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Scenario of Bangladesh Woven Garments Sector

The Scenario of Bangladesh Woven Garments Sector and SWOT Analysis

Once upon a time, the woven sector was the most leading RMG sector in Bangladesh. With growing trend knit & denim also reaches the top floor that all of them are competing with each other. In this article, we will share with you the current scenario of Bangladesh Woven Garments Sector and SWOT Analysis. In the fiscal year 2017 to 2018, the export value of the woven product was 50.39% which was 15426.25 million $ of total worth. But in recent dependency on imported fabrics & lack of proper policy on energy supply have a negative impact on the competitiveness of Bangladesh’s woven garment in the global market. The woven sector had seen negative growth in major export destinations including Germany and the US. There needs new investment & backward linkage, technological improvements, availability of modern types of machinery, a wide variety of products etc.

The scenario of Bangladesh Woven Garments Sector and SWOT Analysis

During an interview with the Dhaka Tribune, BGMEA senior vice president, Faruque Hassan told that “woven products manufacturers are highly dependent on import for fabrics, which costs more. That’s why woven garments export is experiencing slower growth and it is also losing its strength in the world export market. We do not have manmade fiber, polyester, and petrochemical, which we must import. We will be competitive if we can meet the demand from our local sources,” he quoted. “Stakeholders are investing to upgrade machinery for value addition, this will increase the confidence of the buyer and they will also place the orders for higher end woven products in Bangladesh “he also added to his view. It takes about 35 days to ship goods to the US from Bangladesh, indeed a long time. On contrary, China takes 20 days and Turkey takes15 days. This is another big reason for losing global market. There is a demand of approximately three billion meters of woven fabric in a year. a local mill can produce around 45 million meters fabric which is around 14-15%, a less portion of the demand. Every year the country is investing almost 4 billion % to import fabric for making a woven product. There is huge demand and supply conflict. Woven sector is fighting to overcome all the obstacles & making its garments on global field.

Top Foreign Buyer of Bangladesh Woven Garments  Industry

Brand name Country
H & M Sweden
Puma Germany
Nike USA
WalMart USA
Levi’s USA
Gap USA
PVH USA
New Yorker Germany
Sainsbury UK
Quick silver Australia
Haggar USA
C&A Belgium
Timberland USA
Colince UK
M & S UK
Linmark Japan
Salomon France
Red Cap Sweden
L.L. BEAN INC. USA
Diesel UAE
LANDS’ END INC. USA
Lindex Japan
Granville Australia
Decathlon France
VF Asia USA

SWOT Analysis of Bangladesh Woven Garments Sector

SWOT Analysis of Bangladesh Woven Garments Sector

Strength of Woven Garments Sector of Bangladesh

  1. Positive image as top leading global brands expanded business
  2. Local trims & accessories availability
  3. Inhouse washing, wrinkle free units
  4. Adequate machines & spare parts maintenance facility
  5. Easier to use new methods & technologies than knit
  6. Presence of local & global experts
  7. Demand of woven products locally & globally
  8. Own hand loom & hometex section
  9. Eco friendly & green factories
  10. Establishment of multinational companies attracts foreign buyers

Weakness of Woven Garments Sector of Bangladesh

  1. Lack of local fabric supplier& import dependency
  2. Lack of investment in backward linkage
  3. Absence of value addition and modern technology
  4. Can’t compete in regards of short lead time
  5. Lack of innovation as per fashion & trend
  6. Cost of utility & natural gas increases
  7. Recent salary increments of garments worker
  8. Lack of international standard local experts& business professionals
  9. Local designers are not trained & can’t make optimized cost product design
  10. Giving less attention in woven sector than knit or denim

Opportunities of Woven Garments Sector of Bangladesh

  1. Open costing facility among competitors based on cost & quality
  2. Ease of communication with foreign buyers
  3. Easier quality approval policy
  4. Larger demand of woven clothing, bags, fashion accessories etc.
  5. Foreign buyer specific design or trendy products
  6. Government recent tax reduction for apparel sector
  7. Presence of trade analysis & research institution
  8. Comparatively less product variety than knit to make fusion
  9. Availability of local trims & accessories factories
  10. Kneeling of neighbor countries RMG sector

Threats of Woven Garments Sector of Bangladesh

  1. China & Turkey attracting buyer by their short lead time shipment
  2. E-buy shop & retail store with custom made products
  3. Global retailer lower price offer because of grading product systems
  4. Corruption & other anti-social activities lead foreigner to source any others
  5. Product variety & demand of fancy items fulfilled by competitors
  6. Neighbor countries established attractive infrastructural facilities
  7. Dependency of mother buyers of specific region
  8. Competitors producing variety of fabric & fabric mixed products
  9. India & Myanmar focusing on expanding their global market
  10. Increase of rich people number may have negative impact

Fishbone Analysis of Woven Garments Export Falling Behind

Fishbone Analysis of Woven Garments Export Falling Behind

Fishbone analysis is a cause and effect diagram, a diagram with list of causes behind specific reason. Here I made a fishbone analysis of Woven Garments export falling behind of Bangladesh; Hope this fishbone diagram will clear your concept and would help you to work on reducing problem of woven sector.

Written by

Sharmin Akther Diba

Industrial & Production Engineer, RUET

Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: Sharmin Akther Diba

Current Scenario of Denim Market of Bangladesh

Current Scenario of Denim Market of Bangladesh and SWOT Analysis

Current Scenario of Denim Market of Bangladesh and SWOT Analysis

Worldwide denim products demand created the opportunity for the denim sector in Bangladesh. Here we will try to show what is the Current Scenario of Denim Market of Bangladesh and SWOT Analysis and how our business opportunity is growing. According to managing director of Denim expert ltd., Currently Bangladesh has 31 denim mills with a capacity of 435 million yards of fabric a year. Bangladesh denim products beat European markets, United States by occupying a lion’s share of denim. Bangladesh is one the largest manufacturing and exporting countries of denim products to Europe with a 27% market share. With 14.20% market share, Bangladesh is the 3rd largest exporter of denim products in the US after Mexico and China. As per the Eurostat report, in 2017, Bangladesh exported denim products of €1.30 billion, in 2016 it was €1.29 billion; within a year rise of .54%. Bangladesh had export growth of 9.55% in the US market at that year of $507.92 million. Pakistan, Turkey, and Vietnam are the three closest competitors of Bangladesh. Top products of denim from Bangladesh are, women/girl Blue Denim Trousers, man/boy Blue Denim Trousers, Blue Denim Skirts, man/boy Blue Denim Suit Type Coats, Playsuits or jumpsuits, shirts etc. During an interview with Dhaka Tribune, general manager of Square Denim told that “Investment in denim fabrics and denim manufacturing has increased sharply. Because of this production capacity has increased too, pushing the export earnings up and taking the lead in the global markets”. During an interview with Dhaka Tribune, Abdus Salam Murshedy, Managing Director of Envoy Textiles which is the no one LEED platinum certified green factory, told that “Buyers always want quality fabrics when it comes to denim products. For manufacturing a quality fabric it is necessary to use the latest technology and we have already established that.”

