Preventive Machine Maintenance Checklist for Sewing Machine

Preventive Machine Maintenance in Garments

Preventive maintenance refers to regular, routine maintenance to help keep equipment up and running, preventing any unplanned downtime and expensive costs from unanticipated equipment failure. Preventive maintenance reduces cost, reduce machine downtime. These are the reasons why preventive machine maintenance in garments is required. A sewing machine is one of the key machinery used in garments industry to make garments. Because of sewing machine breakdown, or any other mechanical problem may stop your factory production. So to reduce this problem it will be useful if you do maintenance of machine regular basis. For your convenience, I made a Preventive Machine Maintenance Checklist for Sewing Machine. Hopefully, this will help you to make a checklist and continue your sewing machine maintenance to minimize the problem. Here is the list is given below:

Preventive Machine Maintenance Checklist for Sewing Machine

Preventive Machine Maintenance Checklist for Sewing Machine

  1. Thread stand clean & tight
  2. Bobbin winder proper check
  3. Feed dog check
  4. Pressure foot check
  5. Needle plate check
  6. Needle screw check
  7. V-belt check
  8. Belt cover clean & tight
  9. Pully & pully cover check
  10. Hookset check
  11. Oil level check properly & clean
  12. Needle guard check
  13. Moving knife check
  14. Fix knife check
  15. Footrest check
  16. Headrest pin check
  17. Kneepad check
  18. Paddle mat check
  19. Ubt machine proper working & check
  20. Stand shoe check
  21. Fabric guide check
  22. Pedal chain check
  23. Looper check
  24. Waste tube check
  25. Lower knife check
  26. Upper knife check
  27. Eyeglass check
  28. Tabletop condition check
  29. Machine condition check
  30. Gauge set check
  31. Top feed dog check
  32. Gear bearing check
  33. Pressure bar/regulator check
  34. Bobbin case check
  35. Oil lubrication system checking
  36. Oil change
  37. Moto & control box clean by air pressure
  38. All moving parts checking/replacement
  39. Gear and bearing checking/replacement
  40. Hook for sharp surfaces and burrs on the hook point
  41. Check the oil levels in the machines

If you have any confusion then please let me know. I will try to clarify for your better understanding.

Preventive Machine Maintenance Checklist of Sewing Machine pdf

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Job Responsibilities of Quality Manager in Apparel Industry

Job Responsibilities of Quality Manager in Apparel Industry

The apparel industry is one of the growing industry because of higher demand for garments items. Buyers always expect to get a quality product from the garment’s maker. So to ensure production and supply of quality product, every factory has their own quality control department. A quality control department is planned and controlled by a quality manager. As a garments maker or as a potential quality manager you must need to be aware of the job responsibilities of quality manager in apparel industry.

Job Responsibilities of Quality Manager in Apparel Industry

Quality Control/Assurance Manager in Garments

Quality manager in the apparel industry is a person who manages quality control and assurance. He is responsible for developing quality controlling procedure for the whole factory and ensure required quality. It is a big responsibility to work as a quality manager, have to control quality issues and getting a quality product. Quality Manager is responsible for satisfying customers by providing a quality product. So for textile and garments factory, it is very important to have a post for a quality manager. In this article, I am sharing a list of job responsibilities of Quality Manager (QC/QA) of an Apparel Industry.

Skills of Quality Manager in Apparel Industry

  1. Skills of problem-solving of quality issues
  2. Garments measuring skill
  3. Quality controlling
  4. Good leadership skill
  5. Customer feedback
  6. Quality assurance

Job Description of a Garments Quality Manager

  1. Develop, manage implement, communicate and maintain a quality plan to bring the Company’s Quality Assurance Systems and Policies into compliance with quality system requirements.
  2. Effectively interact with Technical, Development and Production team to maintain product quality; ensuring that targets are achieved.
  3. Assisting technicians with checking patterns/specification and construction, identifying and resolving production impracticalities in an appropriately timely manner, and to make a final decision on quality according to company standards and requirements.
  4. Supervise in the handling of sample evaluation and production approval by reviewing the measurement, workmanship, fitting, accessories, etc., and giving comments on production.
  5. Monitored QA/QC performance by gathering relevant production data and producing statistical reports to be communicated with all related departments. Identifying relevant quality-related training needs and delivering training.
  6. Responsible for each aspect of quality control and product assembly in the factory
  7. Provide enough quality control seminars and coaching for company trainees
  8. Ensuring all quality & production issue by Auditing & Controlling
  9. Production planning & machine maintenance and also proper utilized MMR
  10. To give size set sample approval
  11. To conduct a pre-production meeting
  12. Doing In-line inspection to check the quality
  13. Follow up Pre- Final inspection
  14. To keep all necessary documents and quality SOP
  15. To provide approval such as print, embroidery, wash & as per required by the buying house.
  16. To maintain all discipline and compliance issue
  17. Lead all quality staff and GPQ
  18. Ultimately ensure final product quality

