Kanban Board in Garments Manufacturing Production Floor

Kanban Board in Garments Manufacturing Production Floor

What is Kanban? Kanban is a visual card or billboard; Japanese word which meaning Cards or board, a tool of lean manufacturing for visualization entire production teamwork to control production focusing on creating a production system more effective and efficient, focusing mainly in the production and logistics activities. Kanban is a visual system as ‘Signal card’ indicate what to do, items will put when needed, Kanban cards order necessary task, update with time and surely reduce wastage. In this article, you will have an idea of how kanban board in garments manufacturing production floor is used.

Kanban Board in Garments Manufacturing Production Floor

Types of Kanban System

Generally, two types of Kanbans or Kanban Cards used in the apparel industry:

Production Kanban

Production Kanban is the first step of Kanban implementation, production Kanban takes the place of standard production orders in material requirements planning (MRP) push.

Transportation Kanban

Transportation Kanban system is very important that carried on the trolley, containers that are associated with the transportation to move through the loop again.

Importance of Implementation Kanban Board in Apparel Industry

  1. Reduce idle time in a production process.
  2. Increase productivity, more effective and efficient production
  3. Visualize work and optimize the flow of the work
  4. Reduce WIP (Work in Process)
  5. Improve workflow
  6. Avoidance of over-production and limitation of stocks
  7. Higher availability of materials
  8. Reduce inventories
  9. Improve communication between management and operational staff

Garments Kanban Board Information Includes

  1. Backlog
  2. To do list
  3. Doing List/ work-in-process List
  4. Work completed List
  5. Plan list
  6. Lot name
  7. Process name

This content also have the answer of below points

  • Kanban system in Apparel manufacturing
  • Set up Kanban board in the production floor
  • Kanban board in sewing floor

If you have any confusion then please let me know.

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Fabrics Warehouse and Cutting Section Best Practices in Apparel Industry

Fabrics warehouse and Cutting Section Best Practices in Apparel Industry

Garments best practice in Fabrics area and Cutting section: A best practice is a methodology, technique or system that has been accepted as superior to any alternatives because it produces best results that because it has become a standard way of doing things. This article includes two sections manufacturing best practice of garments manufacturing factory, sections activities are Fabrics preparatory procedures up to cutting and cutting procedures before cutting. Hopefully, after reading this article you will have a good idea of Fabrics Warehouse and Cutting Section Best Practices in Apparel Industry.

Best Manufacturing Practice for Fabrics Preparatory Procedure in a Garments Factory

There are lots of work needs to be done before cutting, fabrics inspection, shrinkage- distortion, color- shade control, etc. Here I am giving all procedure sequence wise in below.

A) Fabric Store

  • Space to keep a roll separately (E.g. Fabric roll on a rack)
  • Available space to keep head ends
  • Availability of pallets (suggested for plastic/non-wooden pallets) to keep fabrics roll
  • Good condition, ventilation store area, and keep a stack of fabric rolls prevent direct heat, sunlight/dust, etc. & humidity
  • Fabric rolls are stored as per shade group base on mill packing list/maker after wash blanket
  • Uses of Bin card mentioning style & shade name in a roll stack
  • Reporting of fabric roll keeping by log book in a soft or hard copy

B) Fabric Inspection

  • Availability of Lightbox/ Lightroom (Requirement CWF- 100 FCL)
  • Availability & sufficient no of Inspection m/c. sewing m/c, defect, display board, notice board
  • Availability of relaxation m/c. / area / racks
  • Record Fabric roll inspection report (covering packing lists from the supplier all shade groups in a blanket) & defect matrix

 C) Fabric Shade Group

  • Available of (2 sets) before wash & after wash Blanket preparation details and records
  • The proper size of shade blanket as per buyer requirement
  • Records & availability of color continuity card (after wash blanket)
  • Sufficient space for Blanket storage & easy excess

D) Shrinkage, Distortion, Skew test, CSV

  • Keeping records, test specimen & maintaining 100% shrinkage & distortion test procedures as per buyer Requirement for stretch fabric.
  • Keeping records, test specimen & maintaining 30% shrinkage & distortion test procedures as per buyer Requirement for non-stretch fabric.
  • Use of standard tools for marking & measuring shrinkage (AATCC 135) & distortion (AATCC 179 opt 1)
  • Maintaining conditioning & relaxation procedure before shrinkage measurement.
  • Keep a record for skew test
  • Maintaining CSV / SCS check on 100%  fabric roll from packing list (non-denim)

E) Operations

  • 5S implementation
  • Sufficient manpower
  • A computer for mail communication & data entry
  • Sufficient sewing m/c for a blanket & shade band making
  • Notice, SOP & defect display board
  • Defect analysis & Pareto analysis

Cutting Best Practice

Cutting is a sensitive process in garments manufacturing. Garments measurement and sewing depend on cutting accuracy. Here I am giving a checklist of the best cutting practice of apparel manufacturing, below data would help you to about cutting procedure best practice in apparel manufacturing.

Critical Path

  • Is the critical path system being followed?
  • Is there software used to create the critical path? (Provide the name of the software in the remarks column)
  • Is the pattern manipulation and marker ratio calculations done before Fabric is delivered?

Width Batching

  • Is the fabric width checked as per the A-Z manual for every roll?
  • Is the fabric width recorded and provided to the lay planning dept. with the shrinkage, shade and length reports?
  • Is the width batching report available?
  • Are new yield calculations done after the width batching? (Provide reports). Is the reason for the change in the yardage yield documented?

Length Confirmations

  • Are all the rolls checked for length and documented?
  • Is the fabric shortage addressed to the Purchasing Department?

Shrinkage and Shading

  • Are all the fabric rolls checked for the shading and records maintained?
  • Is the fabric shrinkage tested for each dye lot of the fabric and records maintained?
  • Is the A-Z manual fabric checking process followed for the shrinkage and shade checking?
  • Does the factory prepare an additional color continuity card?
  • Are the fabric shrinkage and shade SOP available and followed?