Top Denim Buyers of Bangladesh

‘Technavio’ market research & advisory firm reported that the global denim market is worth $60 billion. It is expected to achieve a growth of annual 6.5% within 2020. As per their report, Asian countries will lead this sector & China is the fastest growing Asian country. During an interview with Dhaka Tribune, Managing Director of Denim Expert Limited quoted that, “There is hardly any adult in the world whose wardrobe does not contain at least one pair of jeans. Moreover, jeans are now worn and loved by women and children across the world because of its comfort, durability, and style. So, we must consider that there is a prospect of Bangladesh’s denim export in the coming years,” As Bangladesh is currently leading US & EU, there is a bright growth scope for this sector. He also added, “If Bangladesh can make its footing stronger in developing design and innovation, then the sky is the limit for our denim industry.” Bangladesh is moving to produce high demanding fashionable products rather than traditional wears. Denim or jeans products are more likely to choose by youngers, girls, students, labors who choose to be comfortable & trendy. As per Cotton Inc study report, among Europe and Latin American people 71% follow denim wears, 70% USA people choose to wear denim products, 57% Japanese & 58% Chinese people wear denim clothing. Bangladesh denim sector chooses to go green policy & producing in the environment-friendly method. This is another reason for attracting global buyers to business with us.

Top Foreign Denim Buyer of Bangladesh

Brand name Country
H & M Sweden
Uniqlo Japan
Tesco UK
Walmart USA
Levi’s USA
Diesel UAE
Wrangler USA
G-Star Netherland
s. Oliver Germany
Hugo Boss Germany
Gap USA
PVH USA
G-Star Netherland
Charles Voegele Italy
Jack and Jones Denmark
River Island UK
C&A Belgium

SWOT Analysis of Denim Sector of Bangladesh

SWOT Analysis of Denim Sector of Bangladesh

Strength of Bangladesh Denim Industry

  1. Leading position in EU & US market
  2. Presence of top global buyers
  3. Good quality blue denim products
  4. Eco-friendly & green factories
  5. Local yarn & fabric mills
  6. Local trims & accessories
  7. Global demand for denim products
  8. Adopting technology & automation
  9. Adequate machines & spare parts maintenance facility
  10. Presence of local & global experts

Weakness of Bangladesh Denim Industry

  1. Lack of automated weaving & sewing machines
  2. Workers mindset of staying traditional sewing procedure
  3. Fear of taking short lead time order
  4. Cost of utility & natural gas increases
  5. Lack of design & innovation in product
  6. Custom made product order not receiving
  7. Recent salary increments of garments worker
  8. Lack of international standard local experts
  9. Lack of leaser dyeing, wrinkle-free unit, modern grinding facilities
  10. Yarn price, vat & tax, no free access because of developing countries etc.

Opportunities of Bangladesh Denim Industry:

  1. US & UK market interest in the South Asian region
  2. Competitor Pakistan undergoing economic instability
  3. Competitor China focusing on electronic sector than apparel
  4. Government recent tax reduction for the apparel sector
  5. Local denim mills establishment in the regional area.
  6. Adequate water &raw materials availability
  7. Importing state of art machinery from abroad
  8. Local factories & buyer’s investment in the denim sector
  9. Presence of trade analysis & research institution
  10. The fame of good quality & optimized product cost

Threats of Bangladesh Denim Industry

  1. Gas & electricity crisis increases as well as price
  2. Foreign buyer interest may reduce because of an adequate port facility
  3. Still need to import 50% denim fabric, which tends delay shipments
  4. Global retailer lower price offer because of grading product systems
  5. Competitors producing trendier & fancy items
  6. Online based shops & custom-made products
  7. Similar articles of clothing import at a low price
  8. India & Myanmar focusing on expanding their global market
  9. An increase in rich people number may have a negative impact
  10. Corruption & other anti-social activities lead foreigner to source any others.

Written by

Sharmin Akther Diba

Industrial & Production Engineer, RUET

Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: Sharmin Akther Diba

Costing of Knit Garments

Costing of Knit Garments: During the consumption, it is good practice to use the measurement of middle size for calculation or the size which have most of the quantity. For example, If the style has 6 sizes then better to use size number 04 for consumption. Here we will show you the calculation consumption for the size “L”.

Costing of Knit Garments

  1. Body length of the garments in cm. Say it is – 73 cm
  2. Sleeve length of the garments in cm. Say it is – 19.5 cm
  3. Approximate stitching allowance at body hem, shoulder joint, sleeve hem joint (in cm). Say it is – 10 cm
  4. Chest width (1/2) in cm. Say it is – 52 cm
  5. Approximate stitching allowance at each facet seam (in cm). Say it is – 4 cm
  6. Fabric GSM (finish). Say it is – 160 gsm
  7. Approximate fabric wastage in various stage. Say it is – 10%

In this regard, fabric wastage depends on how many additional elements the garments have, which may change in any time. When there is rotary print in garments or enzyme stone wash than the amount of fabric wastage will be more than the normal level of wastage.

Knit Garments Costing Formula

Costing of Knit Garments, Knit Garments Costing

What need to know or do before start costing

Fabrication: Take clear idea regarding the fabrication before taking the order from the buyer/buying house. After then, you need to ensure that you have a strong a good source of fabric.

Size specification: You also need to ensure that there is a correct size specification with the measurement of all the sizes, which will be ordered. Most of the time we see that PO sheet has come with a new bigger size which was not included during costing.

Fabric color: Try to know that, how many colors the style has & also try to know that, color-wise order quantity ratio.

Quantity: Take information regarding approximate order quantity.

Shipment date: Asked buyer for the shipment date and check with your production department, whether they have enough space for shipped out the followings qty within the require ship date or tell you’re a possible date.
Test requirement: This will allow you to recognize the order need to any test or not.
L/C payments term: Take a copy from the respective party previously and discuss with your commercial people regarding all the terms along with payment terms.

Inspection: Get a confirmation from the buyer that, who will inspect the goods. If there involve third party then who will pay the charge.

GSP: Please confirm with the buyer that they need the GSP or not.

Calculating Fabric Consumption

Body Consumption: 

Calculate the body fabric consumption at first. If possible calculate it after making the pattern. Be confirmed regarding the dia. Calculate the consumption with adding + 5 gsm extra which fabric is sells in kg (s/j, pique, rib etc.). Or reduce 2” (in width) from the both side which are in yards (tricot, taffeta etc.). Moreover, if the garments are wash garments then make sure that, the pattern has the wash allowance.

Moreover, if clothes|the clothes} square measure wash garments then ensure that the pattern has the wash allowance.

Rib: Calculate the rib consumption carefully because sometimes the garments have a rib at cuff opening & bottom hem. Some individuals erroneously do the consumption considering one cuff.