Capabilities of QC or QA Manager in Apparel Industry

Here is the list of capabilities of a quality control manager in the apparel industry. Which are the prerequisite capabilities to become a successful quality control manager

  1. Operation Services
  2. Report Making in Line/ Final Process inspection
  3. Factory problem report
  4. Technical Idea Above sample & bulk Production
  5. Quality Inspectors Training
  6. Decision making
  7. Production Status, Shipment Schedule
  8. Q.L. Final Inspection before shipment

Job Responsibilities of Quality Manager in Apparel Industry pdf

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Management Levels and Their Functions in Textile and Apparel

Management Levels and Their Functions in Textile and Apparel Industry

If you are involved with the apparel industry or you have an interest in working in any levels of management, then you must know the Management Levels in Garments Factory. When you clearly know the Management Levels and Their Functions in Textile and Apparel industry, you can easily decide who is responsible for what. Generally, you can find three levels of management in the Apparel Industry.

  1. Top level management in Apparel Industry
  2. Middle-level management in Apparel Industry
  3. Lower level management in Apparel Industry

Management Levels and Their Functions in Textile and Apparel

Top Level Management in Textile and Apparel Industry

Top level management has the Supreme authority and most of owning a share in a garments factory. Their designation titled as MD (Managing Director), Director, Chairman, CEO (Chief executive officer), COO (Chief operating officer). They are mainly responsible for setting company policy, objective, ethics and employee code of conduct of employees as their job role.

Functions of Top Management in Garments Factory

  1. To establish company policies, define goal and objectives
  2. Set up company structure and form a company’s core ethics
  3. Leading Middle-level management
  4. Appointing mid-level management
  5. Taking strategic decisions and giving direction in a critical situation
  6. Take the decision about Staff increment, employee promotion
  7. Follow up factory profits loss and giving decision any types of financial matters
  8. Keeping good relation with the buyer (Customer)
  9. Follow up factory productivity and quality performance

Middle-Level Management in Textile and Apparel Industry

Middle-level management is called executory level subordinate of senior management but above of lower level management. Generally, in the Textile and Apparel industry, their job titles are Production manager (PM), Executive officer, Officer, Manager etc. Company performance depends on Middle-level management.

Functions of Middle Management in Garments Factory

  1. Lead low-level management /operational staff directly.
  2. Manage both top and lower level management
  3. Appoint low-level management employees
  4. Set production target and taking responsibility of production
  5. Implement company goals, strategy, and policies
  6. Implement all types of customer requirement
  7. Responsible for company profit, losses, and performance to the buyer
  8. Working for top level and customer satisfaction
  9. Contact with all level of management

Lower Level Management in Textile and Apparel Industry

Lower level management is in supervisory level, supervise worker directly. They also are known as operational staff who report directly to the mid-level management. In textile and Apparels industry their job title as Supervisor, controller and in-charge. Low-level management directly connected with work and ultimately responsible for company performance.

Functions of Lower Level Management in Textile and Apparels

  1. Supervise all Worker directly
  2. Fulfill the production target
  3. Follow buyer SOP
  4. Report Middle-level management
  5. Solve any problem of worker

Management levels and their functions in Apparel Industry pdf

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Sewing Machine Maintenance in Garments

Sewing Machine Maintenance in Garments

Maintenance is the routine job for keeping sewing machine fit for garments manufacturing. Every factory assign maintenance team to ensure the proper functioning of a sewing machine. Sewing Machine maintenance team make Schedule and take preventive action. Proper maintenance of sewing machine will ensure the long-lasting service. For this reason, sewing cost per unit will be less. This is the reason importance is given for sewing machine maintenance in garments.

Sewing Machine Maintenance in Garments

Objectives of Sewing Machine Maintenance in Garments

  1. To get good quality product/garments
  2. Reduce sewing machine downtime
  3. Ensure long-lasting of sewing machine
  4. To save time
  5. Increase productivity of garments
  6. Stop unwanted machine breakdown

List of Work for Preventive Sewing Machine Maintenance

Here, I have listed 15 prevented work need to do schedule basis for decreasing the frequency of sewing machine maintenance

  1. The machine should clean every day before factory breaking up
  2. Needle thread, bobbin thread or looper thread should be threaded correctly and their tension should adjust properly.
  3. Essential parts of the machine should be lubricated or oiled regularly.
  4. Using correct needle number by pre-experiment with fabric before bulk production and needle adjustment should be correct.
  5. SPI, stitch tension should be correct
  6. The machine should be covered and needleless when idle
  7. The machine should be handled according to instructions provided by the suppliers
  8. The hand wheel should always be rotated towards the operator
  9. Electrical and compressed air supply of sewing machine should be safe
  10. During fabric feed and with a drawl, the needle should be picked at the topmost position and the pressure foot is lifted.
  11. Bobbin thread should be wound, in uniform tension
  12. The 1/5th portion of bobbin should always remain empty after winding thread
  13. Switching to stop the machine and start machine should be proper
  14. Keeping a schedule of every work and report actual vs schedule
  15. Follow maintenance checklist and work routine wise

Hopefully, this article will be helpful for a person who works with a sewing machine and who is responsible for the maintenance of the sewing machine.

