nms

SMV and Efficiency Variance Report of Apparel Industry

SMV and Efficiency Variance Report of Marketing Vs Production of Apparel Industry

This report is done on SMV and Efficiency Variance Report of Marketing vs Production in a renowned   Apparel Industry of Bangladesh to find out SMV & Efficiency variance between Marketing and Production to analyze the root causes of variation and find out the solution to improve. Hope this report would help to clear your concept.

SMV and Efficiency Variance Report

Report Objective:
1. To find out SMV & Efficiency variance between Marketing & Production 
2. To analyze the root causes of variation
3. To find out a solution to improve

Unit Wise Production Quantity Report

Reason of SMV Variation

Production UnitItem/OptionReason of SMV Variation
Unit-01Round Neck T-Shirt1. SMV reduces because of Label make process elimination, i/o compound label added
Unit-01V Neck T-Shirt1. SMV reduces because of Label make process elimination, i/o compound label added
Unit-01Short Pant1. SMV increases because of Label make process added, I/o compound label
2. Achieve SMV more than Marketing SMV because of unskilled Kansai machine operator & rented Kansai m/c.
Unit-02Round Neck T-Shirt (Solid)1. SMV increases because of using excess manual operations ( Exp: Front & back part match, sleeve & body match, after sleeve join, side seam & before sleeve ,bottom hem  garments arrangement)
Unit-01V Neck T-Shirt (Stripe)1. SMV increases because of using excess manual operations ( Exp: Front & back part match, sleeve & body match, after sleeve join, side seam & before sleeve ,bottom hem  garments arrangement. Neck rib cut in sewing line i/o cutting section.)
Unit-02V Neck T-Shirt (Stripe)1. SMV increases because of using excess manual operations ( Exp: Front & back part match, sleeve & body match, after sleeve join, side seam & before sleeve ,bottom hem  garments arrangement. Neck rib cut in sewing line i/o cutting section.)
Unit-01Short Pant (Solid)1. SMV increases because of Label make process added, I/s compound label
2. Achieve SMV more than Marketing SMV because of unskilled Kansai machine operator & rented Kansai m/c.
Unit-01Short Pant (Stripe)1. SMV increases because of Label make process added, I/s compound label
2. Achieve SMV more than Marketing SMV because of unskilled Kansai machine operator & rented Kansai m/c.

Reason of Efficiency Variation

Sl No.StyleProduction UnitItem/OptionReason of Efficiency Variation
1KYLIE  SL-SETUnit-01Round Neck T-Shirt1. Production Manpower used more than Layout target Manpower
2. Frequent line layout change
Unit-01V Neck T-Shirt1. Production Manpower used more than Layout target Manpower
2. Frequent line layout change
Unit-01Short Pant1. Production Manpower used more than Layout target Manpower
2. Frequent line layout change
3. Rented low quality m/c
4. Unskilled Kansai machine Operator
2KYLIE N-SLIPUnit-02Round Neck T-Shirt (Solid)1. Production Manpower used more than Layout target Manpower, but achieved efficiency
Unit-01V Neck T-Shirt (Stripe)1. Production Manpower used more than Layout target Manpower
Unit-02V Neck T-Shirt (Stripe)1. Production Manpower used more than Layout target Manpower, but achieved efficiency
3KYLIE 2PK SHORTSUnit-01Short Pant (Solid)1. Production Manpower used more than Layout target Manpower
2. Frequent line layout change
3. Rented low quality m/c
4. Unskilled Kansai machine Operator
Unit-01Short Pant (Stripe)1. Production Manpower used more than Layout target Manpower
2. Frequent line layout change
3. Rented low quality m/c
4. Unskilled Kansai machine Operator

Feedback:

  1. Manual operations need to be reduced.
  2. Before the changeover, required m/c with quality must be ensured.
  3. Need to train operator & improve skill.
  4. Unit-01 need to improve more by reducing helping operations (Exp: KYLIE N-SLIP V neck T-shirt Stripe).Unit-01 achieved efficiency 36% & Unit-02 achieved efficiency 51%
  5. Style-wise big volume sewing quantity but short time running in several lines, that`s why line average efficiency reduces. During line planning, this factor should be considered.

Sharmin Akther Diba
Industrial & Production Engineer
Rajshahi University of Engineering & Technology
Email: [email protected]
LinkedIn: Sharmin Akther Diba

Operation Breakdown, SMV and Layout of Jogger Manufacturing

Operation Breakdown, SMV and Layout of Jogger Manufacturing Process

Jogger with Welt Pocket and Panel

A jogger is a casual bottom item; Welt pocket is an inside pocket with bone covered in the mouth. Here given all operation list sequence wise of jogger manufacturing. Here jogger total SMV is 19.61, 72 manpower required.
This Operation Breakdown is done by LOGIC ERP software, used to prepare operation bulletin & m/c layout & others departmental jobs as well.  There is a data bank, style SMV analysis, machine layout & operation balancing. This LOGIC ERP database can be linked with other software & web for different uses. 