Neck tape: Calculate the consumption of neck tape.

Applique & others fabric: Ensure that, you’re not missing any appliqué cloth.

Estimate the wastage: Normally we add 9% wastage for the knit items. However, it’s may vary depends on how many processes the garments have. If it is with only front chest print then 9% is ok but if with all-over /rotary print, with heavy wash etc. then you must increase the wastage. Moreover, if the garments with pigments dye then add minimum 25 to 30% wastage because in this pigment dye garments reject percentage is very high.

Others Item

Print: If the garments have print then make sure that you have a clear artwork of it. Check the print quality, dimension & placement. Send the artwork to your printers for a better price idea. Many times, we found that the buyer has asked for so many type/kind prints in the same body which is so difficult for production. Such as, if the buyer asked for Flock + discharge & foil print in at the same artwork then it is not possible for production.

Embroidery: Discuss with your embroidery provider concerning the embroidery & take quotation of price.

Wash: Take the washing cost from the washing factory.

Test: Confirm the charges of the test from the testing company.

Accessories and Trims

Sewing thread: Confirm that, which thread you need 100% cotton, spun polyester or filaments. Then you need to ensure the count 50/2 or 40/2 or any other denier. It’s may vary on fabrications. Regarding the pigment dye garments, we normally used cotton grey color cotton thread. Calculate the sewing thread consumption part by part & add require wastage percentage.

Labels: Take the quotation from your supplier for the entire woven & satin/paper label.

Tape: Calculate the consumption of tape if it has, such as Velvet, herringbone or canvas etc.
Elastic: Make sure which denier & width it need. Then take the quotation from supplier.

Zipper: If the garments have zippers then confirm that, from where you will purchase that. Many time the logo zipper need to import the mold from abroad. Make sure the zipper quality, such metal or nylon zipper. Check the zipper measurement from your production department and get prices from your zipper supplier.

Button: Take the button price from your supplier if the garments have it.

Inter lining: Calculate the inter lignin price if the garments need.

Patch or badge: Calculate the patch or badge or others metal item if the garments have.

Finishing item: Tissue paper, silica gel, hang tag, barcode sticker, backboard, h/tag string, scotch tape, security tag calculates the prices of these items.

Hanger: Take the quotation of a hanger.

Poly: Make the measurement of poly. Confirm the quality & with adhesive or not.

Carton: Find out the carton measurement & take the prices from carton supplier along with top, bottom & divider.

PP belt: Take the price quotation of pp belt if the buyer asked it.

Commercial Cost

Normally we add 3% of total purchase (Fabric cost+ other item cost + Accessories cost) as commercial cost if the L/C payments terms are as sight. If the L/C is 60 days deferred then you can add 7.5% additional cost of total price and it will be 15% for 90 days deferred.

CM (Cost of making)

Calculate the CM after finalizing CPM of the factory. It varies depending on Product SMV & Efficiency.

CPM (Cost Per Minutes) = (Direct Labor Cost + Operational Cost) of the month/ Usage Minutes (Available Minutes) of the month.

CM= (SMV × CPM)/ Expected Efficiency%

Price Break Down of Polo Shirt

Description: 100% cotton pique polo shirt with two buttons at front placket w/o any pocket. At first, we will calculate the consumption of body fabric from Size spec which we have got from the buyer.

Suppose,

i) The body fabric consumption is 5.10 kg / dozen

So, total yarn consumption will be = 5.10 + 9%

= 5.10 + 0.459

= 5.559 kg / dozen

ii) The current yarn price is $3.5.00/kg

iii) The current Pique knitting cost is $0.25/kg (Knitted by circular knit S/J M/c)

iv) Average color dyeing cost is $1.23 / kg

v) Normally Collar & cuff consumption is 60 gram/body (1 pc collar & 2 pcs cuff)

So, for 12 pcs it will be -0.06 X 12 + 9% = 0.78 kg / dozen

vi) Collar & cuff Knitting cost is $0.05 (knitted by flat knitting m/c)

Step: 1

Body fabric cost calculation:

Yarn price / kg = $3.50

Knitting cost /kg = $0.25

Dyeing cost / kg = $1.23

Finished fabric cost = $4.98

Step: 2

Collar & cuff cost calculation:

Yarn cost/Doz = 0.78 X $3.50 = $2.73

Knitting cost/Doz = $0.05 X 12 = $0.60

Dyeing cost = 0.78 X $1.23 = $.9594

Collar& Cuff cost / Doz = $4.2894

Step: 3

Total production cost:

Body fabric cost (5.559 kg X $4.98)  

= $27.68 / Doz

Collar & Cuff cost = $4.2894 / Doz

CM = $5.50 / Doz

Accessories Cost = $2.50 / Doz

Total production cost: = $39.97 / doz

Final Step

Fob pricing of per piece polo shirt:

Total production cost: = $39.97 / doz Commercial cost will be (3%) = $1.03 / doz (Except Cost of Making)

Profit will (20% of Cost of Making) = $1.10 / doz

Total FOB price (doz) = $42.1 / doz

Fob price per piece will be = $3.5083 / pc

Final quoted price for buyer = $3.51 / pc (FOB)

Written by

Sharmin Akther Diba

Industrial & Production Engineer, RUET

Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: Sharmin Akther Diba

Packing List in Garments Factory

A packing list is a very important document for the apparel industry. Generally, merchandiser or packing in-charge is responsible to make and delivering packing list to related departments. Packing section does packing as per customer packing requirements that solid or asserts/ratio pack. Here in this article you will find sample of Packing List in Garments Factory.Packing is done when a PO packing is completed, without giving packing list buyer QC never does a final quality inspection, packing list confirm buyer QC that a PO’s packing is closed. The packing list is very important to export documents, without packing list commercial department cannot submit exports document for garments shipment, that’s why packing list consider as important documents.

Information Includes in the Packing List in Garments Factory

  1. Garments maker, Specific style and buyer name
  2. Total  and size wise order quantity
  3. Style description and color
  4. Size-wise Cut vs. Order vs. pack quantity, carton quantity
  5. Carton wise case number
  6.  Size-wise carton net and gross weight
  7. Carton measurements and Total carton CBM
  8. Total over or short pack quantity

Packing List sample of the Apparel Industry

Here I have attached a packing list sample for your easy understanding

Packing List sample of the Apparel Industry
Sample of Garments Packing List

Downloadable Packing List Excel File

If you work in the apparel industry surely packing list is very important to document for you especially for the merchandising department. Here I am giving excel sheet to know how to make packing list very easily, you practice packing list in excel what will give you comfort making a packing list your factory. Download garments packing list format

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)

Facebook: Amirul Islam Washim
E-mail: [email protected]

Operation Breakdown SMV and Layout of Chino Short Pant

SMV indicates the Standard Minute Value, that is standard time required to make a particular garments. On the basis of SMV you can calculate your cost of your garments and planning to set target of production. Chino short pant SMV is 37.42 and 69 sewing machine will be needed. We shared operation bulletin of Chino long pant in past, now we are sharing Operation Breakdown SMV and Layout of Chino Short Pant.