Sewing machine maintenance in Garments pdf

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Cutting, Sewing, Washing and Finishing Defects in Garments

Cutting, Sewing, Washing and Finishing Defects in Garments

Garments quality depends on controlling defects created in different parts of garments manufacturing. Because of the complex manufacturing system in the apparel industry, defects are generated. So it’s a very big deal to control the quality in the apparel industry. Though Trims & accessories, and fabrics supplied by the third party, its responsibility of garments maker to check and ensure a quality of all raw materials they are using. The quality inspection system is available for all incoming raw materials which are provided by the third-party supplier. In this article, you will know about section wise all defects list of the apparel industry that is Cutting, Sewing, Washing and Finishing Defects in Garments.

Defects List of the Apparel Industry

Cutting, Sewing, Washing and Finishing Defects in Garments

Garments Defects Inspection Areas for Quality control in the Apparel Industry

  1. Trims and Accessories quality Inspection
  2. Fabrics Inspection
  3. Cutting and Spreading Quality checking
  4. Sewing Quality Inspection
  5. Washing defects
  6. Finishing Quality inspection

Garments Defects Inspection

List of Defects Found in Section Wise Garments Quality Inspection

Controlling defects is the key factor for garments quality control. As mentioned in this article, these 6 areas have quality checkpoints to find out all types of defects that found in the apparel industry. Cutting, sewing, washing and finishing all section have specific defect which effect on whole garments quality. Here I am giving a list of every section wise defects to understand easily.

List of Trims and Accessories Defects

  1. Print Problem
  2. Color Problem
  3. Code Mistake
  4. Fitness Problem
  5. Print Spot
  6. Measurement Problem
  7. Size Mistake
  8. Print Mistake
  9. Color Verify
  10. Gum nil
  11. Running Color
  12. PO Mistake
  13. Style Mistake
  14. Latter Mistake
  15. Cutting Problem
  16. Spot
  17. Broken
  18. Logo Mistake

List of Fabrics Defect Found in Quality Inspection

  1. Hole
  2. Slab
  3. Knot
  4. Others
  5. Spot
  6. Line mark
  7. Big Thread
  8. Miss Yarn
  9. Color Yarn
  10. Stop Mark
  11. Color Out
  12. Thick Yarn
  13. Running Shade
  14. Fabric Skew
  15. Stain
  16. Fabric Hand feel
  17. Fabric Way
  18. Uneven Dye
  19. Uneven Print
  20. Running shade
  21. Selvedge shade

List of Cutting and Spreading Defects Found in Quality Inspection

  1. Miss cut
  2. Running shade
  3. Matching plies
  4. Number &bundling
  5. Bowing
  6. Notch mark
  7. Narrow goods
  8. Rugged cut
  9. Fabric way
  10. Measurement
  11. Leaning
  12. Tension Loose
  13. Bias
  14. Alignment
  15. Skew

Spreading Defects of Garments

List of Sewing Defects found in the Quality Inspection

  1. Uncut thread
  2. Raw edge out
  3. Uneven lob
  4. Uneven top stitch
  5. Down stitch
  6. Puckering
  7. Overstitch
  8. Broken stitch
  9. Loop slanted
  10. Short stitch
  11. Skip stitch
  12. Open stitch
  13. Up-Down position
  14. Rejected
  15. Visible joint
  16. label displace
  17. Wrong embroidery
  18. Checkup down
  19. Mouth Close Up Down
  20. Untrimming Thread

List of Washing Defects Found in Washed Garments

 We have separate details article to you may follow:

Garments washing defects List

List of Finishing Defects Found in Quality Inspection

  1. Uncut thread
  2. Iron problem
  3. Broken stitch
  4. Button alter
  5. Skip stitch
  6. Bartack Defect
  7. Oil / Dirty
  8. shading
  9. Runoff stitch
  10. Process mistake
  11. Raw edge out
  12. Fabric faults
  13. Sewing reject
  14. Size mistake
  15. Checkup down
  16. Oil Strain/Dirty Stain
  17. Damage
  18. Needle Mark/Cut
  19. OverStitch
  20. Stone in garments
  21. Shading

Cutting, Sewing, Washing and Finishing Defects in Garments .pdf

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Compliance Audit Checklist in Apparel Industry

Compliance Audit in Apparel Industry

A compliance audit is one kind of audit which is specially designed for auditing the compliance issues related with the apparel industry. Different regulatory authorities set different type of regulatory issues. And buyers of garments ask from the company whether they are following their required compliance or not. These issues are checked by the auditing process which is known as compliance audit. After a compliance audit, they provide/ issue certificate. From the Compliance Audit Checklist in Apparel Industry a garments makers will be able to know what are the things buyers may ask from the company.

