Fabric can be defined as any planar substance constructed from solutions, fibres, yarns in combination. But textile fabric can be defined as slightly different way.
Textile fabric is that fabric which can be produced directly from webs or fibres by bonding, fusing or interlocking for making no-woven fabrics and felt also. But manufacturing of fabric from yarn is the most common method for a wide range of versatile use.
What is the Classification of fabric
Here I am going to classified fabric according to the manufacturing process of fabric from yarn. Basically there are the main mechanical methods to manufacture fabric from yarn. They are
- Intertwining and twisting
Interweaving is process in which there is intersection or interlace of two sets of straight threads. Here one set of yarn is called warp yarn which lay in lengthwise of fabric and another set of yarn is called weft yarn which laid as picks or filling in crosswise of fabric.
It is the most common method of producing fabric. This process has been used from the ancient period to produce fabric. In interweaving process we can get straight-edge fabric continuous length contained.
Interloping consists of forming yarn into loops, each of which is typically only released after a succeeding loop has been formed. There has been intermeshed with the loop so that a secure ground loop structure is achieved. The loops are also held together by the yarn passing from one to the next. Knitting is the most common method of interloping. Knitting is the second mostly used of producing fabric from yarn.
Intertwining and twisting
There are various types of techniques of intertwining and twisting such as braiding, knotting etc. In intertwining the yarn or threads are caused to intertwine in right angle or in any other angles. These techniques tend to produce special construction whose uses are limited for special using purpose.
Another method is to manipulate directly fibre into textile fabrics is so called non-woven process. It is a new branch of textile industry. But this branch is expanding in great number for it’s high production rates with lower cost.
So, here it is clear that including new branch non-woven process there are four types of fabrics. They are:
- Woven Fabric (by interweaving method)
- Knitted fabric (by interloping method)
- Braided fabric (by intertwining/twisting method)
- Non woven fabric (by non woven process)
Engineer Sheikh Nurja
B.Sc engineer of textile
Merchandiser at buying house
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