Fabric Relaxation

  • Is the fabric relaxed naturally and the relaxation time documented as per the customer manual?
  • Is the fabric relaxation historical data/information maintained and used for reference on actual relaxation for every type of fabric?
  • Is there a relaxation machine used for the fabric relaxation process?
  • Is relaxation report available?
  • Are the relaxed fabric rolls placed on shelves with one relaxed roll per shelf?
  • Is the fabric relaxed for a minimum of 24 hours before cutting? (48 hours minimum for Lycra/Elastane fabrics)

Lay Planning

  • Are leftover fabrics calculated in the MCR (Material Consumption report)
  • Is the balanced fabric documented and used for accounting in case of re-ordering?
  • Is the lay checked and approved by authorized personnel from Quality and technical
  • Are the lays planned as small size and big size combination until you derive at a single size marker, if not what is the alternate process?
  • Does the lay planner take into account the fabric inspection report details like shrinkage and shading; and width batching report
  • Is the marker consumption report for the projected calculation of yardage yield (YY) per piece documented?
  • Is the over-consumption calculated, and recorded?
  • Does the merchandising/planning dept. evaluate the Material over consumption and replenishment report for any over-consumption of the fabric.
  • Are the reports documented and maintained for easy retrieval?

Cutting Room

  • Does the cutting room request the fabric based on the Marker consumption report? (MCR)
  • Are the fabrics issued based on the PO and the BOM/MCR from the fabric store?
  • Is the additional fabric requirement informed and approved by the merchandiser and store?
  • Are the materials over consumption and replenishment guideline referred, for guidelines on reporting and requesting additional fabrics?
  • Are the over consumptions recorded and documented for the root cause analysis, to determine the cost of failure?
  • Is fabric held in the cutting room near the cutting table placed in the A-frames or Tracks in the appropriate manner?
  • All tables are clean underneath and have no redundant fabrics under the table or in contact with the floor at any given time.
  • Documentation and reports available

Spreading

  • Is there a spreading sheet used for every single layer in the cutting room?
  • Is the QA/Cutting Supervisor confirm, once the fabric is spread.
  • Is the visual fabric inspection done during spreading?
  • Are the separation papers used for the different colors in the same spread?
  • Is the spreading sheet maintained with all the details of the Roll of fabric to be used; and is the copy of the ticket that comes off the roll of fabric, attached to the spreading sheet.
  • Is marker Vs cut report prepared, to analyze the fabric consumption after cutting
  • Are spreading parameters set for the automated spreading machine
  • Is there a library of fabric tension for spreading available for future references?
  • Is the underlayer plain paper used for the manual cutting of the lay?
  • Is the perforated paper used for the automated cutting equipment of the lay?
  • Is end loss allowance of 1/2 inch (on either side) maintained in the lay during cutting?
  • Documentation and Reports available

Recuts

  • Are the re-cuts documented and recorded for further calculation of actual yardage yield, and assigned correct reason?
  • Is the T2’s performance analyzer
  • Are faults/errors identified and reduced with corrective action plans?
  • Documentation and Reports available

Issuance of cut goods

  • Is there an inward/outward procedure and format for the cut panels issued to the sewing section?
  • Is the sewing section in-charge know that the order is complete in terms of cutting, printing, embossing, embroidery or any other processes involved before sewing with the document?
  • Does the sewing section in-charge sign on receipt of the cut quantities taking control of the order quantity?

Fabric Returns

  • Is the left-over fabric returned to the store and documented daily?
  • Is the left-over fabric put back in the store/inventory for carryover orders?
  • Documentation and Reports available

Fabric Usage

  • Does the cutting room calculate the final yardage yield based on total fabric usage?
  • Are the following reports involved in deciding the final yardage yield usage, Marker Consumption Report (MCR); Marker Vs Spreading Report; Spreading Sheet; Re-cut quantities?
  • Documentation and Reports available

Key Performance Indicators

  • Does the process of ordering, have specific guidelines and measurable?
  • Does the factory maintain the records for 24months once the order is shipped?
  • Are the factory cutting room performance and efficiency calculated and documented?
  • Is the actual yardage yield calculated after an order has been shipped?

This Content Also Refers to

  • Good Practice for Garments Fabrics warehouse
  • Best Practice for Fabrics cutting process in Garments
  • Benchmarking Garments Fabrics warehouse
  • Benchmarking Fabrics cutting section

Fabrics Warehouse and Cutting Section Best Practices in Apparel Industry

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Operation breakdown, SMV and Layout of Leggings

Operation Breakdown, SMV and Layout of Leggings

Leggings are tight fit bottom wear, typically preferred by the women but men can wear. Legging is high stretchable knitwear garments, wears with Kurti, very much comfortable, made by blended Lycra fabrics (Spandex). Leggings total sewing SMV is 4.64, 15 manpower needed approximately and 14 sewing machine will be needed. Here is the Operation breakdown, SMV and Layout of Leggings, hopefully, this will help you to know the SMV of Leggings.

Sewing Operation Breakdown, SMV and Layout of Leggings Manufacturing

TOTAL SMV 4.64 TARGET AT
Total Manpower 15
Number of Operators 13 60% 113
Number of A.O.P 2 70% 131
Number of IRON 80% 150
Sl Operation Description SMV Manual/ M/c M/C OP/ AOP Balancing Tgt/Hr Tot.Tgt/Hr Var. Operation Request
1 Care label cut & attach 0.2 SNL 1 0.5 300 150 136
2 Front rise join with sticker match 0.25 4OL 1 0.5 240 120 108
3 Back rise join 0.22 4OL 1 0.5 273 136 134
4 Inseam join 0.45 4OL 2 2 133 267 267
5 Waist belt Tape & Elastic open give steam & cut 0.3 MNL 1 200 200 200
6 Elastic ring make & mark 0.3 SNL 1 1 200 200
7 West belt make & mark 0.35 SNL 1 2 171 343 343
8 Elastic tk with belt 0.4 SNL 1 1 150 150 150
9 Body mark & tape attach with belt 0.3 SNL 1 1 200 200 200
10 West belt attaches at the waist 0.6 4OL 2 2 100 200 200
11 Label attach 2 0.25 SNL 1 0.5 240 120 118
12 Leg Hem 0.45 FL 1 1 133 133 132
13 Crosspoint BTK 0.12 BT 1 0.5 500 250 249
14 FINAL THREAD CUT & STICKER REMOVE 0.45 MNL 1 133 133 131
Total SMV 4.64 Total MP   14.5          

Summary

SL NO   MACHINE NAME M/C QTY
1 SNL Single Needle Lock Stitch M/c 6
2 4OL 4 Thread Over Lock M/c 6
3 FL Flat Lock M/c 1
4 BT Bartack M/c 1
TOTAL QTY 14

Operation Breakdown, SMV and Layout of Leggings

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Reports and Responsibilities of Garments Quality Department

Reports and Responsibilities of Garments Quality Department

Quality Reporting Responsibilities in the Apparel Industry: Garments quality controlling work throughout a garments factory, very sensitive work to maintain export garments quality.  Reporting is the first job of Garments quality department rather than working; need to maintain lots of documents as their working reference. This article has a list Reports and Responsibilities of Garments Quality Department as given in the following.