Operation Breakdown, SMV and Layout of Chino Short Pant Manufacturing

Operation Breakdown SMV and Layout of Chino Short Pant Manufacturing

SL.OPERATIONSMVTGT
FRONT
1O/L at fr.rise 0.30200
2Bone joint with fr part0.6790
3Corner cut 0.40150
4Tack at pkt mouth posn0.6790
5Top stt. At pkt mouth posn0.7580
6Coin pkt close 0.38160
7Safety tack at  pkt beg corner & W/b Side0.40150
8 Pocketing  matching0.50120
9Facing joint with Fr  pkting0.40150
10Pocketing attach at pocket mouth0.50120
11Front pocket mouth top stitch0.50120
12Tack at pkt mouth posn0.43140
13Fr pkt bag close by O/L0.60100
14pocket bag side tack0.60100
15Fr pkt bag 1/4 top stt0.60100
16Pockting & sheel body fab att.at w/b side0.7580
17O/L at fr.rise 0.30200
18D/ply make & turn over0.40150
19S/ply & d/ply piping (use folder)0.40150
20S.ply att. +  1/8  top stt. 0.60100
21Zipper joint at s.ply0.50120
22J stt  with mark0.6790
23D. ply att with zipper 0.50120
24Fr zip 1/16″ top stt 0.60100
25High top stt0.60100
26Care label attach 0.60100
27Total  5.17
SL.BACK PART SMVTGT
1Mark flap for making 0.60100
2Flap making (BK)0.40150
3Flap turn 0.6790
4Scissoring at flap0.6790
51/4 Top  stt at Bk pkt flap0.6790
6Mark at bk part fr dart & bone joint0.55110
7Dart making0.46130
8Top stt. At Dart posn0.40150
9Bk pockting o/l0.40150
10Bk pockting att. At bk part0.50120
11Bone making0.46130
12Mark at bone fr joint0.50120
13Bone & Flap joint0.6790
14Bone cutting1.5040
15Bone mouth inside tack0.7580
16Bone mouth top lower stt0.7580
17Facing joint at bk pockting(Bone side)0.55110
18Bone mouth top upper stt0.6790
19Facing joint at bk pockting0.55110
20Bk pkt close1.5040
21Tack at bk pocket upper side0.40150
22Back rise joint0.35170
23top stt at Back rise joint posn0.50120
24Total  14.45
SL.ASSEMBLY SMVTGT
1Fr to Bk part match0.48125
2Side seam0.50120
3Belt Contrast part fusing0.6790
4Belt piping (use folder)0.40150
5Chine stt. At w/b contrast part0.40150
6Two (LOGG & Size) lbl joint0.30200
7Main lbl joint at  w/b contrast part0.50120
8potty joint at w/b btn att posn1.0060
9Extra loop Iron0.30200
10Extra loop Att. At bk rise0.35170
11Belt match0.50120
12Waist belt iron ( use folder)0.50120
13Belt two part joint0.50120
14Body mark for loop att.0.40150
15Loop making0.40150
16Loop mark & cut0.60100
17Lbl joint at loop0.6790
18Loop attach lower side0.60100
19Belt joint ith body0.60100
20False tack at w/b 0.60100
21Top att at w/b lower side0.7580
22Name lbl & care lbl joint0.46130
23Mouth cut+  trim0.50120
24Mouth close in side0.7185
25Mark for zipper psn  + thread open at mouth0.7580
26Mouth close top side0.60100
27Inseam0.60100
28Inseam top stt.0.55110
29Elastic cutting & mark for joint0.6790
30Elastic Tack 0.6790
31Leg hem0.7580
32Loop attach upper side0.60100
Total 17.86
G TOTAL37.47
                  MANPOWER REQUIREMENT Number
Snap = 0
S/N    =52
O/L   =8
D/N   =3
F/O/A  =0
BARTACK   =0
K/S   =0
C/S    =6
  HELPER   =20
IM   = 2
TOTAL MANPOWER91
L/C   =1
S.VISOR  = 3
TOTAL MANPOWER95

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Implementation of Lean Manufacturing in Garments Factory

A Successful Implementation of Lean Manufacturing in Garments Factory Works as a Driving Force to Ensure Effectiveness in Operation

What is Lean Manufacturing?

Lean manufacturing is a systematic methodology to eliminate waste (non-value-added activities) by the continuous improvement which adds value to the customer and surely in manufacturing as well but without hampering productivity. Lean Manufacturing is all about the optimizing processes, eliminating waste; eliminating inventory, building a quality product, more efficient workplace with less cost and human effort. The manufacturing system is work for customer satisfaction and optimization of all resources.

Implementation of Lean Manufacturing in Garments Factory

Benefits of Lean Manufacturing

The benefits and advantages of lean manufacturing will be more clear to you after reading this below mention list:

  1. Improve productivity and quality
  2. Reducing Work in Process (WIP) inventory.
  3. Eliminate waste and problems
  4. Reducing inventory area
  5. Reduce cycle and lead time
  6. Production flow and controlled automation
  7. Reduce manpower, time and space
  8. Improve visual management
  9. Reducing machine downtime
  10. Optimize resources
  11. Sustainability, employee satisfaction, and increase profit
  12. Improve workplace and organize.
  13. Improve safety conditions and housekeeping.
  14. Increase customer satisfaction and customer service

Principles of Lean Manufacturing

5 principles of lean manufacturing can be applied in any manufacturing industry.

  1. Define Value
  2. Map the Value Stream
  3. Create Flow
  4. Establish Pull
  5. Pursue Perfection

Lean Manufacturing Tools Used in Garments Industry

  1. 5S
  2. KPIs
  3. Bottleneck Analysis
  4. Kanban Board
  5. Visualize management system
  6. 7 Wastages in manufacturing
  7. Value stream of a product
  8. Gemba
  9. Continuous Improvement- Kaizen
  10. Total Quality Management (TQM)
  11. Pareto Analysis
  12. Root Cause Analysis
  13. Continuous Flow
  14. Right First Time
  15. A3 Problem Solving
  16. PDCA (Plan, Do, Check, Act)
  17. Muda (Waste)
  18. Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE)
  19. Standardized Work
  20. Poka-yoke (Mistake Proofing)
  21. Cellular manufacturing
  22. Total Productive Maintenance (TPM)
  23. Zero quality defects

5S

5S is the first step to implement lean manufacturing, it helps to keep workplace organize and clean. It is actually tools of continuous improvement.

We have two articles on 5S you may love to read

KPIs

Key Performance Indicator (KPI) is a performance measuring tool which helps to know about a company the situation of their achieving goals and data of their performance.