Compliance Audit in Apparel Industry

Compliance Audit Checklist in Apparel Industry

Compliance Audit is very important for garments manufacturing factory. To get an order from the buyer, your company must have to pass social Compliance Audit. Buyer may cancel the order if your company fails to pass the Compliance Audit. In this article, I am giving a checklist for any buyer Compliance audit preparation.

Compliance Audit Checklist in Apparel Industry

Areas/Categories of Garments Compliance Audit

  1. Licenses, permits and Facility Information
  2. Child and under-aged worker
  3. Forced labor and Discrimination
  4. Freedom of Association and collective bargaining
  5. Right of worker
  6. Disciplinary Practice
  7. Working Hours
  8. Wages, Benefits & Compensation
  9. Workplace Safety
  10. Occupational Health & Welfare
  11. Environment Management
  12. Management Practice & Sub-contractor /supplier control
  13. Training records
  14. Company Policies

Licenses, Permits and Facility Information

  • Factory profile
  • Architectural & Structural Drawing Approval
  • Soil Test Report Approval
  • Trade license
  • Factory license
  • Fire license
  • Boiler license
  • Generator permission
  • Electrical permission/ Sub-station permission
  • TIN certificate
  • Export registration certificate and Import registration certificate
  • Export promotion bureau certificate
  • Bond license
  • Rent agreement

Child and under-aged worker

  • Child labor remediation process
  • Recruitment policy
  • Personal file
  • Agreement with the service provider/sub-contract

Forced labor and Discrimination

  • Any harassment or discrimination issues
  • Policy on a prohibition of forced labor
  • Awareness/Training register
  • Job responsibility of security guard

Freedom of Association and Collective Bargaining

  • Policy on freedom association
  • Awareness/Training register
  • Formation procedure of worker association/trade union
  • Meeting minutes of worker participatory committee
  • Register for complain /Suggestion
  • Grievance handling procedure

Right of Worker

  • Personal file of worker
  • Service book
  • Employee ID card

Disciplinary Practice

  • Policy on disciplinary practice or rules
  • Leave Record
  • Orientation training on factory code of conduct & legal requirement
  • All kind of policy
  • Disciplinary action log & record
  • Awareness/training register
  • Final settlement
  • Others legal facilities

Working Hours

  • Working hour Approval
  • Working hour record for all section
  • Overtime hour record
  • Attendance Register
  • Declared holiday list
  • Manpower list

Wages, Benefits & Compensation

  • Wages/payroll sheet (last 1 year)
  • Overtime wages sheet (last six months)
  • Payslips (last 1 year)
  • Wages Increment record
  • Maternity Benefit register & Record
  • Group Insurance with manpower update list
  • Policy on wages, overtime, payment date, calculation method, leaves & holidays etc.

Workplace Safety

  • Sub-soil/Geological investigation report
  • Building structural plan/approval
  • 3rd party assessment report
  • Firefighting training record
  • Fire drill record
  • Firefighting team
  • Firefighting equipment list
  • Fire safety plan
  • Personal file of Fire Officer
  • Electrical & Mechanical Equipment periodical checklist
  • Competency certificate of Electrician
  • Competency certificate of Boiler Operator
  • Chemical Handling Training
  • Health checkup record
  • Chemical list
  • Safely machine operating training register
  • Needle stock register, Broken & Missing Register
  • Sharp tool policy
  • Emergency evacuation diagrams
  • Emergency exit doors
  • Building structure safety
  • PPE (personal protective equipment) use
  • Aisle or Stairway

Occupational Health & Welfare

  • Personal file of Welfare officer
  • Drinking water test report
  • First aid training & List of the first aider
  • Medical agreement
  • Competency certificate of Doctor
  • Competency certificate of Nurse
  • Personal file of care governance
  • Childcare register
  • Canteen committee

Environment Management

  • Environmental risk assessment as per section
  • Emergency procedure to reduce risk
  • Environmental clearance certificate
  • Waste disposal agreement /procedure
  • Wastewater test report in-house and outside
  • Energy survey/ Assessment record

 Management Practice & Sub-contractor /Supplier Control

  • Awareness training record for new & old workers
  • Mid Management training record
  • Internal Audit record
  • Policy on Sub-contract control
  • Sub-contract control procedure & record

Training Records

  • Emergency evacuation & fire drill record
  • List of firefighters trained by fire service/BGMEA
  • Disciplinary Rules communication
  • First Aid training record
  • Chemical Training record
  • Machinery safety training record
  • Health and safety training record
  • Training on KIABI compliance

Company Policies

  • Child Labor Policy
  • Child labor Remediation Policy
  • Disciplinary Rules/Policy
  • CSR Policy
  • Anti-Corruption/Bribery policy
  • Sub-contractor/Supplier Monitoring
  • Grievance Procedure
  • Environmental Policy
  • Energy efficiency plan
  • Environment emergency procedure
  • Deduction for late/after lunch assentation

Compliance Audit Checklist in Apparel Industry

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Trainee Merchandiser Job Description

Trainee Merchandiser Job Description

A trainee merchandiser post is an entry-level post of a merchandiser. A trainee merchandiser will be promoted as a merchandiser and then senior merchandiser. Sometimes a trainee merchandiser is known as a junior merchandiser. The post title varies from company to company. Before recruiting a trainee merchandiser, the recruiter must disclose what will be the job responsibilities for that position. Although a trainee merchandiser will do all merchandising task as they are junior, their job responsibilities will be less than the senior post. If you want to be a merchandiser for apparel industry then you must know trainee merchandiser job description so that you can have an idea of your future responsibilities.