List of Quality Controlling Reports in Garment Factory

S/L Work Reporting List Responsible Person
Store
1 Trims Inventory Store in charge
2 Trims inspection Store QI
3 Fabric  inventory Fabric  Store in charge
4 Sharp tools control log book Store in charge
5 Supplier packing list /invoice /Test report /chalan Store in charge /QC
6 Fabric :Maintain style/ shade /color /shrinkage wise put on the plate Store in charge /QC
Cutting  Quality Department
7 Fabric inspection Cutting QC/ QI
8 Shade band Cutting QC/ QI
9 Shade band list Cutting QC/ QI
10 Continuity card Cutting QC/ QI
11 Shrinkage  test (iron /wash) Cutting QC/ QI
12 Spreading quality control Cutting QC/ QI
13 Cutting quality control Cutting QC/ QI
14 Marker check Cutting  QI
15 Pattern check (top, bottom, middle )need to extra pattern Cutting  QI
16 100%pannel check/ Bundle check Cutting  QI
17 Relaxation report (Mesh,/knit/spandex fabric) Cutting  QI
18 Relaxation  report (mesh /spandex /knit fabric) Cutting  QI
FUSING Quality Control
20 Fusing record (Temperature, Time, Weight ) ( Daily two time ) Fusing operator
21 Bond strength   (Check by wash &machine )( Daily two time ) Fusing operator
22 Heat seal record (Daily two time ) Fusing operator
SEWING Quality Department
23 Machine maintenance ( Daily two time ) Two hours  QI
24 In process quality control system /7pcs /Traffic light system Two hours  QI
25 Process check  (process name defects name, date  s/b mention )  Process QI
26 Stitch monitoring Two hours  QI
27 End line inspection (Output table) mention process name defect name.  Output QI
28 Measurement report (every hour 3 pcs  ) Line QC
29 Box audit  report  (hourly audit ,re-check m/b re-audit ) Line QC
30 Inline quality control  (daily one time, check QNTY20/32 pcs Line QC
31 Quality goal /Defect analysis (daily /weekly /monthly ) Line QC
32 First production review  (submit  with sample )follow  pp comments ) Line QC
33 Weekly defects analysis  ( Corrective action plan) Line QC
34 Monthly defects analysis  ( Corrective action plan ) Line QC
35 Root cause analysis   (highest 3operation &3 defects ) Line QC /QAM/GM production /GM operation )
36 Broken needle control log (line wise &all broken needle m/b put log book ) Safety officer
37 Flag defect record ( found defect operator )  line wise report ) Maintain line chief
Finishing and Packing Department
38 Pull test  (Daily two times ) Two hours QI
39 First button &last button procedure (each new bobbin insert the machine  first button attached mockup )keep record individual) Button QI
40  Garments check by needle detector  machine (po wise ) Needle detector operator
41 9 point check (check machine every hour) Needle detector operator
42 100% visual audit (button, grommet, snap button, eyelet etc.) Button QI
43 Process check  inside inspection report Process QI
44 Process check  top side inspection report Process QI
45 Flag defect record  ( found defect iron man ) Get up QI
46 Get up check Measurement QI
47 Measurement  (100% chest, bottom, back/front length, sleeve length, Waist, inseam, leg opening  ) Hangtag QI
48 UPC label /hangtag. Get up QI
49 Re get up /iron audit Two hours QI
50 Two hours audit with measurement Carton QI
51 100%  Ratio check (put seal after complete ctn  ) Finishing QC
52 Day final with measurement Finishing QC
53 Defects record  ( daily /weekly ) Finishing QC
54 Reject register (mention style color/ size Q AM
55 Pre-final audit with carton no Finishing in charge
56 Carton weight and assortment check Finishing QI

Reports and Responsibilities of Garments Quality Department

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Garments Quality Check Points and Their Quality Control

Garments Quality Check Points and Their Quality Control

Garments QC/QA Check Points: There are four sections of garments quality controlling process, these can generate defects in manufacturing, sections are cutting, sewing, washing and finishing, and must be there some criteria check QC team for garments product quality. This article clearly showing quality controlling criteria of every quality checkpoints of a garments factory and simply described garments quality requirement. Hopefully, after reading this you will have a good idea of Garments Quality Check Points and Their Quality Control.

Garments Quality Check Points and Their Quality Control

 Section wise Garments Quality Check Points

  1. Cutting quality Check Points
  2. Sewing Quality Check Points
  3. Washing Quality Check Points
  4. Finishing Quality Check Points

Garments Quality Check Points and their Checking Criteria

Here given section wise quality checkpoint description for your better understanding as mentioned every work of garments quality control department.

Cutting Process Quality Check Point

  1. Fabric upside down: Make sure the fabric is not upside down.
  2. Fabric Skewing: A maximum skewing of 2 cm for the chest of 60 cm is acceptable, but not more. This defect can be solved by re-setting of the fabric at the fabric mill.
  3. Relaxation: Before cutting, knitted, elasticized woven fabrics should be suitably relaxed for around 12~24 hours or more, depending on the type of fabric. Relaxation is mandatory for stretch fabrics.
  4. The height of cutting pile: The higher the pile on the cutting table, the more chance the cut pieces are unequal in size. This can lead to size specification & fitting problems. Make sure the height is suitable for the type of fabric (usually 2~3 inches and never more than 5 inches).
  5. Numbering and bundling: Make sure the different parts are properly numbered to avoid shading and that this numbering can be easily removed after sewing is complete.
  6. Storing: Make sure the different parts are properly stored, for example, rolled, and not folded.

Sewing Process Quality Check Point

  1. Critical operations: Check all critical operations repeatedly (like the sewing of the neck- seam, armhole, cuff, placket etc.), so the operator gets the clear input of what is required and how to make it correctly before large quantities of garments are finished.
  2. Attaching label should be correct as per the size of 100% garments
  3. Checking bonding strength of interlining in the fusing process.
  4. Seam allowance:  check operators repeatedly on this point to make sure they use the correct seam allowance.
  5. Numbering: Make sure the sewing operatives keep parts with the same number together to avoid shading.
  6. Confirm Garments styling construction and measurement is correct as per approved sample.