You may love to read this detail article: KPI Factors of Garments

Bottleneck analysis

Bottleneck is a process which is the slowest among manufacturing all process hampering production. Bottleneck analysis very much important for garments sewing and finishing section, because it has effects on production flow.

Kanban Board

Kanban is visual display board for visualizing to do list, command what to do to reduce overproduction in the manufacturing floor. 

Please read this article to know more about it. Kanban Board in Garments Manufacturing Production Floor

Visualize Management

Visual management need for an organization that provides information for everybody who can analyze large amounts of data and produce reports that provide meaningful value. Visualization could become the remedy for generating actionable information for the apparel industry.

Please read this article to know more about it. Visual Management System in the Apparel Industry

7 Wastages

Waste is the use of resources over and above what is actually required to produce the product as defined by the customer. Lean manufacturing reduce 7 wastages in types of manufacturing, 7 wastages (Mudas) are:

  1. Transport
  2. Inventory
  3. Motion
  4. Waiting
  5. Over-Processing
  6. Overproduction
  7. Defects

Value Stream of a Product

Value stream mapping is a lean manufacturing or lean enterprise technique used to document, analyze and improve the flow of information or materials required to produce a product or service for a customer.

Gemba

Gemba is Japanese terms which mean to go actual problem occurring place, ask and collecting information from a real place rather than just sitting in the office and depending on other people to collect data.

Continuous Improvement

Continuous Improvement is a philosophy of never-ending improvement. Continuous improvement is an ongoing effort to improve products, services or processes. These efforts can seek “incremental” improvement over time or “breakthrough” improvement all at once.Read more from Continuous improvement

Please read this article to know details about it Implementation of 7 QC tools in the apparel industry

Total Quality Management (TQM)

Total quality management is the management approach of an organization, centered on quality, based on the participation of its entire membership and aiming at long term success through customer satisfaction.  TQM is long time oriented teamwork that requires leadership of top management and continuous involvement.  

Philosophy of TQM

Customer focusA goal is to identify and meet customer needs
Continuous improvementA Philosophy of never-ending improvement
Employee empowermentEmployees are expected to seek out, identify and correct quality problems
Use of quality toolsOngoing employee training in the use of quality tools
Product designA product needs to be designed to meet customer expectations.
Process managementQuality should be built into the process; the source of quality problems should be identified and corrected.
Managing supplier qualityQuality concepts must extend to a company’s suppliers

Pareto Analysis

Pareto Analysis named after the Italian economist, Vilfredo Pareto. The original observation was in connection with population and wealth. Pareto analysis is also known as 80/20 rule. Vilfredo Pareto observed that 80% of Italy’s land (Asset) was owned by 20% of the people. In the late 1940s, Dr. Joseph M. Juran, a Quality Management pioneer, applied this 80/20 Rule to quality control, calling it Pareto’s Principle. Pareto analysis is very much helpful for reducing garments defects that indicate 80% problem happen for 20% causes.

Root Cause Analysis

Root cause analysis is a problem-solving tool, works by identifying by problems, used by employees of manufacturing and work to solve. Root cause analysis is the best way to solve garments defects.

You may love to read this

Reducing sewing defects through root cause analysis

Continuous Flow

Continuous flow means running, moving or producing product continuously of every piece from raw material to finished product, not batch-wise production, called    “1-piece flow”.

Right First Time (RFT)

RFT is quality improvement tools, very much important apparel industry; every section has a target to achieve certain RFT level.

Please read this article to know details about it  RFT factors and calculation in Garments industry

A3 Problem Solving

A3 is a problem-solving tool, a challenge is to write explanation and solution in one page.The purpose of A3 tools is to analysis problem with root cause and define a direct solution.

PDCA

PDCA is plan-do-check-act or plan-do-check-adjust, 4 step management method for quality controlling and continuous improvement.

Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE)

Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) means everything is productive in the manufacturing industry. OEE 100% mean manufacturing factory is fully productive, produce only good parts, no idle process, on the machine or other downtimes. If your factory OEE is 50%, surely their lots of things you have to improve and huge opportunity to develop.

Standardized Work

Standardized work is the most powerful lean tools by documenting the current best practice, the baseline for kaizen or continuous improvement. As the standard is improved, the new standard becomes the baseline for further improvements, and so on. Improving standardized work is a never-ending process.

Standardized work consists of three elements:

  1. Takt time, which is the rate at which products must be made in a process to meet customer demand.
  2. The precise work sequence in which an operator performs tasks within takt time.
  3. The standard inventory, including units in machines, required to keep the process operating smoothly.

You may love to read this Standardization of Apparel Manufacturing Industry

Poka-yoke (Mistake Proofing)

Poka-yoke is mistake-proofing tools which help to eliminate mistake in manufacturing floor, a quality control technique.

Cellular Manufacturing

Cellular manufacturing is manufacturing same types of product in cell which improve productivity and quality.

Total Productive Maintenance (TPM)

Total productive maintenance (TPM) is developed in 1960 based on 5S for effective machine and equipment to maximize operational efficiency increment.

Zero Quality Defects

Zero quality defects are the process of maintaining zero defects production through 100% inspection.

Lean Six Sigma certification courses

There are many institutions around the world that have Lean Six Sigma certification courses also available online courses to learn Lean Sigma and getting a certificate.

This content also refers below point’s information

  • Application of lean manufacturing tools in the apparel industry
  • Lean Manufacturing Techniques for garments
  • Importance of lean manufacturing in the apparel industry
  • Lean management in a garments factory
  • 5 Principles of lean manufacturing
  • Importance of lean manufacturing
  • Lean process improvement in Garments
  • List of lean manufacturing tools
  • The lean management system in the apparel industry
  • Lean concepts for garments manufacturing
  • Lean production in Garments manufacturing
  • Lean for garments manufacturers
  • Continuous quality improvement in the apparel industry
  • Application of Kaizen in Garments

Related articles you may love to read

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Best Practice of Garments Washing Factory

Best Practice of Garments Washing Factory in Apparel Industry

The best practice is a manufacturing methodology or technique which is developed by longtime research and accepted as the best method to do a particular job. Here I am giving best practice followed by Garments washing factory, you may set them as a standard operating procedure (SOP) for the whole washing process. Hope this article would help you enrich your knowledge of best practices of Garments Washing Factory.

Best Practice of Garments Washing Factory Commonly Used

Pre-Production /Sample Development Stage of Garments Washing Factory

  1. Set a detailed SOP for sample development and pre-production procedure and team organogram for proceedings, make visible for all.
  2. Your factory should have a separate department or a team (R&D) for handling samples development and duplication.
  3. Development samples, and then duplicated samples are kept with records/recipe for future follow up.
  4. Development team reviews the PDM & check requirements before start shade band/the first batch.
  5. Developments samples are scan and reviewed by supervisor/manager before submitting for approval to buying-house.
  6. Trims and Leather patches being reviewed/Wash standard Checked prior to development.
  7. Risk Analysis meeting is to be held in factory or vendor to take necessary precautions before bulk & maintain the records.
  8. Washing recipes are set with record according to approved samples/standards/recipe/work order.
  9. Samples are reviewed under lightbox in dark room with identified light sources from an individual customer for color matching.
  10. Shade blankets/Shrinkage test done properly as per Wash standard.
  11. Always run a 1st batch trial and review it in detail, for measurements, appearance & shade, before running bulk production. Make a detailed report.
Garments Washing Machine, Modern Garments Washing Machine

Production Control -Dry and Wet process in Garments Washing Factory

  1. Inspecting Garments in before wash stage to check part shading, work hole, spot and shade segregation.
  2. Approved samples for each dry process available (with date & signature) and posted in front of the operator.
  3. Inspection procedure by AQL check for defects, keeping a daily updated report of pcs checked & defects found, use min 1,000 lux illumination, proper records kept before proceeding to next process.
  4. Quality Improvement efforts with Quality meetings, Defects Summaries, Pareto Analysis and Follow up. Use statistical data, to analyze quality results & make decisions to improve it. Review results & plan future corrective actions based on root cause analysis (should be visible in production lines), Pareto graph and follow up on top 5 defects. Compare results by day, week, month and by-line, section, dept., etc. You need to also keep track of the progress of at least 1 most recurring defect
  5. First bulk lot procedure is available in wash plant with a color-coding system.
  6. Garments are properly prepared and weighed/load size accordingly to suit for machine sizes and work order prepared.
  7. Approved recipe are properly prepared and posted for operators guide on each particular finish/machine.
  8. Garments are checked for scratch, color matched to standard before applying next step of wash/soften bath.
  9. You should have an in-house lab testing room, important Lab testing carried out at internal Lab e.g.: pH /tearing/washing fastness/crocking etc.
  10. Washing standards and shade bands available for each style/color and stored properly by dark ploy in a locked box.
  11. Measurements checked on every batch before and after washing, using a correct ruler and calibrated tape measurement and reported.
  12. The implementation of Preventive Maintenance system to reduce machine downtime and maximize machine fitness.
  13. Color evaluation Lab is maintained with buying house standard light source, CWF & D65 preferable.
  14. Implement 5’s method as a base to implement lean procedures. Must do weekly 5’s audits, give & post rating to each area. Do formal training & keep training records.
  15. Set up ETP and WTP to remove effluent from water and processing wastewater.
After Washing Garments Dryer Machine

Chemicals/ Dyestuff Control and Storage in Garments Factory

  1. Set a detailed SOP on chemical storage, dispatching and chemical handling safety procedure to visualize in floor.
  2. Temperature and humidity control, Storage area ventilation and floor set in good condition.
  3. All containers, big & small must be properly labeled to indicate which chemical they contain.
  4. Chemicals arrangement in good condition to avoid accidental/hazardous/inflammable mixing.
  5. Keep a log of chemicals dispatched to bulk production, quantity & chemicals specs must match washing recipe.
  6. RSL, MRSL reports must be handily available on site for each chemical. GOTS certificate, MSD and TDS documents should have in chemical and Dyestuff store.
  7. Warnings signs are posted on shelf or wall for, specially chemicals in storage.
  8. Dispensers are properly labeled for separate application to avoid chemicals Contamination.
  9. Weight machine or digital balance in use, Scales must be calibrated for accuracy.
  10. Chemicals are well prepared and weighted in advance for bulk production load.
  11. Stockkeeper in control of chemicals used.
  12. Chemical are labeled to containers/bags of purchase date or expiry date.

Technical requirement of cutting and Fabrics

  1. Garments dry process and wet process procedures
  2. Garments washing procedure
  3. Garments washing best practice
  4. Benchmarking Garments washing.
  5. Technical Requirement of Cutting and Fabrics

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Merchandising Duties and Responsibilities in Garments Factory

Merchandising Duties and Responsibilities in Garments Factory

Merchandising plays the most important role in the apparel industry, merchandising general procedures are sourcing garments order, making a sample, price negotiation, price confirmation, order confirmation, fabrics-trims, and accessories booking, Fabrics-trims and accessories in-house and arrange QC file. Merchandising fills up the gap between garments manufacturer and buyer. So, if you are a stakeholder of the apparel industry then you must have the idea of merchandising duties and responsibilities in garments factory.

Job Description of a Merchandiser

This article is all about merchandising job description what a merchandiser does in garments factory as a senior merchandiser or merchandising manager, clearly described product development to shipment process in below. Hope this article would help you to clarify about merchandising job responsibility in the apparel industry.

Merchandising Duties and Responsibilities in Garments Factory

24 Merchandising Duties and Job Responsibilities in the Apparel Industry

  1. Product development and price offer to the client.
  2. Price confirms with the client and provides PI to the client for master L/C.
  3. Within a short time to collect all order concern document to the buyer for necessary action.
  4. Collect PI for open BTB L/C to arrange the all related materials.
  5. To follow-up T & A on regular basis to ensure on-time delivery with right quality and quantity.
  6. Lab dip, trims, bulk fabric color, and quality submit to the buyer for approval.
  7. Arrange all materials to make the required
  8. Closely monitoring sampling approval process and on time provide to the client for approval and arrange approval for the go ahead.
  9. Critical path analyzes and meeting with the buyer.
  10. PP meeting with the buyer.
  11. Size set submits to the buyer and arranges approval for bulk production.
  12. To in-house require materials on time to production according to T & A.
  13. To collect an inventory report from the store.
  14. Update factory production and the quality team about every message of buying a house
  15. Sent the require materials (trims, fabric, etc.) third-party test and provide the report to the client.
  16. Regular basis check with quality department and make ensure for correct quality.
  17. Make a schedule for inspection with buyer inspection team.
  18. Space booking to shipping line and goods handover on time.
  19. Confirm on time and smooth shipment to the buyer
  20. If in case fail on-time delivery or correct quality than make a decision and discuss with the head of department or high authority and finalized.
  21. Time to time reporting to the head of the department
  22. Reporting to the high authority in need basis.
  23. Send document for issue inspection certificate.
  24. If in case need than follow up payment issue.

Merchandising Duties and Responsibilities in Garments Factory pdf

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Standard Minute Value: SMV in Garments, Calculation, Importance

Standard Minute Value: SMV in Garments, Calculation, Importance

The term Standard Minute Value – SMV is mostly used in the garments industry and it is common measurement calculated by the Industrial Engineer. Generally, SMV indicates the time taken to make garments by the workers using the right types of machinery. In garments factory, you may find that many people used to the SAM – Standard Allowed Minute which is same as SMV. SMV varies garments to garments, style to style, factory to factory. Management and buyers ask for SMV and it is the responsibility of the IE department to calculate SMV and give it to the respective parties. Here in this article, I will share details of Standard Minute Value: SMV in Garments, Calculation, Importance with a practical example.

Industrial Engineering is concerned with the design, improvement, and installation of an integrated system of men, machinery, and materials. SMV is one of the most important tools used by IE.

Standard Minute Value - SMV in Garments, Calculation, Importance

The prime objective of industrial engineering is:

  • To Increase Productivity
  • To eliminate waste and non-value added activities
  • To come up with the optimum use of scarce resources that would bring out the best results.

Importance of SMV in the Apparel Industry

The reason Why we use SMV in Garments Factory is given below

  • SMV is calculated for doing costing of garments
  • It is used for calculation of target and set the right target
  • For Calculating Efficiency of workers
  • SMV is calculated for making a plan and take effective factory production decision.

For Calculating SMV – Standard Minute Value in Garments you must have a proper idea of machine operating procedure and working process of workers. Close observation of Industrial Engineer is required to calculate the right SMV for a particular product or style in your factory.

Basically, SMV is the sum of the basic time requirement and allowance applicable to it. Normally allowance is given at the rate of 10% based on the efficiency.

Formulas of Calculating SMV

SMV in Garments Formula

Calculation of SMV in Garments

SMV = (Basic Time + Allocated Allowance)

The formula of Basic Time = Observe Time x Rating Factor

Basic Time: Basic time is the most likely time required to make garments considering observe time and applicable rating factors.

Observe Time: Time taken to do a work when an observer is observing closely and record the worker’s work speed.

Calculation of Observe Time = Total Cycle Time is divided by Number of Cycle

Cycle Time: Cycle Time is the time between starting a garments manufacturing and finishing of those garments.

Rating Factor: Rating factor is assigned based on an evaluation of worker performance which is conducted through eye judgment. A worker can be fast, slow and rating is on a scale of 100% to lower.

Costing SMV is calculated for sending SMV information to buyers. Normally 5% additional time is added with the actual SMV.

Costing SMV = Actual SMV + (Actual SMV x 5%)

Example of Calculation of SMV in Garments

Suppose for making a product the following assumption is there

  • Observe Time = 25 Minutes
  • Rating of Operator = 80%
  • Considering Allowance = 10%

Basic Time = 25minutes x 80% = 20 minutes

Allowance = 20 x 10% = 2 Minute

So, SMV = 20 minutes + 2 minutes = 22 minutes for making a particular garments product

Calculation of Capacity of Single Operator in Garments

  • If an operator works for 10 Hours a day
  • 30 minutes to make a product

Capacity = (1 operator x 10 hours x 60 minutes)/30 Minutes = 20 Pieces of Garments by an operator

If you assign 100 operators then your capacity will be = 100 operators x 20 pieces = 2000 pieces a day

Calculation of Efficiency Percent

  • SMV 22 Minutes
  • Working Hours 10 a Day
  • Number of Operators 100 person
  • Actual Production 2000 pieces

Efficiency (%) = (2000 pieces x 22 minute)/(100 operators x 10 hours x 60 minutes) x 100 = 73.33%

whereas the target was,

Target = (10 hours x 60 minutes x 100 operators)/smv 22 minutes = 2727 Pieces of garments

SMV of Different Types of Garments Manufacturing

Hopefully, you understand what is Standard Minute Value: SMV in Garments, Calculation, Importance of SMV in the apparel industry. If you have any confusion then please let me know. I will try to clarify farther in details.

Written by

Md. Nahian Mahmud Shaikat

Costing Sheet of Garments Manufacturing

Costing Sheet of Garments Manufacturing

Woven Garments Costing Sheet: Do necessary costing before taking Garments orders because costing very important work for garments merchandising. This article has three types of garments costing, include all trims and accessories costing and fabrics costing. Here costing given per pcs wise and dozen wise for your easy understanding. Hopefully, after seeing this you will have a good idea of costing sheet of garments manufacturing.

Costing Sheet of Garments Manufacturing

Costing Sheet of kids Trouser

Costing Sheet of Kids Trouser
FABRICS DETAILS: 73% cotton, 25% poly, 2% elastane denim 7.5 oZ (YR-1923/3)
Sl No. Particulars COST SHEET FOR PER PCS+DZN
YY/YDS PRICE/YDS COST/PCS COST IN DZN
1 Self Fabric 1.2 $1.85 $2.22 $26.64
Total Fabrics Cost- $2.22 $26.64
Basic Trims
2 Pocketing 0.15 $0.70 $0.11 $1.26
3 Interlining $0.03 $0.36
4 Metal Zipper $0.12 $1.44
5 Plastic Button $0.02 $0.24
6 Metal button $0.04 $0.48
7 Metal Rivet $0.05 $0.60
8 Thread $0.08 $0.96
9 Hole elastic $0.06 $0.72
10 String with plastic tipping  $                 –
11 Special label EF, Yigga girls+SIZE WOVEN $0.03 $0.36
12 WASH CARE LABEL (LEFT SS INSIDE) $0.03 $0.36
13 WASH CARE LABEL (UNDER WCL1) $0.03 $0.36
14 HANG TAG EF, Yigga girls $0.04 $0.48
15 PRICE STICKER $0.01 $0.12
16 Waist tag (double) $0.08 $0.96
17 EMBROIDERY $0.10 $1.20
18 String $0.03 $0.36
19 Poly $0.08 $0.96
20 Carton $0.07 $0.84
21 Carto STKR,Tagpin,Gumtape $0.06 $0.72
Total- $1.07 $12.78
Embroidery/Print  $                 –
Total-  $                     –  $                 –
Wash  TOWEL BEACH WITH/PP $0.75 $9.00
Total- $0.75 $9.00
ALL FABRICS+TRIMS COST $4.04
Commercial Cost $0.08 $0.97
CM $1.35 $16.20
Total- $1.35 $16.20
EXTRA- $0.03
FINAL FOB: $5.50 $65.90

Costing Sheet of Skinny Fit Denim Pants

Costing Sheet of Skinny Fit Denim Pants
DATE : 1-Jan-19 SIZE RANGE : 38-50
BUYER : ORD/QTY : 5500 pcs
STYLE/REF NO : UNIT PRICE : $8.00
P.O. NO : TOTAL VALUE : $44,000.00
ITEM DESC  : SKINNY fit DENIM DELIVERY DATE  :  
SL ITEM PARTICULARS QTY DZ U/PIECE TOTAL  
COST/DZ
FABRIC 66% cotton 32% POLY 2% Lycra. Cuttable Width:53″(Shrinkage:L-4%, W-16%) 15.75 YDS  $ 2.51 $ $39.53
Pocketing Sheeting pocketing WHITE + BLACK 4.8 YDS  $ 0.9 $ $4.32
INTERLINING TC INTERLINING 2.2 YDS  $ 0.1 $ $0.22
TOTAL COST OF FABRIC $ $44.07
TOTAL ACCESSORIES 1 dz  $ 15.26  $ 15.26
 WASH COST (tei, whisker, hands and, pp, ) 1 dz  $ 7  $ 7
PRINT COST 1 dz  $ 3  $ 3
EMB COST 1 dz  $ 1.5  $ 1.5
 $  $ 70.83
CUTTING & MAKING  ( CM ) COST 1 dz  $ 18  $ 18
 $  $ 88.83
COMM  COST 1 dz  $ 2.12  $ 2.12
COMMISION 1 dz  $ 1  $ 1
company profit 1 dz  $ 4  $ 4
FOB PER DOZEN 1 dz  $  $ 95.96
PRICE PER PC 1 pcs  $  $ 8 12
1 pcs  $  $ 8 FOB $ PCS
TOTAL ACCESSORIES DETAILS COST
Wash Care label 1.05 DZ  $ 0.12 $ 0.13
Care label 1.05 DZ  $ 0.08 $ 0.08
 Label 1.05 DZ  $ 0.7 $ 0.74
Antitheft 1.05 DZ  $ 0.6 $ 0.63
Back Pocket card 1.05 DZ  $ 0.4 $ 0.42
TAPE 8 YDS  $ 0.1 $ 0.8
Waist Tag 1.05 DZ  $ 0.25 $ 0.26
HANG TAG-1 1.05 DZ  $ 0.5 $ 0.53
HANG TAG-2 1.05 DZ  $ 0.5 $ 0.53
Patch 1.05 DZ  $ 0.7 $ 0.74
Barcode sticker poly 1.05 DZ  $ 0.3 $ 0.32
Sticker tag 1.05 dz  $ 0.2 $ 0.21
Zipper 1.05 dz  $ 1.5 $ 1.58
Button 0.09 grs  $ 6.2 $ 0.56
Rivet 0.55 grs  $ 2.1 $ 1.16
tissue paper 1.05 dzn  $ 1 $ 1.05
POLY BAG BLISTER 1.05 DZ  $ 0.3 0.32
POLY BAG PE 10mm 1.05 DZ  $ 1.6 $ 1.68
THREAD 20/4 – 1500 mtr 0.7 con  $ 0.8 $ 0.56
40/2 0.75 con  $ 0.72 $ 0.54
20/2 – 3000mtr 0.65 con  $ 0.78 $ 0.51
GUM TAPE 1.05 ROL 0.5 $ 0.53
SCOTCH TAPE ROL $
TAG PIN BOX $
Shipping mark 1.05 PC  $ 0.06 $ 0.06
CARTON 7 PLY 1.05 PC  $ 1.3 $ 1.37
COST OF TRIMS/ACCESSORIES $ 15.26

Costing Sheet of Skinny Fit Denim Pant

Costing Sheet of 5 Pockets Long Pant

Costing Sheet of 5 Pockets Long Pant
DATE : 1-Jan-19 SIZE RANGE : 44-58
BUYER : ORD/QTY : 9500 pcs
STYLE/REF NO : UNIT PRICE :
P.O. NO : TOTAL VALUE :  $                                  –
ITEM DESC : 5 PKT LONG DELIVERY DATE : TBA
SL ITEM PARTICULARS QTY DZ U/PIECE TOTAL  
COST/DZ
FABRIC 98% Cotton 2% Spandex,2/1 “S” Twill, Non-Peach Finish. Cons: 30x3Gr40D/170×80 Width: 5l”/52” 21.2 YDS  $ 2.38 $ $50.46
Pocketing Sheeting pocketing (White) 4 YDS  $ 0.75 $ $3.00
INTERLINING TC INTERLINING 2 YDS  $ 0.1 $ $0.20
TOTAL COST OF FABRIC $ $53.66
TOTAL ACCESSORIES 1 dz  $ 15.66  $ 15.66
 WASH COST (ENZYME WASH WITH SILICONE) 1 dz  $ 2  $ 2
PRINT COST 1 dz  $  $ 0
EMB COST 1 dz  $  $ 0
 $  $ 71.31
CUTTING & MAKING  ( CM ) COST 1 dz  $ 15  $ 15
 $  $ 86.31
COMM  COST 1 dz  $ 1.07  $ 1.07
COMMISSION 1 dz  $  $ 0
company profit 1 dz  $ 5  $ 5
FOB PER DOZEN 1 dz  $  $ 92.38
PRICE PER PC 1 pcs  $  $ 7.7 12
1 pcs  $  $ 7.7 FOB $ PCS
TOTAL ACCESSORIES DETAILS COST
Wash Care label 1.05 DZ  $ 0.1 $ 0.11
Care label 1.05 DZ  $ 0.1 $ 0.11
Satin Label 1.05 DZ  $ 0.1 $ 0.11
Sccurity Label 1.05 DZ  $ 0.8 $ 0.84
Main Label,Size Label, Fit Label, Brand Label Loop Label 1.05 DZ  $ 0.75 $ 0.79
Twill Tape 1.05 DZ  $ 0.66 $ 0.69
Pocket Flasher 1.05 DZ  $ 0.36 $ 0.38
Waist Tag 1.05 DZ  $ 0.55 $ 0.58
HANG TAG-1 1.05 DZ  $ 0.7 $ 0.74
HANG TAG-2 1.05 DZ  $ 0.7 $ 0.74
Disclimar Tag 1.05 DZ  $ 0.55 $ 0.58
Patch 1.05 DZ  $ 2 $ 2.1
Barcode sticker poly 1.05 DZ  $ 0.2 $ 0.21
Sticker tag 1.05 dz  $ 0.15 $ 0.16
Zipper 1.05 dz  $ 1.4 $ 1.47
Button 0.08 grs  $ 6 $ 0.48
Rivet 0.18 grs  $ 2.5 $ 0.45
tissue paper 1.05 dzn  $ 0.65 $ 0.68
POLY BAG BLISTER 1.05 DZ  $ 0.3 0.32
POLY BAG PE 10mm 1.05 DZ  $ 0.65 $ 0.68
THREAD 20/4 – 1500 mtr 0.75 con  $ 0.76 $ 0.57
40/2 0.75 con  $ 0.63 $ 0.47
20/2 – 3000mtr 0.65 con  $ 0.73 $ 0.47
GUM TAPE 1.05 ROL 0.6 $ 0.63
SCOTCH TAPE ROL $
TAG PIN BOX $
Shipping mark 1.05 PC  $ 0.06 $ 0.06
CARTON 7 PLY 1.05 PC  $ 1.2 $ 1.26
COST OF TRIMS/ACCESSORIES $ 15.66

Costing Sheet of 5 Pockets Long Pant

Download excel Sheet of Garments Costing Sheet

This content also refers below information

  • Costing of Woven Garments
  • Costing of woven bottom Garments
  • Costing of woven trouser
  • Costing of basic 5 pkts long pant
  • Costing of Ladies skinny denim pant
  • Clothing manufacturer cost sheet
  • Garments costing
  • How to make costing sheet of woven garments?

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam