Flow Chart of Apparel Dyeing

Apparel Dyeing is a process by which color is applied on apparel. Basically through the dyeing process color is applied on fabric. Dyeing is used for giving fashionable look on fabric, and using these fabric, garments manufacture denim, t-shirt, sweater, Shirt, jackets etc.

Objectives of Dyeing

  • To produce fashionable garments by changing the outlook.
  • Comparatively low cost
  • Different shade can be accepted in same batch

Basic Dyeing Process of Garments

Process Flow Garments Dyeing

Mainly dyeing process is applied on grey fabric and after completing the whole process we get colored fabric. But remember one thing that after Dyeing you have to wash your fabrics.

Flow Chart of Apparel Dyeing

Flow Chart of Apparel Dyeing

If closely see the flow process of complete Dyeing of fabric, then you may identify the following procedure. Earlier I said that Dyeing process starts with grey fabrics/garments then loading into Dyeing machine, after that pre-treatment and bleaching garments, then Dyeing, fixing (after treatment) and finally we will get finished dyed fabrics.

Flow Chart of Apparel Dyeing

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Md. Mashud Rana Opurbo

Industrial Engineer.

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Flow Chart of Fabric Preparatory Process in Garments

Flow Chart of Fabric Preparatory Process in Garments

Finished dyed fabric is not always available for garments manufacturing process, most of the time we have to prepare the fabrics before manufacturing garment products. To ensure effective preparation we have to go through different processes, after that we get the required form of fabrics for manufacturing. All the processes involved with fabrics processing before manufacturing garments are considered as fabric preparatory process.

Flow chart of fabric preparatory process in garments is followed by the following process:

Dyed and finished fabric in roll => Fabric inspection => Fabric Relaxation => Different tests of fabric => Test cutting => Approve => Input to cutting section

Flow Chart of Fabric Preparatory Process in Garments

Flow Chart of Fabric Preparatory Process in Garments

*Fabric Inspection is done by 4 points system to determine all kinds of fabrics and dyeing fault. Because of proper inspection of fabric a quality product can be manufactured.

*Following tests can be identified in the preparatory processes in garments

  • Shrinkage test
  • GSM test
  • Twisting
  • Different fastness test
  • Fabric dia
  • Shade

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A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)

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Flow Chart of Garments Cutting Section

Flow Chart of Garments Cutting Section

Before sewing, you have to cut fabrics parts by parts according to measurement and sewing allowance. The function of cutting fabrics in accordance with the sewing allowance and required measurements are done by the cutting section of the garments. Cutting is the first step basically we may find in garments making. When cutting started we can say that garments production is also started that means starting cutting also indicates the starting of production. Flow chart of garments cutting section is the interrelated sequence of the following.

Production order sheet => Pattern receive => Marker making => Fabric receive => Fabric spreading => Marker placing => Cutting => Sorting => Numbering and checking => Bundling => and finally Input to sewing.

Flow Chart of Garments Cutting Section

Flow Chart of Garments Cutting Section

Keep in mind that as the fabrics cutting is one of the crucial parts of the production you have to be more careful to ensure proper measurement. If you cut the fabrics into the wrong measurement then the production garment will be considered as defected items because you will be failed to produce according to the specified size or shape. It is a quality control department to check whether every process is maintained in a right way.

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A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)

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Flow Chart of Garments Finishing Process

Flow Chart of Garments Finishing Process

In garments it is required to go through several processes for producing garment products. There are three main processes involve in garments. These are cutting, sewing and finally finishing. But among these three finishing is very important in apparel/garments sector. Although these processes are simple enough to do but careful monitoring and quality control is ensured because quality is the first and most important priorities in garments sectors.

Flow chart of Garments Finishing Process followed by the steps of finishing input => sorting (Style, color & size wise) => thread cutting => ironing => quality inspection => insert button and other accessories => measurement check => hang tag => billboard (product code) => folding => packing => final inspection and finally => shipment of garments.

flow chart of garments finishing process

Flow Chart of Garments Finishing Process

This type of process is one of the commonly used way in most of the garments but this may varies company to company in accordance with their objectives. Inspection is done every single process to ensure the quality of the garments.

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A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)

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Flow Chart of Spinning Finishing Section

In the spinning mill, after making yarn the others process is called finishing. Yarn faults remove; color mix check, a right shape of yarn package and many others work done by this section. That’s why it is a very important section.

Flow Chart of Spinning Finishing Section

Flow of spinning finishing section is started with Spinning=>Yarn in cop package=>Winding=>Yarn in cone package=>checking under ultraviolet light=>Conditioning (Heat seat) =>Weight determination=>Packing and finally=>Delivery to buyer

Flow chart of Spinning Finishing section

Flow Chart of Spinning Finishing Section

*Auto coner winding machine try to remove all kinds of yarn fault. Gives right weight and shape of yarn cone package

*Ultraviolet light use to check others color mixing, contamination in yarn

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A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)

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Manufacturing Flow Chart of Non Woven Fabric

Non woven fabric is the fabrics have chemical, mechanical, thermal or solvent material bonding. Nonwoven fabric made from long fibers. Non-woven fabric is very necessary for the medical, industrial and different sector. Manufacturing flow chart of non woven fabric will help you to understand the process easily.

Manufacturing Flow Chart of Non Woven Fabric

The flow process of manufacturing flow chart of nonwoven fabrics is followed by preparation of the fabric=>Web formation=>Web bonding=>Drying=>Curing=>Finishing

manufacturing flow chart of non woven fabric

Manufacturing Flow Chart of Non-Woven Fabric

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A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)

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Process Flow Chart of Jute Spinning

As jute is a long staple fiber, it is produced by long staple spinning process. Naturally, jute is a long, soft, shiny vegetable fiber that can be spun into coarse strong threads. There many kinds of useful product made by jute yarn. Hope this process flow chart of jute spinning will help you to understand who jute spinning is done.

Process Flow Chart of Jute Spinning

The sequence flow of jute spinning is followed by a selection of batch=>piecing up=>Jute softening=>Piling or conditioning=>Breaker carding=>Finisher carding=>1st Drawing=>2nd Drawing=>3rd Drawing=>Spinning=>Winding (Spool or cop winding).

process flow chart of jute spinning

Process Flow Chart of Jute Spinning

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A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)

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Flow Chart of Compact Yarn

Flow Chart of Compact Yarn

Compact Yarn is made by cotton fiber. The compact spinning is a process where a fiber strand drawn by drafting system is condensed before twisting it. The compact yarn is produced with maximum strength and Breaking elongation. Compact yarn reduced hairiness due to additional condensing zone in the drafting system. That’s why there high capital cost in compact spinning. But it eliminates using wax in the winding.

The flow of compact yarn is followed by the following steps

Mixing=>Blow-room=>Carding=>Pre drawing=>Lap forming=>Combing=>Post Drawing=>Roving=>Compact spinning=>Winding (Auto coner)

flow chart of compact yarn

Flow Chart of Compact Yarn

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Flow Chart of Garments Sample Making

A sample is a key to getting buyer order. It represents the whole production. So we have to be careful about sample making. All garment manufacturers maintain all the quality of their sample. Before placing a final order a garments buyer ask for a sample and it is garments maker’s responsibility to make a sample and give them accordingly. If you are the learner then flow chart of garments sample making will help you to understand the sample making procedure.

Flow Chart of Garments Sample Making

Garments design or sketch (Manually or Computerized)=> Basic Block(Manually or computerized)=>Working pattern(By machine)=>Cutting=>Sewing=>Sample Garments=>Problem of production or develop process/sample or production matters=>Costing=>Delivery to buyer=>Sample approval=>Production pattern(By hand or computer)

flow chart of garments sample making

Flow Chart of Garments Sample Making

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A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)

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Flow Chart of Bale Management

Bale management is the first step of spinning. 40% yarn quality come from bale management. Good bale management give good result in yarn manufacturing. Good mixing depends on good bale management.

Flow chart of Bale management

Raw cotton => Bale-Moisture % test => Collect sample (Every bale) => Sample testing => Classify bale => Bale law down => Mixing

flow chart of bale management

Flow Chart of Bale Management

*Ideal Moisture percentage for cotton fibre 7.5% to 8.0%.
*There three testing of bale sample. HVI, AFIS and trash content

Some properties to determine of cotton bale:

  • Length
  • Strength
  • Fineness
  • Maturity
  • Uniformity
  • Rd (Reflectance/Brightness/Whiteness) + b (Yellowness)
  • Trash content
    *According to test result same properties of bale should lay down for mixing.

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A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)

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