Operation Balancing Sheet of Jogging Pant
Seq. NoBody PartOperationResourceSMVTarget (100%)Cycle Time(s)Theoretical MPLayout MP
1Front PartFront leg panel attach4T OL Auto1.444286.45.335
2NeckMatch n Back panel attach4T OL Auto1.444286.45.335
3Front PartFront Rise join4T OL Auto0.3200181.111
4Back PartBack rise join4T OL Auto0.3200181.111
5PocketingPocket position markAssistant Operator0.3218819.21.191
6PocketingPress welt with fusing paper n markSewing Iron0.4812528.81.782
7PocketingPocket welts attachSNL Auto0.5610733.62.072
8PocketingPocket liner attach behind weltSNL Auto0.5610733.62.072
9PocketingCut pocket mouth n form fishtailAssistant Operator0.786422.592
10PocketingWelt edge neaten4T OL Auto0.5120301.852
11PocketingSecure fishtailsSNL Auto0.728343.22.672.25
12PocketingTopstitch pocket welts with cornerSNL Auto0.847150.43.112.75
13PocketingPocket bag attach4T OL Auto0.6100362.222
14PocketingSecure pocket bags OL seamSNL Auto0.4150241.481.5
15PocketingPocket bag tack at side n waistSNL Auto0.4812528.81.782
16AssemblyFront n back part sticker matchAssistant Operator0.2821416.81.041
17AssemblySide mark n tackSNL Auto0.5610733.62.072
18AssemblySideseam join4T OL Auto0.767945.62.813
19AssemblyInseam join4T OL Auto0.649438.42.372
20AssemblySecure crotch pointBT0.1833310.80.671
21AssemblyElastic press and cut to lengthSewing Iron0.2300120.741
22AssemblyElastic join as a circle n markDNL Lock Switch Auto0.3200181.111
23Waist BeltWaist band join as circleSNDL Edg Cutter0.2623115.60.961
24Waist BeltMark n fusing attachSewing Iron0.2821416.81.041
25Waist BeltMark n form holes at waist bandBH Auto0.35171211.31
26Waist BeltElastic tack at waistbeltSNL Auto0.4812528.81.782
27Waist BeltWaist band topstitch form channelKNS0.5120301.852
28Waist BeltWB lower edge close n markSNL[Chain STS]0.45133271.672
29Waist BeltAttach waist band to body4T OL Auto0.4812528.81.782
30AssemblyCare label makeSNL Auto0.2425014.40.891
31AssemblyLabel attach at back waistSNL Auto0.4150241.481.5
32AssemblyLoop measure cut n attach at inside waistSNL Auto0.2821416.81.041
33CuffCuff join as a circleX2SNL Auto0.2821416.81.041
34CuffCuff fold into halfAssistant Operator0.2425014.40.891
35CuffCuff attach at leg opening4T OL Auto0.5120301.852
36AssemblySticker remove n GMTs turnAssistant Operator0.2623115.60.961
37Waist BeltWaist band topstitch1NDL FL0.4613027.61.72
38PocketingSecure Pocket cornersBT0.4812528.81.782
39AssemblyDrawstring insert through the waist channelAssistant Operator0.3200181.111
40Waist BeltSecure tie at CB waist bandBT0.1833310.80.671
41AssemblyDrawstring end knot makeAssistant Operator0.2821416.81.041
42AssemblyThread trimAssistant Operator0.35171211.31
 – – –Total19.6 – –72.6372
Operation Breakdown, SMV and Layout of Jogger Manufacturing Process

SMV Summary of Jogger

Sewing Helper3.69
Sewing Machine15.92
Sewing QI0
Finishing I/M0
Finishing QI0
Poly Helper0
Packing0
Hand Tag0
Total19.61

Man Power Summary of Jogger

Sewing Helper13
Sewing Machine59
Sewing QI0
Finishing I/M0
Finishing QI0
Poly Helper0
Packing0
Hand Tag0
Total72

Machine Summary of Jogger

4T OL Auto25
SNL Auto21
BT4
DNL Lock Switch Auto1
SNDL Edg Cutter1
BH Auto1
KNS2
SNL[Chain STS]2
1NDL FL2
Total59
Balancing Graph of Jogger Manufacturing

Written by

Rabin Saha
PGD in Textile Management
BSc. in Textile Engineering
Email: [email protected]
LinkedIn: Rabin Saha

Operation Breakdown, SMV and Layout of Hoodies Manufacturing

SMV of Hoodies Manufacturing

Hoodies with Kangaroo Pocket

Hoodies with Kangaroo Pocket
  • A hoodie cloth is a jacket, sweatshirts with hood. Kangaroo pocket is open on either side usually use in hoodies. Here given all operation list sequence wise of Hoodies Manufacturing. Here hoodies total SMV is 15.99, 59 manpower required. Operation Breakdown is done by LOGIC software. It is a tool to make style breakdown & machine layout report. There is a calculative & non-calculative method for operation breakdown. It helps to make data bank, style SMV analysis, machine layout & operation balancing. A LOGIC database can be easily interlinked with other software or medium, like Fast-react, ERP, etc.
Operation Breakdown, SMV and Layout of Hoodies Manufacturing
Operation Breakdown, SMV and Layout of Hoodies Manufacturing

Operation Balancing

Garments Item: Hoodies
Style Ref. : V H UGH Patch
Custom Style :
Buyer Name :
Working Hour : 1
Target : 71
Efficiency : 32
Fabric Type : Fleece , 350 gsm
Line No. :
Allocated MP : 59
Pitch Time : 27
Insert Date Time:
Insert By :
Update Date Time:
Update By :
Remarks : P.Q.-5000 PCs

Operation Bulletin Sheet

Seq. NoBody PartOperationResourceSMVTarget (100%)EfficiencyCycle Time(s)Layout MP
1HoodHood upper two part attach4T OL Auto0.32000181
2HoodHood upper topstitch2NDL FL0.28214016.81
3HoodHood liner two part join4T OL Auto0.32000181
4HoodHood upper n liner two part join4T OL Auto0.33182019.81
5HoodBluffstitch hood join seam1NDL FL0.41500242
6HoodHood mark n make holeSnap0.28214016.81
7HoodEyelets attach at hoodSnap BA0.351710211
8HoodHood channel make1NDL FL0.42143025.22
9HoodHood middle tackSNL Auto0.18333010.81
10HoodHood lower edge closeSNL[Chain STS]0.32000181
11HoodHood crotch tackSNL Auto0.24250014.41
12PocketingPocket position markAssistant Operator0.24250014.41
13PocketingPocket hem kangaroo pocket2NDL FL0.351710211
14PocketPocket edge pressSewing Iron0.41500241
15PocketingPocket attach and edge close-[Kangaroo]SNL Auto0.85710513
16PocketingPocket excess raw-edge cutAssistant Operator0.32000181
17PocketingPocket opening secure X4BT0.41500242
18AssemblyFront n back part matchAssistant Operator0.28214016.81
19AssemblyShoulder Join with/ without tape4T OL Auto0.351710211
20SleeveSleeve n body matchAssistant Operator0.351710211
21SleeveInsert Sleeves in hoodies4T OL Auto0.56107033.62
22SleeveArmholes topstitch2NDL FL0.51200302
23LabelCare label makeSNL Auto0.24250014.41
24LabelFlag label tack at sideSNL Auto0.26231015.6 
25AssemblySide seams ins care label4T OL Auto0.8750483
26CuffCuff join as a circleX2SNL Auto0.28214016.81
27CuffCuff fold into halfAssistant Operator0.24250014.41
28CuffCuffs attach at sleeve opening4T OL Auto0.51200302
29HoodHood n body match n markAssistant Operator0.32000181
30AssemblyHood tack at neckSNL Auto0.24250014.41
31HoodHood attach to body4T OL Auto0.351710211
32AssemblyFront neck topstitch2NDL FL0.32000181
33NeckTape attach at back neckSNL Auto0.351710211
34NeckBack neck top stitchSNL Auto0.451330272
35LabelLabel makeSNL Auto0.24250014.41
36LabelAttach main label at back neckSNL Auto0.32000181
37AssemblyBottom band join as circleSNDL Edg, Cutter0.24250014.41
38AssemblyBottom band edges close and markSNL[Chain STS]0.451330272
39AssemblyBottom band attach to body4T OL Auto0.47128028.22
40AssemblySticker remove and GMTs turnAssistant Operator0.26231015.61
41CuffCuffs topstitch [circular]2NDL FL0.451330272
42AssemblyBottom band topstitch2NDL FL0.451330272
43NeckTie insert at hood chennelAssistant Operator0.28214016.81
44HoodSecure tie at c/frt hoodBT0.18333010.81
45AssemblyThreads trimAssistant Operator0.41500241
Total1659

SMV Summary of Hoodies

Sewing Helper3.05
Sewing Machine12.94
Sewing QI0
Finishing I/M0
Finishing QI0
Poly Helper0
Packing0
Hand Tag0
Total15.99

Man Power Summary of Hoodies

Sewing Helper10
Sewing Machine49
Sewing QI0
Finishing I/M0
Finishing QI0
Poly Helper0
Packing0
Hand Tag0
Total59

Machine Summary of Hoodies

4T OL Auto14
2NDL FL9
1NDL FL4
Snap1
Snap BA1
SNL Auto13
SNL[Chain STS]3
BT3
SNDL Edg Cutter1
Total49
Operation Balancing Graph of Hoodies Manufacturing

Sharmin Akther Diba
Industrial & Production Engineer
Rajshahi University of Engineering & Technology
Email: [email protected]
LinkedIn: Sharmin Akther Diba

Supply Chain Analyst: Job Description and Skills

Supply Chain Analyst: Job Description and Skills Requirements

Supply Chain Analyst: As a Supply Chain Analyst you will be responsible for analyzing and developing for ensuring the efficient flow of resources of the organization including Planning and Procurement, Materials Management and Logistics. The job responsibilities of a supply chain analyst are to enhances the productivity and performance goals of Supply Chain by exploring significant productivity enhancements and promoting positive change through daily interaction with a broad array of peers, customers, vendors, and partners.

This position will also serve as Functional System Administrator and involves providing upgrade, enhancement and ongoing application support to these applications. This is an exciting, fast-paced, and a key contributor position responsible for delivering measurable contributions and value to the company’s supply chain initiatives. The supply chain analyst job responsibilities are not limited to the sourcing and logistics planning; it is more than working with each and every resource movement for sourcing or used in production or delivery of final products.  The job description of a supply chain analyst may include the following responsibilities:

Job Description of Supply Chain Analyst

Responsibilities of a Supply Chain Analyst

  1. Ability to manage multiple projects and objectives and respond quickly to purchasing, sourcing planning support requests from the company overall.
  2. Critically analyze each and every section of an organization where development of proper supply chain is required. If there is any improvement required or change in policy is necessary, then do it for the betterment of the operation.
  3. Identify new suppliers; negotiate supply agreements and terms, including discount structures and volume rebates.
  4. Regularly monitor the agreement documents, any change in terms and condition then critically evaluate all the things and ensure the most of its benefit for the company and develop a good supply chain management.
  5. Maintain working professional relationships with all assigned/nominated suppliers
  6. Prepare RFQ’s and negotiate cost, delivery, and lead-times with suppliers. 
  7. Identify cost optimization opportunities and execute offshore component reduction opportunities.
  8. Foster close working relationships with internal cross-functions such as Product Management, Engineering, Quality, and Operations.
  9. Measure and manage purchasing cost, delivery and quality performance activities.
  10. Provide ongoing analyses in areas such as transportation costs, procurement, orders, or delivery processes.
  11. Ensure resource availability for production and operation.
  12. Preparation, communication, and monitoring of Production and capacity plans. 
  13. Develop warehouse capacity plans and highlight any capacity issues.
  14. Reviewing and controlling minimum and maximum stock levels.
  15. Assisting in monthly stock takes of both raw materials and finished goods.
  16. Checking invoices and raising any pricing queries
  17. Liaise internally with NPD (New Product Development), marketing, sales finance and technical.
  18. Collect logistic data, analyze to find out the cost and benefit and take the most cost-effective decision.
  19. Time to time monitor inventory level and requirement of resources in each of the department and process of an organization.
  20. Develop reports to analyze and interpret KPIs to identify trends and areas of focus.
  21. Coordinate with the technical team in the development of reports, conversions, interfaces, and extensions for ERP applications.
  22. Investigate multiple solutions to business problems and prepare analyses to justify solutions.
  23. Responsible for the execution of the agreed standard Supply Chain Issue Management (SCIM) processes in alignment.
  24. Demonstrate behavior consistent with the Company’s Code of Ethics and Conduct.
  25. Duties may be modified or assigned at any time to meet the needs of the business. 

Skills of Supply Chain Analyst

Supply Chain Analyst Skills

As a supply chain analyst you must have following skills:

  1. Excellent influencing, communication, interpersonal and presentation skills.
  2. An analyst must have excellent analytical, numerical and verbal skills.
  3. Experience of using ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) & Oracle systems or any other database management system.
  4. Ability to manage resources and analyze the best available data to take the right decision.
  5. Strong problem-solving skills (i.e. critical and evaluative thinking) required.
  6. Ability to develop and implement complex project plans, schedules and strategies as required.
  7. Advanced Excel (VLookups, Pivot tables, HLookups, IF, Countifs, Sumifs, and any other advance excel functions)
  8. Advanced computer skills (MS Office Suite, applicable supply chain system and internet)
  9. Good working knowledge of supply chain systems, concepts, processes and requirements, and application capability.
  10. The person should have good knowledge of accounting and finance so that he/she can do the cost-benefit analysis of all available alternatives.

Digital Merchandising and E-commerce Merchandising

What is Digital Merchandising?

We all familiar with the term “merchandising” which actually functioning for contacting prospective buyers, do price negotiation, induce to purchase offering best price and quality, take an order and finally deliver the product to meet customer satisfaction. But now there is an advancement in the process of merchandising because of modern technology “Digital Communication System” for merchandising. Digital merchandising is also known as online merchandising or virtual merchandising. The person who is responsible for digital merchandising is known as a digital merchandiser. The demand for digital merchandisers is increasing day by day because of higher access to a digital device to the customers.

In other words, digital merchandising is the most popular form of merchandising in recent times where user get digital access to the online-based store to purchase the product offered by the digital merchandisers.

If you want to do digital merchandising course then you may find many online based platform available free and paid basis. Choose the right one for your study. Please do some study before selecting the learning platform.

Advantages of Digital Merchandising

  • Easy to Reach to the Target Customers
  • Cost Effective Way of Merchandising
  • Real-time monitor customer’s behavior
  • Offer the right product to the right person
  • Fast Response time to the buyers
  • The flexibility of offering different products
  • Easy to promote products
  • Easy access to all over the world
What is Digital Merchandising and E-commerce Merchandising

What is E-commerce Merchandising?

E-commerce is electric commerce where the electric device is used for buying and selling of product. Whereas e-commerce merchandising is also a form merchandising or digital merchandising use the electric device connected with an online platform for the purpose of buying and selling of product. Here online connectivity is mandatory to communicate with the buyers and sellers. Web-based e-commerce is now getting popularity because of easy to choose the desired products and place an order. Another thing is here you can compare the price of products among available options of different suppliers or sellers. The main disadvantage is many e-commerce merchandisers deliver the poor quality product.

In other words, simply we can say that e-commerce merchandising is the process of digital merchandising where sellers display their products to the digital platform to attract customer and customer come to this platform to choose their desired product, order the product and receive the product.

Advantages of E-commerce Merchandising

  • Web-based service creates a user friendly environment for the customers, apps accessible from the smart devices.
  • Connected with an online payment gateway, so that customer can buy the product and pay instantly with a digital payment system.
  • Opportunity to provide best customer experience with visual outlook.
  • Offer region wise promotional offers to the target customers.
  • Easy segmentation of products based on sex, age, price level (high to low, low to high), color, level of demand, etc.
  • Both buyer and seller can access the e-commerce platform whenever they want to
  • Easy to receive customer feedback
  • No need a large retail outlet to sell the products.
  • Cost of merchandising is less
  • Easy to serve thousands of customers at a time.

Finally, digital merchandising and e-commerce merchandising both are more or less similar to their core functions. This creating an extra edge to the flexibility of online buying and selling of products with minimum efforts. Here customer need not go the store which saves time and energy of the customer and for the buyers, they are getting enough flexibility in business operations with the lower operating cost of doing business.

Sourcing Manager Job Description

Job Description of Sourcing Manager in Apparel Industry

Sourcing Manager: The person who is responsible for developing and executing the organization’s sourcing and procurement strategy to ensure better sourcing of the right product at the right time for the right price is known as a sourcing manager. Here in this article, we will discuss the sourcing manager job description in details.

This role will support the execution of sourcing projects and tactical procurement opportunities to help ensure the realization of cost savings objectives. Machine, machine parts/spare parts, fabric, trims and accessories, and many other things are required for the apparel industry. And sourcing of these materials is not easy if you do not have a good sourcing plan and you do not have a sourcing manager. For better sourcing, your company needs at least one sourcing manager.

This position (Sourcing Manager) is primarily project and task driven with Managerial level supervision as required. Additionally, the person will be responsible for all types of sourcing that require the skills to identify cost-saving opportunities, create competitive environments, effectively negotiate, and make contracts to assure continuous availability of all required products to support the company demand.

Job Description of Sourcing Manager

Key Responsibilities of Sourcing Manager in Apparel Industry

The sourcing manager job description is mainly focused on the key responsibilities of a sourcing manager which he/she regularly need to perform. The JD of Sourcing manager includes the following key responsibilities:

  1. Define, develop, negotiate and contract strategic sourcing solutions that meet businesses’ requirements and enhance profitability by controlling or reducing costs, improving payment terms, reducing inventory and optimizing supply chain efficiencies.
  2. Identify situations in advanced where procurement involvement can increase.
  3. Develop a sourcing plan for both for local and international sources, so that fast and effectively sourcing operations are possible.
  4. Develop and administer an efficient global supply chain and monitor inventory for all global products and assist to increase growth.
  5. Need to ensure that the decision-making process is supported by technical and functional knowledge of the category and leading-edge analytical methods which encompass people, systems and financial measures.
  6. Challenge suppliers and internal customers to identify and implement innovative designs, value-add specification changes, concepts, and materials.
  7. Supervise every negotiation and provide guidelines to prepare documents for purchasing and making a contract.
  8. Monitor sourcing strategy and if any change is required to ensure better sourcing then change the strategy according to the market condition.
  9. Collaborate with the marketing team and initiate appropriate changes to the engineering team and manage all research and development process.
  10. Deeply Analyze your company’s requirements and evaluate each and every sourcing alternatives and then finally pick the right one.
  11. Perform and analysis Monthly forecasting report to ensure and maintain acceptable inventory level.
  12. Negotiate for minimizing the cost of materials and get the best possible price.
  13. Coordinate with international logistic personnel to ensure proper shipment delivery.
  14. Evaluate letter of credit documents and collaborate with accounting department to ensure timely financial obligations.
  15. Develop and implement category plans for indirect spend areas that capitalize on market opportunities and aligns with functional business requirements.
  16. Production planning, oversight, and coordination with contract manufacturers.
  17. Assisting the team with executing new product development; develop and implement quality specifications during trial productions and beyond.
  18. Forecasting production and supply needs, in coordination with the Sales Operations Manager, and budgeting accordingly.
  19. Procurement of raw materials and supplies based on the company’s demand and supply.
  20. Evaluation of quality of raw materials so that right quality materials can source.
  21. Implementation of systems to pre-empt, identify and promptly correct any operational or quality issues.
  22. Work on special projects as requested by management; supports all levels of department management and may participate in specific workgroups as requested.

Skills Required for Sourcing Manager

  1. Sourcing manager should have strong analytical, negotiation, contracting and communication skills.
  2. Should have adequate skills to develop and implement sourcing and negotiation strategies for the company.
  3. Ability to think strategically so that the company can take advantage of business processes, industry dynamics, supplier experiences, and manufacturing practices, and general market conditions, etc.
  4. Ability to perform financial analysis of the cost of every sourcing.
  5. Ability to work with various levels of the supplier from the local and international market.
  6. Excellent teamwork skills and proven aptitude to partner effectively with a wide range of stakeholders (i.e., top management, colleagues, suppliers, and internal/external customers).
  7. Ability to work independently, prioritize and multi-task while maintaining a positive and collaborative attitude.

After reading this, hopefully, you will have a clear idea of sourcing manager job description. Remember one thing is that, the job description of a sourcing manager is not limited to the above responsibilities. These may varies from company to company and industry to industry.

Pre-production (PP) Meeting Requirements and Procedure in Apparel Industry

PP Meeting Requirements and Procedure in Apparel Industry

PP meeting is a very important part of Garments manufacturing process, a part of the pre-production process to be completed in the right time for smooth Garments manufacturing process. A process where buyer QC/Merchandiser are also involve in checking accuracy. Generally, PP meeting conducted by buyer QC, internal PP meeting by garments manufacturer before that, is a good practice to avoid the risk of failing, meeting location factory conference room or inspection room.

PP Meeting Requirements and Procedure in Apparel Industry

Basic Documents of PP Meeting

  1. QA File (Approved Trim Card)
  2. PO Sheet
  3. Production PDM
  4. Buying house Comments on approved sample
  5. Approved sample
  6. Approved wash standard/Approved shade band-Leg Panel / 1stBach
  7. Shade Blanket/Shade Card
  8. Shrinkage Test Report & Distortion Test Report
  9. Tube Test & Cross Stain Checking Blanket
  10. Embellishment approvals
  11. Fabric & Trim’s Inspection Report
  12. Fabric & Trims inventory report
  13. Button Pull test report
  14. PP Size set sample covering all size

You may love to read

PP meeting in apparel industry

PP meeting check list

Factory Quality Team Responsibility before PP Meeting

  • Assigned Quality controller receives all approvals and records them on “PP Meeting checklist”. QA also records expected date of receiving non-available approvals and follows up accordingly with Production merchandiser.
  • The QA marks “NA” (not applicable) in case of anything not being used for the particular style.
  • Need to do internal PP meeting by factory QA manager with his QC and production before submitting sample for buyer QC PP meeting.

PP Meeting Activities

Fabrication & Finish Issues

  • All expected fabrication issues especially those highlighted by during fabric inspection report & sample process.
  • Potential production problems according to fabric behavior.
  • Fabric quality, CSV/SSV, Shrinkage, Shade, Cross staining & Wash issues.

Cutting Issues

  • All cutting related issues to be highlighted –fabric relaxation, spreading elongation and tension, panel checking and records measurements variation, plaid matching, pattern adjustment etc.
  • Grading of pocket, panels, inserts, notches etc.

Embellishment Issues

All potential issues in application of embellishment i.e. print, embroidery, rhinestone, heat transfer label, decorative patches etc. are discussed.

Construction and Stitching Issues

  • Sample comments regarding sewing issues and every operation of concerned style is discussed.
  • Emphasis is on critical operations. All out of routine operations are discussed with sampling master which finalized in vendor pre-production meeting.
  • Difficult operations are highlighted and displayed for every style and doing risk analysis report.
  • Difficult operations checklist is maintained and verified during production.

Finishing Issues

  • All expected finishing and packing issues to be highlighted & discussed with vendor. This includes garment shape, pressing, folding, packing etc.
  • Pressing, measuring, QA check, folding & packing instructions are placed and clearly demonstrated to ensure PDM instructions are properly followed.
  • Factory specs men are advised how to measure before pressing & after pressing & keep records.
  • Buyer QC emphasizes on vendor pre-production meeting points during inline inspections.
  • Factory merchandiser gives production time and action plan (T.N.A) to buyer QC in pre-production meeting.
  • After conducting pre-production meeting, buyer QC distributes pre-production meeting recap/Comments to all participants through e mail or hard copy.

PP Meeting Participants

  1. Head of operation
  2. Production Manager (PM)
  3. Operation & Production in charge
  4. Technical Manager, Sampling QA and Pattern master
  5. Production merchandiser
  6. QA Manager
  7. GPQ
  8. Fabric, Store & Finish Manager
  9. Cutting, Sew & Finishing Manager
  10. Maintenance & IE Manager

Written by
A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]
Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Layout, SMV and Operation Breakdown of Garments Finishing Process

Operation Breakdown of Pant (Bottom) Finishing Process

After completion of the sewing process, what process remain to complete finished garments is called garments finishing the process, also a different section. Not only the sewing process, but also finishing also important and have lots of process like trimming, pressing, and quality inspection, ticketing, folding and packing. Finishing is the last step for before shipping garments. Here I am giving all process lists, SMV, Layout, and process wise production target. Hopefully, you will have detail idea of Layout, SMV and Operation Breakdown of Garments Finishing Process.

Process Layout and Production Target of Pant Finishing Process

NOOperation/Process NamesType ofMNL OPR100%WorkerCountTGT
WorkerSMVTGT
1Loop cut  (5pcs 5 point)H0.252401.131240
2Thread cut (top+in side+Side seam+Hem fray clean)H1.2505.445250
3Pkt clean(5pcs)H0.252401.131240
4Re-Inforcement cut (06 point)H0.23000.911300
5Body carrying to iron section & iron section to Q.I tableH
6Inside IronIRN0.252401.131240
7Inside checkQI0.41501.812300
8Body turnover+ Gmts countingH0.154000.681400
9Top side checkQI0.41501.812300
10Alter rcetify (Gmts+Label)OP0.252401.131240
11Body carrying to btn section & btn section to Q,I tableH
12Shank Btn att.(01 pcs)OP0.16000.451600
13Rivet attach (5ps)OP0.41501.812300
14Button+Rivet checkQI0.23000.911300
15Thread suckingH0.16000.451600
16Lather patch attachOP0.351711.592343
17Full Body IronIRN0.7863.173257
18Measurement check 03 pointQI0.41501.812300
19Get up checkQI0.41501.812300
20Match book attachPM0.252401.131240
21Price tag makePM0.351711.591171
22Price Tag attachPM0.154000.681400
23Label check/Shade label cutPM0.252401.131240
24Shade SheparatePM0.32001.361200
25Body sizing/RatioPM0.252401.131240
26Hard tag attachPM0.23000.911300
27Leg sticker att+ Body dustH0.32001.361200
28FoldingPM0.32001.361200
29Poly close.PM0.252401.131240
30Carton ClosePM0.252401.131240
31EDI + Carton sticker attachPM0.23000.911300
TOTAL9.054141292
Layout, SMV and Operation Breakdown of Garments Finishing Process
Type of WorkerCountAvailableShort/Plus
PM11
OP6
QI9
IRN4
H11
Total41
Total Manpower41
100% TGT272
70% TGT190

Written by
A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]
Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Job Responsibilities of Garments HR Compliance Department

Job Responsibilities of Garments HR Compliance Department

HR and Compliance is a big part to make an efficient apparel industry. Human resources compliance department deals with several rules, employees’ legal right, laws and acts to consider, such as the Fair Labor Standards Act, abuse and sexual harassment, antidiscrimination laws, employee’s salary and many more. In export garments manufacturing factory need to be 100% compliant to get order. HR is a part of administration.

Job Responsibilities of Garments HR Compliance Department

Job Titles of HR Compliance Department

  1. Admin & Compliance officer
  2. Executive (HR & Compliance)
  3. Assistant Manager, Manger (HR & Compliance)
  4. GM- HR, Admin and Compliance

Job responsibilities of Garments HR Compliance Department

  1. Developing, implementing and managing an organization’s compliance standard.
  2. Preparing and presenting clear and concise compliance reports to the Board.
  3. Interacting with regulators on compliance issues.
  4. Coordinating efforts related to audits, reviews, and examinations.
  5. Program Prepare and keep the documentation related to audit and compliance.
  6. Assist in developing, implementing, maintaining and reviewing of company policies, rules and regulations in compliance with all applicable employment laws and regulations.
  7. To monitor the floor for checking all kinds of compliance issues.
  8. To motivate the employees for maintaining all kind of personal safety.
  9. Train up all employees on all safety awareness issue; maintain all kinds of training records.
  10. To aware the employees regarding health and safety issues.
  11. Ensure the factories are compliance with social ethics & health and safety requirements, etc.
  12. To find out the non-compliance issues by the daily monitoring & internal audit in the factory. Conduct internal audit in the light of Labor Law, Factory Rules buyers COC & other national & international legal instruments.
  13. Monitor compliance certification BSCI, ICS, SEDEX, NEXT, INDITEX, PRIMEMARK, ACCORD & Alliance etc. and handle their different audits with requirements.
  14. Maintain and implement Accord/Alliance (fire, electrical & structural) standard for creating a safe working place.
  15. Communicate, maintain, handle and implement all social audits whether buyer & certification/membership audit as, ICS, SEDEX, NEXT, INDITEX, PRIMEMARK, ACCORD etc.
  16. Maintain every compliance mechanism/tools internally; through weekly, monthly and yearly comparative statistical report & tools.
  17. Give Suggestions to the management regarding several important pronouncement and decisions of Law & other COC.
  18. Conduct in house training for all employees on OH&S, EMS, Fire Safety, Grievance etc. as advised by factory management,
  19. To adopt, maintain and implement environmental, chemical standard as, Higg Index for the sake of the organization in a sustainable manner etc.
  20. Conduct internal H&S and Environmental assessments in a regular interval.
  21. Review and update all legal documents/certificate/license time to time by communicating with the specific authorities.
  22. Checking routine wise checklist and make report
  23. Update to management all compliance reports in regular interval etc.

HR Job Functions/Activities in Textile and Apparel Industry

  1. Coordinate interview process.
  2. Conducting appointment, termination (closing) and in-service procedures
  3. New employee orientation.
  4. Compiling, sorting and generating periodic reports.
  5. Scheduling and coordination training and orientation sessions.
  6. Attendance and absent status management.
  7. Maintain and Update Employee Personal Files.
  8. Assist to coordinate Recruitment & Selection.
  9. Manpower Planning.
  10. Management & data entries into HRMS.
  11. Handle Employee Resignation, Exit Interview, Clearance, Closing Activation and Final Settlement as required.
  12. Handle disciplinary matters, legal affairs & industrial relations related issues for all the factories. -Authorized to sign all kinds of letters related with administrative activities & disciplinary procedures.
  13. Maintain employee’s (Factory) PF investment.
  14. Performance Appraisal.
  15. Confirmation, Promotion, Increment and associate matters.
  16. Employee counseling.
  17. Arrange all the event management issues for the office in different occasion such as- Best Employee, Birthday and Farewell Program.

You may love to read

Garments compliance Audit checklist

Written by
A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]
Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Quality Management System in Garments Manufacturing

Quality Management System in Garments Manufacturing

Garments Quality Management System (QMS)

A garments manufacturing quality management system (QMS) is related to quality control and assurance system that documents (quality manual) processes (Online and offline), procedures, system, planning, responsibilities and task for achieving quality goal and policies to meet buyer requirements.  A quality management system is focus on customer requirement and satisfaction through combine effort of whole organization management by setting up a work standard. A quality management system helps a factory to coordinate and instruct an organization’s functions/activities to meet buyer requirements and improve its effectiveness and efficiency on a continuous basis quality control and improvement. A good quality management can guide a factory to the right path of quality goal, to keep standard of export garments quality; a good quality management system should be implemented.

Quality Management System in Garments Manufacturing

Key Factors of Garments Quality Management

  1. Proper reporting
  2. Strict Materials inspection
  3. Approved trim card
  4. Keeping pattern log, library and evaluation report
  5. Calibrate machine, process, and manpower
  6. Follow SOP and Keeping version names
  7. Visualize quality tools, sample, and metrics
  8. Process audit or AQL inspection
  9. Keeping packing approval
  10. Zero defects station
  11. Review quality result and taking corrective action
  12. Training and evaluate QC
  13.  Internal pre-final Audit before Final Inspection

Proper Reporting

Quality department’s first responsibility is reporting, and then taking action. If they report is doing properly, easy to work on it.

Strict Materials Inspection

Most of times needed raw materials like fabrics; accessories of a garment need to buy from a supplier, so it’s important to inspect all raw materials and ask supplier if there any defects. Because once you make a garment, it’s almost impossible to replace if their faulty fabrics or trims.

Approved Trim Card

Following approved Trim card in store, cutting, sewing and finishing ensuring correct materials and fabrics are joining for every lot.

Keeping Pattern Log, Library and Evaluation Report

Pattern is very sensitive, standard is to keep a pattern library, track and change log of every stage as like before and after size set.

Calibrate Machine, Process and Manpower

Yearly or half yearly calibration of machines to check machine is fit enough, performing well or not. Need to check calibration by 3rd party or machine supplier of CAD plotter, Fabrics inspection machine, shading checking light box, Fusing machine, needle detector machine, pull testing machine and others lab testing machines.

Follow SOP and Keeping Version Names

Follow a SOP for every process and section, keeping SOP change log and version name. ISO method is to keep SOP version name.

Visualize Quality Tools, Sample and Metrics

Visualizing all quality tools, analysis, and quality metrics will make aware about everyone’s performance and responsibilities will help to take decision easily.

Process Audit or AQL Inspection

Inspection garments by AQL audit system before moving garments to next step or process to check process accuracy, passing goods from every section by passing in audit, if audit fail goods back for reprocessing.

Keeping Packing Approval

A system to approve a garment by authorize person (buyer QC, merchandiser or QA manager) before start packing of every lot

Zero Defects Station

Set up zero defect station by through 100% garments quality inspection in sewing and finishing.

Review Quality Result and Taking Corrective Action

Review every sections quality result by a daily or weekly basis and taking corrective action to not to happen and improve in the future. A general meeting can be called with related production and maintenance department and giving responsibilities to improve quality as a part of corrective action.

Training and Evaluate QC

Training is one of the major part garments quality management, Kaoru Ishikawa said: “Quality control starts and ends with training.”  Continuously train up whole quality team about various quality matters and evaluate their understanding.

Internal Pre-Final Audit before Final Inspection

Pre-final Audit or an audit before Final quality inspection procedure as per final inspection procedure to confirms final inspection will be passed of every lot.

Related articles you may love to read

  1. Garments quality control procedure
  2. Garments quality SOP
  3. Garments quality check points and their quality control
  4. Garments quality manual
  5. Garments quality organogram

Written by
A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]
Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam