## Some Important Textile Unit Conversion Factor

During textile calculation we are in need of different unit conversion problem. Here I am presenting some important conversion factor which can be helpful for you.

 1 meter = 1.09 yard So, 1 yard = 1/1.09 meter = 0.91 meter 1 Yard = 3 feet 1 Yard = 36 inch 1 Meter =1000 millimeter 1 Meter =100 Centimeter 1 Meter =1.09 Yard 1 Meter = 39.37 inch 1 Kilogram =1000 gram 1 Kilogram =2.204 pound 1 inch = 2.54 cm 1 inch = 0.3937 cm 1 inch =25.4 Millimeter 1 Centimeter = 10 Millimeter So, 1 cm =1/2.54 inch 1 cm = 0.3937 inch 1 Decimeter = 10 Centimeter 1 Feet =0.3048 Meter 1 Feet =12 Inch 1 Mile =5280 Feet 1 Mile =1.6094 Kilometer 1 Pound 16 ounce 1 pound =453.6 gram 1 pound =7000 grain So, 1 pound = 453.6/1000 kg = 0.453 kg So, 1 kg = 1/0.453 pound = 2.2046 pound 1 Gram =0.0353 Ounce 1 Hank =840 yard 1 Lee =120 yard 1 ounce =28.35 gram 1 Acre = 43560 Square feet 1 Liter =1000 Milliliter =1000 CC (Cubic centimeter) 1 Metric ton =1000 Kilogram 1 Metric ton =2204.62 Pound 1 oz = 28.35 gram

Important Factor

# Fabric consumption of a Basic Shirt

Determination of fabric consumption of any garments is not so difficult actually which problem we face during such types of calculation. we face many problem with equation during consumption calculation. Here , I am going to present for all of you simple way of consumption calculation of a basic shirt. I wish it will be beneficial for textile related persons.

## Main features of a nice basic dress shirt

In other words dress shirt is known as formal shirt. Special features of dress shirt are as follows-

• A dress shirt should have a formal collar
• It will contain full sleeve with cuff
• It will have full-length opening at the front from the collar to the hem
• It will contain clean button and stiff collar and cuff

Dress Shirt

For evaluating Fabric consumption of a dress shirt at first we have to know about the basic parts of a dress shirt.

### Basic parts of dress shirt:

• Main body
• Yoke
• Sleeve
• Collar
• Cuff
• Pocket
• Placket Box
• Top center

Anatomy of a shirt front

#### Formula:

For evaluating fabric consumption nothing about formula .It’s all about calculation sense. If you know about the area calculation of a rectangle than I want to say that we also know about the calculation of fabric consumption.

To determine fabric consumption of any parts of a woven shirt, we have to take reading length and maximum width of this part . And then we have to multiply length with width to find out the area of fabric required of this part and other should be followed as unit terms.

Measurement of a basic shirt

Let,

fabric width : 56”

Marker Width : 55”

So, Fabric required = 37614/55 inch

= 684 inch

= 684/36 yds/dz

= 19 yds/dz

So, Fabric consumption,

= 19 yds/dz+7%(wastage %)

= 19+7% of 19 yds/dz

= 19 + 1.33 yds/dz

= 19/12 yds/piece

= 1.58 yds/piece

In short cut way we can find out fabric consumption of a Dress shirt in following way:-

Calculation of fabric consumption of a Dress shirt

Note : Short cut way of fabric consumption determination is not so accurate as elaborate way determination system.But it is easy and time saved way.

Conclusion: Consumption determination is a very important term in garments section. Thought fabric covers the greatest part of garments costing, so we should have better knowledge about fabric consumption determination.

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# Flow chart of textile Processing

Textile manufacturing process is consist of different types of manufacturing stages. Here presenting basic manufacturing process in a flow chart.

Flow chart of textile Processing

Textile fibers :

Fiber means any substance that have high length to width ratio. But textile fibre means any substance which have high length to width ratio with suitable charateristics for being processed into fabric

In a spinning mill from textile fibre yarn is made. Spinning from fibre to yarn is a very complex procedure. If we consider of yarn spinning process then we will see that there are two types of cotton yarn according to their manufacturing process. One is combed and another one is carded.

Textile Fibers

Yarn:

Yarn is a continuous strand which is made by natural or synthetic fibre or material twisted or laid together that can be made into a textile fabric. So, a continuous twisted strand of natural or synthetic fibres used in weaving or knitting to produce fabric. The yarn can be different types depending on which types of fibre is using.

Yarn may be divided into two groups according to their use:

• Weaving yarn
• Knitting yarn

Yarn

Grey Fabric:

A cloth of flexible planar substance constructed from solutions, fibres, yarns in any combination. Textile fabrics can also be produced directly from webs of fibres by bonding fusing or interlocking to make non-woven fabrics and felts.

Grey fabric is the fabric before finishing such as dyeing, printing or any other finishing terms. Generally grey fabric is not ready to make garment.

Gray Fabrics

Finished Fabrics:

Finished fabric is that fabric which we get after dyeing, printing or finishing process. Finished fabric is used to make garments.

We find finished fabric from dyeing section, printing section or finishing section.

Finished Fabrics

Garments:

It is the final step of textile processing. Garments section is also consist of some many section i.e. pattern making, cutting, sewing finishing etc.

Finished Garments

## Introduction to Textiles

In this article, you will have the overall ideas of introduction to textiles.

## Textile

Originally the word “textile” applied only to woven fabrics. But now this word is generally applied to fiber, yarn or fabrics or products made of fibers, yarns or fabrics.

The word textile originates from the Latin verb texture – to weave.

## Textile Fiber

Fiber means any substance that has a high length to width ratio. But textile fiber means any substance which has a high length to width ratio with suitable characteristics for being processed into fabric. For being textile fiber some properties are very important to have i.e.

### Primary Properties of Textile Fiber

• High length to width ratio
• Tenacity
• Flexibility
• Spinning quality/ spin ability
• Uniformity

### Secondary Properties of Textile Fibers

• Physical Shape
• Resiliency
• Density
• Flammability
• Lusture
• Color
• Moisture regain
• Elastic recovery

## Classification of Textile

If we observe then we will find that broadly we can divide textile into four major categories according to the sources of materials from which textile is produced. These are:

1. Animal textile
• e. Wool, Silk
1. Plant textile
• Cotton, Flax, Jute
1. Mineral textile
• Asbestos, Glass fiber
1. Synthetic textile
• Nylon, Polyester, Acrylic

## Yarn

The yarn is a continuous strand which is made by natural or synthetic fiber or material twisted or laid together that can be made into a textile fabric. So, a continuous twisted strand of natural or synthetic fibers used in weaving or knitting to produce fabric. The yarn can be different types depending on which types of fiber is using. It is a very important raw material for textile.

## Fabric

A cloth of flexible planar substance constructed from solutions, fibers, yarns in any combination. Textile fabrics can also be produced directly from webs of fibers by bonding fusing or interlocking to make non-woven fabrics and felts.