Button: Buttons are one of the oldest and most widely used types of fastener. Buttons are generally consisting of a disk, ball, or dome-shaped fastener. They are generally attached to one piece of fabric and joined to another piece of fabric by being drawn through a hole or loop.
In modern fashion, design buttons are used for both ornamentation and objective purpose. People started to use a button from the Bronze Age. Before Renaissance age buttons were used as ornamentation purpose only. After the invention of buttonholes in the age of Renaissance, button became functional and 1830-1850 is considered as the golden age of buttons.
The button is used as ornamentation purpose in fingerless mittens
Classification of Buttons
Depending on the attachment way
There are basically two types of a button depending on how they are attached to a piece of material.
Flat or sew-through (Hole Button)
Two hole button
The thread is making to pass through the holes and the material to bind the button in place. They are made to attach with fabric by machine and hand sew also.
They have a connector to the back part of the button that is attached to the material with thread.
Stud Button or Snap Button
They are mostly used in denim clothing such as jackets, pants, etc. Fabric goes to the middle of the top and bottom part of a snap button and they are attached by creating pressure.
Classification of Button Depending on Raw Materials
By which material buttons are made, depending on this factor there we will find different types of buttons. Here I am going to present some types of the name of them.
Determination of fabric consumption of any garments is not so difficult actually which problem we face during such types of calculation. we face many problem with equation during consumption calculation. Here , I am going to present for all of you simple way of consumption calculation of a basic shirt. I wish it will be beneficial for textile related persons.
Main features of a nice basic dress shirt
In other words dress shirt is known as formal shirt. Special features of dress shirt are as follows-
A dress shirt should have a formal collar
It will contain full sleeve with cuff
It will have full-length opening at the front from the collar to the hem
It will contain clean button and stiff collar and cuff
For evaluating Fabric consumption of a dress shirt at first we have to know about the basic parts of a dress shirt.
Basic parts of dress shirt:
Anatomy of a shirt front
For evaluating fabric consumption nothing about formula .It’s all about calculation sense. If you know about the area calculation of a rectangle than I want to say that we also know about the calculation of fabric consumption.
To determine fabric consumption of any parts of a woven shirt, we have to take reading length and maximum width of this part . And then we have to multiply length with width to find out the area of fabric required of this part and other should be followed as unit terms.
Measurement of a basic shirt
fabric width : 56”
Marker Width : 55”
So, Fabric required = 37614/55 inch
= 684 inch
= 684/36 yds/dz
= 19 yds/dz
So, Fabric consumption,
= 19 yds/dz+7%(wastage %)
= 19+7% of 19 yds/dz
= 19 + 1.33 yds/dz
= 19/12 yds/piece
= 1.58 yds/piece
In short cut way we can find out fabric consumption of a Dress shirt in following way:-
Calculation of fabric consumption of a Dress shirt
Note : Short cut way of fabric consumption determination is not so accurate as elaborate way determination system.But it is easy and time saved way.
Conclusion: Consumption determination is a very important term in garments section. Thought fabric covers the greatest part of garments costing, so we should have better knowledge about fabric consumption determination.
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Textile manufacturing process is consist of different types of manufacturing stages. Here presenting basic manufacturing process in a flow chart.
Flow chart of textile Processing
Textile fibers :
Fiber means any substance that have high length to width ratio. But textile fibre means any substance which have high length to width ratio with suitable charateristics for being processed into fabric
In a spinning mill from textile fibre yarn is made. Spinning from fibre to yarn is a very complex procedure. If we consider of yarn spinning process then we will see that there are two types of cotton yarn according to their manufacturing process. One is combed and another one is carded.
Yarn is a continuous strand which is made by natural or synthetic fibre or material twisted or laid together that can be made into a textile fabric. So, a continuous twisted strand of natural or synthetic fibres used in weaving or knitting to produce fabric. The yarn can be different types depending on which types of fibre is using.
Yarn may be divided into two groups according to their use:
A cloth of flexible planar substance constructed from solutions, fibres, yarns in any combination. Textile fabrics can also be produced directly from webs of fibres by bonding fusing or interlocking to make non-woven fabrics and felts.
Grey fabric is the fabric before finishing such as dyeing, printing or any other finishing terms. Generally grey fabric is not ready to make garment.
Finished fabric is that fabric which we get after dyeing, printing or finishing process. Finished fabric is used to make garments.
We find finished fabric from dyeing section, printing section or finishing section.
It is the final step of textile processing. Garments section is also consist of some many section i.e. pattern making, cutting, sewing finishing etc.
In this article, you will have the overall ideas of introduction to textiles.
Originally the word “textile” applied only to woven fabrics. But now this word is generally applied to fiber, yarn or fabrics or products made of fibers, yarns or fabrics.
The word textile originates from the Latin verb texture – to weave.
Fiber means any substance that has a high length to width ratio. But textile fiber means any substance which has a high length to width ratio with suitable characteristics for being processed into fabric. For being textile fiber some properties are very important to have i.e.
Primary Properties of Textile Fiber
High length to width ratio
Spinning quality/ spin ability
Secondary Properties of Textile Fibers
Classification of Textile
If we observe then we will find that broadly we can divide textile into four major categories according to the sources of materials from which textile is produced. These are:
e. Wool, Silk
Cotton, Flax, Jute
Asbestos, Glass fiber
Nylon, Polyester, Acrylic
The yarn is a continuous strand which is made by natural or synthetic fiber or material twisted or laid together that can be made into a textile fabric. So, a continuous twisted strand of natural or synthetic fibers used in weaving or knitting to produce fabric. The yarn can be different types depending on which types of fiber is using. It is a very important raw material for textile.
A cloth of flexible planar substance constructed from solutions, fibers, yarns in any combination. Textile fabrics can also be produced directly from webs of fibers by bonding fusing or interlocking to make non-woven fabrics and felts.
Ready Fabric for Making Garment
In textile, especially fabric is the fundamental component of a ready-made garment, because it is the basic raw material of a garment. So, to know the manufacturing sequence of fiber to fabric is very important. The present time is the time of a quality product. It is impossible to maintain the quality of a garment without proper knowledge of textile manufacturing i.e. fiber, yarn, and fabrics.