Washing Process Quality Check Point

  1. Washing method: normal wash, stone wash, sand wash or enzyme wash.
  2. Bleaching method: stone bleach, garment bleach
  3. Any special process. E.g. over-dye after the washing process
  4. The color tone of the blue yarn
  5. The whiteness of the white yarn
  6. Resultant color tone: bluer or yellowish
  7. Rubbing effect: contrast on the blue yarn and white yarn
  8. Evenness on the blue and white parts
  9. Hand-feel
  10. Record the identification of the sealed sample, quality standards on the final inspection report to ensure QC check the bulk according to the correct standards.
  11. Tick and sign all quality standards as an indication of proper QC checking.
  12. QC should not release the shipment if they find the following major faults.
  13. Color out of the approved shade band
  14. Fabric flaws and washing marks in excess of 1″ on the garment zone above the knee
  15. Fabric flaws and washing marks in excess of 3″ on any part of the garment

Finishing Process Quality Check Point

  1. Button attaching and button
  2. Pressing
  3. Full Garments quality check
  4. Packing and carton

Button Attaching and Button

  • Snap button too loose / too strong
  • Snap button not closing properly / broken
  • Missing poly washer for snap buttons
  • Button coming off
  • Fabric not strong enough to hold the button
  • Mark from molding
  • Paint damaged
  • Rust
  • Text on button not straight
  • Wrong position / not in line with counterpart / incorrect spacing
  • Button shank missing when required
  • Buttonhole too big or too small
  • Buttonhole not clean / badly stitched/ losing shape / stitched with wrong thread quality
  • Spare button missing or put in the wrong position

Check Pressing

  • Shiny marks
  • Not pressed or improperly pressed
  • Should avoid the press and fold the pigment dyed fabrics before garment washing entirely. It is because it will leave a clearly visible mark on the garment after washing. After sewing, put the garments on a hanger until washing starts.

Full Garments Quality Check

  • Checking full garments workmanship defects
  • Measure 100% garments to assure fittings
  • Heat seal peeling off
  • Confirmation quality check of final garments product

Packing and Carton Quality Check

  • Correct ticketing and placement
  • Packing accuracy of quantity, assortment, and folding
  • Correct carton selection as per customer requirement
  • Packaging, sealing, binding and barcode checking

Final Inspection Quality Check Points

After completing carton, Garments buyer QC does a Final quality inspection, evaluate final product quality. Final Audit or inspection is the most important factor for a garments factory. Final Audit is the final judgment of product quality from the buyer, the inspection calibrates overall garments factory quality controlling. Without passing final inspection, garments cannot be shipped. A final inspection report is the quality certificate from garments buyer what give a certificate of a factory about their finished product quality that allows or reject to ship garments. There are specific quality checking points of a finished garments final audit, here I have given these in below.

Quality Inspection Criteria’s are of Final Audit

  1. Workmanship
  2. Appearance
  3. Measurement/Fittings
  4. Materials
  5. Accessories
  6. Finishing/Packing

Workmanship

  • Fusing
  • Open seam
  • Broken stitch
  • Miss/Skip Stitch
  • Mending
  • Seam grinning
  • SPI incorrect
  • Needle damage/cut/holes
  • Puckering/Twisting
  • Stripes/Plaid Mismatching
  • Stepping or Hi-low
  • Misaligned/Insecure Buttons
  • Crooked stitching
  • Raw edge
  • Looseness/Knots
  • Buttonhole
  • Incorrect tension
  • Main Label open/slanted
  • Contrast thread visible
  • Loop slanted

Appearance

  • Loose/uncut thread
  • Dirt mark
  • Oil stain
  • Garment damp
  • Crushed
  • Pressing
  • Shinning
  • Wrinkle

Measurement/Fittings

  • Out of tolerance any measurement points

Materials

  • Body fabric way
  • Contrast fabric
  • Print/Dyeing Fault
  • Color Shading
  • Bald Patches
  • Holes or Cuts
  • Yarn Runs
  • Slubs
  • Color fly/ Foreign yarn

Accessories

  • Thread/ Yarn
  • Main Label
  • Care Label
  • Zipper
  • Tapping/Capping
  • Screen print/Embroidery
  • Buttons/Snaps/Rivets
  • Velcro
  • Elastic

Finishing/Packing

  • Assortment
  • Carton Marks
  • Polybag printing
  • Hangtag
  • Price ticket
  • Barcode
  • Carton Barcode

Related articles you may also love to read:

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Operation Bulletin and SMV of a Nano Chino Pant

Operation Bulletin and SMV of a Nano Chino Pant

I have written this article so that you can have a good idea of Operation Bulletin and SMV of a Nano Chino Pant. Here Total SAM is 28.93 and 92 manpower needed for Nano chino pant. Operation breakdown, manpower, machine, and production target given in below.

