Skip stitch
  12. Open stitch
  13. Up-Down position
  14. Rejected
  15. Visible joint
  16. label displace
  17. Wrong embroidery
  18. Checkup down
  19. Mouth Close Up Down
  20. Untrimming Thread

List of Washing Defects Found in Washed Garments

 We have separate details article to you may follow:

Garments washing defects List

List of Finishing Defects Found in Quality Inspection

  1. Uncut thread
  2. Iron problem
  3. Broken stitch
  4. Button alter
  5. Skip stitch
  6. Bartack Defect
  7. Oil / Dirty
  8. shading
  9. Runoff stitch
  10. Process mistake
  11. Raw edge out
  12. Fabric faults
  13. Sewing reject
  14. Size mistake
  15. Checkup down
  16. Oil Strain/Dirty Stain
  17. Damage
  18. Needle Mark/Cut
  19. OverStitch
  20. Stone in garments
  21. Shading

Cutting, Sewing, Washing and Finishing Defects in Garments .pdf

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam