Before sewing, you have to cut fabrics parts by parts according to measurement and sewing allowance. The function of cutting fabrics in accordance with the sewing allowance and required measurements are done by the cutting section of the garments. Cutting is the first step basically we may find in garments making. When cutting started we can say that garments production is also started that means starting cutting also indicates the starting of production. Flow chart of garments cutting section is the interrelated sequence of the following.
Production order sheet => Pattern receive => Marker making => Fabric receive => Fabric spreading => Marker placing => Cutting => Sorting => Numbering and checking => Bundling => and finally Input to sewing.
Flow Chart of Garments Cutting Section
Keep in mind that as the fabrics cutting is one of the crucial parts of the production you have to be more careful to ensure proper measurement. If you cut the fabrics into the wrong measurement then the production garment will be considered as defected items because you will be failed to produce according to the specified size or shape. It is a quality control department to check whether every process is maintained in a right way.
In garments manufacturing fabric, cutting means to cut out the garment’s pieces from lays of the fabric with the help of cutting template or marker. Cutting is one the major step to make a complete garment. For cutting of fabric generally, the marker is applied to the top ply of a lay.
Process Sequence of Fabric Cutting Section
In garments manufacturing industry the term cutting is used in a different meaning. Here the term cutting is used in the sense of cutting room which indicates an area which normally includes the activities of marker planning, spreading, and preparation for sewing.
Stages of fabric cutting
Generally, fabric cutting is carried out with two stages. They are as follows:
A cutting (Separating the individual pieces.)
A final cutting ( accurate cutting of the individual shapes)
Objectives of Cutting
To separate fabric parts from the spread of lay according to the dimension of the marker.
To make the garments according to the required design and shape.
To prepare garments pieces to go forward with the next process of garments manufacturing.
Cutting Section in a Garment Factory
The requirement of Fabric Cutting
To achieve the required objectives by cutting fabric in the garments manufacturing process, the following requirements must be fulfilled.
The precision of the cut
Unscorched, infused edges
Support of the lay
Different types of fabric cutting
There are mainly three types of cutting techniques. They are as follows:
Completely by manual
By hand operated Scissor.
Manually operated powered knife
Cutting by water jet
Plasma torch cutting
Flow Chart of fabric cutting
Flow Chart of Fabric Cutting
Working procedure in fabric cutting section
By following production planning at first sample is collected from the sample section with pattern and garments approved.
Lay order sheet/ratio sheet fill up by cutting section
Item, fabric width, color, etc.
After putting all information in order sheet then send to CAD section for marker making. Or if it is to do manually than make marker manually.
Checking marker after getting a marker.
Sending fabric requisition from cutting section to store for cutting according to plan.
Receiving fabric in cutting table as per marker and cutting plan.
Matching fabric to trim card by merchandiser approved fabric.
Then starting layering manually or with the machine.
Completing layering then spread marker upon on the fabric.
Marker checking by quality people & keep all document of style, size wise report to send to the store & sewing section.
Before cutting attaching clamp and gum tape on the layer.
If there is any drill mark in marker then need to drill.
Starting cutting by cutter man.
Then dividing group and ratio wise.
Make bundle chart as per lay order sheet and sending for bundle card printing.
Numbering as per bundle chart-wise.
If there is any fault need to replace cut bundle roll and shade wise then bundle and send to sewing section.
If there is any fusing or embroidery then send for this process.
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