Operation Bulletin and SMV of a Nano Chino Pant
Style Name & NO :   SAM Avg 10%+ 0.35 Max 0.36
Buyer:   28.93 0.32 10%- 0.28 Min 0.24
Description: NANO CHINO Efficiency 70% 80% 85% 90%
Tar/Hr 133 152 161 171
S/N M/C Guide/Presser foot Folder Section Operation SAM Tar/Hr TAKT Man Power Remarks
1 IRON Patch W/B fuse 0.28 214 0.28 1
2 BLIND Loop make 0.36 167 0.36 1
3 SNLS 24 mm Single fly binding 0.16 375 0.32 0.5
5 SNLS CR 1/16 guide Front pocket Facing join-large 0.31 194 0.31 1
6 SNLS CR 1/16 guide Front pocket Facing join-small 0.31 194 0.31 1
7 SNLS CR 1/16 guide Mini pocket Join 0.32 188 0.32 1
8 HP W/B & contrast mark & cut 0.31 194 0.31 1
9 SNLS Hanger guide W/B contrast join 0.35 171 0.35 1
10 IRON Pesting press at w/b 0.36 167 0.36 1
11 SNLS CR 1/16 guide Size label join 0.34 176 0.34 1
12 SNLS Ordinary guide Care label join 0.34 176 0.34 1
13 HP Back Mark welt pocket Position 0.24 250 0.24 1
14 3OL Back panel serging 0.57 105 0.29 2 Serging machine
15 SNLS CR 1/16 guide Welt pocket Facing join 0.31 194 0.31 1
16 SNLS Ordinary guide Back dart make 0.33 182 0.33 1
17 IRON Back dart & bon press 0.32 188 0.32 1
18 APW Welt pocket Make 0.33 182 0.33 1
19 HP Welt pocket Corner cut 0.3 200 0.3 1
20 HP Match front & back panel 0.3 200 0.3 1
21 SNLS Ordinary guide Welt pocket Corner tack 0.33 182 0.33 1
22 SNLS CR 1/16 guide Facing close 0.32 188 0.32 1
23 IRON Welt pocket Press 0.55 109 0.28 2
24 SNLS Ordinary guide Keyhole tack 0.3 200 0.3 1
25 KH Keyhole make 0.32 188 0.32 1
26 EC Ordinary guide Back pocket Bag close 0.71 85 0.36 2
27 SNLS Zipper guide Back pocket inner stitch 0.31 194 0.31 1
28 SNLS CR 1/4 guide Back pocket Bag t/s 0.61 98 0.31 2
29 SNLS CR 1/16 guide Main label join 0.33 182 0.33 1
30 SNLS Ordinary guide FRONT Coin pocket join 0.34 176 0.34 1
31 SNLS Ordinary guide Front pocket Join 0.34 176 0.34 1
32 5OL Coin pocket Ol 0.31 194 0.31 1
33 SNLS Ordinary guide Coin pocket Tack 0.31 194 0.31 1
34 SNLS CR 1/16 guide Front pocket Edge stitch 0.33 182 0.33 1
35 EC Ordinary guide Front pocket Bag close 0.32 188 0.32 1
36 SNLS CR 1/4 guide Front pocket Bag t/s 0.33 182 0.33 1
37 SNLS Ordinary guide Front pocket Tack side & waist-Right 0.31 194 0.31 1
38 SNLS Ordinary guide Front pocket Tack side & waist-Left 0.31 194 0.31 1
39 SNLS Ordinary guide Double fly make & coin pocket Rolling 0.33 182 0.33 1
40 3OL Front rise & fly ol 0.34 176 0.34 1
41 SNLS CR 1/16 guide Single fly join & t/s 0.32 188 0.32 1
42 IRON Fly press 0.31 194 0.31 1
43 SNLS CR 1/16 guide Zipper join 0.32 188 0.32 1
44 SNLS Zipper guide Double fly join 0.34 176 0.34 1
45 SNLS CR 1/16 guide Zipper t/s 0.31 194 0.31 1
46 SNLS Ordinary guide Front rise tack 0.32 188 0.32 1
47 SNLS Ordinary guide J-stitch make 0.31 194 0.31 1
48 HP Assembly Back panel opening mark 0.31 194 0.31 1
49 HP Front panel opening mark 0.31 194 0.31 1
50 3OL Front panel ol 0.68 88 0.34 2
51 SNCS Side seam join 0.89 67 0.3 3
52 IRON Front pocket Linning press 0.31 194 0.31 1
53 IRON Btm. Hem press 0.31 194 0.31 1
54 SNLS Ordinary guide Front pkt.tack with inseam 0.3 200 0.3 1
55 SNLS Ordinary guide Front pocket Lining close-left 0.31 194 0.31 1
56 SNLS Ordinary guide Front pocket Lining close-right 0.31 194 0.31 1
57 BARTACK Back welt pocket & coin pocket Bartack- 6 points 0.33 182 0.33 1
58 SNCS Inseam join 0.68 88 0.34 2
59 SNLS Ordinary guide Crosspoint tack 0.32 188 0.32 1
60 DNCS Back rise join 0.33 182 0.33 1 Tandom
61 SNLS Ordinary guide Back panel hidden stitch 0.32 188 0.32 1
62 HP W/B & loop match 0.32 188 0.32 1
63 SNLS Ordinary guide Loop join 0.65 92 0.33 2 Laser light
64 EC Ordinary guide W/B join 0.88 68 0.29 3
65 HP Turn body 0.31 194 0.31 1
66 HP Mark hook & bar position 0.31 194 0.31 1
67 H & B Att. hook & bar 0.31 194 0.31 1
68 SNLS Ordinary guide Main label join 0.31 194 0.31 1
70 SNLS Ordinary guide Mouth close -upper 0.33 182 0.33 1
71 SNLS Ordinary guide Mouth close -lower 0.33 182 0.33 1
72 SNLS Ordinary guide Mouth t/s 0.33 182 0.33 1
73 SNLS Needle feed W/B close 0.64 94 0.32 2
74 SNLS CR 1/16 guide Double fly t/s 0.34 176 0.34 1
75 BARTACK Loop down & cross point bartack-6 points 0.33 182 0.33 1
76 BARTACK Loop & front pocket bag bartack-7 points 0.61 98 0.31 2
77 BARTACK Contrast tack-4 points 0.32 188 0.32 1
78 HP Thread cut 0.32 188 0.32 1
79 BARTACK Front pocket & fly bartack-6 points 0.34 176 0.34 1
80 SNLS G guide Btm. Hem rolling 0.52 115 0.26 2
Total 28.93 176 24.8 92  

Machine and operator summary of Sewing operation breakdown

M/C No of Operator
SNLS 45.5
DNCS 1
APW 1
5OL 1
3OL 5
EC 6
KH 1
H & B 1
BARTACK 6
BLIND 1
DIS 0
SNCS 5
HP 10
IRON 8
Total 91.5

Here,

  • SNLS – Single needle lockstitch Machine
  • DNCS- Double-needle chain stitch machine
  • APW – APW Bone machine
  • 5OL –  5 Thread overlock machine
  • 3OL – 3 Thread overlock machine
  • KH – Kansai machine
  • BARTACK – Bartack Machine
  • BLIND – Blindstitch Machine
  • SNCS – Single needle chain stitch machine
  • HP – Helper
  • IRON – Iron Machine

Layout Graph of sewing operation breakdown

Operation Bulletin and SMV of a Nano Chino Pant

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Operation Breakdown and SMV of a Men’s Chino Pant

Operation Breakdown and SMV of a Men’s Chino Pant

Chino pants are made by twill fabric, made of 100% cotton, in stylish and fashionable for men, could produce in different colors. Chino pant can be both long and short types, long are commonly used, to be worn as part of a formal outfit. Peoples can wear it as a casual, semi-casual and formal dress. Here total SMV is 24.15 and 85 sewing machine needed. Here in this article, you will have details of Operation Breakdown and SMV of a Men’s Chino Pant.