To become a trainee merchandiser, you are not required to have a textile engineering degree. You can work as a merchandiser if you are from a marketing background also. In real life, you may find people came from a different background but working in the apparel industry as a merchandiser. There is nothing wrong to become surprised because if you have the qualification of merchandiser then you can be a successful merchandiser, your degree does not matter in this case.

A trainee merchandiser or junior merchandiser works as a probationer where he/she will get on the job training. Step by step they will learn how a merchandising process is going on as a normal basis and how to manage all the tasks.

Remember one thing that at the early stage of merchandising career you will have to go through many tough situations as you are to work will all the responsibilities of merchandiser but the extensity of responsibility will be lower.

Trainee Merchandiser Job Description

Now come to the point of the job description of trainee merchandiser or junior merchandiser or garments merchandiser or merchandiser.

Merchandiser Job Description

As a garments merchandiser, your job description may include the following responsibilities.

  1. Search for a new buyer
  2. Communicate with existing buyers
  3. Costing of Garments
  4. Negotiate with buyers/customers
  5. Develop Sample
  6. Take an Order
  7. Follow up order status
  8. Make liaison among factory and exporter
  9. Regular Factory Visit
  10. Look for Sub Contractor
  11. Maintain and update Buyers Database
  12. Promoting Products
  13. Market Study and Demand Forecast
  14. Supply Chain Management
  15. Support Senior Merchandisers

The job responsibilities of apparel merchandiser are not limited to these but there may have many more tasks assigned by the managers or your supervisors.

Search for New Buyer

As a trainee merchandiser, your boss may ask you to look for a new buyer. So that company can enlarge their buyer basket. Although it is a challenging task to get new buyers from the competitive market. But sometimes a trainee merchandiser can manage new small buyers. Take it as a challenge and as well as opportunities.

Communicate with Existing Buyers

A good merchandiser always plays an active role in communicating with the buyers. If buyers have any queries, then you need to give them the information. If you do not have the answer, then definitely you need to talk with your seniors or supervisor. Basically, for foreign buyers, communication is done through a phone call or through email.

Costing of Garments

This task is one of the main tasks. As a merchandiser, you need to know all the basic costing related to garments and accessories, so that you can calculate the offering price for a particular product to the buyer. Costing may include; fabric costing, trims and accessories costing, knitting cost, washing cost, dyeing cost, printing cost, garments cost of making etc. For calculating cost you may use formulas and textile and garments conversion factors.

Negotiate with Buyers/Customers

A proper price negotiation may help to satisfy both maker and the buyers. It is your responsibility, first, do the costing of final garments and then negotiate with the buyers to offer a competitive price.

Develop Sample

Before placing an order, it is required to develop a sample for the buyers. Based on the sample garments if it meets the buyer’s requirements then they place an order. So, as a merchandiser, you need to work on developing sample according to the buyer’s specifications.

Take Order

When garments buyers are satisfied with your sample garments, they will place an order and as a merchandiser, it is your responsibility to take an order on behalf of a company.

Follow up Order Status

After receiving an order, you have to follow up order status from time to time with the buyer’s so that they can have a proper idea of what actually going on. This will help to ensure the on-time delivery of the product.

Make Liaison among Factory and Exporter

It is merchandisers responsibility to ensure a proper liaison among factory/garments maker or exporter if you are working in a buying house, they do not have any factory of their own.

Regular Factory Visit

Whether you work in a buying house or garments factory, you are required to visit factory regularly just to check the garments production status which must be as per the specifications of the buyers.

Look for Sub Contractor

If your company does not have enough capacity to make all the order garments then you must look for sub-contractor those will work for making your garments. But this will be a challenging job for a merchandiser to choose a right sub-contractor who will offer a better price with the best quality product.

Maintain and Update Buyers Database

Every garments export maintains their buyer’s database so that they can evaluate and prioritize their buyers according to their values. It is merchandisers responsibility to maintain proper record of buyers and update database time to time.

Promoting Products

Your sales will depend on the promotion of your products. You know the demand for fashionable garments is increasing worldwide. As a trainee merchandiser if you are targeting a large number of future buyers then you must work for promoting your products.

Market Study and Demand Forecast

Merchandising job is one of the challenging jobs in apparel industry because to become successful in merchandising career you must collect market data, study and analyze the data and forecast accordingly so that you can be prepared for the future challenges.

Supply Chain Management

Now a day’s properly managed supply chain is one of the success factors of garments industry. The reason behind this is, an effective supply chain management will help you to minimize your product cost. Your supply chain will help you to source your product from least cost sources and deliver your product through least cost channel.

Support Senior Merchandisers

As a trainee merchandiser or junior merchandiser, you need to support your seniors if they require your support. On time support will increase your companies operating efficiency.

After these discussions hopefully, you understand what can be the responsibilities of merchandiser and what may include in trainee merchandiser job description. If you have still question then you may ask through a comment.

Merchandiser Job Description pdf

Written by

Md. Nahian Mahmud Shaikat

What is Merchandising

What is Merchandising?

Merchandising is a process of selling goods and services. The process of merchandising starts with identifying target customers, setting a price for a particular product, do negotiation and finally deliver the product to the customer. I asked the question what is merchandising to several people who are involved with apparel industry just to hear from them how they actually define merchandising. Most of them said that all the activities to sell a product is merchandising. So, the scope of merchandising is not limited to how we define merchandising is rather than all activities are related to selling is merchandising.

As a process of merchandising in the apparel industry, wholesaler/manufacturer use merchandiser to communicate with the buyer of garments or to bring new customer, negotiate with them and make them induce to place an order. So, in this case merchandising is related with wholesale of merchandise (garments).

What is Merchandising

Example of Apparel Merchandising

Suppose H & M buy different types of garments from Epyllion and those people responsible for communicating, placing the order, bargaining, receiving an order, sampling etc. are merchandiser and all together these tasks are merchandising.

So, the process by which a merchandiser sells their products to the target customer is called merchandising. Merchandising is a commonly used term, mostly applicable in the apparel industry. Every year in apparel industry many merchandisers are recruited for the purpose of merchandising.

The demand for merchandising is increasing for-profit motive organization but the question is who will deal with merchandising for the organization. A person deals with the selling of products who is known as a merchandiser. Remember one thing that it is not necessary to involve merchandising for an export purpose it also can be used for local business.

There are basically two forms of Merchandising

  1. Retail Merchandising
  2. Visual Merchandising
  • Retail merchandising is mainly applicable to a retail store. The scope of retail merchandising is broad because we can use it for every type of products sold in the retail store.
  • On the other hand, visual merchandising is another form of retail merchandising where the main stimulating factor is visualizing the product and service to create attraction and interest and ultimately selling of products.

Recently Another two forms of Merchandising are visible from the functional characteristics of merchandising. These are:

  1. Virtual Merchandising (Online Selling)
  2. Wholesale Selling (Merchandising on behalf of Wholesaler or manufacturer)

Garments Merchandising

Garments merchandising is both applicable for wholesale and retail merchandising in the apparel industry. Where merchandisers work for manufacturer, wholesaler and retail store. Garments Merchandising is one of the popular forms of merchandising because of its extensive use in the apparel industry. Merchandising process make it easier to meet the buyer’s requirement through time to time follow up and ensuring on-time delivery of garments items.

Garments Merchandiser

Garments merchandiser is the person who is responsible for merchandising of garments products and services. Merchandising is the core function of a merchandiser. A garments merchandiser need to have several qualifications to become a successful merchandising. Garments merchandiser basically contact with garments buyers, negotiate with them, take orders, manage samples and send it to the buyers, take the order and finally, ensure the delivery of the product to the buyers at the right time.

Difference Between Merchandising and Marketing

Many people become confused about whether marketing and merchandising are similar or different. There is a difference between merchandising and marketing. Marketing is a broad area of business where merchandising is a part of marketing activities, which deals with the selling of goods and services.

Finally, briefly, we can define merchandising as a set of activities we (Merchandisers) do to sell our product and services to the target customers for the purpose of generating revenue and satisfy our customer.

Merchandising is a set of activities for selling products, merchandise, service to the target customer with the help of merchandiser.

What is Merchandising pdf

Written by

Md. Nahian Mahmud Shaikat

Sample Quality Check List for Apparel Industry

Sample Quality Check List for Apparel Industry

The sample represents bulk garments, for any type of quality check, the quality control manager chooses garments as a sample basis rather than checking of the whole amount. Sampling plays a very important role in the garments manufacturing. By approving sample, buyer approves to start bulk production of garments. Sample quality checking is mandatory functions required by the customer (buyer) for the apparel industry. Every factory has a sample section to make sample garments. Sample quality has to be the best product as much as possible because based on sample garments buyers will place an order. A checklist follows for checking sample quality of garments. For your better understanding, I made a Sample Quality Check List for Apparel Industry. Hope this will be helpful for you to do a quality check of your sample garments.