Operation Breakdown and SMV of a Men’s Chino Pant

Operation Bulletin and SMV of a Men’s Chino Pant

Operation Breakdown/Bulletin and SMV of a Men’s Chino Pant
SL NO OPERATION Machine No. of Machine SMV Target @ 100% efficiency Target @ 80% efficiency
FRONT PART
1 FNT  FLY FUSING IRN 1 0.2 300 240
2 FNT PART KNEE MARK H 1 0.25 240 192
3 SEAM + COIN PKT MARK H 1 0.35 171 137
4 COIN  BK PKT ROLLING DNL 1 0.3 200 160
5 COIN PKT JOIN & 2ND STC SNL 1 0.15 400 320
6 SEAM I/R IRN 1 0.25 240 192
7 S/FLY+ D/FLY+ FNT RISE SERGING 3OL 1 0.35 171 137
8 THREAT CUT H 1 0.5 120 96
9 FNT PKT FACING JOIN SNL 1 0.25 240 192
10 FNT PKT SEAM JOIN SNL 1 0.25 240 192
11 FNT PKT JOIN SNL 1 0.25 240 192
12 FNT PKT MOUTH ROLLING DNL 1 0.3 200 160
13 THREAD CUT HP 1 0.6 100 80
14 FNT FNT TACK ( HORI.VS VERTICAL) SNL 1 0.4 150 120
15 FNT PKT BAG SERGING 3OL 1 0.75 80 64
17 FNT  PKT BAG  TOP 1/4 SNL 1 0.35 171 137
18 S/FLY JOIN+T/S SNL 1 0.2 300 240
19 ZIPPER JOIN SNL 1 0.35 171 137
20 J-TOP STC MARK H 1 0.25 240 192
21 J-TOP STC DNL 1 0.4 150 120
22 D/FLY JOIN SNL 1 0.35 171 137
23 ZIPPER CLOSE SNL 1 0.25 240 192
24 ZIPPER T/S SNL 1 0.25 240 192
25 FNT RISE T/S DNL 1 0.25 240 192
26 FNT PART WAIST MARK HP 1 0.25 240 192
27 BTM LEG ZIPPER O/L 3OL 1 0.25 240 192
28 0.25 240 0
29 FNT PART CHEACK
30 BK PART 
31 FNT PART KNEE MARK H 1 0.2 300 240
32 BK PART DART+ BON JOIN MARK H 2 0.5 120 192
33 BK BON FACING SERGING 3 OL 1 0.3 200 160
34 BK PART DERT MAKE SNL 1 0.35 171 137
35 BK PART TACK+ BK PKING TACK SNL 1 0.4 150 120
36 BON ROLLING SNL 1 0.3 200 160
37 BON MACHING +BON LENGHT MARK H 2 0.4 150 240
38 BK BON CREASING IRN 2 0.4 150 240
39 BK BON JOIN DNL 2 0.6 100 160
40 BON CUT + TURN OVER H 2 0.5 120 192
41 BON TOP STC DOWN SIDE SNL 3 0.9 67 160
42 BON TOP STC UPPER SIDE SNL 2 0.6 100 160
43 BK BON PKT INSIDE TACK SNL 2 0.45 133 213
44 BK BON PKT BAG SERGING 3 OL 1 0.3 200 160
45 BK BON  PKT BAG 1/4 STC SNL 1 0.3 200 160
46 BK RISE JOIN 5 OL 1 0.25 240 192
47 BK RISE TOP STC FOA 1 0.3 200 160
48 FNT PART MARK H/P 1 0.2 300 240
49 BK PART CHEACK QC
50 ASSEMBLY
51 FNT+ Bk PART MATCHING H 1 0.3 200 160
52 SIDESEAM JOIN 5 OL 2 0.5 120 192
53 CARE LBL MAKE +JOIN SNL 1 0.4 150 120
54 SIDE SEAM SAFETY STC SNL 2 0.5 120 192
55 INSEAM JOIN 5 OL 2 0.45 133 213
56 W/BELT FUSING IRN 1 0.2 300 240
57 W/BELT PIPING ATT SNL 1 0.3 200 160
58 W/BELT HOLE HOLE 1 0.3 200 160
59 W/BELT BTN ATTACH BUTTON 1 0.3 200 160
60 LOOP MAKE +ASSEMBLY FL 1 0.3 200 160
61 LOOP CUT+ATTACH MARK H 1 0.3 200 160
62 LOOP JOIN SNL 2 0.5 120 192
63 W/BELT ATTACH MARK H 2 0.3 200 320
64 W/BELT MATCHING H 1 0.2 300 240
65 SIDE SEAM OPENING MARK H 1 0.2 300 240
66 W/BELT JOIN K-S 2 0.5 120 192
67 W/BELT MOUTH CUT+TREAD REMOVE H 1 0.4 150 120
68 W/BELT MOUTH MARK H 1 0.25 240 192
69 W/BELT MOUTH CLOSE SNL 3 0.8 75 180
70 LOOP DEEP TACK SNL 2 0.45 133 213
71 BTM HEM ROLLING SNL 2 0.6 100 160
72 THREAD CUT H 2 0.3 200 320
73 FINAL TABLE QC
TOTAL   85 24.15  

Here,

  • IRN – Iron Machine
  • SNL – Single needle lock stitch
  • DNL – Double needle lock stitch
  • 3 OL – 3 thread overlock
  • 5 OL – 5 thread overlock
  • VERT – Vertical Machine
  • DNL – Double needle lockstitch machine
  • K-S – Kansai machine
  • FOA – Feed of the arm
  • H – Helper

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Operation Breakdown and SMV of a Cargo Crop Pant

Operation Breakdown and SMV of a Cargo Crop Pant

Adding cargo pocket in crop pant, we call it cargo crop pant, for better understanding please have a look at the picture given below.  As per this, this breakdown to SMV is 30.74, manpower needed 95, given operation sequence wise breakdown to understand and set up sewing line layout of a Cargo crop pant. Crop pant is very fashion and popular in this era, everyone wears it as casual and semi-casual wear. In this article, you will have details of Operation Breakdown and SMV of a Cargo Crop Pant.

Operation breakdown and SMV of a Cargo crop pant

Operation Breakdown/Operation Bulletin and SMV of a Cargo Crop Pant 
Style Name & NO : SMV Avg 10%+ 0.36 Max 0.72
Buyer: 30.74 0.32 10%- 0.29 Min 0.21
Description: CARGO CROP PANT Efficiency 60% 65% 70% 75%
Tar/Hr 111 121 130 139
S/N M/C Section Operation SMV Tar/Hr TAKT Man Power Remarks
1 HP Patch mark at coin pocket  Facing 0.25 240 0.25 1
2 3OL o/l coin pocket  & front pocket  Facing 0.32 188 0.32 1
3 SNLS coin pocket  Tack 0.28 214 0.28 1
4 SNLS join coin pocket Facing with lining 0.32 188 0.32 1
5 SNLS decorative stitch at coin pocket 0.31 194 0.31 1
6 DNLS make coin pocket  & front pocket 0.36 167 0.36 1
7 HP mark at w/b inner 0.28 214 0.28 1
8 SNLS tack w/b inner 0.36 167 0.36 1
9 SNLS tack w/b upper 0.35 171 0.35 1
10 KAN dummy stitch at w/b upper 0.36 167 0.72 0.5
11 HP mark at w/b upper 0.26 231 0.26 1
12 IRON 1/16 iron w/b upper 0.42 143 0.42 1
13 SNLS tack w/b inner & upper 0.39 154 0.39 1
14 EC join w/b inner & upper 0.38 158 0.38 1
15 SNCS t/s at w/b 0.75 80 0.38 2
16 IRON press at w/b 0.58 103 0.29 2
17 SNLS the main label join at w/b 0.29 207 0.29 1
18 SNLS size  label join at w/b 0.28 214 0.28 1
19 BLIND loop make 0.25 240 0.5 0.5
20 SNLS Back stay stitch at back yoke 0.37 162 0.37 1
21 5OL back yoke join 0.38 158 0.38 1
22 DNCS back yoke t/s 0.39 154 0.39 1
23 5OL back rise join 0.38 158 0.38 1
24 DNCS back rise t/s 0.36 167 0.36 1
25 SNCS back pocket Rolling 0.32 188 0.32 1
26 IRON back pocket  Iron 0.45 133 0.23 2
27 HP mark back pocket  Position 0.29 207 0.29 1
28 HP scissor at back pocket  & match with the body 0.28 214 0.28 1
29 HP match front & back part 0.25 240 0.25 1
30 DNLS back pocket  Join 0.98 61 0.33 3
31 HP mark at back yoke & knee 0.28 214 0.28 1
32 3OL back part o/l 0.36 167 0.36 1
33 HP Front mark at the front part 0.32 188 0.32 1
34 EC front pocket  Lining join 0.38 158 0.38 1
35 DNLS front pocket  Mouth t/s 0.66 91 0.33 2
36 IRON front pocket  Mouth press 0.26 231 0.26 1
37 EC front pocket  Join 0.78 77 0.39 2
38 SNLS t/s at front pocket 0.31 194 0.31 1
39 SNLS front pocket Tack side & waist 0.68 88 0.34 2
40 3OL o/l front rise, fly & fly box 0.34 176 0.34 1
41 SNLS single fly join & edge stitch 0.36 167 0.36 1
42 SNLS zipper join with a single fly 0.35 171 0.35 1
43 SNLS J-stitch make 0.36 167 0.36 1
44 SNLS J-stitch t/s 0.36 167 0.36 1
45 SNLS join double fly with zipper & front rise 0.32 188 0.32 1
46 SNLS zipper join with double fly 0.28 214 0.28 1
47 SNLS front rise tack 0.29 207 0.29 1
48 SNLS front rise t/s 0.23 261 0.23 1
49 HP front pocket Opening mark 0.28 214 0.28 1
50 3OL front part o/l 0.38 158 0.38 1
51 SNLS tack at inseam point 0.31 194 0.31 1
52 5OL Assemble inseam join 0.69 87 0.35 2
53 FOA inseam t/s 0.37 162 0.37 1
54 IRON Press bottom Hem 0.28 214 0.28 1
55 BARTACK bartack at back pkt. & fly (5) 0.36 167 0.36 1
56 SNLS side seam tack 0.34 176 0.34 1
57 SNCS side seam close 0.72 83 0.36 2
58 SNLS side seam tack & care label join 0.28 214 0.28 1
59 DNLS cord stitch 0.42 143 0.21 2
60 HP mark at the back part 0.29 207 0.29 1
61 HP match belt with body 0.28 214 0.28 1
62 EC w/b join 0.82 73 0.27 3
63 HP turn body 0.32 188 0.32 1
64 SNLS w/b tack 0.65 92 0.33 2
65 FOA w/b down t/s 0.75 80 0.38 2
66 SNLS mouth close-upper 0.38 158 0.38 1
67 SNLS mouth close-lower 0.38 158 0.38 1
68 HP mark loop position 0.28 214 0.28 1
69 HP cut & match loop with body 0.27 222 0.27 1
70 SNLS loop join 0.82 73 0.27 3
71 BARTACK loop, cord stitch edge & fly bartack (13) 0.7 86 0.35 2
72 SNLS bottom hem tack 0.32 188 0.32 1
73 SNCS make bottom hem 0.82 73 0.41 2
74 SNLS bottom hem tack 0.31 194 0.31 1
75 HP turn body 0.22 273 0.22 1
76 HP thread cut 0.28 214 0.28 1
77 HP sticker remove 0.26 231 0.26 1
Total 30.74 171 25.28 95

 

Operation Breakdown Bulletin and SMV of a Cargo Crop Pant

You may like, List of the Sewing machine used in the Apparel industry

Machine and operator summary of sewing Line

M/C No. of Operator
SNLS 32
DNCS 2
DNLS 8
5OL 4
3OL 4
EC 7
FOA 3
KAN 0.5
BARTACK 3
BLIND 0.5
SNCS 7
HP 17
IRON 7
Total 95

Here,

  • SNLS – Single needle lockstitch Machine
  • DNCS – Double-needle chain stitch machine
  • DNLS – Double needle lock stitch Machine
  • 5OL – 5 Thread overlock machine
  • 3OL – 3 Thread Overlock Machine
  • FOA – Feed of the Arm Machine
  • KAN – Kansa sewing machine
  • BARTACK – Bartck Machine
  • BLIND – Blind stitch sewing machine
  • SNCS – Single needle chain stitch machine
  • HP – Helper
  • IRON – Iron Machine

Layout Graph

Layout Graph

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam

Supply Chain Management in Apparel Industry

Supply Chain Management in Apparel Industry

Now supply chain management working as a key success factor for the apparel industry. That’s why the core focus of top management is to develop an effective supply chain management system. Supply Chain Management is the process of managing resources, the movement of resources from one party to another, one place to another place, one department to another department, and one section to another section. Here, movement of resources should be in a way so that the availability of the right resources in the right place, at the right time, with adequate quantity, where the process cost is least. Here in this article, you will have a broad idea of supply chain management in apparel industry and what are the things you need to be careful when you work with Supply Chain Management for Textile and Garments.

Supply Chain Management in Apparel Industry

The important thing is supplying the required resources at a minimum cost. Manage the flow of goods and services through the supply chain network and it is mainly related to logistic. For this reason, logistic planning is one of the key focus. In supply chain management, the management of resources in every stage of manufacturing.

Why Supply Chain Management in the Apparel Industry

The apparel industry is a vast industry producing millions of garments every day. One of the toughest challenges faced by this industry is increasing the cost of garments making and the price of both local and imported raw materials also increasing.

Manufacturers make garments both for local and export market but industrial scale production is for export. You know the export market is highly competitive because China, Bangladesh, Vietnam, India all are fighting for offering a better price to the garments buyers to hold the export share high. You can compete in the market but first of all, you need to minimize your direct and indirect cost associated with the production of your garments. And the right solution is to use of supply chain management by which optimal sourcing is possible where cost is minimum. And this is the reason why supply chain management is important for the apparel industry.

Another thing is, we know about supply chain management but many of us are not sure of how to apply and how to plan for the proper supply chain management. Apparel manager should carefully develop their supply chain and they will be successful only if they have proper planning for the supply chain management. Future is very much competitive for garments business. Those who manage Supply Chain (SC) properly will get a competitive advantage over its competitors.  It is the right time to hire some Supply Chain Management (SCM) professionals and develop supply chain management for your garment’s factory.

Supply Chain Management is Applicable to

  • Manpower
  • Machine
  • Materials
  • Money

Basic Components of Supply Chain Management In Apparel Industry

Supply Chain Management is Everywhere

You can find the scope of supply chain management in every single place within your garment’s factory. In your factory, you may require to supply, receive of materials from one department to another, one section to another section and one location to another location. So, there must be proper planning for designing and setup of an effective supply chain management in the apparel industry.

Importance of Supply Chain Management in Apparel Industry

  1. Create flexibility in operation
  2. The positive effect of the mobility of resources
  3. Minimization of Total Cost of owing (TCO)
  4. Properly utilization of available resources
  5. Ensure logistics management in terms of both raw materials sourcing and delivery of the final product.

Things you need to know about supply chain management

  • In every function/process/operation you can apply supply chain management
  • Supply chain management ensures the right time delivery of product/resources/services to the right place for a minimum cost.
  • SCM will provide you a better logistic solution
  • Everything is interconnected in an organization, all you need to do is to identify the elements and process, analyze them and plan for a better connection.
  • Always a logical innovation in supply chain management will give you a reward for an efficient business operation which will ultimately lead you to success.

Supply Chain Management in Apparel Industry pdf

Written by

Md. Nahian Mahmud Shaikat

Shade Band Submission and Approval Procedure in Garments Factory

Shade Band Submission and Approval Procedure in Garments Factory

Before discussing Shade Band Submission and Approval Procedure in Garments Factory first let have some idea of what is shade band and why we need shade band so that you can understand the importance of shade band submission.

What is Shade Band?

Shade band is a color standard range for color evaluation process of finished garments to get garments within buyer standard color range.

Why need Shade Band?

To ensure consistent shade, swatches from every roll & lot must be collected and placed on the “Color Continuity Card” for color assessment. Garments maker need to complete the bulk fabric shade band submission. No bulk production can begin until the merchandiser has signed off the Color Continuity.

Shade Band Submission and Approval Procedure in Garments Factory

Shade Band Submission Procedure in Buying House

  1. Submit the Color Continuity Cards to QC/Wash or fabrics QC or merchandisers.
  2. Buying house is responsible for the sign off of Color Continuity Cards.
  3. Collect swatches: Samples must be taken from every bulk lot of main and trim fabric. During the fabric inspection, the factory should cut the color samples from each roll or each dye lot displaying the range of color variation. Swatches must be taken from the front and end of the roll. Write the corresponding lot/roll number for identification.
  4. Garment wash: The swatches may be sent to a washing factory to check the color changes under one wash batch, which is subjected to the washing/ after treatment.
  5. Sorting the swatches into color batches – Put the swatches under the lightbox using TL84 and D60 to assess for any color variation. The swatches are compared to the fabric approval card and trim approval card. Group the swatches to different shade lots such as A, B, C, D, E… Mark the lot number on each swatch.
  6. Prepare the Color Continuity card: A 15 cm by 15 cm cutting from the swatches of each lot should be mounted on the Color Continuity Cards and fill in the appropriate column with an appropriate “lot number”. The total yardage of each dye lot is then recorded.
  7. Approval of Color Continuity card: The Color Continuity Card is prepared in a 3 duplicate set. Buying house responsible QC or merchandiser review these shade bands. Once the shade band has been agreed, a respective person should sign off one of the duplicate copies and return to factory for a record. Such copy should be kept in the factory laboratory for reference and the warehouse computer program is updated for roll shade identification. One of the duplicates may be sent to customers for approval or for reference. One of the duplicates will be kept in QC file. QC will use this as a standard for inspections.
  8. Agree with shade band: To control the color variation, an acceptable shade band should be agreed between buying house, buyer and garments maker prior to the cutting process. The color of bulk production must fall within the agreed shade band. In case the shade band is out of standard, advise the factories to contact their dying mills for improvement. Should there be extreme cases of shade variations, this will then be raised to QC manager and Merchandise Manager for decision making or eventually to customers.
  9. Generally, 4 sets of Shade Band approve by buying house, 1 keeping in buying house, 1 for wash factory and two for garments maker
  10. Shade/color evaluation of garments with buying house approved shade band should be under lightbox, at least 1000 lx light should be of buyer required light.

If you have any question of Shade Band Submission and Approval Procedure in Garments Factory please let me know. I will try to give you more details.

Shade Band Submission and approval procedure in Garments factory pdf

Written by

A.M. Amirul Islam (Washim)
Email: [email protected]

Linkedin: A.M. Amirul Islam