Garments Sample

You may also like: PP Meeting checklist of the apparel industry

Key Points of Sample Quality Check List of Garments

  1. PO sheet
  2. Approved trim card
  3. Approved sample
  4. Production PDM
  5. Measurement
  6. Defects
  7. Visual outlook

Sample Quality Check List for Apparel Industry

Quality Check List for Apparel Industry

Order Details/QA Style File

  1. PO Sheet
  2. Production PDM/Bulk PDM
  3. Approved Sampling
  4. Approved Trim Cards
  5. Body Fabric
  6. Trim/Contrast Fabric
  7. Pocketing Fabric
  8. Twill Tape/Drawstring

Approved Label

  1. Main Label/Heat Seal Label
  2. Size Label
  3. Care Label
  4. Cargo pocket Label

Approved Trims

  1. Fusible Interlining
  2. All Sewing Thread
  3. Button
  4. Zipper
  5. Velcro


  1. Embroidery
  2. Print
  3. Rhinestone

Approved Ticketing/Finishing Trims

  1. UPC
  2. Size Stripe
  3. Billboard
  4. Hang Tag
  5. Marketing Tag
  6. Hanger/Sizer

Wash Verification Report

  1. Approved Wash Standard/V-Code
  2. Shade band/ Leg Panel
  3. SHADE (B – base color) Light or dark
  4. A- (abrasion) Less or heavy
  5. T- (Tint) Heavy or less
  6. C- (coverage all dry process)
  7. H- (Hand feel) Hard or soft

Lab Test Report

  1. Button Pull Test Report
  2. Button Torque Test Report
  3. Garments Test Report
  4. In-house Lab Test Report

Finishing, packing, and Folding

  1. Ironing/Pressing
  2. Folding & Packing
  3. Polybag
  4. Folding Method
  5. Review Summary
  6. Top Defects

Download: Sample Quality Check List for Apparel Industry (excel)

Sample Quality Check List for Apparel Industry (pdf)

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

10 Future Challenges of Apparel Industry

Future Challenges of Apparel Industry

The demand for garments is increasing day by day with the increase in world population. Bangladesh, India, China, Vietnam are contributing a huge amount to the production of garments which increase their market share to the apparel industry. Textile and garments always had challenges and now still has challenges and in future, more challenges will come. Those are involved with the apparel industry will need to carefully manage future challenges to stay in the line of success, otherwise, they will have to either bear monetary loss or decrease their business growth or decrease their market share. From my experiences right now, I can see there are 10 Future Challenges of Apparel Industry with which we have to deal with. If you are aware of these challenges, then hopefully you will be the gainer by planning for the future.

10 Future Challenges of Apparel Industry

10 Future Challenges of Apparel Industry

  1. The increase of Utility Cost
  2. Special Skilled Manpower
  3. Political Instability
  4. Higher Demand for Specialized Garments Items
  5. Adaptation of Automation
  6. An increase of Labor Cost
  7. Extreme Competitive Pressure
  8. Worker Turnover
  9. Extra Pressure from Environmental Regulatory Authority
  10. Obtain Low-Cost Leadership

Challenges of Apparel Industry

The Increase of Utility Cost

Utility cost will likely to increase by a significant amount within next few years. In a textile and garments factory, four types of utilities are commonly used; Electricity, Water, Steam, Compressed Air. Among these, electricity is the main part of utility because electricity can be used to get other three. Normally there are two types of a generator is used to generate electricity in the garments factory in Bangladesh or any other country. One is Gas Fuel and other is Furnish Oil/Diesel Generator. The cost of Electricity generated by Gas Generator is lower. But if you use diesel generator then the cost of electricity production will increase by two to three times. Here in Bangladesh, we have a very limited source of natural gas. Soon or later our natural gas will be finish then we will not get natural gas for industrial electricity generation purpose, so we have to rely on the diesel or any other renewable energy source. If we can not get a solution for lower cost electricity generation then this will increase our overall garments production cost.

The solution to this problem is the government can provide electricity to the industry with the power distribution authority. To do this first of all government need to ensure high capacity power plant across the country. The Bangladeshi government is already taken initiative for the nuclear power plant, although it has a high risk for the environment if an accident takes place.

Special Skilled Manpower

To make some innovation it is required to get some skilled manpower. Through special skills, special and specific tasks can be done effectively and efficiently. Special skills like; handling CNC machine, Design PLC, use of CAD etc. For the garments sector, most of the garments works are not well educated, it is not easy to get and manage especially skilled manpower. So, this will be a big challenge for apparel industry owners.

The solution to this problem is, adapt more skill development program, like SEIP- Skilled Employment Investment Program taken by the Bangladesh Government under Finance Ministry. This program is designed in such a way that people will get training then development and also ensure related job placement. This development is a role model that can be followed by other countries those are in the development stage of the apparel industry.

Political Instability

One of the main problems for Bangladeshi entrepreneurs is political instability. A democratic government is required where the will be political stability which is a pre-requisite for the positive growth of the industry. The country which experiences frequent strike on the transport system will face the problem of a delay in shipment. And a delay of shipment can be the reason for canceling the shipment, or monetary loss or losing the valuable customer. So, for positive garments business require a positive political condition. Near future, Bangladesh is at high risk of political instability. It is the time of thinking by the owner of the garment’s how they will deal with this challenge.

The easiest solution can be taken by the ruling government to ensure a stable political condition for their country.

Higher Demand for Specialized Garments Items

The main target market for apparel export is for USA, Europe. As their living standard is higher and becoming more higher, they were concerned about fashion and will more concerned about a special fashionable dress. So, it is a huge challenge to industrially make fashionable garments at low cost. To deal with this future challenge of the apparel industry, garments owners have to think about it and invest in research and development of fashionable clothing.

To minimize the risk of a demand for diversified fashionable garments, lots of creative fashion designer and industrial engineer will be required to make specialized garments item.

Adaptation of Automation

Advanced technology helping us with the adaptation of automation in every industry. Lots of innovation already has been done by which many garments already increased their productivity, where fewer men power is used. Men power is replaced by the advanced technology; this means the machine is replacing the human being. Although automation is not possible for every section of the textile and garments industry some of the section of garments can be automated which will not only increase the effectivity of the resources but also increase the effectiveness of overall operations. As an industrialist, you will face this challenge if you do not have enough knowledge of technology and how and from where you can adapt automation for your industry.

To deal with this challenge you must invest in developing skilled mechanical and industrial engineer who will be responsible for bringing automation to your factory. They will design and make a customized machine for the different section of your factory.

An Increase of Labor Cost

We have found that worldwide labor cost is increasing year after year. China and India are facing these challenges much compared with other countries. As garments industry is more labor-intensive industry, this industry requires more men power. So, this challenge is unavoidable challenges. This is the reason why Chinese companies are shifting around the world, they are choosing Africa, Bangladesh for their suitable investment region.

To deal with this increased labor cost challenge, garments industry should work with increasing the productivity of the workers which will reduce the per unit manpower cost. Another thing is, proper training and development plan must be adapted so that you can ensure disruption-free production.

Extreme Competitive Pressure

You know, competition is always there for you, it does not matter where you do your business. The apparel industry is a very lucrative investment opportunity for business personnel because it brings a huge profit for them. But it is not easy to gain a huge amount from this competitive industry, the first condition is you need to offer a competitive price for their product.

To deal with this challenge, all you need to do, first analyze the market, analyze the sourcing of materials and your export market and then target accordingly. If you conduct a proper analysis you will definitely find a market for your product from which you can generate enough revenue for your company.

Worker Turnover

Worker Turnover or employee turnover is one of the common problems and it is a challenging task for textile and garments owners because as long as they are unskilled they will like your job but when they become skilled, they try to switch one company to another company. The problem is, you provide training to the unskilled worker to make them skilled but after becoming skilled they are not always promised to give their valuable output to your company. It is something like you are extracting juice from lemon but cannot take the juice on your own. You are losing your skilled worker, losing your invested money and also opening scope your competitors to steal your best workers. I personally consider this problem as the biggest challenge for the apparel industry.

But the question is, how to get rid of this problem? The easiest solution is; you need to provide a competitive benefit to your workers. First, understand their needs and provide their needs, it can be a monetary or non-monetary benefit.

Extra Pressure from Environmental Regulatory Authority

In the apparel industry, the textile is producing a huge amount of waste, especially chemical is used for dyeing, printing, washing which is ultimately dumped into the river water. A huge quantity of water is used for garments washing and there is no efficient scope for reusing this water. Because of the apparel industry, our water is not only polluted by the industrial waste but also underground water level is dropping. This is the reason why environmental regulatory authority is now more concern about environmental pollution. Garments buyers are now also concerned about the environmental effect of dumping of garments waste. Now it is mandatory to have ETP-Effluent Treatment Plant in textile and garments factory so that effluent can be treated before dumping into the river. Here the challenge is to set up an effluent treatment plant and manage it according to the guidelines of respective authorities which is a costly operation.

To get rid of this challenge, as a garments owner, you need to find a solution from three different types of an effluent treatment plant and choose which is least costly for you.

Obtain Low-Cost Leadership

Nowadays, low-cost leadership is a challenging task because everyone related with apparel industry trying to get the best solution where they will get low-cost leadership. As a part of low-cost leadership, they choose decision among make or buy decision. In addition to this, they are always working for setting good supply chain management for their garments resources.

So, as an industrialist how you can ensure low-cost leadership? All you need to do recruit a good financial analyst. Let him understand your business and its process properly. After doing a proper analysis, he will help you to decide which one is the best option for you. Another thing you can do is always ensure that you are well informed about what is going on in the industry and how trends are moving forward. If you are aware enough and take the right decision, then you must be able to obtain low-cost leadership in the apparel industry.

After these discussions, hopefully, you understand what can be the future challenges for the apparel industry and how you need to move forward to stay in the right path of your business which may help you to generate enough revenue for your company.

10 Future Challenges of Apparel Industry